Huainan is a prefecture-level city with 2,334,000 inhabitants in central Anhui, China. It is named for the Han-era Principality of Huainan. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south, Lu'an to the southwest, Fuyang to the west, Bozhou to the northwest, Bengbu to the northeast and Chuzhou to the east. Huainan is one of the core cities of Hefei Metropolitan Circle and is known for its coal industry and thermal power plants. Its built-up area is home to 1,938,212 inhabitants in 2010. Its city flower is the Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) and its city tree is the Old-World Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis). It is also considered to be the hometown and birthplace of tofu.
Location of Huainan City jurisdiction in Anhui
|Municipal seat||Tianjia'an District|
|• CPC Secretary||Shen Qiang (沈强)|
|• Mayor||Wang Hong (王宏)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,533 km2 (2,136 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,492.3 km2 (576.2 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,985.6 km2 (766.6 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,333,896|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (CST)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-AH-04|
|License plate Prefix||皖D|
|Literal meaning||[Land(s)] South of the Huai River|
The urban centre is located on a plain on the south bank of the Huai River, bordering Gaotang Lake on the east and forested hill area on the south. To the west are Bagongshan District and Shou County.
Huainan is a major production center for coal, with an output of 43.28 million tons in 2006.
The city hosted the 17th China Tofu Cultural Festival on September 15–17, 2010, including the National Bean Products Exhibition.
The key high schools:
East of the city a bridge crosses the Huai River, shared by the Fuyang-Huainan Railway and highway S225. Near the city centre, a ferry provides connection to the (rural) north bank of the Huai River.
Bagongshan (Chinese: 八公山区; pinyin: Bāgōngshān Qū) is a district of the city of Huainan, Anhui Province, China.
The district is famous for its beef soup, often eaten for breakfast.Cao Yong (Three Kingdoms)
Cao Yong (died 229) was a prince in the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was a son of Cao Pi, the first emperor of Wei. His mother, Consort Su (蘇姬), was a concubine of Cao Pi. He was enfeoffed as the Duke of Huainan (淮南公) in 221, with his dukedom in Jiujiang Commandery (九江郡). In 222, he was elevated to the status of Prince of Huainan (淮南王). A year later, his title was changed to Prince of Chen (陳王). In 225, his title was changed again to Prince of Handan (邯鄲王). He died in 229 during the reign of his half-brother Cao Rui.In 231, Cao Rui designated Cao Wen (曹溫), a son of Cao Kai (曹楷) and grandson of Cao Zhang, as Cao Yong's heir; Cao Wen thus became the new Prince of Handan. In 232, Cao Wen's title was changed to Prince of Luyang (魯陽王). Throughout the reigns of the subsequent Wei emperors, the number of taxable households in Cao Wen's princedom increased until it reached 4,400.China Railways JF8
The China Railways JF8 (解放8, Jiěfàng, "liberation") class steam locomotive was a class of 2-8-2 steam locomotives operated by the China Railway, originally built by the Škoda Works in Czechoslovakia in 1935 for the Huainan Railway.Cong Wenjing
Cong Wenjing (born December 1962) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Jiangxi province. As of November 2014 he was under investigation by the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency. Previously he served as the Mayor of Xinyu.
Chinese media reported that he had close relations with Su Rong, who was one of the vice-chairmen of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).Datong District, Huainan
Datong (Chinese: 大通区; pinyin: Dàtōng Qū) is a district of the city of Huainan, Anhui Province, China.Eight Immortals of Huainan
The Eight Immortals of Huainan (Chinese: 淮南八仙; pinyin: Huáinán bāxiān), also known as the Eight Gentlemen (八公 bāgōng), were the eight scholars under the patronage of Liu An (劉安 Liú Ān), the prince of Huainan during the Western Han Dynasty. They are not deified in any religions and the xian ("immortal") is used metaphorically to describe their talent. Together, they wrote the philosophical collection Huainanzi (淮南子, Huáinánzǐ, literally "The Philosophers of Huainan").
Jin Chang (晉昌 jǐn chāng),
Lei Bei (雷被 leí beì),
Li Shang (李尚 lǐ shàng),
Mao Bei (毛被 máo beì),
Su Fei (蘇非 sū feì),
Tian You (田由 tián yoú),
Wu Bei (伍被 wǔ beì), and
Zuo Wu (左吳 zǔo wú).The "Bagong Mountain" ("Eight Gentlemen Mountain") in China is named after them.Fengtai County
Fengtai County (simplified Chinese: 凤台县; traditional Chinese: 鳳台縣; pinyin: Fèngtái Xiàn; literally: 'phoenix platform') is a county in the north of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Huainan city. Author Li Hengrui (李恒瑞), whose work "Kite Capriccio" (風箏暢想曲) describes life as a child in 1950's Fengtai County is included in the Putonghua Proficiency Test.Hefei–Bengbu high-speed railway
Hefei–Bengbu high-speed railway (or the Hefei–Bengbu section of the Beijing–Taipei high-speed rail corridor) is a 130.67 km (81.19 mi) high-speed rail line between Hefei and Bengbu in Anhui province. It is a part of the future Jingfu line connecting Beijing and Fuzhou, Fujian.
