INS Kochi

INS Kochi (D64) is the second ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers built for the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. After undergoing extensive sea trials, she was commissioned to Indian Navy service on 30 September 2015. INS Kochi has been built under the code name of Project 15 Alpha.[7][8]

Commissioning of INS Kochi (06)
Commissioning ceremony of INS Kochi at Mazagon Dock Limited.
History
India
Name: Kochi
Namesake: Kochi
Operator: Indian Navy
Builder: Mazagon Dock Limited
Laid down: 25 October 2005
Launched: 18 September 2009
Commissioned: 30 September 2015
In service: in active service
Motto: Jahi Shatrun Mahabaho(Sanskrit) "Oh mighty armed one… conquer the enemy"[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Kolkata-class destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tonnes (8,300 short tons)[2][3]
Length: 163 m (535 ft)
Beam: 17.4 m (57 ft)
Speed: In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Thales LW-08 D-band air search radar[4]
  • IAI EL/M-2248 MF-STAR S-band AESA multi-function radar
  • BEL HUMSA-NG bow sonar
  • BEL Electronic Modular Command & Control Applications (EMCCA Mk4) combat management system
Armament:
  • Anti-air missiles:
  • 4 × 8-cell VLS, for a total of 32;[5]
  • Barak 8 missiles (Range: 0.5 km (0.31 mi) to 90 km (56 mi)[6])
  • Anti-ship missiles:
  • 2× 8-cell UVLM for 16 BrahMos anti ship missiles
  • Guns:
  • 1 × 76 mm gun
  • 4 × AK-630 CIWS
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
  • 4× Torpedo tubes
  • 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rockets
Aircraft carried:

Construction

The keel of Kochi was laid on 25 October 2005. In keeping with the tradition of the Navy, the warship was launched by Madhulika Verma, wife of Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma, at 11.20 a.m. 18 September 2009 from the Mazagon Dock in Mumbai.[9] For the first time, Mazagon Docks used a "pontoon assisted" launching method in collaboration with a Russian firm Baltisky Zavod. Under this method, pontoons are welded to the hull, which give buoyancy and helps overcome tidal constraints. Mazagon plans to use this method for all future ship launches, as the process makes it possible to launch ships with much higher weight.

Weapon trials

Gun firing trials of INS Kochi
Gun firing trials of INS Kochi

On 1 November 2015 the Navy successfully test-fired the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from Kochi. The missile hit its target, a decommissioned ship called INS Alleppey, with almost pinpoint accuracy during this first-ever vertical launch from the 7,500-tonne INS Kochi.[10] On 16 May and 29 November 2017, the Navy successfully test fired the Barak 8 missiles from Kochi.[11][12]

Design

INS Kochi during trial
INS Kochi during sea trials

INS Kochi is the largest India-made warship, till the time of its commissioning.[13] The warship is designed by the Navy's in-house organisation, directorate of naval design, and it is constructed by Mazagon Dock Ship builders Ltd in Mumbai. It has displacement of 7,500 tons and it is 164 metres (538 ft) in length and 17 metres (56 ft) at the beam and is propelled by four gas turbines and designed to achieve speeds in excess of 30 knots (56 km/h). The ship has built with advanced stealth features which have been achieved through shaping of hull and use of radar-transparent deck fittings. A bow mounted sonar dome, the second of its kind in an indigenous naval platform, has been introduced to enhance sonar acoustic performance.The ship has a complement of about 40 officers and 350 sailors.

See also

References

  1. ^ "INS Kochi | Indian Navy". www.indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Navy gets its largest destroyer". The Hindu. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Largest destroyer project of Navy hit by delay". Defence Express. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Bharat Electronics Ltd. awards LW08 contract to Thales". Thalesgroup.com. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  5. ^ Som, Vishnu (16 August 2014). "On INS Kolkata, PM is Only Partially Correct". NDTV. Retrieved 8 March 2015. At the moment, she is designed to carry only 32 Barak surface-to-air missiles...
  6. ^ "India commissions second Kolkata-class destroyer". Janes. IHSJanes. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  7. ^ "INS Kochi stealth guided missile destroyer commissioned". The Economic Times. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  8. ^ "INS Kochi | Indian Navy". www.indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  9. ^ "India launches warship 'INS Kochi'". PTI. Times of India. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  10. ^ "BrahMos missile tested successfully from latest stealth destroyer INS Kochi". PTI. The Times of India. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Indian Navy conducts successful MRSAM firing from INS Kochi - Mysuru Today". Mysuru Today. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Navy successfully test fires MR-SAM from INS Kochi". www.oneindia.com. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  13. ^ "INS Kochi: 10 things to know". The Times of India. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.

