House of Orléans-Braganza

The House of Orléans-Braganza (Portuguese: Casa de Orleães-Bragança or Orléans-Bragança) is an imperial and royal house, of French and Brazilian origin. It is a cadet branch of the House of Orléans, of France, and the House of Braganza, of Portugal and Brazil. The house was founded with the marriage between Isabel of Braganza, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and Prince Gaston of Orléans, Count of Eu. The house was never a reigning house, as Brazil's pure Braganza monarch, Pedro II, was deposed in 1889. The House's members are the current claimants to the Brazilian throne since 1921 as part of the Imperial House of Brazil. The house is also the second in the Orleanist line of succession to the French royal throne.

History

Isabel conde dEu Luis Maria Pia filhos
Isabel, de jure Empress of Brazil, and the Count of Eu with their son Prince Luís, his wife and children, in the Chateau d'Eu, 1913

On 1864, the Emperor Pedro II of Brazil was looking for a match to his daughters. The Emperor's sister, Princess of Joinville suggested her nephews, Prince Gaston, Count of Eu, and Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, both grandsons of King Louis Philippe of France, as suitable choices for the imperial princesses. The two young men traveled to Brazil in August 1864 so that the prospective brides and grooms could meet before a final agreement to the marriage. Isabel and Leopoldina were not informed until Gaston and August were mid-Atlantic. Arriving in early September, Gaston described the princesses as "ugly", but thought Isabel less so than her sister. For her part, Isabel in her own words "began to feel a great and tender love" for Gaston.[65] The two couples: Gaston and Isabel; August and Leopoldina; were engaged on 18 September. On 15 October 1864 at Rio de Janeiro, Prince Gaston married Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and heiress of the Empire.

It was from that marriage the royal house of Orléans-Braganza was formed. The couple had 3 surviving sons which were the first to use the surname Orléans-Braganza: Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará, Prince Luís and Prince Antônio. Both Prince Pedro and Prince Luís have children.

Today they are the present claimants to the throne of the former Empire of Brazil, which became extinct with the Brazilian proclamation of the republic, on 15 November 1889 after a military coup d'état headed by Marshall Deodoro da Fonseca, the 1st President of Brazil. After the death of Princess Isabel on 1921, the House of Orléans-Braganza became the claimant of the Brazilian throne under Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza.

Exile

On 15 November 1889 a republican coup d'ètat took place in Rio de Janeiro deposing the old Emperor Pedro II and proclaiming the exile of the Brazilian Imperial Family. The imperial family arrived at Lisbon on 7 December 1889. The Orleans-Braganza family moved to southern Spain. Further bad news came from Brazil, as the new government abolished the imperial family's allowances, their only substantial source of income, and declared the family banished. On the back of a large loan from a Portuguese businessman, the imperial family moved into the Hotel Beau Séjour at Cannes.

In early 1890, Princess Isabel and Prince Gaston moved into a private villa, which was far cheaper than the hotel, but the Emperor refused to accompany them and remained at the Beau Séjour, later moving to Paris where he died in 1891. Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours, Gaston's father, provided them with a monthly allowance. By September, they had taken a villa near Versailles and their sons were enrolled in Parisian schools. Isabel and Gaston purchased a villa in Boulogne-sur-Seine, where they lived an essentially quiet life. Attempts by Brazilian monarchists to restore the crown were unsuccessful, and Isabel lent them only half-hearted support. She thought military action unwise and unwelcome. She correctly assumed that it was unlikely to succeed.

When Gaston's father died in 1896, an inheritance assured him and Isabel financial security. Their three sons enrolled at a military school in Vienna, and Isabel continued her charitable work associated with the Catholic Church. In 1905, Gaston purchased the Château d'Eu in Normandy, the former home of her grandfather King Louis Philippe I and where he was raised, and the couple furnished it with items received from Brazil in the early 1890s.

