Hudson, New Hampshire

Hudson is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. It is located along the Massachusetts state line. The population was 24,467 at the 2010 census,[1] with an estimated population of 25,139 in 2017. It is the tenth-largest municipality (town or city) in the state, by population.[2]

The primary settlement in town, where 7,336 people resided at the 2010 census,[3] is defined as the Hudson census-designated place (CDP) and is located at the junctions of New Hampshire routes 102, 111 and 3A, directly across the Merrimack River from the city of Nashua.

Hudson, New Hampshire
Official seal of Hudson, New Hampshire

Location within Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°45′53″N 71°26′23″W / 42.76472°N 71.43972°WCoordinates: 42°45′53″N 71°26′23″W / 42.76472°N 71.43972°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
Incorporated1746 (renamed in 1830)
Hudson Center
 • Board of SelectmenRoger Coutu, Chair
Marilyn McGrath
Normand Martin
David S. Morin
Angela Routsis
 • Town AdministratorSteve Malizia
 • Total29.3 sq mi (75.8 km2)
 • Land28.3 sq mi (73.3 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
148 ft (45 m)
 • Total24,467
 • Density864/sq mi (333.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-37940
GNIS feature ID0873631


Hudson began as part of the Dunstable Land Grant that encompassed the current city of Nashua, New Hampshire, and the towns of Dunstable and Pepperell, Massachusetts, as well as parts of other nearby towns on both sides of the border. In 1732, all of Dunstable east of the Merrimack River became the town of Nottingham, Massachusetts. Nine years later, the northern boundary of Massachusetts was finally officially established, and the New Hampshire portion of Nottingham became Nottingham West, to avoid confusion with Nottingham, New Hampshire, to the northeast.[4]

In 1830, after the better part of a century, the name was changed to "Hudson" to avoid confusion with the older town of Nottingham. The name apparently comes from an early belief that the Merrimack River had once been thought to be a tributary of the Hudson River, or that the area had once been explored by Henry Hudson; both proved to be entirely apocryphal stories, but the name of the town remains today.

A prominent family in Hudson history was the Alfred and Virginia Hills family, who owned a large tract of land north of Hudson Village. Dr. Hills' ancestors were original settlers of Hudson.[5] The Hills House on Derry Road (now listed on the National Register of Historic Places) is the original family's vacation home and current location of the Town Historical Society. The grounds host the annual "Old Home Days" fair every year as well as "Harvest Fest" and the "Bronco Belly Bustin' Chili Fiesta", an Alvirne High School Friends of Music fundraiser. Hills Memorial Library (also listed on the National Register) is one of the oldest public lending libraries in the state, and occupies a stone and mortar building on Library Street. Alvirne High School and the Alvirne Chapel, located on family land across Derry Road from the Hills House, were donated to the town. ("Alvirne" is a contraction of "Alfred" and "Virginia".) A strange rumor that the Hills' only son had died during a football game circled for many years, but Dr. and Mrs. Hills only had two daughters who did not survive infancy, so this was a made-up story. Out of respect, Alvirne High went many decades without a football team, despite being one of the largest high schools in the state. It was assumed that such a stipulation had been put as a condition of the high school's charter. When it was learned that no such condition had ever been recorded, financial pressures encouraged the formation of a football team. In fall of 1994, Alvirne High School fielded its first JV football team, with varsity play beginning in 1996. Alvirne High is home to one of the largest agricultural-vocational programs in the area, the Wilbur H. Palmer Agricultural and Vocational School. This school features several student-run businesses including a bank, restaurant, store, day care, dairy farm, and forestry program.


