Hyōgo Prefecture

Hyōgo Prefecture (兵庫県 Hyōgo-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region on Honshu island.[1] The capital of Hyogo is Kobe.[2]

Hyōgo Prefecture

兵庫県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese兵庫県
 • RōmajiHyōgo-ken
Flag of Hyōgo Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Hyōgo Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Hyōgo Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
IslandHonshu
CapitalKobe
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 41
Government
 • GovernorToshizō Ido
Area
 • Total8,400.94 km2 (3,243.62 sq mi)
Area rank12th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total5,469,762
 • Rank7th
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-28
Websiteweb.pref.hyogo.lg.jp/fl/english/
Symbols
BirdOriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)
FlowerNojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)

History

Present-day Hyōgo Prefecture includes the former provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tanba and Settsu.[3]

In 1180, near the end of the Heian period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.

Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is in the city of Himeji.

Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka Prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people.

Geography

Map of Hyogo Prefecture Ja
Map of Hyōgo Prefecture.
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
Kobe Biennale 2011 03s3
Kobe
Takarazuka arban area No,2
Takarazuka
Sumoto city view from Sumoto Castle Awaji Island Japan01n
Sumoto
Ibo River Tatsuno Hyogo02n4272
Tatsuno
Yamasakitown Shisocity Hyogopref arban area
Shiso
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,551,367—    
19031,833,957+1.30%
19132,143,791+1.57%
19202,301,799+1.02%
19252,454,679+1.29%
19302,646,301+1.51%
19352,923,249+2.01%
19403,221,232+1.96%
19452,821,892−2.61%
19503,309,935+3.24%
19553,620,947+1.81%
19603,906,487+1.53%
19654,309,944+1.99%
19704,667,928+1.61%
19754,992,140+1.35%
19805,144,892+0.60%
19855,278,050+0.51%
19905,405,040+0.48%
19955,401,877−0.01%
20005,550,574+0.54%
20055,590,601+0.14%
20105,588,133−0.01%
20155,536,989−0.18%
source:[4]

Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan, to the south, the Seto Inland Sea. On Awaji Island, Hyōgo borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay, lying between Honshu and Shikoku.

Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hyōgo, the north of Hyōgo tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.

Hyōgo borders on Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.

As of March 31, 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanin Kaigan and Setonaikai National Parks; Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and Asago Gunzan, Harima Chūbu Kyūryō, Inagawa Keikoku, Izushi-Itoi, Kasagatayama-Sengamine, Kiyomizu-Tōjōko-Tachikui, Onzui-Chikusa, Seiban Kyūryō, Seppiko-Mineyama, Tajima Sangaku, and Taki Renzan Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities

Twenty-nine cities are located in Hyōgo Prefecture:

  • Kobe is where the Hyogo Prefectural Government sits.

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Islands

Two major artificial islands are located Hyōgo Prefecture:

National parks

Tajima mihonoura39st3200

Sanin Kaigan National Park (Tajima-mihonoura of Sanin Coast in Shinonsen)

Future mergers

The city of Akō and the only town in Akō District (Kamigōri), were scheduled to merge and the city would still retain the name Akō. Akō District would be defunct if the merger was successful.[6] However, the merger hasn't taken place.

Economy

As in all prefectures nationwide, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a big role in the economy of Hyogo Prefecture.[7] Hyōgo Prefecture also has an IT industry, many heavy industries, metal and medical, Kobe Port being one of the largest ports in Japan. Kobe Port also hosts one of the world's fastest supercomputers,[8] and Hyogo Prefecture passed laws to keep Kobe Port free of nuclear weapons (a nuclear-free zone) since the year 1975.

Hyōgo is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institutes of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. "SPring-8", a synchrotron radiation facility, is in Harima.

Culture

National Treasures of Japan

Hyogo-mikata-kami-kawai chorakuji-daibutsu

Chorakuji-daibutsu

Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Historic Buildings in Japan

Choueke house02 1920

Kitano-chō Yamamoto-dōri

Ganjoji-Toyooka02s4592

Izushi

Sasayama Okachi-machi05st3200

Sasayama

Museums

Kobe city museum01 1920

Kobe City Museum in Kobe.

Himeji City Museum of Art20bs4480

Himeji City Museum of Art in Himeji.

