Hubli

Hubli (also called Hubballi) is the second largest city in the state of Karnataka. It forms a continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. It is the nerve centre for North Karnataka region & the fastest growing city after capital Bangalore in the state of Karnataka. The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada.[2] While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops including cotton, chili pepper and peanuts are grown in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading centre for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubballi is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation.

Hubballi also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bengaluru.[3] In 2016, Hubli-Dharwad was selected for solar city / green city master plans.[4] Recently, Hubballi-Dharwad City was selected for a smart city project.

Hubli
Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Rani Chennamma Circle, Hubballi
Nickname(s): 
Chota Mumbai,[1]
Hubli is located in Karnataka
Hubli
Hubli
Location of Hubballi
Hubli is located in India
Hubli
Hubli
Hubli (India)
Coordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°ECoordinates: 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.36167°N 75.08500°E
Country India
StateKarnataka
Government
 • MayorSri Sudhir Saraf
Area
 • Total213 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation
671 m (2,201 ft)
Population
(2011)
943,857
 • Rank50(India) Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end)
Area code(s)+91-0836
Vehicle registrationKA 25 (Navanagar RTO)
KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)
Official languageKannada
Websitehttp://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

History

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi', was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jain basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755-56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India.[5]

The impressive Chandramauleshwara/Chaturlinga temples in Unkal are from Chalukyan times.

Demographics

The population of Hubli-Dharwad, as per provisional census 2011 figures, is 1,349,563.[6] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298; and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The corporation covers 202 km2. It is the second largest and second most populated city in the state of Karnataka. It has a large floating population of over 2 lakh, which stands second after Bangalore in Karnataka. Kannada is the major language spoken in the city. The average literacy rate of the city stands at 86.79%, of which Male literacy is 91.12% and female literacy is 84.44%[7]

Religion in Hubballi
(Census 2011)[8]
Hinduism
69%
Islam
27%
Christianity
2%
Others
2%

Geography

Climate

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 640 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.[9]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. The area covered by the corporation is 202.3 km2 spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bengalooru. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 700,000. The present population is more than 1.2 million. Hubli Municipal Council was established under the Government of India Act of 1850, and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later.[11][11]

Economy

Hubli is the commercial hub of Karnataka. It has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries.[12] The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park of India on PuneBengaluru Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, as well as manganese ore and granite.

The establishment of a new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for development of industries in this region, as it was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotives in India and was set up in 1880.[13] The agricultural produce market of Hubli at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli is among the largest in India.

Education

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology
B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubballi, along with Dharwad, its twin city, is a major education center in Karnataka, housing a number of renowned educational institutions:

Transport

Hubballi Airport new Terminal
Hubballi Airport

Air

Hubli International Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is One of the major operational airports serving north Karnataka. The airport was upgraded to 300 pax per time, but owing to the increased number of passengers, there is a proposal to upgrade it to another 300 pax. Hubballi is well connected to major cities in India by air, including Bengaluru, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Goa, Kochi, Kannur, Jabalpur and Mangaluru. Air India, Spicejet, Indigo and Alliance Air are currently operating flights to and from these destinations. Star Air is Operating flight to Tirupati and Bangalore & expected to start its services to Delhi (Hindon)15 April 2019, As soon as to Pune.

Rail

The city currently has 4 stations and one Junction. The Hubli Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built up area of 161460 sq.ft. [2].The other stations are Hubballi South, Unkal, Amargol and Navalur. Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast (most notably the Siddhaganga Intercity Express) and Jan Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country.[14]

Hubli railway
South Western Railway headquarters, Hubli railway station

Road

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad) which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighboring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and other major cities. A semi-ring road is sanctioned to the city. This road connects NH-52 (Solapur road), NH-63 (Gadag road), Mumbai-Chennai N.H-4, and finally connects to Karwar road St Santosh Nagar area.

HDBRTS

A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) has been planned to improve the connectivity between the twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad. HDBRTS named "Chigari Metro On Road" are airconditioned buses. It is the first of its kind in Karnataka. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubballi and Dharwad. It is funded by the World Bank and managed by HDBRTS Company. Currently, the trial run has started from 2 October 2018 and full-fledged services have started from November 2018. As the services have just begun, the ticket rates for chigari buses are almost similar to nwkrtc buses. Ticket rates might increase also. The twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad are well connected by NWKRTC city buses. The plan is to carve out the city buses from NWKRTC and form a separate corporation on the lines of BMTC in Bengalooru[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Raggi Mudde. "Hubli – The Commercial Hub Explored". Karnataka.com.
  2. ^ http://www.bonvoyagetravel.com/location/dharwad
  3. ^ http://www.autocarpro.in/news-national/safexpress-expands-logistics-network-locations-hubli-park-29159
  4. ^ "Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Solar / Green Cities". mnre.gov.in. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Hubli | Sightseeing in Hubli | History of Hubli | How to Reach Hubli". Karnataka.com. 15 January 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/437-hubli-and-dharwad-.html
  8. ^ "Hubballi Religion 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ YR
  11. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "'Twin cities emerging as SME hub'". The Times of India.
  13. ^ http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/railwayboard/uploads/directorate/mec_engg/downloads/DLS/swr/Brief%20history%20of%20the%20shed-UBL.pdf
  14. ^ BS Reporter (12 September 2012). "Monorail proposed in Hubli-Dharwad".
  15. ^ "HDBRTS | Home". www.hdbrts.co.in. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

External links

Agadi, Dharwad

Agadi is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Hubli taluk of Dharwad district.

