Huron County, Ontario

Huron County is a county of the province of Ontario, Canada. It is located on the southeast shore of its namesake, Lake Huron, in the southwest part of the province. The county seat is Goderich, also the county's largest community.

The population reported in the 2016 Census for this predominantly agricultural area with many villages and small towns was 59,297 in a land area of 3,399 square kilometers.[1] Of the total population, 7,628 reside in Goderich.

Huron County
County of Huron
Entering Huron County on Highway 21
Entering Huron County on Highway 21
Huron County's location in relation to Ontario
Huron County's location in relation to Ontario
Coordinates: 43°40′N 81°24′W / 43.667°N 81.400°WCoordinates: 43°40′N 81°24′W / 43.667°N 81.400°W
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County seatGoderich
Municipalities
Area
 • Land3,399.27 km2 (1,312.47 sq mi)
Population
(2016)[1]
 • Total59,297
 • Density17.4/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
N0G, N0M, N7A
Websitewww.huroncounty.ca

History

HuronTract

Original extent of the Huron Tract.

1850 Tallis Map of West Canada or Ontario ( includes Great Lakes ) - Geographicus - WestCanada-tallis-1850

Map of Canada West in 1850, with the Huron District outlined in brown.

1857 Colton Map of Ontario, Canada - Geographicus - CanadaWest-colton-1857

Canada West in 1857. Huron County is marked in light pink.

Huron County, Ontario
Council Line, northeast of Goderich

The portion of the Huron Tract ceded to the Canada Company was established as the "County of Huron" in 1835, with the exception of certain townships that were transferred to other counties:[2]

  • Adelaide Township went to Middlesex County
  • The townships of Moore and Sarnia, Plympton, Enniskillen, Warwick, Brooke and Bosanquet went to Kent County

Historic townships

In 1835, the County was declared to consist of the following townships:[3]

  • Biddulph
  • Blanshard
  • Colborne
  • Downie
  • Ellice
  • South Easthope
  • North Easthope
  • Fullarton
  • Goderich
  • Hay
  • Hibbert
  • Hullett
  • Logan
  • McKillop
  • McGillivray
  • Stephen
  • Stanley
  • Tuckersmith
  • Usborne
  • Williams

They have since devolved to the following counties (as outlined in red):

Ont Huron all

Huron County

Territorial evolution

Legislation was passed by the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada in 1838 to authorize the separation of the County from the London District and constitute it as the Huron District.[4] The County was extended northward in 1840, upon the survey of a new range of townships on its northern boundary, beginning with Ashfield Township, and later including Wawanosh, Morris, Grey and Elma.[5] The District itself came into being in October 1841.[6]

Huron County was continued for electoral purposes in 1845,[7] and the District was extended northwards as far as the Bruce Peninsula in 1846.[8]

The District (which existed for judicial and municipal purposes) was abolished at the beginning of 1850.[9] Legislation passed later in the same session of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada provided for the County to be reconstituted as the United Counties of Huron, Perth and Bruce, with the territory of the Bruce Peninsula withdrawn and annexed to Waterloo County.[10] The townships were distributed as follows:

Distribution of the townships of the United Counties of Huron, Perth and Bruce (1850)[11]
From Perth County Bruce County Huron County
Huron County
  • Blanchard
  • Hibbert
  • Fullarton
  • Logan
  • Downie (including the Gore of Downie)
  • Ellice
  • Easthope North
  • Easthope South (including the Town of Stratford)
  • Elma
  • Wallace
  • Huron
  • Kinloss
  • Curloss
  • Carrick
  • Kincardine
  • Greenock
  • Brant
  • Bruce
  • Saugeen
  • Elderslie
  • Arran
  • the remaining townships of Huron County
Waterloo County
  • Mornington

The Bruce Peninsula was later returned to Bruce in 1851.[12] The County of Perth was given its own Provisional Municipal Council at that time,[13] and was separated from the United Counties in 1853.[14]

Several townships were transferred to Middlesex County:

  • Williams, in 1845[15]
  • Biddulph and McGillivray, in 1862.[16]

Legislation was passed in 1866 to provide for the dissolution of the United Counties on January 1, 1867, with Huron and Bruce County becoming separate counties for all purposes.[17]

Government

The Huron County Council consists of fifteen members from the nine area municipalities to ensure that each is represented on this Council. Each year, a Warden is elected from the group; this individual chairs meetings and represents the County at various functions. In 2017, the Reeve was Ben Van Diepenbeek from the Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh ward.[18]

Most of the population of the county resides in the Huron—Bruce, formerly Huron and Huron—Middlesex, federal electoral district. The majority also reside in the Huron—Bruce (provincial electoral district) formerly known as Huron and Huron—Middlesex.

The County's Official Plan (2015) addresses the following issues: "agriculture, community services, the economy, natural environment, extractive resources, and settlement patterns." According to this document, agriculture is a particularly significant part of the economy since "Huron leads all counties and regions in Ontario in total value of production; and it also exceeds the production totals of several provinces".[19]

Municipalities

Huron County comprises nine lower-tier municipalities (in order of population):

The boundaries of the county's municipalities have been in effect since 2001, after the provincial government imposed mergers throughout the province.

Demographics

Huron County comprises a single Statistics Canada census division. The population has been quite stable in recent years.

Canada census – Huron County, Ontario community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 59,297 (0.3% from 2011) 59,100 (-0.4% from 2006) 59,325 (-0.6% from 2001)
Land area: 3,399.27 km2 (1,312.47 sq mi) 3,399.63 km2 (1,312.60 sq mi) 3,396.68 km2 (1,311.47 sq mi)
Population density: 17.4/km2 (45/sq mi) 17.4/km2 (45/sq mi) 17.5/km2 (45/sq mi)
Median age: 46.3 (M: 45.3, F: 47.4) 45.1 (M: 44, F: 46) 42.3 (M: 41.5, F: 43.1)
Total private dwellings: 28,369 28,049 26,922
Median household income: $65,944 $51,910
References: 2016[20] 2011[21] 2006[22] earlier[23]

Historic populations:[23]

  • Population in 2001: 59,701
  • Population in 1996: 60,220
Citizenship and immigration status
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total
Canadian citizen By birth 53,510 92.5 No data 53,690 91.6
By naturalization 3,400 5.9 3,980 6.8
Permanent resident 795 1.4 685 1.2
Non-permanent resident 125 0.2 235 0.4
Total 57,830 100.0 58,595 100.0
Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
Aboriginal 810 1.4 No data 320 0.5 255 0.4
Visible Minority 865 1.5 875 1.5 690 1.2
All other 56,155 97.1 57,395 98.0 57,750 98.4
Total 57,830 100.0 58,590 100.0 58,695 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
English 53,020 90.9 53,075 90.9 53,375 91.1 53,445 91.1
French 370 0.6 460 0.8 385 0.7 395 0.7
English and French 60 0.1 55 0.1 85 0.1 75 0.1
All other 4,905 8.4 4,795 8.2 4,745 8.1 4,780 8.1
Total 58,355 100.0 58,385 100.0 58,590 100.0 58,695 100.0

(Other languages, 2016: German 3.3%, Dutch 2.1%)

Mobility over previous five years
Group 2016 Census 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
At the same address 38,840 71.3 No data 38,520 69.4 37,835 68.4
In the same municipality 6,255 11.5 7,190 12.9 16,315 29.5
In the same province 8,590 15.8 8,825 15.9
From another province 375 0.7 480 0.9 1,150 2.1
From another country 395 0.7 485 0.9
Total aged 5 or over 54,455 100.0 55,505 100.0 55,300 100.0