External links

Barak 8

Barak 8 (Hebrew: בָּרָק, lit. "Lightning") also known as LR-SAM or as MR-SAM is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and combat jets. Both maritime and land-based variants of the system exist.Barak 8 was jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), India's Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), Israel's Administration for the Development of Weapons and Technological Infrastructure, Elta Systems, Rafael and other companies. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) produces the missiles.

BrahMos

The BrahMos (designated PJ-10) is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. It is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks cruise missile and other similar sea-skimming Russian cruise missile technology. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

It is the world's fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0, which is being upgraded to Mach 5.0. The land-launched and ship-launched versions are already in service, with the air and submarine-launched versions currently in the testing phase. An air-launched variant of BrahMos appeared in 2012. A hypersonic version of the missile, BrahMos-II, is also presently under development with a speed of Mach 7-8 to boost aerial fast strike capability. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020.India wanted the BrahMos to be based on a mid range cruise missile like the P-700 Granit. Its propulsion is based on the Russian missile, and missile guidance has been developed by BrahMos Aerospace. The missile is expected to reach a total order US$13 billion.In 2016, as India became a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), India and Russia are now planning to jointly develop a new generation of Brahmos missiles with 600 km-plus range and an ability to hit protected targets with pinpoint accuracy. In 2019, India upgraded the missile with a new range of 500 km.

Cooperative Engagement Capability

Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) is a sensor network with integrated fire control capability that is intended to significantly improve battle force air and missile defense capabilities by combining data from multiple battle force air search sensors on CEC-equipped units into a single, real-time, composite track picture (network-centric warfare). This will greatly enhance fleet air defense by making jamming more difficult and allocating defensive missiles on a battle group basis.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

INS Chennai (D65)

INS Chennai (D65) is the third ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. INS Chennai is the last of the three ships built under the code name Project 15A. INS Chennai has on its seal a Bull symbolizing the Jallikattu festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu from where the ship associates its heritage. On 17 April 2017, INS Chennai was dedicated to the city of Chennai in presence of its Chief Minister K. Palanisamy. INS Chennai, along with INS Sunayna was sent to the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in June 2019 to protect Indian shipping interests amid tensions in the Strait of Hormuz.

INS Kolkata

INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), and was handed over to the navy on 10 July 2014 after completing her sea trials. The ship was officially commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a ceremony held on 16 August 2014.

Indian Navy

The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star admiral, commands the navy.

The Indian Navy traces its origins back to the East India Company's Marine which was founded in 1612 to protect British merchant shipping in the region. In 1793, the East India Company established its rule over eastern part of the Indian subcontinent i.e. Bengal, but it was not until 1830 that the colonial navy was titled as His Majesty's Indian Navy. When India became a republic in 1950, the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since 1934 was renamed to Indian Navy.

The primary objective of the navy is to safeguard the nation's maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace. Through joint exercises, goodwill visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief, Indian Navy promotes bilateral relations between nations.

As of July 2017, Indian Navy has 67,228 personnel in service and has a fleet of 137 warships and 235 aircraft. As of March 2018, the operational fleet consists of one aircraft carrier, one amphibious transport dock, eight landing ship tanks, eleven destroyers, fourteen frigates, one nuclear-powered attack submarine, one ballistic missile submarine, fourteen conventionally-powered attack submarines, twenty-two corvettes, one mine countermeasure vessel, four fleet tankers and various other auxiliary vessels.

Kolkata-class destroyer

The Kolkata class (Project 15A) are a class of stealth guided missile destroyers constructed for the Indian Navy. The class comprises three ships – Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai, all of which were built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in India, and are the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy. Due to delays in their construction, and a problem found during the sea trials, the initial commissioning date of the first ship of the class had been pushed back from 2010 to 2014. The final ship commissioned was Chennai, in November 2016.The destroyers are a follow-on of the Project 15 Delhi-class destroyers, but are considerably more capable due to major improvements in the design, the addition of substantial land-attack capabilities, and the fitting-out of modern sensors and weapons systems.

