The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) to identify various entities, including communes, départements. They are also used as national identification numbers given to people.
Although today this national identification number is used by social security in France and is present on each person's social security card (carte Vitale), it was originally created under Vichy France under the guise of the Registration Number to the National Directory of Identification of Physical People (Numéro d'inscription au répertoire des personnes physiques, NIRPP or simply NIR). The latter was originally to be used as a clandestine military recruitment tool, but at the end served to identify Jews, gypsies, and other "undesirable" populations under Vichy's conceptions. The first digit of the NIR was 1 for a male European, 2 for a female European, 3 for a male Muslim, 4 for a female Muslim, 5 for a male Jew, 6 for a female Jew, 7 for a male foreigner, 8 for a female foreigner, while 9 and 0 were reserved for persons of undetermined racial status.
The Demographic Service was created in 1940 in order to replace the military recruitment office prohibited by the June 1940 Armistice with Nazi Germany. On October 11, 1941, the Demographic Service absorbed the former General Statistics of France (SGF, created in 1833). The new organization was called the National Statistical Service (Service national des statistiques, SNS).
Each French person receives at birth a national identification number, the "numéro d'inscription au répertoire" (NIR or National Repertory registration), also called a "numéro de sécurité sociale" (or Social Security number). This INSEE number is composed of 13 digits + a two-digit key. Although the total number is of 15 digits, its composition makes it easy for individuals to remember at least the first seven digits (they just have to know their sex, year and month of birth, and department of birth). Since this number is used in many administrative procedures (whether by the state or by private enterprises), most people know by memory part of this identification number.
Their format is as follows: syymmlloookkk cc, where
The "sex" codes (s: 1 for male, 2 for female) can be given in special occasions for temporary registrations, such as for someone who a person who works as a wage-earner but is not registered for miscellaneous reasons. Under Vichy France, but only in Algeria (not in metropolitan France) this s code was also used to register Jews, Algerian Muslims, foreigners, or ill-defined people. Thus, 8 or 9 was given to Muslim people of Algeria and of all colonies; 1 or 2 for indigenous Jews; 7 or 8 for foreigners; 1 or 0 for miscellaneous and ill-defined status (people in none of these classes).
The part llooo is used together, referred to as the COG, which identifies the person's location of birth.
They are also specific codes for people whose date or place of birth is unknown, although this is today more and more rare (for example, the birth code is greater than 20 if the month of birth is unknown, and the communal code is 990 if the commune of origin is unknown). For overseas departments, the department number has three digits, and the communal number two digits (since 1950). People born abroad have a departmental code of 99, and the communal code is replaced by the code of the country of birth, which has three digits. Before 1964, departmental codes from 91 to 96 were used for Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.
If in a specified month the total number of births exceeds 999, an extension common code is created.
The last code is obtained by a mathematical method (dividing by 97 the number formed by the first 13 digits, taking the remainder from this division, and then the "complement to 97", that is the difference between 97 and this remainder): this gives the control key code.
The NIR (National Identification Repertory) was created by René Carmille, who died at the Dachau concentration camp in 1944) who conducte between April and August 1941, under the Vichy regime, the first general survey to prepare the secret mobilisation of a French army. The codification was then done by General Marie in Algeria, to obtain a census of Jews, Muslims and other categories. The aim was to create a file of the whole of the French population and to discriminate according to ethnic or statutory criteria, following the racial policies of Vichy. Thus, the first digit that is now used to distinguish males and females then had other purposes: 3 or 4 for Algerian non-Jewish indigenous people, 5 or 6 for indigenous Jews, 7 or 8 for foreigners, and 9 or 0 for miscellaneous and ill-defined statutes.
This discriminatory categorization used in Algeria was abolished in 1944 and has never been used in Metropolitan France where, throughout the war, only "1" and "2" (for male and female) was used. The administration of the NIR was assigned in 1946 to the new Statistical Institute, the INSEE. This institution is also in charge of the RNIPP (répertoire national d'identification des personnes physiques, National Repertory of Identification of Physical Persons), which contains for each individual: the NIR, last name, first name, sex, date and place of birth, and a reference of the Birth Registration (Acte de naissance).
