Hugh Chisholm

Hugh Chisholm (/ˈtʃɪzəm/; 22 February 1866 – 29 September 1924) was a British journalist, and editor of the 10th, 11th and 12th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica.

He was born in London, a son of Henry Williams Chisholm (1809–1901), Warden of the Standards at the Board of Trade. Hugh Chisholm was educated at Felsted School and Christ Church, Oxford. He graduated from the latter in 1888 with a first class in Literae Humaniores. He read for the Bar and was called to the Middle Temple in 1892.

Chisholm worked for The St James's Gazette as assistant editor from 1892 and was appointed editor in 1897. During these years, he also contributed numerous articles on political, financial and literary subjects to the weekly journals and monthly reviews, becoming well known as a literary critic and conservative publicist. He moved in 1899 to The Standard as chief leader-writer and moved in 1900 to The Times, to act as co-editor with Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace and President Arthur Twining Hadley of Yale University on preparation of the eleven volumes forming the 10th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. In 1903, he became editor-in-chief for the 11th edition, which was completed under his direction in 1910, and published as a whole by the Cambridge University Press, in 29 volumes, in 1911. He subsequently planned and edited the Britannica Year-Book (1913).

Chisholm had been suggested as replacement as editor of The Times as an alternative to Dawson, and in 1913, following his return from America overseeing the printing of The Britannica Year-Book, he was appointed day editor. In August 1913 he was appointed a director of the company. He was financial editor throughout World War I, resigning in 1920 when he embarked on the editorship of the three volumes forming the 12th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, published in 1922.

The mathematician Grace Chisholm was his sister.

Hugh Chisholm
Hugh Chisholm 1903
Born22 February 1866
London, England
Died29 September 1924
London, England
Occupationjournalist and encyclopædia editor
Known for10th, 11th, and 12th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica


  • The Times, 30 September 1924, p 14, Issue 43770, Col d. Obituary of Chisholm.
  • Janet E. Courtney: An Oxford Portrait Gallery, (London) 1931, pp 167–157. Janet Courtney, née Hogarth, worked for The Times Book Club and was later responsible for the arrangement of the Index volume to the 11th and 12th editions of Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Anon, History of "The Times", Vol 3, 1884 - 1912, (1939) pp 121, 519, 755, 829
  • Ibid, Vol 4, 1912 - 1920, (1947) pp 143, 137, 138, 208, 472
  • Dictionary of National Biography, article "Hugh Chisholm"
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Chisholm, Hugh" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 30 (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 669.

External links

Albert Smith Medal

The Albert Smith Memorial Medal is the award given to the Man of the Match in the final of the Camanachd Cup,[1] the blue riband trophy of the sport of shinty. It has been presented every year since 1972 by the Smith family of Fort William in honour of Albert Smith Sr. (Born in 1888, Lochuanagan, Fort Augustus.) The widow of his only son, Albert Smith Jr. currently presents the medal. Albert Sr.'s grandson, Victor Smith is a former player for Fort William Shinty Club but never won the medal despite featuring as a key player in several Fort William wins.

Alexander Hugh Chisholm

Alexander Hugh Chisholm (28 March 1890 — 10 July 1977) also known as Alec Chisholm, was a noted Australian journalist, newspaper editor, author and amateur ornithologist. He was a member of the Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union (RAOU), President of the RAOU 1939-1940, and Editor of its journal the Emu 1926-1928. He was elected a Fellow of the RAOU in 1941. He was the first recipient of the Australian Natural History Medallion in 1940 for his work in ornithology and popularising natural history. Chisholm was a prolific writer of articles and books.

Australian Natural History Medallion

The Australian Natural History Medallion is awarded each year by the Field Naturalists Club of Victoria (FNCV) to the person judged to have made the most meritorious contribution to the understanding of Australian Natural History. The idea originated with J. K. Moir, a book collector and member of the Bread and Cheese Club. Moir wrote to the FNCV in 1939 suggesting that such a medallion should be awarded to a person who had performed, in his words, ‘a signal service’ to the protection of flora and fauna—‘a variation of the Nobel awards’. Nominations for the Medallion are made by field naturalist clubs and kindred bodies from all over Australia, each nomination being valid for a three-year period. The Medallion has usually been awarded annually since 1940. In that time, recipients have been honoured for their work in many fields of natural history studies, and have come from every state and territory in Australia.

