Humayun Ahmed ([ɦumaijun aɦmed]; 13 November 1948 – 19 July 2012) was a Bangladeshi writer, dramatist, screenwriter, filmmaker, songwriter, scholar, and lecturer. His breakthrough was his debut novel Nondito Noroke published in 1972. He wrote over 200 fiction and non-fiction books, many of which were bestsellers in Bangladesh. His books were the top sellers at the Ekushey Book Fair during the 1990s and 2000s. He won the Bangla Academy Literary Award in 1981 and the Ekushey Padak in 1994 for his contribution to Bengali literature.
In the early 1990s, Ahmed emerged as a filmmaker. He went on to make a total of eight films - each based on his own novels. He received six Bangladesh National Film Awards in different categories for the films Daruchini Dwip, Aguner Poroshmoni and Ghetuputra Komola.
Ahmed in 2010
|Born||13 November 1948|
Kutubpur, Kendua, Netrokona, East Bengal, Dominion of Pakistan
|Died||19 July 2012 (aged 63)|
New York City, United States
|Resting place||Nuhash Polli, Pirujali, Gazipur, Bangladesh|
|Occupation||Writer, film director, academic, dramatist|
|Education||PhD (polymer chemistry)|
|Alma mater||University of Dhaka |
North Dakota State University
|Notable awards||Bangla Academy Literary Award |
Ahmed was born in Kutubpur village under Kendua Upazila in Netrokona District to Foyzur Rahman Ahmed (1921–1971) and Ayesha Foyez (née Khatun) (1930–2014). Foyzur served as a sub-divisional police officer in Pirojpur District and was killed in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. In 2011, politician Delwar Hossain Sayeedi was put on trial for the killing but was acquitted of the charge in 2013 due to a lack of evidence. Humayun's brother, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, is a writer and academician. Another brother, Ahsan Habib, is a cartoonist. He had three sisters – Sufia Haider, Momtaz Shahid and Rukhsana Ahmed.
Ahmed studied in Chittagong Collegiate School. He passed the SSC examination from Bogra Zilla School in 1965. He then graduated from Dhaka College and earned his bachelor's and master's in chemistry from the University of Dhaka. He joined as a faculty member of the same university. Later he earned his PhD in polymer chemistry from North Dakota State University.
Ahmed wrote his debut novel Nondito Noroke (In Blissful Hell) during the 1971 Bangladesh independence war while he was a university student. The novel was published in 1972 by the initiative of writer Ahmed Sofa under Khan Brother’s Publishers. From his very first novel, his themes included the aspirations of average middle-class urban families and portrayed quintessential moments of their lives. His second novel was Shonkhonil Karagar.
Ahmed wrote fictional series featuring recurring characters such as Himu (15 novels), Misir Ali (10 novels) and less frequently, Shubhro. He wrote several novels based on the Bangladesh Liberation War – Aguner Poroshmoni, Paap, 1971, Srabon Megher Din, and Jochona O Jononir Golpo. His wrote some romantic novels including Badol Diner Prothom Kodom Phool, Noboni, Krishnopoksho, Aj Dupure Tomar Nimontran, and Tumi Amai Dekechhile Chhutir Nimontrane.
Ahmed's first television drama was Prothom Prohor (1983), directed by Nawazish Ali Khan. His first drama serial was Ei Shob Din Ratri (1985). This was followed by the comedy series Bohubrihi (1988), the historical drama series Ayomoy (1988), the urban drama series Kothao Keu Nei (1990), Nokkhotrer Raat (1996), and Aaj Robibar (1999). In addition, he made single episode dramas, most notably Nimful (1997).
Ahmed directed films based on his own stories. His first film, Aguner Poroshmoni (1994), based on the Bangladesh Liberation War, won the National Film Award in a total of eight categories, including the awards for the Best Film and the Best Director. Another film Shyamal Chhaya (2005) was also based on the same war. His last directed film, Ghetuputra Kamola (2012), the story of a teenage boy, was set in the colonial period.
In 2009, Ahmed appeared as one of two judges for the reality television music competition show Khudey Gaanraaj.