In 1907 Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, Isabel and Gaston's second son, planned an ambitious project to defy the decree banishing the imperial family from Brazil by traveling to Rio de Janeiro. His sudden arrival created an uproar in the old imperial capital because the arrival was widely circulated in newspapers. It also caused difficulties for Brazilian politicians by placing the imperial family at the center of attention and many Brazilians went to welcome him. However, Luís was prevented from disembarking and was not allowed to set foot on his native land by the republican government. Nonetheless, he sent his mother a telegram saying: "Hindered of disembarking by the Government, I greet the Redeemer of Slaves on the bay of Guanabara in the eve of May 13."

Next year, following the announcement of imminent, morganatic marriage between his older brother Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará and Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz, Prince Luís, who assumed the title of Prince Imperial of Brazil, became the heir and married Princess Maria di Grazia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, his cousin. The both couples had many children. Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza didn't marry.

Soon before the World War I, Princes Luis and Antônio, members of the Austro-Hungarian Army with the permission of their uncle-grandpa, the Emperor Franz Joseph, disconnected from the military. With the war, they tried to enlist the French Army to protect the fatherland of their father, which they adopted but they both was denied because they're part of the French Royal Family. The Princes then joined the British armed forces. Prince Antônio died in 1918, soon after the end of the war in an airplane crash. The serious illness contracted in the trenches proved resistant to all treatments and his health gradually deteriorated until the death of Prince Luis 1920.

In 1920 the republican government headed by President Epitácio Pessoa lifted the imperial family's banishment. The next year Prince Gaston and Prince Pedro de Alcântara traveled back to Brazil after 31 years of imposed exile for the reburial of the Emperor and the Empress in Cathedral of Petrópolis. Isabel, the Emperor's daughter and heir and de jure Empress of Brazil was too ill to travel and died in this same year. She was the last pure Braganza heir to the Brazilian throne. After her death, the claim passed to her grandson Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, Luis's eldest son. The following year, Prince Gaston, Count of Eu, eventually died a natural death during a journey that would take him back to Brazil to celebrate the first centenary of independence.

While the rest of the Imperial Family remain living in France, in the early 1930s, Prince Pedro acquired the Grão Pará Palace, a former palace of his family, and moved to Petrópolis, back in Brazil. At the time, his eldest daughter Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza married Henri, count of Paris, heir to the French throne. Prince Pedro died in 1940 in his palace, being the only Prince of Brazil to die back in his fatherland. Her another daughter Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza, Duchess of Braganza married Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese throne in 1942.

In 1937 the son of Luís Prince Pedro Henrique marries Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria, granddaughter of Ludwig III, the last King of Bavaria in Germany. They fled the country to avoid the Nazi and went to live in a palace in France where they start to have children. The couple moved to Brazil in 1945 soon after the end of the war giving a definite end to the exile.

Renunciation and Division

Pedro de Alcântara de Orléans e Bragança
Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará, styled Prince Imperial of Brazil from the death of his grandafather Pedro II in 1891, to his renunciation in 1908. He was again styled as Prince of Grão-Pará for life.

In 1908 Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará wanted to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz[1](1875–1951) who, although a noblewoman of the Kingdom of Bohemia, did not belong to a royal or reigning dynasty. Although the constitution of the Brazilian Empire did not require a dynast to marry equally,[2] his mother ruled that the marriage would not be valid dynastically for the Brazilian succession,[2] and as a result he renounced his rights to the throne of Brazil on 30 October 1908:[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] To solemnize this, Dom Pedro, aged thirty-three, signed the document translated here:

I Prince Pedro de Alcântara Luiz Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga of Orléans and Braganza, having maturely reflected, have resolved to renounce the right that, by the Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, promulgated on 25 March 1824, accords to me the Crown of that nation. I declare, therefore, that by my free and spontaneous will I hereby renounce, in my own name, as well as for any and all of my descendants, to all and any rights that the aforesaid Constitution confers upon us to the Brazilian Crown and Throne, which shall pass to the lines which follow mine, conforming to the order of succession as established by article 117. Before God I promise, for myself and my descendants, to hold to the present declaration.