Communities

Former communities/ghost towns

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Huron County, Ontario". StatsCan. StatsCan. 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  2. ^ An Act to form certain Townships in the London District into a County, and to attach certain Townships to the Counties of Middlesex and Kent, in the London and Western Districts, S.U.C. 1835, c. 46
  3. ^ 1835 Act, s. 1
  4. ^ An Act to authorize the erection of the County of Huron, and certain other territory adjacent thereto, into a separate District, S.U.C. 1838, c. 26
  5. ^ An Act to attach certain Townships to the County of Huron, S.U.C. 1840, c. 38
  6. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 1 (3 (Extra)): 30. October 21, 1841.
  7. ^ An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 7, s. 8
  8. ^ An Act to attach certain Territory therein described to the District of Huron for certain purposes, S.Prov.C. 1846, c. 47
  9. ^ An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. C
  10. ^ An Act to divide the District of Huron, in the Province of Canada, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 96
  11. ^ 1849 Act, ss. 33, 35, 36
  12. ^ An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 29
  13. ^ S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 96, s. 3
  14. ^ An Act to authorize to Governor General to issue a Proclamation to declare the County of Perth to be separated from the United Counties of Huron, Perth and Bruce, and for other purposes therein mentioned, S.Prov.C. 1852, c. 31
  15. ^ 1845 Act, Sch. B
  16. ^ An Act to separate the Townships of Biddulph and McGillivray from the County of Huron, and to annex the same to the East Riding of the County of Middlesex, S.Prov.C. 1862, c. 28
  17. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 25 (48): 4606. December 1, 1866., implementing An Act to facilitate the separation of Huron and Bruce, and to appoint Walkerton the County Town of the County of Bruce, S.Prov.C. 1865, c. 66
  18. ^ "Council". Huron County. Huron County. 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Official Plan" (PDF). Huron County. Huron County. 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  20. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  21. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  22. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  23. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.

External links

Ashfield–Colborne–Wawanosh

The Township of Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh is a municipality in Huron County, Ontario, Canada. It was formed as an amalgamation of the former Ashfield, Colborne and West Wawanosh townships in 2001, in an Ontario-wide local government restructuring imposed by the government of that time. The three former townships now comprise the wards of the amalgamated municipality.

Bluewater, Ontario

Bluewater is a municipality located in Huron County, Ontario, which is part of Southwestern Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

Brad Turner (director)

Brad Turner (born June 22) is a Canadian film director, television director and photographer.

CKXM-FM

CKXM-FM is a radio station that broadcasts an adult contemporary format on the frequency at 90.5 FM in Exeter, Ontario branded as 90.5 myFM.

Owned by My Broadcasting Corporation, the station was licensed on August 4, 2008.In 2009, the station used Christmas music for on-air testing and signed on August 31, 2009.

Central Huron

Central Huron is a township in western Ontario, Canada, in Huron County. It is situated on Lake Huron between the Maitland River and the Bayfield River.

Exeter, Ontario

Exeter is a community in the municipality of South Huron, in the southern portion of Huron County, Ontario, Canada, located approximately 50 kilometres north of London. The community proclaims itself the "Home of the White Squirrel", owing to the presence of the unusually-coloured mammals. Exeter's mascot, "Willis The White Wonder", can be seen at many community events throughout the year, including Canada Day celebrations, the Exeter Rodeo, and the Santa Claus Parade.

Fred Elliott (ice hockey)

Frederick Henry Elliott (February 18, 1903 – August 28, 1982) was a professional ice hockey player who played 43 games in the National Hockey League. Born in Clinton, Ontario, he went on to play with the Ottawa Senators.

George Clark Miller

George Clark Miller (9 January 1882 – 17 March 1968) was the 23rd mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia from 1937 to 1938. He was born in Huron County, Ontario, moving to Manitoba, then in 1941 to Vancouver.

Gerald McGeer left the mayor's position when he became a member of the House of Commons of Canada. Miller, a city alderman, won the 9 December 1936 city election which featured the first candidates of the Non-Partisan Association. After two years as Vancouver's top local politician, Miller was defeated by James Lyle Telford.In 1952, Miller was elected to the British Columbia Legislative Assembly representing Vancouver—Point Grey representing the Progressive Conservative Party of British Columbia but he was defeated the next year in the 1953 provincial election.