Ahmed composed around 40 songs which he used in his films and television dramas. The songs were based on the folk music of the north-eastern part of Bangladesh. His notable singles include "Lilabali Lilabali Ghoro Joubothi Shoi Go", "'Pubali Batashey", "Ekta Chhilo Shonar Konya", "O Amar Ural Ponkhi Rey", "Jodi Mon Kadey", "Ke Porailo Amar Chokh-e Kolonko Kajol", "Ami Aaj Bhejabo Chokh Somudrer Joley", "Cholona Brishtitey Bhiji", "Channi Poshor Raite Jeno Amar Moron Hoy", "Hablonger Bajarey Giya" and "Konya Nachilo Rey". The songs were rendered by Subir Nandi, S I Tutul, Meher Afroz Shaon and others.
Nobel laureate economist Muhammad Yunus assessed Ahmed's overall impact saying: "Humayun's works are the most profound and most fruitful that literature has experienced since the time of Tagore and Nazrul." Similarly, according to poet Al Mahmud, “one golden age of Bengali literature ended with Tagore and Nazrul and another began" with Ahmed. Writer Imdadul Haq Milan considered him to be "the almighty lord of Bengali literature, controlling all their actions and thoughts". Dawn, Pakistan's oldest and most widely read English-language newspaper, referred to him as the cultural legend of Bangladesh. Times of India credited Humayun as "the person who single-handedly shifted the capital of Bengali literature from Kolkata to Dhaka". Sunil Gangopadhyay described him as the most popular writer in the Bengali language for a century and according to him, Ahmed was even more popular than Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. However, during his lifetime author Shahriar Kabir dismissed him for "always speaking for the establishment." Literary critic Azfar Hussain said: "I am not surprised he talks like a pro-establishment writer. I find him ignorant."
Ahmed married Gultekin Khan in 1976. Together they had three daughters, Nova, Shila and Bipasha, and one son, Nuhash. Shila Ahmed went on to become a television and film actress. In 2003, Ahmed divorced Gultekin. He then married actress Meher Afroz Shaon in 2005. He had two sons from the second marriage, Nishad and Ninit.
Ahmed had open-heart surgery at Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore. A few years later, during a routine checkup, doctors found a cancerous tumor in his colon. On 14 September 2011, he was flown to Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center in New York City for treatment. During his stay there, he wrote a novel, Deyal, based on the life of the first President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. In January 2012, he was appointed as a senior special adviser of the Bangladesh Mission to the United Nations.
On 12 May 2012, Ahmed returned to Bangladesh for two weeks. He died on 19 July 2012 at 11:20 PM BST at Bellevue Hospital in New York City. There was some tension in the family over the selection of his burial site, but eventually his estate, Nuhash Palli was selected.
In 1987, Ahmed founded an estate, Nuhash Palli, named after his son Nuhash, near Pijulia village, 25 km from Gazipur City, in Gazipur District, which grew to cover 40 bigha (approximately 14 acres). He would spend much of his time at the estate when he was in Bangladesh. He formed a collection of statues there by local artist Asaduzzaman Khan and another of plants from around the world, particularly medicinal and fruit-bearing trees.
Exim Bank, a commercial bank and Anyadin, an entertainment magazine jointly introduced an award program, Humayun Ahmed Sahitya Puruskar, which would be conferred to two writers every year on Ahmed's birth anniversary – November 12.
Several cinematographic adaptations of Ahmed's stories are made after his death. Anil Bagchir Ekdin (2015), directed by Morshedul Islam, won six Bangladesh National Film Awards. Krishnopokkho (2016) was directed by Meher Afroz Shaon. In October 2016, she announced the production of her next film based on Nokkhotrer Raat. Debi (2018) is produced by a grant from the Government of Bangladesh.