Cannes 30 October 1908 signed: Pedro de Alcântara of Orléans-Braganza[10]

This renunciation was followed by a letter from Isabel to royalists in Brazil:

9 November 1908, [Castle of] Eu

Most Excellent Gentlemen Members of the Monarchist Directory,

With all my heart I thank you for the congratulations upon the marriages of my dear children Pedro and Luiz. Luis´s took place in Cannes on the 4th with the brilliance that is desired for so solemn an act in the life of my successor to the Throne of Brazil. I was very pleased. Pedro´s shall take place next on the 14th. Before the marriage of Luis he signed his resignation to the crown of Brazil, and here I send it to you, while keeping here an identical copy. I believe that this news must be published as soon as possible (you gentlemen shall do it in the way that you judge to be most satisfactory) in order to prevent the formation of parties that would be a great evil for our country. Pedro will continue to love his homeland, and will give all possible support to his brother. Thank God they are very united. Luis will engage actively in everything with respect to the monarchy and any good for our land. However, without giving up my rights I want that he be up to date on everything so that he may prepare himself for the position which with all my heart I desire that one day he will hold. You may write to him as many times as you may want to so that he shall be informed of everything. My strength is not the same as it once was, but my heart is still the same to love my homeland and all those who are so dedicated to us. I give you all my friendship and confidence,

a) Isabel, comtesse d'Eu

After Prince Pedro's renunciation, he lost every royal title he had and his dynastic rights as heir of his mother passed to his brother, Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, who became Prince Imperial of Brazil. However, years later, after Pedro's death in 1940, his eldest son did not accept his father's resignation and again claimed the Brazilian throne in conflict with Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, son and heir of Prince Luís, dead in 1920. Thus began a dispute for the crown of Brazil. The descendants of Prince Pedro became known as the Petrópolis Branch, and the descendants of Prince Luís as Vassouras Branch.

The Family Pact of 1909

After the resignation of Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará on 1908 to marry a bohemian noble, he lost his rights and his titles as Prince of Brazil. To maintain the princely status, his father, Prince Gaston of Orleans, as former member of the French Royal Family sought the head of this dynasty, Prince Philippe, Duke of Orléans.

Recognizing the principle of pérégrinité and therefore the impossibility for foreign princes to claim the crown of France,[11][12] the Orléans claimants and their supporters consider excluded from the succession to the throne the foreign descendants of King Louis-Philippe I: the Brazilian Orléans-Braganza (descendants of the Comte d'Eu) and the Spanish Orléans-Galliera (descendants of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier).[13][14]

The agreement of the family in 1909, known as the "Family Pact" (Pacte de Famille) confirms the exclusion of members of these branches from the succession on grounds of pérégrinité.[14] Further, it "takes note" of a written promise given by the Count of Eu and his son to refrain from asserting any claim to the Crown of France and to the position of Head of the House of France until the total extinction of all the other dynastic branches of the House of France (the Montpensiers were already deemed excluded).[14] According to the pact, the House of France recognized the Brazilian House of Orléans-Braganza as a cadet branch and create to his member the French title of Prince of Orléans-Braganza.

Alfred de Gramont alleged in his diary, L'ami du Prince, journal of a novel, published by Eric Mension Rigau-Fayard in 2011) that this decision was made by the Orléans for two reasons: first, the desire of other dynasts to exclude the Comte d'Eu and the princes of Orléans-Braganza (who became heirs presumptive to the Empire of Brazil), and second, the influence of French nationalism. However, exclusion from the succession as a consequence of permanent emigration to Brazil had been acknowledged and accepted in writing by the Count of Eu prior to his marriage to the Princess Imperial of Brazil.