Hudson is located in southeastern Hillsborough County, with its southern boundary forming the Massachusetts state line. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.3 square miles (75.8 km2), of which 28.3 square miles (73.3 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2) is water, comprising 3.19% of the town.[1]

The highest point in Hudson is Bush Hill, at 515 feet (157 m) above sea level, near the town's eastern border. Hudson lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[6]

Hudson Town Common with Hills Memorial Library in background

The town of Hudson had two historic centers, though modern development and suburban sprawl have obscured the difference. Hudson Village, roughly equivalent to the Hudson census-designated place, is located on the Merrimack River near the junctions of Routes 3A, 111, and 102, and is home to most of the original schools, libraries, and town government. The Town Hall, the Hills Memorial Library, and the Kimball Webster School (which today houses the superintendent's office) are all located in Hudson Village. The Town Common at the intersection of Derry, Ferry, and Library streets is a park that displays large toy soldiers and other decorations at Christmas time.

Hudson Center, historically Hudson's other town center, is located at the five-way intersection of Central Street (Route 111), Greeley Street, Kimball Hill Road, and Windham Road. The two most important landmarks of Hudson Center have been lost to history. Benson's Wild Animal Farm, a zoo and amusement park, was closed in the late 1980s due to mounting financial losses. At one time there was a railway that passed through the Center, taking passengers all the way from the Boston area to Benson's. A rail depot stand remained on nearby Greeley Street through the 1970s. The acreage of Benson's Wild Animal Farm was purchased by the town and is now a park for passive recreation. The other landmark, Thompson's Market, closed in 2002 when Mr. Thompson decided to sell his store and retire to Florida. The structure still remains, but it was remodeled and reopened as a 7-Eleven convenience store. The original Thompson's Market is also nearby, a small building on Kimball Hill Road now home to a popular sandwich shop. Greeley Field, a popular park located in Hudson Center, contains a playground, Little League baseball diamond, and basketball courts, where pick-up games still occur frequently. A Revolutionary War-era cemetery and an old school house (now housing) on Kimball Hill Road are located nearby.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201725,139[2]2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 24,467 people, 8,900 households, and 6,683 families residing in the town. The population density was 864 people per square mile (333.6/km²). There were 9,212 housing units at an average density of 325.5 per square mile (125.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.0% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.9% some other race, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.[9]

There were 8,900 households, out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were headed by married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73, and the average family size was 3.13.[9]

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.[9]

For the period 2010–12, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $83,640, and the median income for a family was $93,199. Male full-time workers had a median income of $62,038 versus $44,531 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,462. About 3.4% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.[10]


Alvirne Picture
Alvirne High School

Hudson is the home of School Administrative Unit #81 of New Hampshire.

  • High school (grades 9th-12th):
  • Middle school (grades 6th-8th):
    • Hudson Memorial School
  • Elementary schools (grades K-5th):
    • Dr. H. O. Smith School (grade 1)
    • Library Street School (kindergarten)
    • Hills-Garrison School (grades 2-5)
    • Nottingham West Elementary School (grades 2-5)
  • Private: Presentation of Mary Academy ("PMA" locally) is a Pre-K-8 private coeducational Catholic school located on Lowell Road.


Hudson serves primarily as a bedroom community for the Greater Boston metropolitan area of which it is a part. In 2006, for example, there were an estimated 10,945 jobs in the public and private sector in Hudson, while the town's population was 24,729, with a civilian labor force of 14,818. The town's three largest employers are Benchmark Electronics, BAE Systems, and the Hudson School District.[4] Presstek is also headquartered in Hudson.


Three New Hampshire state routes traverse the town:

  • NH 3A is the main north-south route through town. It enters the town at the Massachusetts border following River Road. It then follows Lowell Road, Central Street, Chase Street, Derry Street, Elm Avenue, and Webster Street to the town's northern border with Litchfield. 3A shares a concurrency with NH 102 along Derry Street.
  • NH 102 begins at the Taylor Falls/Veterans Memorial twin span bridge over the Merrimack River, and after a brief concurrency with NH 111, joins NH 3A for a concurrency along Derry Street. After 3A leaves Derry Street, 102 continues along it to the northeast passing through a small portion of Litchfield, then returning into Hudson briefly before crossing into Londonderry.
  • NH 111 enters the town at the Taylor Falls/Veterans Memorial bridge from Nashua and has a brief concurrency with NH 102. 111 follows Ferry Street, Burnham Road, and Central Street as the main east-west route across town. It leaves at the town's eastern edge entering the town of Windham.

