IF Metall is a trade union in Sweden. It was formed in a 2006 merger between the Swedish Industrial Union (Industrifacket) and the Swedish Metalworkers' Union (Metall). Its roots in Metall trace back to 1888.
IF Metall represents around 325,000 workers in around 11,600 workplaces. 22% are women, 15% are under 30 years of age and around 25% are of foreign background. in a variety of sectors, including:
IF Metall is the second largest affiliate of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation.
|Founded||1 January 2006|
|Predecessor||Swedish Industrial Union and Swedish Metalworkers' Union|
|Head union||Marie Nilsson|
|Office location||Stockholm, Sweden|
General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect all 349 seats in the Riksdag, alongside elections for the 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.
The centre-right Alliance for Sweden coalition (comprising the Moderate Party, Liberal People's Party, Centre Party, and Christian Democrats) sought a third term in government. In contrast to the previous election, the three largest parties on the left (the Social Democrats, Green Party, and Left Party) ran independent campaigns, as did the far-right Sweden Democrats. The left-wing party, Feminist Initiative, did not secure the 4% threshold.
The election result saw the largest three parties on the left outpoll the Alliance for Sweden, with the two blocs respectively winning 159 and 141 seats. The Sweden Democrats doubled their support and won the remaining 49 seats. Fredrik Reinfeldt, the incumbent prime minister, lost his bid for a third term. On 3 October, he was replaced by Stefan Löfven, who formed a minority government consisting of the Social Democrats and Greens.If
If or IF may refer to:
If (conjunction), a conjunction used in English conditional sentencesKarl-Petter Thorwaldsson
Karl-Petter "Kålle" Thorwaldsson (born 26 December 1964 in Kosta, Kronoberg, Sweden) is a Swedish union leader. He is the president of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Swedish: Landsorganisationen i Sverige or LO).
Thorwaldsson grew up in the industrial village of Kosta, part of the Crystal glass manufacturing region in the Småland region. He was the son of a glass blower. Karl-Petter Thorwaldsson joined the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League (Swedish: Sveriges Socialdemokratiska Ungdomsförbund or SSU) and became its chair person 1990-1995.
He later became a political advisor at the Prime Minister's Office and head of information at the Social Democrat Party before becoming ombudsman at the trade union IF-Metall. Since 2000 he has combined that position with being chairman of the Workers’ Educational Association (Swedish: Arbetarnas bildningsförbund, or ABF).
IF Metall nominated him as president of LO in 2011 and he was elected on 26 May 2012.List of magazines by circulation
The following list of the magazines in the world by circulation is based upon the number of copies distributed, on average, for each issue.Metallica (disambiguation)
Metallica is an American heavy metal band.
Metallica may also refer to:
Metallica (album) or The Black Album, a 1991 album by Metallica
Guitar Hero: Metallicaas well as:
Metallica (beetle), a beetle genus
Metallica Resources, a Canadian mineral exploration and development company
Metallica, a Latin word for metallic
De re metallica, a 1556 catalog of the mining and refining of metals, by Georgius Agricola
Metallica, venture capital fund for the Swedish metal workers' union IF MetallRefugee controversy in Sjöbo
The refugee controversy in Sjöbo, Sweden are the surrounding events of the 1988 referendum that banned Sjöbo Municipality from admitting foreign refugees. In 1987, despite opposition and demonstrations, local Centre Party politician Sven-Olle Olsson (1929–2005), who was Sjöbo's municipal commissioner at the time, was successful in gaining the support of the Sjöbo municipal assembly to hold a referendum to decide if Sjöbo should ban the acceptance of foreign refugees. The controversial referendum passed with a 67.4% majority for the ban in 1988, gaining Olsson and Sjöbo much publicity in the Swedish media. The outcome was heavily criticized by Swedish media and politicians (including then-Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson).Olsson was in turn expelled from the Centre Party following the referendum which led to the forming of the nationalist Sjöbo Party (Swedish: Sjöbopartiet) in March 1991. In the municipal elections the same year, the party received 31% of the votes. This led to Olsson once again becoming Municipal Commissioner, a position he held until 1998, when his party's support was reduced to 15% in municipal elections. Following the Sjöbo party's loss of support, the ban was overturned by Sjöbo's municipal assembly, and Sjöbo accepted its first refugees for more than a decade in 2001.Saab Automobile bankruptcy
Saab Automobile was sold to Spyker Cars N.V. in 2010 after a deal between Spyker and then-current owner General Motors. After struggling to avoid insolvency throughout 2011, the company petitioned for bankruptcy following the failure of a Chinese consortium to complete a purchase of the company; the purchase had been blocked by former owner GM, which opposed the transfer of technology and production rights to a Chinese company. In 2012, Spyker filed a lawsuit against GM asking for US$3 billion in damages after GM had attempted to block the deals between Spyker and Chinese automaker Youngman, who were investing in Saab Automobile. Consequently, Saab was forced to file bankruptcy in 2012. Spyker's claim was dismissed in June 2013.South African Arms Deal
The Strategic Defence Package or the Strategic Defence Acquisition, popularly referred to as the Arms Deal was a South African military procurement programme. It involved a US$4.8 billion (R30 billion in 1999 rands) purchase of weaponry by the African National Congress government led by Nelson Mandela in 1999. It has been subject to repeated, seemingly substantive, allegations of corruption.The South African Department of Defence's Strategic Defence Acquisition aimed to modernise its defence equipment, which included the purchase of corvettes, submarines, light utility helicopters, lead-in fighter trainers and advanced light fighter aircraft.