Members

Vassouras line

Petrópolis line

Genealogy

Genealogical tree of the House of Orléans-Braganza, from its origin to the current claimants:

Vassouras line

The descendants of Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Isabel
Princess Imperial of Brazil
(1846-1921)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil (alternative).svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Pedro de Alcântara
Prince of Grão-Pará
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1875-1940)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Prince Luís
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1878-1920)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
 
Prince Antônio Gastão
Prince of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1881-1918)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Pedro Henrique
Prince and Head of the House of Orléans-Braganza
(1909-1981)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Prince Luiz Gastão
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1911-1931)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
 
Princess Pia Maria
Princess of Brazil
Princess of Orléans-Braganza
(1913-2000)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Luiz
Prince and Head of the House of Orléans-Braganza
(b. 1938)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Prince Eudes
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(b. 1939)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
 
Prince Bertrand
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(b. 1941)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
 
Prince Antônio
Prince of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(b. 1950)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Princess Eleanora
Princess of Brazil
Princess of Ligne
(b. 1953)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança (blazon).svg Blason Fécocourt 54.svg
 
Seven more Princes of Orléans-Braganza
who renounced their dynastic rights

Petrópolis line

The descendants of Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Isabel
Princess Imperial of Brazil
(1846-1921)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil (alternative).svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Pedro de Alcântara
Prince of Grão-Pará
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1875-1940)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Prince Luís
Prince Imperial of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1878-1920)
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
 
Prince Antônio Gastão
Prince of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1881-1918)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Isabelle
Princess of Orléans-Braganza
Countess of Paris
(1911-2003)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança (blazon).svg Blason France moderne.svg
 
Prince Pedro Gastão
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1913-2007)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Princess Maria Francisca
Princess of Orléans-Braganza
Duchess of Braganza
(1914-1968)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança (blazon).svg Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1481-1910).png
 
Prince João Maria
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(1916-2005)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Princess Teresa Teodora
Princess of Orléans-Braganza
(1919-2011)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Pedro Carlos
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
(b. 1945)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
 
Princess Maria da Glória
Princess of Orléans-Braganza
former Crown Princess of Yugoslavia
(b. 1946)
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança (blazon).svg Serbian Cross.svg
 

Armorial

Coat of arms Title Tenure Coat of arms Title Tenure Coat of arms Title Tenure
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança
Prince of Grão-Pará
Prince of Brazil
Prince of Orléans-Braganza
1822–1889
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil
Prince Imperial of Brazil
1822-present
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança (blazon)
Prince of Brazil
1875–1920

Palaces

Some of the most important Brazilian palaces that were built to the Brazilian Imperial Family to private or governamental use. These palaces were taken by the government of the republic when it was proclaimed.

PacoImperial1

The Imperial Palace of Rio de Janeiro was the former residence and workplace of the Emperors

Batalhão Vilagran Cabrita

The Imperial Palace of Santa Cruz was a private palace in inner Rio de Janeiro

Beautiful Architecture of the Guanabara Palace

The Isabel Palace was the private residence of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and her family

Chateau d'Eu 04

The Château d'Eu in France was the residence of the Brazilian Imperial Family in exile between 1896 and 1940

Palácio Grão Pará

The Imperial Palace of Grão-Pará in Petrópolis was the only palace that was recovered by the Imperial Family in 1925, and where some members still reside

Most members of the Imperial House live in rented apartments in wealthy neighborhoods, private mansions or in Europe. Some of them like Eleanora, Princess of Ligne, for having married members of other royal houses live in their palaces.