Banashankari Temple, Amargol

Banashankari Temple of Amargol is an ancient temple dedicated to Banashankari.

Bangalore railway division

Bangalore railway division is one of the three railway divisions under South Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Bangalore in the state of Karnataka of India.

Mysore railway division, and Hubli railway division are the other railway divisions under SWR Zone headquartered at Hubli.

Bangalore–Arsikere–Hubli line

The Bangalore–Arsikere–Hubli line is a major railway line in the Indian state of Karnataka connecting state capital Bangalore with city of Hubballi in north-central Karnataka. It traverses 469 km across Karnataka and links several cities of Karnataka, including Tumakuru, Davanagere, Haveri and Hubballi. Currently, 29 pairs of trains operate in this route, out of which 8 are daily services. Apart from this, this route also links Karnataka with other states, such as Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. This route is also a major feeder line for iron ore, coal and steel hauling freight trains originating from Ballari district towards Mangaluru port.

The maximum operating speed of this route is 100 km/h for passenger trains and 75 km/h for freight trains. The fastest passenger service in this line is Bengaluru-Hubballi jan shatabdi express, which covers the two cities in 7h 15m, at an average speed of 64 km/h.

Byahatti

Byahatti is a large village in Hubli taluk near Hubli-Dharwad city in Karnataka, India. Byahatti is also used as surname in Karnataka.

Chandramouleshwara Temple

Chandramouleshwar Temple is very near Unkal circle and Unkal Lake (on Old NH4 in Hubli.

Unkal is an area in the Hubli-Dharwad municipality in Karnataka. It is on old Pune – Bangalore highway NH4, about 3 km north of Hubli city centre. It has Unkal Lake, beautiful natural scene with water, cool breeze and joyous tourists. It is good picnic spot and must-visit place.

Dharwad

Dharwad is the district headquarters of Dharwad district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was merged with the city of Hubballi in 1961 to form the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad. It covers an area of 200.23 km² and is located 430 km northwest of Bengaluru, on NH-48, between Bengaluru and Pune.

Dharwad district

Dharwad is an administrative district of the state of Karnataka in southern India and is the cultural headquarters of North Karnataka.

The administrative headquarters of the district is the town of Dharwad, also known as Dharwar. Dharwad is famous for its Dharwad Peda – a milk based sweetmeat. The municipality (resulting from a merger with neighbouring Hubli in 1961) covers 191 km2. Dharwad is located 425 km northwest of Bangalore and 421 km southeast of Pune, on the main highway between Chennai and Pune, the National Highway # 4 (NH4). KREIS North Unit of National Projects Construction Corporation has its headquarters here. Karnataka High Court Bench Dharwad is also here.

Before 1997 the district had an area of 13738 km2. In 1997, the new districts of Gadag and Haveri were carved out of Dharwad's former territory, and a portion of Dharwad district was combined with lands formerly part of three other districts to create the new district of Davanagere.

Hebsur

Hebsur is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Hubli taluk of Dharwad district in Karnataka.

Hubli Airport

Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) also known as Hubballi Airport is a domestic airport serving the twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad in the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on Gokul Road, 8 kilometres from Hubli and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Dharwad.

Hubli Junction railway station

Hubli Junction railway station (Station code: UBL) is a railway junction station under Hubli railway division of South Western Railway zone (SWR) of Indian Railways situated in Hubli, Karnataka, India.

Hubli railway division

Hubli railway division is one of the three railway divisions under South Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Hubli in the state of Karnataka of India.

Bangalore railway division and Mysore railway division are the other railway divisions under SWR Zone headquartered at Hubli.

Hubli–Dharwad

Hubballi and Dharwad are twin cities in the Indian state of Karnataka. Hubballi-Dharwad form the second-largest urban agglomeration in Karnataka after capital Bengaluru. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubballi, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka.

The cities have a single municipal corporation called Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC).

Karadikop

Karadikopalso called karadikoppa, kaddikoppa is a village in hubli taluq, Dharwad district of Karnataka, India.it is 17 km away from hubli south. It is well known for wrestling.it has many temples like hanuman, dyammavva, maremma,.it is well known for unity of hindu muslims..all festivals are celebratex together.....artical by channappa garag

M.K.Hubli

M. K. Hubli is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Kittur taluk of Belgaum district in Karnataka. M K Hubballi's full form is Mugut Khan Hubballi

Mysore railway division

Mysore railway division is one of the three railway divisions under South Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Mysore in the state of Karnataka in India.

Bangalore railway division and Hubli railway division are the other railway divisions under SWR Zone headquartered at Hubli.

South Western Railway zone

The South Western Railway (abbreviated SWR) is one of the 18 railway zones in India.

Urban Oasis Mall

Urban Oasis Mall is the largest shopping mall in North Karnataka in the Indian city of Hubli, Karnataka. It is located in Gokul Industrial Estate on the Gokul Road, Hubli.

Vasco da Gama railway station

Vasco da Gama (Station code: VSG) is a railway station serving the town of Vasco da Gama in Goa, India.

Climate data for Hubli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
40.0
(104.0)
38.5
(101.3)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.0
(77.0)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.4)
40
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
150
(5.9)
210
(8.3)
200
(7.9)
110
(4.3)
60
(2.4)
30
(1.2)
0
(0)
870
(34.4)
Source: [10]
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