Huff-Daland LB-1

The Huff-Daland LB-1 was an American biplane light bomber aircraft operated by the United States Army Air Service in the 1920s.

Derived from the XLB-1 prototype bought by the Army in 1923, the LB-1 development aircraft was powered by a single Packard 2A-2500 engine and carried an extra crewman. It proved underpowered in service trials, and was replaced by the twin-engined XLB-3.

LB-1
Huff-Daland LB-1
Role Single engine biplane bomber
Manufacturer Huff-Daland
First flight 1923
Introduction 1923
Primary user United States Army Air Service
Number built 10

Variants

XLB-1
Prototype aircraft, powered by an 800-hp (597-kW) Packard 1A-2500 piston engine; one built (S/N 23-1250).
LB-1
Single-engine light bomber biplane,powered by an 800-hp (597-kW) Packard 2A-2500 piston engine; nine built (S/N 26-377/385).

Operators

 United States

Specifications

Huff Daland XLB-1 3-view L'Air September 15,1926
Huff Daland XLB-1 3-view drawing from L'Air September 15,1926

Data from United States Military Aircraft since 1909[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Four[3]
  • Length: 46 ft 2 in (14.07 m)
  • Wingspan: 60 ft 6 in (20.27 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 11 in (4.55 m)
  • Wing area: 1,137 ft2 (105.7 m2)
  • Empty weight: 6,237 lb (2,876 kg)
  • Gross weight: 12,415 lb (5,631 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Packard 2A-2500 water-cooled vee engine, 787 hp (587 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 mph (190 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 105 mph (169 km/h)
  • Range: 430 miles (692 km)
  • Service ceiling: 11,150 ft (3,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 530 ft/min (2.7 m/s) 

Armament

  • 5 × .30 machine guns
  • 2,750 lb (1,250 kg) of bombs[3]

See also

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Maurer Maurer (1982). Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II Archived 2007-08-01 at the Wayback Machine Page 60
  2. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1963, p. 280.
  3. ^ a b Huff Daland LB-1. National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
Bibliography
  • Donald, David, ed. Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, ON: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Swanborough, F.G. and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam, 1963.
  • Huff Daland LB-1 – National Museum of the United States Air Force
11th Bomb Squadron

The 11th Bomb Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force, 2d Operations Group, 2d Bomb Wing located at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. The 11th is equipped with the Boeing B-52H Stratofortress.The 11th is one of the oldest units in the United States Air Force, first being organized as the 11th Aero Squadron on 26 June 1917 at Kelly Field, Texas. The squadron deployed to France and fought on the Western Front during World War I as a Day Bombardment squadron. It took part in the St. Mihiel offensive and the Meuse-Argonne offensive.During World War II the unit served in the Pacific Theater of Operations as a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy and later North American B-25 Mitchell medium bomber squadron of the Fifth Air Force. During the Cold War it was both a tactical Martin TM-61 Matador and BGM-109G Ground Launched Cruise Missile squadron as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe.

Huff-Daland Aero Corporation

Formed as Ogdensburg Aeroway Corp in 1920 in Ogdensburg, New York by Thomas Huff and Elliot Daland, its name was quickly changed to Huff-Daland Aero Corp and then in 1925 it was changed again to the Huff-Daland Aero Company with its main headquarters in Bristol, Pennsylvania. Huff-Daland produced a series of biplanes as trainers, observation planes, and light bombers for the U.S. Army and Navy.

From 1923-1924, Huff-Daland developed the first aircraft designed for crop dusting and began selling and promoting the new service through a subsidiary Huff Daland Dusters founded on March 2, 1925. Though acquisitions beginning in 1928, the dusting subsidiary became a founding component of Delta Air Lines.In 1927, the corporation was taken over by Hayden, Stone & Company, a New York City brokerage firm and in the course of the merger it became the Huff-Daland Division of the Keystone Aircraft Corporation. A single example of the Huff-Daland XB-1 bomber became the Keystone XB-1B, after its original Packard 2A-1500 engines were replaced with Curtiss V-1570-5 "Conqueror" engines. The Improved -B aircraft had better performance than the original, but still didn't compare favorably to the other aircraft of the period and never entered production.

Keystone merged with the Loening Company in 1928. By 1931, Keystone had become the Keystone Aircraft Division of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation.

Lewis H. Brereton

Lewis Hyde Brereton (June 21, 1890 – July 20, 1967) was a military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the United States Air Force. A 1911 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he began his military career as a United States Army officer in the Coast Artillery Corps prior to World War I, then spent the remainder of his service as a career aviator.

Brereton was one of the few senior U.S. commanders in World War II who served in combat theaters continuously from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the German surrender, and he saw action in more theaters than any other senior officer. He began World War II as a major general commanding the Far East Air Force in the Philippines and concluded it as a lieutenant general in command of the First Allied Airborne Army in Germany. Brereton commanded forces in four controversial events of the war: the destruction on the ground of much of the United States Army Air Forces in the Philippines, Operation Tidal Wave; Operation Cobra; and Operation Market Garden.Brereton was one of the first military pilots of the United States Army, assigned to the Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps in September 1912. He was also one of five officers (the others being General of the Air Force Henry H. Arnold, Major Generals Frank P. Lahm and Benjamin D. Foulois, and Brigadier General Thomas DeW. Milling) who were members of the United States Air Force and all of its progenitors, but the only one to do so on continuous active duty (Arnold, Lahm, Foulois, and Milling were all on the retired list when the USAF came into being).

List of Interwar military aircraft

Interwar military aircraft are military aircraft that were developed and used between World War I and World War II, also known as the Golden Age of Aviation.

For the purposes of this list this is defined as aircraft that entered service into any country's military after the armistice on 11 November 1918 and before the Invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

Aircraft are listed alphabetically by their country of origin. Civilian aircraft modified for military use are included but those that remained primarily civilian aircraft are not.

List of aircraft (Hf-Hz)

This is a list of aircraft in alphabetical order beginning with 'Hf - Hz'.

List of military aircraft of the United States

This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types. For aircraft in service, see the list of active United States military aircraft. Prototypes are normally prefixed with "X" and are often unnamed (note that these are not the same as the experimental X-planes, which are not generally expected to go into production), while pre-production models are usually prefixed with "Y".

The United States military employs a designation and naming system to provide identifications to all aircraft types. Until 1962, the United States Army, United States Air Force (formerly Army Air Force), and United States Navy all maintained separate systems. In September 1962, these were unified into a single system heavily reflecting the Air Force method. For more complete information on the workings of this system, refer to United States Department of Defense Aerospace Vehicle Designations.

This list does not include aircraft used by the U.S. military services prior to the establishment of a numerical designation system. For these aircraft, see List of military aircraft of the United States (1909–1919). It also does not include aircraft designated under the pre-1962 United States Navy designation system. For these aircraft, see List of military aircraft of the United States (naval).

Packard 1A-2500

The Packard 1A-2500 is an American V-12 liquid-cooled aircraft engine designed by Packard in 1924 as a successor to the World War I-era Liberty L-12. Five aero variants were produced, of which the 3A-2500 was the most numerous. Three marine versions, used most prominently in American World War II PT-boats, the 3M-2500, 4M-2500, and 5M-2500, were also derived from it.

Manufacturer designations
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USAAS/USAAC/USAAF/USAF bomber designations, Army/Air Force and Tri-Service systems
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