List of Indian Naval Deployments

In the 1970 and 1980's, Indian Navy's deployments outside the Indian Ocean were largely limited to delivery of new vessels. Over years, the Indian leadership looked at the Navy as an effective tool for foreign policy and this was reflected in the pattern of Indian navy deployments. The Indian Navy hosted its first International Fleet Review in February 2001. This event was termed "Bridges of Friendship" and was attended by 24 warships form 19 countries. An office dedicated to international co-operation was created in 2005. This term has been used by the Navy since then to undertake humanitarian and security missions by engaging with nations primarily in the Indian Ocean littoral region and South-east Asia. These engagements include mutual port visits, international forums and joint naval exercises.In late 2017, the Indian Navy adopted a new plan for deployment of warships which was aimed to counter the increasing presence of Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean. Under the new plan, 14-15 mission ready warships are deployed across multiple regions including the Malacca Strait and Andaman Sea; North Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal (Bangladesh and Myanmar), Lakshadweep islands and Maldives; Madagascar; the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.

List of Indian Naval accidents

This is a list of accidents that have taken place in the Indian Navy. The list may be incomplete for years before 2000.

An article in India Today reported that since 1990, the Indian Navy has lost one warship in peacetime every five years. Since 2004, it has lost one naval combatant every two years. While peacetime losses of warships are not uncommon, the magazine mentioned that few global navies have such a dubious record. According to the Times of India, while some of accidents reported since August 2013 were serious, many of them were trivial incidents exaggerated in public.These accidents have been attributed to ageing ships in need of maintenance (refit/repairs delayed in spite of laid down rules for refit cycles), delayed acquisitions by the Ministry of Defence, and human error. However naval commentators also argue that as India's large navy of 160 ships clocks around 12,000 ship-days at sea every year, in varied waters and weather, some incidents are inevitable. Captains of erring ships are dismissed from their command following an enquiry. The accident on board the submarine INS Sindhuratna led to the resignation of the then Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) Admiral D K Joshi on 26 February 2014, who assumed moral responsibility for the loss.

List of active Indian Navy ships

List of active Indian Navy ships is a list of ships in active service with the Indian Navy. In service ships are taken from the official Indian Navy website. The Indian Navy is one of the largest navies in the world, and as of May 2019 possesses 1 aircraft carrier, 1 amphibious transport dock, 8 Landing ship tanks, 10 destroyers, 13 frigates, 1 nuclear-powered attack submarine,1 Ballistic missile submarine, 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines, 22 corvettes, 10 large offshore patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels and small patrol boats. For ships no longer in service see List of ships of the Indian Navy and for future acquisitions of the fleet, see future ships of the Indian Navy.

Besides the following navy ships, the Indian Coast Guard operates around 90 - 100 armed patrol ships of various sizes.

List of destroyers of India

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, manoueverable, long-distance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers. Seventeen destroyers have served, or currently serve, in the Indian Navy. The navy operates 11 guided-missile destroyers from three classes: Kolkata class, Delhi class, and Rajput class. Six other destroyers (three R class and three Hunt class) have been decommissioned and scrapped.Although destroyers were introduced during the early 20th century and were widely used by the end of World War II, India had none until 1949. The R-class INS Ranjit, built in the United Kingdom, was the first destroyer commissioned in the Indian Navy. Two more R-class ships were later commissioned. Three Hunt-class destroyers were commissioned in 1953 to succeed the R-class destroyers. These ships (all of which were built in the United Kingdom) were decommissioned by 1976, with the Hunt-class INS Godavari the last.During the 1980s, India signed an agreement with the Soviet Union for five guided-missile destroyers, built under Rajput class. The first ship (INS Rajput) of the class was commissioned on 30 September 1980. All five Rajput-class ships are still in active service. The Rajput class was succeeded by the Delhi class, with INS Delhi, Mysore and Mumbai commissioned in 1997, 1999 and 2001 respectively. The Delhi-class destroyers, built in India, were succeeded by the Kolkata class in 2014. The three Kolkata-class ships have been commissioned in 2014–2016, with INS Chennai being the last. An improvement of the Kolkata-class, INS Visakhapatnam (part of the Visakhapatnam class), was introduced in April 2015 and will reportedly be commissioned by the end of 2018. Three more vessels are planned as part of the Visakhapatnam class.

Ship classes of the Indian Navy
Aircraft carriers
Destroyers
Frigates
Corvettes
Fast attack craft
Nuclear submarines
Conventional submarines
Midget submarines
Amphibious warfare ships
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