In addition to the three numbered state highways, about half of a two-mile section of the as-yet uncompleted Circumferential Highway also exists in Hudson. The road currently serves to connect Hudson to the Everett Turnpike in Nashua, using the Sagamore Bridge across the Merrimack River.

The nearest airports are Boire Field in Nashua and Manchester–Boston Regional Airport along the border of Londonderry and Manchester. The nearest rail service is the Lowell Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail which can be accessed at the Charles A. Gallagher Transit Terminal in Lowell, Massachusetts. The nearest Amtrak stations are Boston's North Station or South Station. The nearest intercity bus depot is at the Nashua Transit Center in Nashua. Hudson currently has no public transportation in the town; though a street trolley formerly ran through the town connecting it to neighboring communities.

Sites of interest

Two small recreational lakes exist within the town borders. Robinson (or Robinson's) Pond in the northern part of the town features a public access beach and boat ramp that can be accessed via Robinson Road. Otternic Pond (locally called "Tonic Pond"), located between Hudson Center and Hudson Village, has a public boat landing (Claveau Landing) that can be accessed off Highland Street. Both ponds are often used for fishing during the summer and skating and ice hockey during the winter. Musquash Pond (or Swamp), located in the southern part of the town, is a wild bird sanctuary and is utilized as a breeding ground by several threatened and endangered species of birds. In the early 1900s hunters would travel by horse from as far as Derry to camp and stalk game in the renowned swamp.

Benson's Wild Animal Farm reopened in May 2010 as Benson Park, a town park for recreational use. The park includes trails for walking, biking and hiking, several ponds, wildlife blinds, picnic areas, a children's playground, dog parks and a park store. There is no admission fee. Much work has been done and is ongoing to rehabilitate and maintain the park's trails, gardens, landscaping, and remaining buildings. The Old Lady in the Shoe, the gorilla house, the elephant barn, the A-Frame roof and other structures including the train stop building have been repaired. Cage concerts are held in the elephant barn cage. An official grand opening and re-dedication was held September 2010. The park is home to the largest 9/11 memorial in the state.[11]

Hills Memorial Library, located in Hudson Village, is one of the oldest public lending libraries in the state, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Two public golf courses exist in Hudson, the Whip-Poor-Will Golf Club off Route 102 and the Green Meadow Golf Club on Steele Road (off Route 3A/Lowell Road).

A 1/4-mile paved racetrack, the Hudson Speedway, lies near the northern edge of town by the intersection of Old Derry Road and Robinson Road. It can be accessed off Route 102.


  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hudson town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hudson CDP, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Hudson, NH". Town Profile. Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau, New Hampshire Employment Security. 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  5. ^ For more information, see Kimball Webster's History of Hudson, NH, the 1977 update, or Images of America-Hudson, NH by Laurie Jasper.
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hudson town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010-2012 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Hudson town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  11. ^

External links

Alvirne High School

Alvirne High School is located in the town of Hudson, New Hampshire, United States, with an enrollment of approximately 1,300 students from grades 9–12. Alvirne gets its name from a prominent Hudson family, the Alfred and Virginia Hills family, who left a large piece of property to the town in the early 20th century to provide land for the building of a high school. A portmanteau of their names (Alfred and Virginia) provides the name for the school. The school mascot is the bronco, and the school colors are maroon and gold.Opened in 1992, the Wilbur H. Palmer Vocational - Technical Center, a career and technical education school, is housed on the same campus as Alvirne High School. Students from area high schools whose schools do not have CTE programs currently offered at the Wilber H. Palmer Center may apply for admission to the school. Students in the Wilber H. Palmer Center take their core academic classes as part of Alvirne High School, and take vocational courses at the Center.

Area News Group

Area News Group publishes three newspapers in southern New Hampshire: Hudson~Litchfield News, Pelham~Windham News, and Salem Community Patriot. The local weekly papers are supported by advertisers and are distributed to town residents free of charge. The company is headquartered in Hudson, New Hampshire on Executive Drive. Len Lathrop is the Editor in Chief.