|1992||Shonkhonil Karagar||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Story|
|1994||Aguner Poroshmoni||Yes||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Film |
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Story
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Dialogue
|1999||Srabon Megher Din||Yes||Yes|| Bachsas Awards for Best Lyrics |
Bachsas Awards for Best Story
|2004||Shyamol Chhaya||Yes||Yes||Bangladeshi submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Noy Number Bipod Sanket||Yes||Yes|
|2007||Daruchini Dwip||Yes||Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay|
|2008||Amar Ache Jol||Yes||Yes|
|2012||Ghetuputra Komola||Yes||Yes||Bangladeshi submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film |
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Director
Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Screenplay
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Film
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Director
Meril Prothom Alo Awards - Best Screenplay
The 19th Bangladesh National Film Awards, presented by Ministry of Information, Bangladesh to felicitate the best of Bangladeshi Cinema released in the year 1994. The ceremony took place in Dhaka and awards were given by then President of Bangladesh. The National Film Awards are the only film awards given by the government itself. Every year, a national panel appointed by the government selects the winning entry, and the award ceremony is held in Dhaka. 1994 was the 19th ceremony of National Film Awards.Aaj Robibar
Aaj Robibar (Bengali: আজ রবিবার; Today's Sunday) is a Bangladeshi television sitcom, created by Humayun Ahmed, that was originally aired on BTV in 1996. It was re-aired in Hindi on Indian television channel, Star Plus in 2017.Aguner Poroshmoni
Aguner Poroshmoni is a 1994 film based on the novel of the same name written and directed by Humayun Ahmed. The film won National Film Award in eight categories including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Plot. It was the first movie directed by Humayun Ahmed.Amar Ache Jol
Amar Ache Jol is a 2008 dhallywood film directed by Humayun Ahmed and produced by Impress Telefilm Limited. The film stars Zahid Hasan, Ferdous Ahmed, Meher Afroz Shaon and marks the debut of Bidya Sinha Mim.Asaduzzaman Noor
Asaduzzaman Noor (born 31 October 1946) is a Bangladeshi actor, politician and activist. He is the current Minister of Cultural Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh and has been a Member of Parliament since 2001.
Asaduzzaman Noor is famed for his acting across theatre, film and television. He is best known for his role as Baker Bhai in the television series Kothao Keu Nei, written by the celebrated Bangladeshi author Humayun Ahmed, during the 1990s. His notable television works include Kothao Keu Nei, Ayomoy, Bohubrihi and Ei Sob din Ratri. His notable films are Shonkhonil Karagar (1992) and Aguner Poroshmoni (1994), both of which won National Film Awards.
In 2018 he was awarded the Independence Day Award, the highest civilian state award in Bangladesh, by the Government of Bangladesh.Chandrokotha
Chandrokotha is a 2003 Bengali drama film written and directed by Humayun Ahmed. Produced and distributed by Nuhash Chalachittra the film starred Ferdous Ahmed, Meher Afroz Shaon, Asaduzzaman Noor, Champa, Ahmed Rubel, and Ahmed Rubel in the lead role. Meher Afroz Shaon and Ahmed Rubel won Best Film Actress and Actor awards in 6th Meril Prothom Alo Awards.Dui Duari
Dui Duari also (Bengali: দুই দুয়ারী) is a Bangladeshi Bengali-language film. The film released was 2000 in Bangladesh. Directed by Bangladeshi famous poet, film director-writer Humayun Ahmed. Produced and distributed by his self film Producer-distributor company called as Nuhash Chalachitra. Stars Riaz, Meher Afroz Shaon, Mahfuz Ahmed, Masud Ali Khan, Nasima Khan, Ejajul Islam and many more.
Dui Duari the film special honored is Riaz and most popular singer Sabina Yasmin by National Film Awards of Bangladesh as there won best actor award and best female singer award 2000. Riaz acting a different character as Rahossa Manob.Dwitiyo Manob
Dwitiyo Manob or Ditiyo Manob (English: The second generation) is a Bengali science fiction written by Bangladeshi writer Humayun Ahmed. This novel deals with the super natural powers of Homo superior (the next generation of Homo sapiens) and it is inspired by 1911 science fiction novel The Hampdenshire Wonder.Ghetuputra Komola
Ghetuputra Komola (Bengali: ঘেটুপুত্র কমলা Gheṭuputro Kômola, Pleasure Boy Komola) is a 2012 Bangladeshi musical film written and directed by Humayun Ahmed and produced by Impress Telefilm Limited. The film is Humayan Ahmed's last film before his death. The film was selected as the Bangladeshi entry for the Best Foreign Language Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, but it did not make the final shortlist.Himu
Himu or Himalay (Bengali: হিমু or হিমালয়) is a popular fictional character created by the Bangladeshi writer Humayun Ahmed who appears in a disjunct series of novels. The character was first appeared in the novel titled Mayurakkhi published in 1990.Impress Telefilm Limited
Impress Telefilm is a media production house in Bangladesh formed in 1996. The company produces film, drama, and drama serials, music videos, variety shows, magazine programmes, musical programmes and documentaries as well as TV commercials. Impress Telefilm was founded by Faridur Reza Sagar.