The South African government announced in November 1998 that it intended to purchase 28 BAE/SAAB JAS 39 Gripen fighter aircraft from Sweden at a cost of R10.875 billion, i.e. R388 million (about US$65 million) per plane.
The Arms Deal was plagued by accusations of corruption and in 2011 President Zuma announced a commission of enquiry "into allegations of fraud, corruption, impropriety or irregularity in the Strategic Defence Procurement Packages". The Commission was chaired by Judge Seriti, a judge of the Supreme Court of Appeal and became known as the Seriti Commission.Spyker N.V.
Spyker N.V. (formerly known as Spyker Cars N.V. and Swedish Automobile N.V.) is a Dutch-based automobile company that produces high-end sports cars. It is the holding company of the Spyker Cars marque. In 2010, the company acquired Swedish car manufacturer Saab Automobile from General Motors.In September 2011, Spyker announced the impending sale of its supercar division to Greenwich, Connecticut based North Street Capital, and subsequently changed its name to Swedish Automobile N.V. However, it was later revealed that the transaction did not occur, leaving the future of Spyker uncertain.Stefan Löfven
Kjell Stefan Löfven (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsteːfan lœˈveːn]; born 21 July 1957) is a Swedish politician serving as Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014, and Leader of the Social Democratic Party since 2012.After serving in the Swedish Air Force, Löfven qualified as a welder and also began a career as an active trade unionist, becoming an ombudsman with the Swedish Metalworkers' Union, and eventually being elected as the first Chair of IF Metall in January 2006. After the resignation of Håkan Juholt following an expenses scandal in January 2012, Löfven was unanimously selected by the executive board of the Social Democratic Party as their new leader.Following the 2014 general election, he was appointed Prime Minister, leading a minority coalition government with the Green Party. He was appointed for a second term on 18 January 2019 following lengthy negotiations in the aftermath of the inconclusive 2018 election, with the resulting impasse only being resolved due to abstentions from MPs belonging to the Centre Party, the Left Party and the Liberals.Swedish Industrial Union
The Swedish Industrial Union (Industrifacket) was a general trade union in Sweden. It was formed in 1993 by the merger of the Factory Worker's Union and the Textile, Garment and Leather Workers' Union.
In January, 2006 the Swedish Industrial Union merged with the Swedish Metalworkers' Union to form IF Metall.Swedish Metalworkers' Union
The Swedish Metalworkers' Union (Swedish: Industrifacket Metall) was a trade union in Sweden. It was formed in 1888 and had a membership of 379,000.
In January 2006, the Swedish Metalworkers' Union merged with the Swedish Industrial Union to form IF Metall.Swedish Trade Union Confederation
The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Swedish: Landsorganisationen i Sverige, literally "National Organisation in Sweden"), commonly referred to as LO, is a national trade union centre, an umbrella organisation for fourteen Swedish trade unions that organise mainly "blue-collar" workers. The Confederation, which gathers in total about 1.5 million employees out of Sweden's 10 million people population, was founded in 1898 by blue-collar unions on the initiative of the 1897 Scandinavian Labour Congress and the Swedish Social Democratic Party, which almost exclusively was made up by trade unions. In 2017 union density of Swedish blue-collar workers was 61%, a decline by fifteen percentage points since 2006 (union density in 2006: 77%). A strongly contributing factor was the considerably raised fees to union unemployment funds in January 2007 made by the new centre-right government.Swedish Workplace HIV/AIDS Programme
The Swedish Workplace HIV/AIDS Programme (SWHAP) is a joint initiative by the International Council of Swedish Industry (NIR) and the Swedish Industrial and Metalworkers’ Union (IF Metall). The SWHAP concept is based on close co-operation between the company management, the local trade union branches and workers' representatives. The programme contributes to the establishment and support to HIV and AIDS programmes at Swedish companies and their partners in Sub-Saharan Africa. In 2010, SWHAP supported close to 90 workplaces directly and reached out to 20,000 employees, yet benefiting far more if taking into account the families and surrounding communities. The programme presently operates in Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. SWHAP is financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida.Trade union
A trade union, also called a labour union or labor union (US), is an association of workers in a particular trade, industry, or company created for the purpose of securing improvement in pay, benefits, working conditions or social and political status through collective bargaining and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by creation of a monopoly of the workers. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment". This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies.
Unions may organize a particular section of skilled workers (craft unionism), a cross-section of workers from various trades (general unionism), or attempt to organize all workers within a particular industry (industrial unionism). The agreements negotiated by a union are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers. Trade unions traditionally have a constitution which details the governance of their bargaining unit and also have governance at various levels of government depending on the industry that binds them legally to their negotiations and functioning.
Originating in Great Britain, trade unions became popular in many countries during the Industrial Revolution. Trade unions may be composed of individual workers, professionals, past workers, students, apprentices or the unemployed. Trade union density, or the percentage of workers belonging to a trade union, is highest in the Nordic countries.