The papers place a large emphasis on publishing local news on issues in town and state government, education, local organization's activities, high school sports, and other topics.

The company started an online presence in mid-2003.

Benson's Wild Animal Farm

Benson's Wild Animal Farm was a private zoo and amusement park in Hudson, New Hampshire, United States. It opened to the public in 1926 and closed in 1987, after having been renamed New England Playworld for its final year. The state of New Hampshire acquired the property in 1989 and transferred it to the town of Hudson in 2009. It is being developed as a public park and nature area.


Centronics Data Computer Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer printers, now remembered primarily for the parallel interface that bears its name, the Centronics connector.

Daniel Webster Marsh

Daniel Webster Marsh (August 15, 1838 – June 27, 1916) was a businessman and mayor of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. He was born in the United States, at Hudson, New Hampshire to Enoch Sawyer March and Margaret Whittier.

Marsh spent his youth in Nashua, New Hampshire, attending the public schools, and starting his working career there. As a young man, he served with the 30th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment and was a part of the Dakota Territory Indian campaigns.

By 1876 Marsh was managing a small general store in Fort Benton, Montana, after which he joined the Fort Benton firm T. C. Power and Bro and in 1876 moved to Fort Walsh (in Saskatchewan) to manage their store, remaining at that post until 1883. As the Canadian Pacific Railway moved west, Marsh saw the opportunity to open up new stores for the company; he opened a store in Maple Creek, Saskatchewan in 1883, and opened a Calgary branch in 1884, remaining as manager of that post until 1893. He arranged for his nephew, Horace A. Greeley, to manage the store in Maple Creek.

Marsh became a prominent moneylender soon after his arrival in Calgary. In 1887 he married Julia Wood Shurtliff, the widow of North-West Mounted Police superintendent Albert Shurtliff. They had one daughter. T. C. Power and Bro. sold the Calgary store to Marsh in 1893, and he continued operating it until 1901.

Marsh served one term as mayor of the town of Calgary, from January 21, 1889, to January 20, 1890; he won by acclamation.Upon his death in Calgary, his estate was appraised at $351,000. The majority of his estate was left to Julia, who died two years later.

Destroy Babylon

Destroy Babylon are a Boston, Massachusetts based band originally from Hudson, New Hampshire. Formed in 2001, their music is influenced by a wide range of styles, including post-punk, dub, Jamaican backing bands, and 1960's psych and prog rock.

G.O. Sanders House

The G.O. Sanders House is a historic house at 10 Derry Street (New Hampshire Route 102) in the center of Hudson, New Hampshire. Built in 1873-75 by George Sanders, this 2½-story wood frame house is a well-preserved example of French Second Empire style. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.

Hills House (Hudson, New Hampshire)

The Hills House is a historic house museum at 211 Derry Road (New Hampshire Route 102) in Hudson, New Hampshire. Built in 1890 as a summer country house by a local philanthropist, it is an excellent local example of Shingle style architecture. The house is now used by the local historical society as a museum and meeting space. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

Hills Memorial Library

Hills Memorial Library is the former public library of Hudson, New Hampshire in the United States. It was erected in memory of Ida Virginia Hills by her husband, Dr. Alfred Hills, and her mother, Mary Field Creutzborg. The land had been previously donated by Kimball Webster for the express purpose of building a public library. The new building was designed by architect Hubert G. Ripley, built during the winter of 1908-09 and opened to the public on June 12, 1909. The building itself was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 7, 1984. The town of Hudson closed the facility on May 18, 2009 as the collection was moved to the new George H. and Ella M. Rodgers Memorial Library.

Jason Brennan

Jason F. Brennan (born 1979) is an American philosopher and political scientist. He is currently the Robert J. and Elizabeth Flanagan Family Professor of Strategy, Economics, Ethics, and Public Policy at the McDonough School of Business and Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University.Brennan writes about democratic theory, the ethics of voting, competence and power, freedom, and the moral foundations of commercial society.

