Hyde Park, New York

Hyde Park is a town in Dutchess County, New York, bordering the Hudson River north of Poughkeepsie. Within the town are the hamlets of Hyde Park, East Park, Staatsburg, and Haviland. Hyde Park is known as the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States. His house there, the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, as are the homes of Eleanor Roosevelt, Isaac Roosevelt, and Frederick William Vanderbilt, along with Haviland Middle School (formerly Franklin D. Roosevelt High School).

Hyde Park is home to the main campus of the Culinary Institute of America, a four-year college for culinary and baking and pastry arts, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, the first presidential library in the United States.

Hyde Park's population was 21,571 at the 2010 United States Census.[3] In 2016, it was estimated 21,048 people lived in Hyde Park.[2] U.S. Route 9 passes through the town near the Hudson River.

Hyde Park, New York
Town hall of Hyde Park
Town hall of Hyde Park
Location within Dutchess County and New York
Location within Dutchess County and New York
Coordinates: 41°47′N 73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°WCoordinates: 41°47′N 73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyDutchess
Government
 • TypeTown council
 • Town supervisorAileen Rohr (D)
 • Town council
Area
 • Total39.86 sq mi (103.23 km2)
 • Land36.66 sq mi (94.95 km2)
 • Water3.19 sq mi (8.28 km2)
Elevation
240 ft (73 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total21,571
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
21,048
 • Density574.11/sq mi (221.66/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
12538
Area code845
FIPS code36-027-37209
GNIS feature ID0979090
Websitewww.hydeparkny.us

History

Springwood FDR home NY1
Springwood, Franklin D. Roosevelt's home

Settlement of the region officially began around 1742, but may have begun as early as 1710.

The name of the area was changed to "Hyde Park" around 1810. Previously, it was part of the Fauconnier Patent and was named "Stoutenburgh", after the town's first settler, Jacobus Stoughtenburg. Part of the town was from the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697.

Doctor John Bard had called his estate "Hyde Park" in honor of Edward Hyde, who was Lord Cornbury and Governor of New York from 1702-1708. In 1697, Hyde granted nine close friends of his a large swatch of land "south of Albany" in the Great Nine Partners Patent, which would eventually make up much of Hyde Park.[4] In 1804 a tavern keeper named Miller, seeking new guests, renamed the tavern "the Hyde Park Inn", much to the annoyance of Doctor Bard. He then applied for a post office to be located at his inn, common among tavern keepers.

The request was granted as the "Hyde Park Post Office". The settlement gradually came to be known not as Stoutenburgh but as Hyde Park, which it officially became in 1812.

Hyde Park was a part of Clinton, New York until 1821, when it was incorporated as a separate town. The Hyde Park Railroad Station, located at the mouth of Crum Elbow Creek along the Hudson River, was used by the town's residents, including the Roosevelts.

The town includes Frederick William Vanderbilt's spring and autumn mansion, now maintained as the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site.

The Roosevelt family

Hyde Park is the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945), who served as President of the United States from 1933 until his death.[5] His estate, Springwood, is the site of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site maintained by the National Park Service. Also on the site are his presidential library and museum.[5] Roosevelt used this residence throughout his life. FDR's historical house is now a museum that can be visited.

Val-Kill was the home of Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is located about 2 miles (3 km) east of the home of FDR.[6]

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are both buried in the rose garden at "Springwood".[7]

President Roosevelt's father, James Roosevelt, Sr., served a term as supervisor of the town of Hyde Park.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Hyde Park has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.2 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95.0 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), or 8.02%, is water.[3]

The Hudson River defines the west town line, which is the border of Ulster County. Hyde Park is bordered by the town of Poughkeepsie to the south, Rhinebeck to the north, and Clinton and Pleasant Valley to the east.

Demographics

As of the 2010 Census, the town's population was 21,571. The racial makeup was 87.1% White, 6.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.8% other races, 2.4% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 5.6% of the population.[8]

As of the U.S. Census[9] of 2000, there were 20,851 people, 7,395 households, and 5,220 families residing in the town. The population density was 564.2 people per square mile (217.8/km²). There were 7,704 housing units at an average density of 208.5 per square mile (80.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.02% White, 4.25% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.23% of the population.

There were 7,395 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 24.7% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,870, and the median income for a family was $58,047. Males had a median income of $42,251 versus $28,176 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,260. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Hyde Park
Population growth since 1830
Year 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Population 2,554 2,364 2,425 2,749 2,695 2,873 2,821 2,806 3,019 2,880 3,388 4,056 6,136 12,681 16,910 20,768 21,230 20,851 21,571
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

Communities and locations in Hyde Park

Communities

  • East Park—A hamlet east of Hyde Park village.
  • Haviland—A community in the southern part of the town.
  • Hyde Park—The hamlet of Hyde Park is on Route 9 near the Hudson River.
  • Staatsburg—A hamlet by the Hudson River in the northwest part of the town.