From Bangladesh 9 times 9 different films of Impress Telefilm Limited has got Bangladeshi submissions for the Oscar for Foreign Language Film Competition.In Blissful Hell
In Blissful Hell (Bengali: নন্দিত নরকে, lit. 'Nondito Noroke') is a 1972 novel by Bangladeshi author Humayun Ahmed. Ahmed wrote this debut novel in 1970 while he was an undergraduate student at the University of Dhaka. Ahmed Sharif wrote the introduction of the book.Meher Afroz Shaon
Meher Afroz Shaon (born October 12, 1981) is a Bangladeshi actress, director and playback singer. She won Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for her performance in the film Krishnopokkho (2016). She was the wife of writer and director Humayun Ahmed.Misir Ali
Misir Ali (Bengali: মিসির আলি) is a fictional character in a series of novels by Bangladeshi author Humayun Ahmed. He was described as one of the most famous characters in Bengali literature, TV and film over the last three decades."In the books, Ali plays the role of a part-time professor of Psychology at the University of Dhaka. Despite his not being a professional psychiatrist, people come to him for psychiatric treatment because of his special interest and knowledge in parapsychology. Later he was expelled out from the University. Misir Ali is a very intelligent person and often seen solving mysteries, although never accepting money for them. He is a logical person and doesn't believe in any paranormal activities. He has a personal diary named unsolved, in which he writes about those mysteries not solved by him. He is dark, tall, thin person but in other story it was mentioned that he is short.
He always lives in a small flat with a servant. Most of the time those servants are seen to be running away by stealing his money. His age in 'Nishithini' was 41 and in 'Misir Ali's "Aumimaangsito Rauhosso" his age is 51. He has a nephew named Amita. His mother died when he was two years old. His father was a Hujur (Muslim priest), who died when he was in class five. He grew up in his relatives' house. He is a chain smoker,but in every story he tries to get rid of it. Every times he gets a letter he reads it three times. He is attracted to a girl named Nilu who was his university student. He is unmarried but in the story 'Onnobhuvon' only it was mentioned that he got married to Nilu.Movie adaptation of the first book of the series (Debi) was released in October, 2018. The movie received widely positive reviews from fans and critics alike.Noy Number Bipod Sanket
Noy Number Bipod Sanket (English: Danger Signal Number Nine) is a 2007 Bengali Comedy-Drama Film directed by Humayun Ahmed. The film stars Diti, Tania Ahmed, Rohmot Ali, Jayanta Chattopadhyay, Challenger in lead roles. The film was shot in Nuhas Polli.Shonkhonil Karagar
Shonkhonil Karagar (Bengali: শঙ্খনীল কারাগার) is a Bangladeshi Bengali film released on May 22, 1992 and directed by Mustafizur Rahman. This film is based on the novel of prominent Bangladeshi writer Humayun Ahmed.Shonkhonil Karagar (novel)
Shonkhonil Karagar (Bengali: শঙ্খনীল কারাগার) is a 1973 novel by Bangladeshi author Humayun Ahmed. It was his second book after his debut novel Nondito Noroke.Shyamol Chhaya
Shyamol Chhaya (Bengali: শ্যামল ছায়া; English: The Green Shade) is a Bangladeshi Bengali-language film. It was released on 16 December 2005. Written and directed by Humayun Ahmed. Stars Humayun Faridi, Tania Ahmed, Shimul, Riaz, Shaon and many more. It reflects a story of the Bangladesh War of Independence, 1971.
Shyamol Chhaya was Bangladesh's submission to the 78th Academy Awards in the 'Foreign Language Film' category. It was not nominated.Srabon Megher Din
Srabon Megher Din (Bengali: শ্রাবন মেঘের দিন - English: A Rainy Day of the Month Srabon) is a Bangladeshi drama film based on the Novel of Humayun Ahmed. This movie based on a triangle tragic love story set in a classical village of Bangladesh directed by the writer himself. This film was second film directed by Humayun Ahmed released in 1999 and won National Film Award. British Film Institute enlisted this film in the Top 10 Bangladeshi Film (Critics) as a 2002 cultural project on South Asian cinema in 2002.
Awards for Humayun Ahmed