The list of Medallionists and the year of the award is as follows:

1940 – Alexander Hugh Chisholm

1941 – Frederick Chapman

1942 – David Fleay

1943 – Herbert Ward Wilson

1944 – John McConnell Black

1945 – Charles P. Mountford

1946 – Heber A. Longman

1947 – Philip Crosbie Morrison

1948 – Ludwig Glauert

1949 – Edith Coleman

1950 – Bernard C. Cotton

1951 – Tarlton Rayment

1952 – John Burton Cleland

1953 – Charles Leslie Barrett

1954 – Herman M. R. Rupp

1955 – Stanley R. Mitchell

1956 – Dominic Louis Serventy

1957 – Charles Ernest William Bryant

1958 – Charles J. Gabriel

1959 – Keith Alfred Hindwood

1960 – James Hamlyn Willis

1961 – Emil H. Zeck

1962 – Norman Arthur Wakefield

1963 – Thistle Y. Stead

1964 – Winifred Waddell

1965 – Roy Wheeler

1966 – J. Ros Garnet

1967 – Gilbert P. Whitley

1968 – Norman Barnett Tindale

1969 – Charles Austin Gardner

1970 – Jean Galbraith

1971 – Alexander Clifford Beauglehole

1972 – Allen Axel Strom

1973 – Edmund D. Gill

1974 – Vincent Noel Serventy

1975 – Alison M. Ashby

1976 – Winifred M. Curtis

1977 – John Russell (Jack) Wheeler

1978 – Allan Roy Sefton

1979 – Helen Aston

1980 – Michael Tyler

1981 – Elizabeth Marks

1982 – Howard Jarman

1983 – Trevor Pescott

1984 – Kevin Keneally

1985 – Jack Hyett

1986 – Graham Pizzey

1987 – Robert G. H. Green

1988 – John Dell

1989 – Bruce A. Fuhrer OAM

1990 – Ellen McCulloch

1991 – Fred J. C. Rogers

1992 – Enid L. Robertson

1993 – Alan J. Reid

1994 – Joan Cribb

1995 – W. Rodger Elliott

1996 – Ken N.G. Simpson

1997 – Geoffrey Monteith

1998 – Peter W. Menkhorst

1999 – Mary P. Cameron

2000 – Malcolm Calder

2001 – Alan B. Cribb

2002 – Ian D. Endersby

2003 – Clive Dudley Thomas Minton

2004 – David Lindenmayer

2005 – Pauline Reilly

2006 – Ian Fraser

2007 – Jeanette Covacevich

2008 – Ern Perkins

2009 – Richard Shine AM

2010 – Don P. A. Sands OAM

2011 – John Woinarski

2012 – No award made

2013 – Marilyn Hewish

2014 – Tom May

2015 – Margaret MacDonald

2016 – Max S. Moulds OAM

2017 – Paul Adam

Bill Chisholm

William Hugh Chisholm (June 28, 1909 – November 7, 1996) was an American racewalker. He competed in the men's 50 kilometres walk at the 1932 Summer Olympics.

Chimney breast

A chimney breast is a portion of a chimney which projects forward from a wall to accommodate a fireplace. Typically on the ground floor of a structure, the masonry extends upwards, containing a flue which carries smoke out of the building through a chimney stack. Chimney jambs similarly project from the wall, but they do so on either side of the fireplace and serve to support the chimney breast. The interior of a chimney breast is commonly filled with brickwork or concrete.The construction and appearance of a chimney breast can vary according to function and style. English and American builders more often treat the chimney breast and fireplace as distinct architectural features, whereas French buildings have gradually trended towards concealed construction.

Chisholm (surname)

Chisholm ( (listen)) is a Scottish surname. The original name was 'De Chesé' to which the Saxon termination 'holme' was added on the marriage of a Norman ancestor with a Saxon heiress. The first recorded person of the name is a John de Chisholme, who is named in 1254 in a bull of Pope Alexander IV and found in the County of Roxburgh The original Chisholms are said to have "came soon after the conquest, A.D. 1066 from Tindale, England. In the 14th century, members of the Chisholm family migrated into the Scottish Highlands and their name was Gaelicised. The Scottish Gaelic form of the name is Siosal (masculine), and Shiosal (feminine).