Construction started in January 2009. The railway was opened on October 16, 2012.With the fastest (G-series) trains on the new line, the travel time from Hefei to Beijing South railway station is only four hours. Besides the Hefei-Beijing trains, there is also direct service from Hefei to Qingdao, via Jinan and the Jiaozhou–Jinan high-speed railway.The total estimated investment is 13.6 billion yuan. The design speed is 350 km/h (220 mph). It is part of the Jingfu line connecting Beijing and Fuzhou, Fujian.
There are 8 stations along this line.Huainan Mining Group
Huainan Coal Mining Group (Chinese: 淮南矿业集团) is a coal mining company based in Huainan, Anhui, China, and is involved in bituminous and anthracite coal mining, washing, and sales, as well as other industries such as real estate and civil engineering. Previously known as the Huainan Mining Bureau, the company changed to its current name in 1998.Huainanzi
The Huainanzi is an ancient Chinese text that consists of a collection of essays that resulted from a series of scholarly debates held at the court of Liu An, Prince of Huainan, sometime before 139 BC. The Huainanzi blends Daoist, Confucianist, and Legalist concepts, including theories such as yin and yang and Wu Xing theories.
The Huainanzi's essays are all connected to one primary goal: attempting to define the necessary conditions for perfect socio-political order. It concludes that perfect societal order derives mainly from a perfect ruler, and the essays are compiled in such a way as to serve as a handbook for an enlightened sovereign and his court.Panji District
Panji District (Chinese: 潘集区; pinyin: Pānjí Qū) is a district of the city of Huainan, Anhui Province, China, located to the north of the Huai River and northwest of the city center.Shou County
Shou County or Shouxian (simplified Chinese: 寿县; traditional Chinese: 壽縣; pinyin: Shòu Xiàn) is a county in the north-central part of Anhui Province, China, and is located on the southern (right) bank of the Huai River. It is the southernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Huainan. Its population is 1,280,000 and its area is 2,986 km2 (1,153 sq mi). It is a National Cultural and Historical City. the jurisdiction of Shou County was transfer from Lu'an to Huainan.Shou County has jurisdiction over 17 towns, 7 townships and 1 ethnic township.Tianjia'an District
Tianjia'an (Chinese: 田家庵; pinyin: Tiánjiā'ān) is a district of the city of Huainan, Anhui Province, China.Wang Min (born 1950)
Wang Min (Chinese: 王珉; born March 1950) is a former politician of the People's Republic of China. He successively served as Communist Party Secretary of Liaoning province, Party Secretary and Governor of Jilin province, and Vice Governor of Jiangsu province. Once considered a promising future leader in the Communist Party, Wang retired from his provincial leadership positions in 2015, before coming under investigation for corruption in 2016. He was sentenced to life in prison upon being convicted on charges of bribery and dereliction of duty.A native of Huainan, Anhui province, Wang has a doctoral degree in Engineering in Machinery Manufacturing from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and was a professor and vice president of the university.Xiejiaji District
Xiejiaji District (simplified Chinese: 谢家集区; traditional Chinese: 謝家集區; pinyin: Xièjiājí Qū) is a district of the city of Huainan, Anhui Province, China.Yang Wo
Yang Wo (楊渥) (886 – June 9, 908), courtesy name Chengtian (承天), formally Prince Wei of Hongnong (弘農威王), later further posthumously honored King Jing of Wu (吳景王) and then as Emperor Jing of Wu (吳景帝) with the temple name Liezu (烈祖), was the first independent ruler of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Wu (which was known as Hongnong during his reign as he carried the title of Prince of Hongnong).Yang Xingmi
Yang Xingmi (Chinese: 楊行密; 852 – December 24, 905), né Yang Xingmin (楊行愍, name changed 886), courtesy name Huayuan (化源), formally Prince Wuzhong of Wu (吳武忠王, "martial and faithful"), later posthumously honored King Xiaowu of Wu (吳孝武王, "filial and martial") then Emperor Wu of Wu (吳武帝) with the temple name of Taizu (太祖), was a military governor (Jiedushi) of Huainan Circuit (淮南, headquartered in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu) late in the Chinese Tang Dynasty, whose takeover of Huainan and several nearby circuits allowed him and his family to rule over territory that would eventually become the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms state Wu (although Yang Xingmi would be the first ruler in his line to receive the title of Prince of Wu, it was a Tang-bestowed title and did not denote independence of the state), including most of modern Jiangsu and Anhui and parts of modern Jiangxi and Hubei.Zhou Tai
Zhou Tai (pronunciation ) (died c. 223), courtesy name Youping, was a military general serving under the warlord Sun Quan during the late Eastern Han dynasty and early Three Kingdoms period of China. He previously served under Sun Ce, Sun Quan's elder brother and predecessor.Zhoulai
Zhoulai (Chinese: 州來) was a small state of the Spring and Autumn period that ruled a crucial part of the middle Huai River valley. Its capital, known by the same name, was located in modern-day Fengtai County in Huainan. Due to its strategic location, Zhoulai controlled the most important route from Hubei to the Yellow Sea. This made it a target of the expansionist state of Chu, which subjugated Zhoulai in the late 7th century BC in order to gain access to the east. While nominally allowed to maintain autonomy under its own dynasty, Zhoulai effectively became a puppet state under Chu military occupation and civil administration. It survived in this condition until 529 BC, when its capital city was conquered by Wu and its ruling family was formally deposed.
|Climate data for Huainan|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||24.2