Malden Mills

Malden Mills Industries is the original manufacturer of Polartec polar fleece and manufactures other modern textiles. The company is located in Andover, Massachusetts and has operations in Hudson, New Hampshire.

Nicholas Masson

Nicholas James Masson (born August 7, 1996) is an American actor, dancer, singer and teacher. He performed in the national tour of Newsies the Musical and the film, Disney's Newsies the Broadway Musical.

Northern Cyclones

The Northern Cyclones are a junior ice hockey organization playing in the United States Premier Hockey League. The team plays their home games at the Cyclones Arena, located in Hudson, New Hampshire.

The Cyclones organization also fields junior-level developmental teams in the USPHL's Premier and Elite Division (and formerly in the Metropolitan Junior Hockey League and Eastern Hockey League-Elite Division) and youth hockey select teams at the Midget U18, Midget 16U, Bantam, Peewee, and Squirt and other various levels as well as the Lady Cyclones U12, U16, and U18 teams.

Raymond Lapham

Raymond White Lapham was an American businessman and philanthropist who served as president of the Boston Garden-Arena Corporation.

Robert Burns (representative)

Robert Burns (December 12, 1792 – June 26, 1866) was an American and a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire.

Robert Clegg Jr.

Robert E. "Bob" Clegg, Jr. is a former Republican state senator from New Hampshire's 14th senatorial district, and ran unsuccessfully for Congress in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district.

Shawn Jasper

Shawn N. Jasper (born January 23, 1959) is an American politician from the state of New Hampshire. A member of the Republican Party, he serves as the New Hampshire Commissioner of Agriculture, and is the former Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives.

Jasper graduated from Alvirne High School in Hudson, New Hampshire, in 1977. He received an associate degree in business administration from the University of New Hampshire. He has served as advisor to the Alpha Gamma Rho Omega Chapter, of the University of New Hampshire since 1986. He was elected to the New Hampshire House in 1984, and served one two year term. He was elected again in 1988, and served through 1994. He was elected to the state House again in 2002. He also served for 16 years on the Hudson Board of Selectmen, but lost his bid for reelection in 2012.In the 2014 elections, Jasper was reelected to his 11th term in the New Hampshire House. Republicans retook the majority in the New Hampshire House from the Democratic Party in the 2014 election. After the election, William L. O'Brien, the former Republican Speaker of the House, ran for Speaker against Democrat Steve Shurtleff. Enough Republicans voted for Shurtleff on the first ballot that O'Brien did not receive the majority. Shurtleff then dropped out of the race, and Jasper entered. On the third ballot, Jasper received the majority of all ballots cast, defeating O'Brien with the majority of Democratic members and some Republicans voting for him.In October 2017, Governor Chris Sununu nominated Jasper as Commissioner of Agriculture.

St. Anthony College (Hudson, New Hampshire)

St. Anthony College was a bachelor's degree-granting seminary college in Hudson, New Hampshire, that provided a foundation for men preparing for service in the Capuchin order of friars. The college offered a program in philosophy leading to the B.A. degree.

The college was operated by the Capuchin Province of St. Mary, founded in 1952 and spanning New York and New England. It was located at St. Anthony Friary in Hudson, which was constructed in 1954. The friary and college closed in 1979.

The Telegraph (Nashua)

The Telegraph, for most of its existence known as the Nashua Telegraph, is a daily newspaper in Nashua, New Hampshire. It was founded as the Nashua Daily Telegraph in 1869, although a weekly version dates back to 1832. As of 2005 it was the second-largest newspaper in the state, with a circulation of about 27,000 daily, and 34,000 on Sunday.

After being family-owned for a century, The Telegraph was bought in the 1980s by Independent Publications of Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, which owned several smaller daily and weekly newspapers around the United States as well as some other businesses. In 2005, the paper's owner bought the Cabinet Press, publisher of weekly newspapers based in nearby Milford, New Hampshire. In April 2013, it was bought by Ogden Newspapers of Wheeling, West Virginia.

Places adjacent to Hudson, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States
Other villages
Major cities
Cities and towns
Cities and towns
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