Places of interest

National Parks

State Parks

National Register of Historic Places

Other Points of Interest

Notable people

Actors

Artists

Businesspeople

FrederickWilliamVan1856-1938
Frederick W. Vanderbilt

Journalism

Music

Political figures

Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR in 1933
Eleanor Roosevelt portrait 1933

Religious figures

Science and medicine

Sports

GeorgeBrownebaseball
George Browne of the New York Giants

Writers

In popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hyde Park town, Dutchess County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Shelley., Ross,. Fall from grace : sex, scandal, and corruption in American politics from 1702 to the present (First ed.). New York. p. 6. ISBN 0345353811. OCLC 18264791.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  5. ^ a b "Plan Your Visit – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  6. ^ "Nearby Attractions – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  7. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt". Findagrave.com. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  8. ^ American FactFinder, 2010: Hyde Park, NY https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF Accessed May 30, 2019
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Wolf (1994) Filming & Production: Filming Locations". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "Heavy (1995) Filming & Production: Filming Locations". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  13. ^ Liefeld, Rob (February 1997). "That Which Gods Have Joined Together..." The Avengers. Vol. 2 no. 4. New York, NY: Marvel Entertainment. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "Food TV star noshes at Hyde Park diner". Poughkeepsie Journal. June 4, 2007. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  15. ^ Barry, John W. (July 17, 2015). "Matthew Broderick, Chloe Sevigny film movie in Dutchess". Poughkeepsie Journal. Retrieved November 27, 2015.

External links

Burke Hill

Burke Hill is a mountain located in Central New York region of New York by Hyde Park, New York.

Church of Regina Coeli (Hyde Park)

Regina Coeli Church is a Roman Catholic church that was founded in 1862 in Hyde Park, NY. It includes St. Paul's mission chapel in Staatsburg, New York.

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site was established by the U.S. Congress to commemorate the life and accomplishments of Eleanor Roosevelt. Once part of the larger Roosevelt family estate in Hyde Park, New York, today the property includes the 181 acres (73 ha), buildings and other historic features that Eleanor Roosevelt called Val-Kill. It is located approximately two miles east of Springwood, the Franklin D. Roosevelt home. It is a few hundred feet east of New York State Route 9G, along which runs the Dutchess County bus route C to Tivoli.

Eleanor Roosevelt created and shared Val-Kill with her friends Nancy Cook and Marion Dickerman. At Val-Kill, they established Val-Kill Industries to employ local farming families in handcraft traditions. The Roosevelts frequently used Val-Kill's relaxed setting for entertaining family, friends, political associates, and world leaders. Nancy and Marion sold their interest in the property to Eleanor and moved to Connecticut shortly after the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945. Val-Kill then became Eleanor Roosevelt's primary residence and the place most associated with her. After her death, Val-Kill was converted into rental units and later sold to developers. A public campaign ensued to save Val-Kill and it was declared a National Historic Site in 1977. It is now managed by the National Park Service.

Ellen Roosevelt

Ellen Crosby Roosevelt (August 20, 1868 in Rosedale, New York – September 26, 1954 in Hyde Park, New York) was an American tennis player.

She was the daughter of John Aspinwall Roosevelt, an estate proprietor, and Ellen Murray Crosby. She started playing tennis with her sister Grace in 1879 when her father installed a tennis court at their mansion 'Rosedale'.She won the women's singles title at the 1890 U.S. Championships defeating the 1888 and 1889 champion Bertha Townsend in the final in two straight sets. That year she also won the doubles title with her sister. They were the first pair of sisters to win the U.S. Championships and remained the only pair to do so until the Williams sisters equalled their achievement in 1999. At the 1893 U.S. Championships she won the mixed doubles title partnering Oliver Campbell.

A first cousin of Franklin D. Roosevelt, she was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1975.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

The Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum holds the records of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States (1933–1945). Located on the grounds of Springwood, the Roosevelt family estate in Hyde Park, New York, the library was built under the President's personal direction in 1939-1940, and dedicated on June 30, 1941. It is the first presidential library in the United States and one of the thirteen presidential libraries under the auspices of the National Archives and Records Administration.

Grace Roosevelt

Grace Walton Roosevelt (married name Appleton Clark) (June 3, 1867 – November 29, 1945) was a right-handed American tennis player of the end of the 19th century, born in Hyde Park, New York.

Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site

The Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site preserves the Springwood estate in Hyde Park, New York. Springwood was the birthplace, lifelong home, and burial place of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt. The National Historic Site was established in 1945.

Hudson Valley Horrors Roller Derby

Hudson Valley Horrors Roller Derby (HVHRD) is a women's flat track roller derby league based in Hyde Park, New York. Founded in 2006, the league consists of two teams which compete against teams from other leagues. Hudson Valley is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA).The league describes itself as "the world's first non-urban, flat-track women's roller derby league". Founded in 2006, it held its first home bout in June 2007, against Pioneer Valley Roller Derby.The league was accepted into the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Apprentice Program in November 2009, and became a full member of the WFTDA in December 2010. It has close links with the Hudson Valley Frightmares junior roller derby league.