Howick, Ontario

The Township of Howick is a municipality in Huron County, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the northeast corner of Huron County near the Bruce County border, east of Wingham.

Its largest communities are Fordwich, Gorrie and Wroxeter. Smaller hamlets include Belmore and Lakelet. Rural areas comprise the remainder of the township. The township's municipal offices, road works facility, public school, arena and library are located between Fordwich and Gorrie on Huron Road 87 (formerly Ontario Highway 87).

Huron East, Ontario

The Municipality of Huron East is a Canadian municipality located in Huron County, Ontario. It was formed in 2001 as an amalgamation of the former Grey, McKillop and Tuckersmith townships with the town of Seaforth and village of Brussels, due to an Ontario-wide local government restructuring imposed by the government of that time. The new municipality is structured as five wards based on the former townships, town and village.

Joe Frans

Joseph Mark Frans (born July 1, 1975 in Grimsby, Ontario) is a Canadian curler from Guelph, Ontario. Frans is most notable for being a two-time provincial champion and for being suspended from competitive curling for cocaine usage.

John J. Allen (Canadian politician)

John J. Allen (August 2, 1871 – June 7, 1935) was mayor of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, from 1931 to 1933.

He was born in Dungannon in Huron County, Ontario in 1871. In 1900, he came to Ottawa and opened a drug store; eventually, he and his partner, William Cochrane, sold their business to United Drug Stores, later Rexall. Allen and Cochrane later established a brokerage firm. He served as president of the Rotary Club in the city and later served as district governor. During Allen's term as mayor, he initiated repairs of the city sewer system which helped generate employment during the Great Depression.

Allen died of a heart attack in Montreal in 1935 and was buried in the Beechwood Cemetery.

List of numbered roads in Huron County

The following is a list of county roads in Huron County, Ontario.

Paul De Lisle

Paul Gerald De Lisle (born June 13, 1963) is the bassist and one of two constant members of the pop rock band Smash Mouth since their formation in 1994, the other being vocalist Steve Harwell.

Philip Street

Philip Street (born 1959) is a Canadian cartoonist and animator who lives in Toronto. He lived in Blyth, Ontario during his childhood and studied English at St. Michael's College in Toronto, as well as classical animation at Sheridan College. He lived in Kingston, Ontario, before moving to Toronto.

From 1990 to 1997 he was art director of Compass, and subsequently became the founding art director of Voices Across Boundaries.

He drew the comic strip Fisher, which appeared daily in The Globe and Mail until 8 September 2012. An earlier strip, Rip Trousers, ran in the Kingston Whig-Standard in 1993 and 1994.

Since 1998 he has also been a graphic designer at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, where he has worked on Sesame Park, CBC Kids and The Nature of Things. He has also directed 76 episodes of Peter Puck for Hockey Night in Canada.

Robert Stanbury

Robert Douglas George "Bob" Stanbury, (October 26, 1929 - February 10, 2017) was a Canadian public servant, lawyer and former politician, journalist and corporate executive.

Seaforth, Ontario

Seaforth (2001 population: 2300) is a Southern Ontario community in the municipality of Huron East, in Huron County, Ontario, Canada.

South Huron

South Huron is a municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the southern part of Huron County. It was formed by amalgamation of the townships of Stephen and Usborne with the Town of Exeter in 2001, in an Ontario-wide municipal restructuring imposed by the provincial government.

William Thornton Mustard

William Thornton Mustard, (August 8, 1914 – December 11, 1987) was a Canadian physician and cardiac surgeon. In 1949, he was one of the first to perform open-heart surgery using a mechanical heart pump and biological lung on a dog at the Banting Institute. He developed two operations named for him: the "Mustard operation" in orthopedics used to help hip use in people with polio and the "Mustard cardiovascular procedure" used to help correct heart problems in "blue babies," which has saved thousands of children worldwide.

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