Hubli

Hubballi (Other name: Hubli) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. Hubballi-Dharwad is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore.

The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada[2]. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops including cotton, chili pepper and peanuts are grown in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubballi is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation.

Hubballi also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bengaluru[3]. In 2016, Hubli-Dharwad was selected for solar city / green city master plans.[4] Recently, Hubballi-Dharwad City was selected for a smart city project.

Hubballi
Metropolis
Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Nickname(s): Chota Mumbai,[1]
Hubballi is located in Karnataka
Hubballi
Hubballi
Location of Hubballi
Hubballi is located in India
Hubballi
Hubballi
Hubballi (India)
Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°ECoordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E
Country  India
State Karnataka
Government
 • Mayor Sri D K Chavan
Area
 • Total 213 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation 671 m (2,201 ft)
Population (2011) 943,857
 • Rank

51(India)

Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Pincode(s) 580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end)
Area code(s) +91-0836
Vehicle registration KA 25 (Navanagar RTO)
KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)
Official language Kannada
Website http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

History

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi', was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jain basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.[5]

The impressive Chandramauleshwara/Chaturlinga temples in Unkal are from Chalukyan times.

Demographics

The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[6] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh, which stands second after Bangalore in Karnataka. Kannada is the major language spoken in the city. The average literacy rate of the city stands at 86.79%, of which Male literacy is 91.12% and female literacy is 84.44%[7]

Religion in Hubballi
(Census 2011)[8]
Hinduism
69%
Islam
27%
Christianity
2%
Others
2%

Geography

Climate

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 640 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[9]

Climate data for Hubli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
40.0
(104)
38.5
(101.3)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.0
(77)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
40
(1.57)
60
(2.36)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
200
(7.87)
110
(4.33)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
0
(0)
870
(34.24)
Source: [10]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2 spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 12 lakhs. Hubli Municipal Council was established under the Government of India Act of 1850, and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the second largest city corporation in the state.[11][11]

Economy

Hubli is the commercial hub of Karnataka. It has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries.[12] The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park of India on PuneBengaluru Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, as well as manganese ore and granite.

The establishment of a new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for development of industries in this region, as it was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotives in India and was set up in 1880.[13] The agricultural produce market of Hubli at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli is among the largest in India.

Wallace Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. has established its manufacturing unit at Dharwad, near Hubli.[14]Pune based MNC company Bharat Forges will setup mechanics producing unit in mammigati near hubli-dharwad

Education

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology
B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubli is a major education center in Karnataka. Along with Dharwad, the twin city of Hubli, they house a number of renowned educational institutes. The Karnatak University Dharwad was first set up here in 1949. This is a major university in Karnataka. The University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad was setup in 1986, to promote research and development in the area of Agriculture. Another university that was recently established in Hubli is the Karnataka State Law University Hubli and with the establishment of this university all the Law colleges in Karnataka are regulated from here. The Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences Hubli setup in 1957 is a forefront in research and education in the field of Medical sciences. The institute also houses one of the largest hospital in India. KLE Technological University Hubli is one of the very famous engineering colleges in India was setup in 1947. Recently there has been a spurge in establishing some higher educational facilities in the city. Indian Institute Of Technology Dharwad was setup in 2016, the Indian Institute of Information Technology was setup in 2015 and Research Centre for DNA Diagnostics was recently setup.

Transport

Hubballi Airport new Terminal
Hubballi Airport

Air

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the major operational airports serving northern Karnataka. Currently SpiceJet Airlines have started its operation from Hubli To Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Mangalore, Chennai And Indigo Airlines have started it's operation from Hubli to Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, Goa, Alliance Air operates one flight everyday to the state capital Bangalore, Air India has started its operation from Hubli to Mumbai and Bangalore on Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday. and Star Air (India) will start its operation Hubli To Bangalore, Delhi (Hindon), Pune, and Tirupati on September 15 The airport is currently being upgraded to an international airport.[15][16]

Rail

The city currently has 4 stations and one Junction. The Hubli Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built up area of 161460 sq.ft. [2].The other stations are Hubballi South, Unkal, Amargol and Navalur. Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country.[17]

Hubli railway
South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli railway station

Road

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad) which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighboring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and other major cities. A semi-ring road is sanctioned to the city. This road connects NH-52 (Solapur road), NH-63 (Gadag road), Mumbai-Chennai N.H-4, and finally connects to Karwar road St Santosh Nagar area.

HDBRTS

A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) is under construction in Hubli. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubli and Dharwad. It will be funded by the government of Karnataka and will be managed by HDBRTS Company.[18]

Politics

Hubli is divided into four constituencies

  • Hubli-Dharwad-East (SC)
  • Hubli-Dharwad-Central
  • Hubli-Dharwad- West
  • Dharwad
 Hubli-Dharwad-East(SC) is won by Abbayya Prasad of Congress party in election held in month of MAY 2018 by defeating Chandrashekhar Gokak of BJP
Hubli Dharwad central
 73. Hubli-Dharwad-Central (Gen) is a State Assembly/Vidhan Sabha constituency in the Dharwad district and Mumbai Karnataka region of Karnataka and is a part of the Dharwad Parliamentary/Lok Sabha constituency.

There are a total of 2,33,920 voters in the constituency that include general voters, NRI voters and service voters. Amongst the general voters 1,17,255 are male, 1,16,600 female and 29 others. The electorate sex ratio in the constituency is 99.42 and the approximate literacy rate is 89%

BJP won the seat in the 2018 by Jagadish Shettar.

BJP won this seat in the 2013 Karnataka Assembly Elections with a margin of 17,754 votes (15.13%) securing 49.61% of the total votes polled. In 2013 the seat witnessed a voter turnout of 55.33%.

BJP won this seat in the 2008 Assembly Elections with a margin of 26,009 votes (24.24%) registering 54.75% of the votes polled. In 2018 elections this seat witnessed a voter turnout of 60.17%.

References

  1. ^ Raggi Mudde. "Hubli – The Commercial Hub Explored". Karnataka.com.
  2. ^ http://www.bonvoyagetravel.com/location/dharwad
  3. ^ http://www.autocarpro.in/news-national/safexpress-expands-logistics-network-locations-hubli-park-29159
  4. ^ "Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Solar / Green Cities". mnre.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  5. ^ "Hubli | Sightseeing in Hubli | History of Hubli | How to Reach Hubli". Karnataka.com. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/437-hubli-and-dharwad-.html
  8. ^ "Hubballi Religion 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  10. ^ YR
  11. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  12. ^ "'Twin cities emerging as SME hub'". The Times of India.
  13. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/mec_engg/downloads/DLS/swr/Brief%20history%20of%20the%20shed-UBL.pdf
  14. ^ "Wallace Laboratories, Dharwad, Karnataka". Wallace Pharma. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Heeding Sikh demand, Air India to connect Nanded-Amritsar". Asian Age. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  16. ^ "Hubli Airport expansion takes off after seven years..Spicejet airlines have started in operation from hubli to Mumbai,Bangalore,Hyderabad,Jabalpur,Mangalore,Chennai And Indigo airlines will start it's operation from Hubli to Ahmedabad,Chennai,Bangalore,Cochin,Goa(from June and July of 2018)". timesofindia-economictimes. line feed character in |title= at position 166 (help)
  17. ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad".
  18. ^ "HDBRTS | Home". www.hdbrts.co.in. Retrieved 2017-09-24.

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