Isaac Roosevelt House

The Isaac Roosevelt House is located on Riverview Circle in Hyde Park, New York, United States. It was the main house of Roosevelt's Rosedale estate on the Hudson River. His grandson Franklin spent a lot of time there as a child, when it was the home of his uncle John.

It was built in a late application of the Federal style, with some later Italianate touches added. In 1993 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Joseph Mazzello

Joseph Francis Mazzello III (born September 21, 1983) is an American actor, director, and screenwriter. He is best known for his roles as Tim Murphy in Jurassic Park, Eugene Sledge in the HBO miniseries The Pacific, Dustin Moskovitz in The Social Network and Queen bass player John Deacon in the biopic Bohemian Rhapsody.

Maritje Kill

The Maritje Kill is a tributary of the Hudson River in Hyde Park, New York. Its source is three miles northeast of the village of Hyde Park, and it enters the Hudson at the Hyde Park campus of the Culinary Institute of America (CIA). The river's name uses an old Dutch version of the given name Marietje, meaning "little Mary". It is one of two major waterways in Hyde Park, and flows north to south through the town.The river was used by natives since around 1700 BCE, and farms and mills existed around the river from the 18th to mid-20th centuries. The Culinary Institute of America purchased part of the surrounding area in 1970.

New Hyde Park, New York

New Hyde Park is a village in Nassau County, Long Island, New York, United States, which is split between the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead.

The population was 9,712 at the 2010 census. Because of its close proximity and relatively short commute to Manhattan, it is primarily a commuter village with over 75% of the land used for single family residences, but also has warehouses near the Long Island Rail Road station and retail districts along Jericho Turnpike.

North New Hyde Park, New York

North New Hyde Park is a census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York, United States. Small areas are also situated within Queens County, New York, United States. The population was 14,899 at the 2010 census.

Pete Koch

Peter Alan Koch (born January 23, 1962) is an American actor and a former American football player.

St. Peter's Church (Hyde Park, New York)

The Old Church of St. Peter is a Roman Catholic church established under the authority of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York in Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York in 1837. It is the second oldest Catholic Church on the Hudson (after St. Mary's in Albany) and is considered the Mother Church of the Hudson Valley because from it all the parishes in Ulster and Dutchess counties were founded. The church is also referred to as Our Lady of Mount Carmel since 1965 when St. Peter's parish relocated to Hyde Park, New York and the parish of Our Lady of Mount Carmel church (located a block away) relocated to site.

Staatsburgh State Historic Site

The Staatsburgh State Historic Site preserves a Beaux-Arts mansion designed by McKim, Mead, and White and the home's surrounding landscape in the hamlet of Staatsburg, Dutchess County, New York, United States. The historic site is located within Ogden Mills & Ruth Livingston Mills State Park. The mansion, a New York State Historic Site, is considered a fine example of the great estates built during the Gilded Age.

Top Cottage

Top Cottage, also known as Hill-Top Cottage, in Hyde Park, New York, was a private retreat designed by and for Franklin D. Roosevelt. Built in 1938 to 1939, during Roosevelt's second term as President of the United States, it was designed to accommodate his need for wheelchair accessibility. It was one of the earliest such buildings in the country, and the first significant building designed by a person with a disability.Although it was meant as a retreat, FDR also received notable guests at the cottage, including Britain's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After half a century in private ownership, the property was restored and given to the National Park Service, which today operates it as part of the nearby Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site. Top Cottage was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1997. Guided tours of the cottage are available from the main site but private vehicles are not permitted.

This building is the only building designed by a sitting U.S. President other than Thomas Jefferson, who designed several at his home in Monticello, the University of Virginia, and the Virginia State Capitol.

United States Post Office (Hyde Park, New York)

The U.S. Post Office in Hyde Park, New York, serves the 12538 ZIP Code. It is a stone building in the Dutch Colonial Revival architectural style, located on East Market Street (Dutchess County Route 41) just east of US 9.

It is a stone building modeled on an early house in the region. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a native of Hyde Park, took a personal interest in the construction of the new building during the New Deal. A series of murals inside depict major events in local history. In 1988 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site is a historic house museum in Hyde Park, New York. It became a National Historic Landmark in 1940. It is owned and operated by the National Park Service.

The property, historically known as Hyde Park, was one of several homes owned by Frederick William Vanderbilt and his wife Louise Holmes Anthony. The 54-room Vanderbilt mansion was designed by the preeminent architectural firm McKim, Mead & White. Construction occurred between 1896 and 1899. The house is an example of the Beaux-Arts architecture style. The interiors are archetypes of the American Renaissance, blending European architectural salvage, antiques, and fine period reproductions representing an array of historical styles. The site includes 211 acres (85 ha) of the original larger property (once around 600 acres) situated on a bluff overlooking the Hudson River and includes manicured lawns, formal gardens, woodlands, and numerous auxiliary buildings.

Municipalities and communities of Dutchess County, New York, United States
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