David "Tarzan" Ritchie

David "Tarzan" Ritchie (born 1945) is a former shinty player from Newtonmore, Scotland. He is notable for having won 12 Camanachd Cup medals, a record he held alongside fellow Newtonmore player Hugh Chisholm for many years.

Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

The Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition (1910–11), is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopaedia, containing 40,000 entries, is now in the public domain, and many of its articles have been used as a basis for articles in Wikipedia. However, the outdated nature of some of its content makes its use as a source for modern scholarship problematic. Some articles have special value and interest to modern scholars as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

George Edward Dobson

George Edward Dobson FRS (4 September 1848 at Edgeworthstown, County Longford, Ireland – 26 November 1895) was an Irish zoologist, photographer and army surgeon.

Guy de Montfort, Lord of Sidon

Guy de Montfort (died 31 January 1228) was the younger son of Simon de Montfort and Amicia, sister of Robert FitzPernel, Earl of Leicester.

Johann Eduard Erdmann

Johann Eduard Erdmann (13 June 1805 – 12 June 1892) was a German religious pastor, historian of philosophy, and philosopher of religion, of which he wrote on the mediation of faith and knowledge. He was known to be a follower of Friedrich Schleiermacher, whom he studied under August Carlblom, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel whom he considered as mentor. He also studied the works of Karl Daub and was to become known as a right-wing member of Hegelianism.


The Mumo (also known as Muman, previously also called Madugal kaffirs) are a Nuristani tribe in Afghanistan, living primarily in the Bashgal Valley, centered in the village of Bagalgrom. Their language is Mumviri, a dialect of the Kamkata-viri language.

Parthian language

The Parthian language, also known as Arsacid Pahlavi and Pahlawānīg, is a now-extinct ancient Northwestern Iranian language spoken in Parthia, a region of northeastern ancient Iran. Parthian was the language of state of the Arsacid Parthian Empire (248 BC – 224 AD), as well as of its eponymous branches of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia, Arsacid dynasty of Iberia, and the Arsacid dynasty of Caucasian Albania.

This language had a huge impact on Armenian, a large part of whose vocabulary was formed primarily from borrowings from Parthian. Many ancient Parthian words were preserved, and now can be seen only in Armenian.

Philip of Artois, Count of Eu

Philip of Artois (1358 – 16 June 1397, Micalizo), son of John of Artois, Count of Eu, and Isabeau of Melun, was Count of Eu from 1387 until his death, succeeding his brother Robert.

Philip was a gallant and energetic soldier. In 1383, he captured the town of Bourbourg from the English. He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and was imprisoned there by Barquq, the Sultan of Egypt, being released through the mediation of Jean Boucicaut and the Venetians. In 1390, he joined the unsuccessful expedition of Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, against Mahdia. In 1392, he was created Constable of France.

On 27 January 1393 he married Marie (1367–1434), daughter of John, Duke of Berry. They had four children:

Philip (1393-23 December 1397), likely already dead by the time news arrived in France of his father's death in a Turkish prison. Although he is buried in a tomb that names him as Count of Eu in the crypt of the Collegiale of Eu, he is generally not recognised as a count by historians and rarely given a regnal number.

Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, captured at Agincourt (1394–1472)

Bonne of Artois (1396 – 17 September 1425, Dijon), married at Beaumont-en-Artois on 20 June 1413, Philip II, Count of Nevers, and afterwards at Moulins-les-Engelbert on 30 November 1424, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy

Catherine (1397–1418/22), married c. 1416 John of Bourbon, Lord of CarencyAs a prominent Crusader, he was one of the French contingent sent to take part in the Battle of Nicopolis. He was captured in the battle, and subsequently died in captivity.

Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union Fellows

The Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union (RAOU) may elect somebody to the position of Fellow, the highest grade of membership, for service to the RAOU and to ornithology. Fellows of the RAOU are entitled to use the letters FRAOU after their name. There is a limit to the number of Fellows that may exist at any time and new Fellows are generally only elected when an existing one dies. In the following list those elected to the similar positions of Corresponding Members or Corresponding Fellows (CM) are included, although this does not appear to have occurred since the 1930s. Some past and present Fellows, following the years of their election, are:

1939 - Wilfred Backhouse Alexander (1885-1965)

1939 - Gregory Macalister Mathews CBE (1876-1949)

1939 - Ernst Walter Mayr (CM) (USA) (1904-2005)

1939 - Frank Alexander Wetmore (CM) (USA) (1886-1978)

1939 - Robert Cushman Murphy (CM) (USA) (1887-1973)

1939 - Percy Roycroft Lowe (CM) (UK) (1870-1948)

1941 - Archibald George Campbell (1880-1954)

1941 - Alexander Hugh Chisholm OBE (1890-1977)

1949 - Sir Charles Frederic Belcher OBE (1876-1970)

1951 - Keith Alfred Hindwood (1904-1971)

1951 - Dominic Louis Serventy (1904-1988)

1958 - Alan John (Jock) Marshall (1911-1967)

1963 - Arnold Robert McGill OAM (1905-1988)

1965 - James Allen Keast (1922-2009)

1970 - Angus Hargreaves Robinson (1907-1973)

1970 - Wilson Roy Wheeler MBE (1905-1988)

1973 - Herbert Thomas Condon (1912-1978)

1973 - Sir Robert Falla CMG, KBE (1901-1979)

1974 - Sir Charles Alexander Fleming OBE, KBE (1916-1987)

1974 - Harold James Frith AO, FAA, FTSE (1921-1982)

1975 - Stephen Marchant AM (1912-1903)

1980 - Stephen John James Frank Davies

1980 - Allan Reginald McEvey (1919-1996)

1981 - Pauline Reilly OAM (1918-2011)

1983 - Selwyn George (Bill) Lane (1922-2000)

1989 - Ian Cecil Robert Rowley (1926-2009)

1989 - Henry Norman Burgess Wettenhall AM (1915-2000)

1990 - Brian Douglas Bell (1930-2016)

1991 - Norman Chaffer OAM (1899-1992)

1992 - John Warham (1919-2010)

1993 - Margaret Alison Cameron AM (1937- )

1998 - Clive Dudley Thomas Minton AM (1934- )

2003 - Oliver Michael Griffiths Newman

2004 - Stuart Leslie AM ( -2005)


The Arbalète sauterelle type A, or simply Sauterelle (French for grasshopper), was a bomb-throwing crossbow used by French and British forces on the Western Front during World War I. It was designed to throw a hand grenade in a high trajectory into enemy trenches. It was initially dismissed by the French Army but General Henri Berthelot thought it had practical value.It was lighter and more portable than the Leach Trench Catapult, but less powerful. It weighed 24 kg (53 lb) and could throw an F1 grenade or Mills bomb 110–140 m (120–150 yd).The Sauterelle replaced the Leach Catapult in British service until they were replaced in 1916 by the 2 inch Medium Trench Mortar and Stokes mortar.

Somalia–United Kingdom relations

Somalia–United Kingdom relations are bilateral relations between Somalia and the United Kingdom.

St James's Gazette

The St James's Gazette was a London evening newspaper published from 1880 to 1905. It was founded by the Conservative Henry Hucks Gibbs, later Baron Aldenham, a director of the Bank of England 1853–1901 and its governor 1875–1877; the paper's first editor was Frederick Greenwood, previously the editor of the Conservative-leaning Pall Mall Gazette.The St James's Gazette was bought by Edward Steinkopff, founder of the Apollinaris mineral water company, in 1888. Greenwood left, to be succeeded by Sidney Low (1888–97), Hugh Chisholm (1897–99) and Ronald McNeill (1900–1904). Steinkopff sold the paper to C. Arthur Pearson in 1903, who merged it with the Evening Standard in March 1905, ending the paper's daily publication.

A weekly digest of the paper, the St James's Budget, appeared from 3 July 1880 until 3 February 1911.

William I, Count of Hainaut

William I, Count of Hainaut (c. 1286 – 7 June 1337), was Count William III of Avesnes, Count William III of Holland and Count William II of Zeeland from 1304 to his death.


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.