INSEE also gives numerical indexing codes (French: les Codes INSEE) to various administrative entities in France:
The departmental codes are well known since they were used as the last two digits of vehicle registration plates (75 is Paris, 13 Marseille, 31 Toulouse, etc.). However, this license plate numbering system became optional in 2009 so the last two digits no longer necessarily indicate the department to which the car is registered.
The commune codes were assigned initially by numbering the alphabetically ordered list of commune names within each department or overseas division. Exceptions have occurred over time because some communes were renamed, some communes were split and new communes have been added to the end of the list.
The departmental codes are also best known as part of the French postal codes; but the postal codes do not include the INSEE commune numbers but were designed by geographical series starting by the main city of the department and then split geographically around them, with additional series given for special distribution. Some areas of the largest and most populated communes can also be assigned distinct series. The postal codes do not indicate precisely the communes but the location of the post office in charge for the distribution, and many rural communes share the same postal code number as the commune where the post office is located.
There are also 5-digit INSEE codes for foreign countries and territories, beginning with 99.
The arrondissement of Albi is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 811 and its capital city is Albi.
It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department, with an area of 2,731.7 km2 (1,055 sq mi), the largest in area of the department. It has 186,515 inhabitants and a population density of 68.3 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Albi (49,231 inhabitants), Gaillac (13,820 inhabitants), Carmaux (9,774 inhabitants), Saint-Juéry (6,715 inhabitants) and Rabastens (5,187 inhabitants).Arrondissement of Béziers
The arrondissement of Béziers is an arrondissement of France in the Hérault department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 341 and its capital city is Béziers. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 153 communes.It is the southernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 2,986.8 km2 (1,153.2 sq mi), 304,108 inhabitants and a density of 101.8 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 6,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Béziers (72,970 inhabitants), Agde (24,651 inhabitants), Pézenas (8,317 inhabitants), Sérignan (6,836 inhabitants) and Bédarieux (6,297 inhabitants).Arrondissement of Carcassonne
The arrondissement of Carcassonne is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 111 and its capital city is Carcassonne. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 186 communes.It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 2,668.1 km2 (1,030.2 sq mi), 161,254 inhabitants and a density of 60.4 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, in 2012, in the arrondissement are Carcassonne (47,068 inhabitants), Castelnaudary (11,748 inhabitants) and Trèbes (5,280 inhabitants).Arrondissement of Castres
The arrondissement of Castres is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 812 and its capital city is Castres.
It is the southernmost arrondissement of the department, with an area of 3,026.2 km2 (1,168 sq mi). It is also the arrondissement with more people living there, with 192,432 inhabitants and a population density of 63.6 inhabitants/km².Arrondissement of Florac
The arrondissement of Florac is an arrondissement of France in the Lozère department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 481 and its capital city is Florac-Trois-Rivières.
It is the smallest and southernmost of the two arrondissements of the department, with an area of 1,687.5 km2 (651.5 sq mi). It has a population of 13,276 inhabitants and a density of 7.9 inhabitants/km2.There is only a town with more than 1,000 inhabitants, and it is the subprefecture, Florac-Trois-Rivières, with 2,130 inhabitants.Arrondissement of Limoux
The arrondissement of Limoux is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 112 and its capital city is Limoux. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 138 communes.It is the southernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,780.9 km2 (687.6 sq mi), 44,712 inhabitants and a density of 25.1 inhabitants/km2.The only city in the arrondissement with a population of 10,000 or higher is the capital, Limoux, with 10,180 inhabitants.Arrondissement of Lodève
The arrondissement of Lodève is an arrondissement of France. It is part of the Hérault département. Its INSEE code is 342 and its capital city is Lodève. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 122 communes.It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,819.6 km2 (702.6 sq mi), 92,176 inhabitants and a density of 50.7 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Clermont-l'Hérault (8,221 inhabitants), Lodève (7,552 inhabitants), Gignac (5,654 inhabitants) and Saint-André-de-Sangonis (5,586 inhabitants).Arrondissement of Mende
The arrondissement of Mende is an arrondissement of France in the Lozère department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 482 and its capital city, and prefecture of the department, is Mende.