Asago Art Village08n4272

Asago Art Village in Asago

Education

Universities

Amagasaki

Takarazuka

Sanda

Nishinomiya

Ashiya

Kobe

Kato

Akashi

Kakogawa

Himeji

Akō

High schools

There are 163 public and 52 private high schools within Hyogo prefecture. Of the public high schools, some are administered by the Hyogo prefectural government, whilst the others are administered by local municipalities.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hyōgo.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Volleyball

Rugby

Basketball

Tourism

A popular troupe of Takarazuka Revue plays in Takarazuka.

The north of Hyogo Prefecture has sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi, and Yumura Onsen. The matsuba crab and Tajima beef are both national delicacies.[9]

Kobe Mosaic06s4s3200

Harborland - Meriken Park area in Kobe

Westin Awaji Island Hotel 06

Awaji Yumebutai in Awaji

Ichikawa river Ikuno Asago Hyogo01s5bs4272

Kuchiganaya in Asago

Kinosaki onsen02 1920

Kinosaki Onsen

Yumura onsen11s1920

Yumura Onsen

Tonomine highland 01 b

Tonomine highland in Kamikawa

Kounotori 06f4439

Toyooka Stork Park

Festival and events

デカンショ祭り
Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival
Himeji Oshiro Matsuri August09 191
Castle Festival in Himeji
  • Miyuki Street New Year's midnight traditional sale, Himeji
  • Nishinomiya Shrine's Ebisu Festival in January
  • Yanagihara Ebisu Festival in January, Kobe
  • Tada Shrine's Genji Festival in April, Kawanishi
  • Kobe Festival and Parade in May
  • Aioi Peron Festival in May
  • Himeji Yukata Festival in June
  • Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival in August, Sasayama
  • Nada Fighting Festival, Himeji
  • Kobe Luminarie in December
  • Ako Chushingura Parade

Transportation

Rail

People movers

Road

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 9
  • Route 28
  • Route 29
  • Route 43
  • Route 171
  • Route 173
  • Route 174 (Sannomiya-Kobe Port)
  • Route 175
  • Route 176
  • Route 178
  • Route 179
  • Route 250
  • Route 312
  • Route 372
  • Route 373
  • Route 426
  • Route 427
  • Route 428
  • Route 429
  • Route 436
  • Route 477
  • Route 482
  • Route 483

Ports

  • Kobe Port – Mainly international container hub port
  • Akashi Port
  • Shikama Port – Mainly Shōdo Island route ferry

Airport

Notable people

Sister regions

Hyogo entered a sister state relationship with Washington state in the United States on October 22, 1963, the first such arrangement between Japan and the United States.[10][11]

In 1981, a sister state agreement was drawn up between Hyogo and the state of Western Australia in Australia.[12] To commemorate the 10th anniversary of this agreement in 1992, the Hyogo Prefectural Government Cultural Centre was established in Perth.[13]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365, p. 363, at Google Books; "Kansai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kobe" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 537, p. 537, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  6. ^ City.ako.hyogo.jp Archived 2006-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "ⅩⅡ Income of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries" (PDF). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-19. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  8. ^ "RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science". Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  9. ^ "JAL Guide to Japan - Matsuba Crab". Archived from the original on 2015-04-05.
  10. ^ Camden, Jim (August 20, 2013). "Washington, Japan celebrate 50 years". Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  11. ^ "Celebrating 50 years with Hyogo, Japan". Washington State Library. August 19, 2013. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  12. ^ "Sister Cities - City of Perth". Archived from the original on 2015-05-30.
  13. ^ Hyogo.com.au Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°41′26.94″N 135°10′59.08″E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E

Akari Kaida

Akari Kaida (海田 明里, Kaida Akari, born January 10, 1974) is a Japanese video game music composer. She composed various soundtracks for Capcom games, including multiple in the Mega Man series. She has occasionally been credited as Akari Groves, taking the surname of her husband.

Akashi Kaikyō Bridge

The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge (明石海峡大橋, Akashi Kaikyō Ōhashi) is a suspension bridge, which links the city of Kobe on the Japanese mainland of Honshu to Iwaya on Awaji Island. It crosses the busy Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyō in Japanese) as part of the Honshu–Shikoku Highway. It was completed in 1998, and has the longest central span of any suspension bridge in the world, at 1,991 metres (6,532 ft; 1.237 mi). It is one of the key links of the Honshū–Shikoku Bridge Project, which created three routes across the Inland Sea.

Amagasaki

Amagasaki (尼崎市, Amagasaki-shi) is an industrial city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1916. Its population is around 460,000, below its peak of over 554,000 in 1971.As of April 2017, the city has an estimated population of 450,765 and a population density of 9,100 persons per km². The total area is 49.77 km².