It is the larger arrondissement of the department, with an area of 3,479.4 km2 (1,343.4 sq mi). It has a population of 63,613 inhabitants and a density of 18.3 inhabitants/km2.The only important city is Mende with 11,908 people living there in 2012. Other towns are Marvejols (4,950) and Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4,187).Arrondissement of Montpellier
The arrondissement of Montpellier is an arrondissement of France. It is part of the Hérault département. Its INSEE code is 343 and its capital city, and prefecture of the department, is Montpellier. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 68 communes.In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,294.6 km2 (499.8 sq mi), a population of 681,343 inhabitants and a density of 526.3 inhabitants/km2.The main cities in the arrondissement are Montpellier (268,456 inhabitants), Sète (44,558 inhabitants), Lunel (25,405 inhabitants), Frontignan (22,728 inhabitants), Mauguio (16,7865 inhabitants), Castelnau-le-Lez (16,664 inhabitants), Lattes (15,719 inhabitants) and Mèze (10,917 inhabitants).Arrondissement of Narbonne
The arrondissement of Narbonne is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 113 and its capital city is Narbonne. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 109 communes.It is the easternmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,690 km2 (652.5 sq mi), 156,373 inhabitants and a density of 92.5 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Narbonne (51,869 inhabitants), Lézignan-Corbières (10,883 inhabitants), Coursan (6,056 inhabitants), Port-la-Nouvelle (5,653 inhabitants) and Sigean (5,476 inhabitants).Arrondissements of Marseille
This list of arrondissements of Marseille, France include their INSEE code, zip code, sectors and neighbourhoods.Canton of Arcis-sur-Aube
The Canton of Arcis-sur-Aube is one of the 17 cantons of the Aube department, in northern France. INSEE code is 1002.Canton of Arcis-sur-Aube was created in 1801. At the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015, the canton was expanded from 22 to 47 communes. Arcis-sur-Aube was extended by the communes of the canton Ramerupt (24 communes) and Piney (1 commune).Communes of Mayotte
The French overseas department of Mayotte is divided into 17 communes.
Most are located on the island of Grande Terre, except for Dzaoudzi and Pamandzi which are located on Petite Terre.Communes of the Haute-Vienne department
The following is a list of the 195 communes of the Haute-Vienne department of France.
(CAL) Communauté d'agglomération Limoges Métropole, created in 2003Communes of the Lyon Metropolis
The following is a list of the 59 communes of the Lyon Metropolis, France.Communes of the Rhône department
The following is a list of the 208 communes of the Rhône department of France.
(CAV) Agglomeration community of Pays Viennois, created in 2002, most of which is located in the Isère departmentCommunes of the Tarn-et-Garonne department
The following is a list of the 195 communes of the Tarn-et-Garonne department of France.
(CAM) Communauté d'agglomération of Grand Montauban, created in 2000Communes of the Val-de-Marne department
The following is a list of the 47 communes of the Val-de-Marne department of France.
Since January 2016, all communes of Val-de-Marne are part of the intercommunality Métropole du Grand ParisOpen 13
The Open 13 is an annual men's tennis tournament played in Marseille, France. The tournament is an ATP World Tour 250 series event on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour. It is held for one week in February. The number 13 is the INSEE code of the Bouches-du-Rhône département of which Marseille is the capital.
The tournament is played on indoor hard courts at the Palais des sports de Marseille. The Centre Court has a capacity of 5,800 seats.
National identification numbers by country