Bantan Renraku Road

The Bantan Renraku Road (播但連絡道路, Bantan Renraku Dōro) is a toll road in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. It is signed E95 under the "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Ibo River

The Ibo River (揖保川) is a river in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Kakogawa, Hyōgo

Kakogawa (加古川市, Kakogawa-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on June 15, 1950.

As of September 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 266,433 and a population density of 1,923.98 persons per km². The total area is 138.51 km².

The city offers easy access to Himeji (about 10 mins), Kobe (about 30 mins) and Osaka (about 50 mins) by JR Line.

The city currently has a sister city relationship with Maringá, in Brazil, and Auckland, in New Zealand.

Kakogawa Line

The Kakogawa Line (加古川線, Kakogawa-sen) is a railway line in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), which connects the cities of Kakogawa and Tamba.

The 48.5 kilometres (30.1 mi) line begins at Kakogawa Station on the JR Kobe Line (Sanyō Main Line) and ends at Tanikawa Station on the Fukuchiyama Line.

Kitakinki-Toyooka Expressway

The Kitakinki-Toyooka Expressway (北近畿豊岡自動車道, Kitakinki-Toyooka Jidōsha-dō), otherwise known as the Kitakinki Road, is an incomplete two-lane national expressway in Hyōgo Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but has a short section maintained and tolled by the Hyōgo Prefecture Road Corporation. The route is signed E72 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway

The Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway (神戸淡路鳴門自動車道, Kōbe-Awaji-Naruto Jidōsha-dō, shortened to Shintanmei-dō (神淡鳴道)) is a tolled expressway that connects Hyōgo and Tokushima prefectures in Japan by crossings of the Akashi Strait and Naruto Strait. Built between 1970 and 1998, it is one of the three routes of the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company connecting Honshū and Shikoku islands. The route is signed E28 under Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Maruyama River

The Maruyama River is a river in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Muko River

The Mukogawa River or Muko River (武庫川, Mukogawa) is a river in the south-eastern part of Hyōgo Prefecture. This river was selected as the second most important river in the region by the prefecture governor. Its total length is 66 kilometers, and the drainage area is 496 square kilometers.

Nishinomiya

Nishinomiya (西宮市, Nishinomiya-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, between the cities of Amagasaki and Ashiya. On April 1, 2005, the city of Nishinomiya celebrated its 80th anniversary. It is best known as the home of Kōshien Stadium, where the Hanshin Tigers baseball team plays home games and where Japan's annual high school baseball championship is held. It is also the location of Kwansei Gakuin University, a private university founded by American missionaries in the nineteenth century. Nishinomiya is an important commercial and shipping city in the Kansai region with the third largest population in Hyōgo Prefecture.

As of October 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 483,598 and a population density of 4,800 persons per km². The total area is 99.96 km².

Sanyo Akashi Station

Sanyo Akashi Station (山陽明石駅, San'yō Akashi-eki) is a train station on the Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line in Akashi, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, in the south of Akashi Station operated by JR West.

Settsu Province

Settsu Province (摂津国, Settsu no kuni) was a province of Japan, which today comprises the southeastern part of Hyōgo Prefecture and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture. It was also referred to as Tsu Province (津国, Tsu no kuni) or Sesshū (摂州).

Osaka and Osaka Castle were the main center of the province. Most of Settsu's area comprises the modern day cities of Osaka and Kōbe.

Sumitomo Group

The Sumitomo Group (Japanese: 住友グループ, Hepburn: Sumitomo Gurūpu) is one of the largest Japanese keiretsu, or business groups, founded by Masatomo Sumitomo around 1615.

Sun Television

Sun Television Co. (株式会社サンテレビジョン, Kabushiki-gaisha San Terebijon, SUN, SUN-TV) is a commercial television station headquartered in Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, and a member of the Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations (JAITS).

Tajima Airport

Tajima Airport (但馬飛行場, Tajima Hikōjō, "Tajima Airfield") (IATA: TJH, ICAO: RJBT), also known as Kounotori Tajima Airport (コウノトリ但馬空港, Kounotori Tajima Kūkō) is an airport 2.6 NM (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) southwest of Toyooka, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

Takarazuka, Hyōgo

Takarazuka (宝塚市, Takarazuka-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 225,228 and a population density of 2,200 persons per km2. The total area is 101.89 km2.

Yura River (Japan)

The Yura River (由良川) is a river in Kyoto Prefecture and Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Shadow picture of Hyogo prefecture.png Hyōgo Prefecture
Wards of Kobe
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