See also

References

  1. ^ Villon, Victor. "Elisabeth Dobrzensky "Empress of Brazil"". Royalty Digest Quarterly.
  2. ^ a b Sainty, Guy Stair. "House of Bourbon: Branch of Orléans-Braganza". Chivalric Orders. Archived from the original on 2008-10-25. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
  3. ^ BARMAN, Roderick J., Princesa Isabel do Brasil: gênero e poder no século XIX, UNESP, 2005
  4. ^ VIANNA, Hélio. Vultos do Império. São Paulo: Companhia Editoria Nacional, 1968, p.224
  5. ^ FREYRE, Gilberto. Ordem e Progresso. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, 1959, p.517 and 591
  6. ^ LYRA, Heitor. História de Dom Pedro II - 1825-1891. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 1940, vol.III, p.300
  7. ^ Enciclopaedia Barsa, vol. IV, article "Braganza", p.210, 1992
  8. ^ JANOTTI, Maria de Lourdes. Os Subversivos da República. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1986, p.255-7
  9. ^ MALATIAN, Teresa Maria. A Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira. São Paulo, 1978, p.153-9
  10. ^ Montjouvent, Philippe de (1998). Le comte de Paris et sa Descendance (in French). Charenton: Éditions du Chaney. p. 97. ISBN 2-913211-00-3.
  11. ^ Dumoulin, Charles. Coutumes de Paris. 1576.
  12. ^ de Seyssel, Claude. La Monarchie de France, vol. I.7. Paris, 1961, pp. 112-3.
  13. ^ de Montjouvent, Philippe. Le Comte de Paris et Sa Descendance. Annexes. Du Chaney Eds, Paris, 1998, p. 431. ISBN 2-913211-00-3. French.
  14. ^ a b c de Saisseval, Guy Coutant. La Légitimité monarchique. Paris, 1985. In French.
  15. ^ Bodstein, Astrid (2006). "The Imperial Family of Brazil". Royalty Digest Quarterly (3).
  16. ^ Bernardo Gutiérrez, "La familia real brasileña defiende los nuevos ideales", Príncipes Republicanos (09/01/2008)

External links

House of Orléans-Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Orléans
Preceded by
House of Braganza
as the reigning house
— TITULAR —
Claimant House of the
Brazilian monarchy

1921–present
Reason for succession failure:
Brazilian monarchy abolished in 1889
Incumbent
Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz

Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz (Czech: hraběnka Alžběta Dobřenská z Dobřenic; 7 December 1875 – 11 June 1951) was a Bohemian noblewoman whose marriage to the son of the former heiress to the throne of Brazil prompted renunciation of his claim to the abolished monarchy's throne.

Eleanora, Princess of Ligne

Eleanora, Princess of Ligne (born Eleonora Maria Josefa Rosa Filipa Miguela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Wittelsbach on 20 May 1953) is the wife of Michel, 14th Prince of Ligne, the head of the House of Ligne since 2005. She is a daughter of Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza and his wife Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria. Her father was the titular Emperor of Brazil, a claim now held by Eleanora's brother Prince Luiz.

List of Brazilian consorts

The consorts of Brazil were the spouses of the reigning monarchs, using the titles of Queen of Brazil or Empress of Brazil from the establishment of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815 to the abolition of the Empire of Brazil in 1889. Brazil had a reigning Queen, but was already widowed at the time of her reign and therefore there was never officially a male consort.

Luiz Philippe of Orléans-Braganza

Luiz Philippe of Orléans-Braganza (Portuguese: Luiz Philippe de Orléans e Bragança; born 3 April 1969) is a Brazilian political scientist, activist, entrepreneur, and member of the House of Orléans-Braganza. He was elected Federal Deputy for São Paulo in the 2018 Brazilian elections for the Social Liberal Party with 118,457 votes.

Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza

Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (born 31 October 1945) is one of two claimants to the defunct Brazilian throne, and head of the Petrópolis branch of the Imperial House of Brazil.

Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza

Captain Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza MC (Portuguese: Antônio Gastão de Orléans e Bragança; 9 August 1881 – 29 November 1918) was a Brazilian prince who served in the forces of the British Empire during World War I.

Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza (born June 24, 1950), whose baptismal name is Antônio João Maria José Jorge Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Wittelsbach, is a member of the Imperial House of Brazil.

Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza (born 2 February 1941, Mandelieu, France) is a member of the Imperial House of Brazil. According to the disputed claims of the Vassouras branch of the family, he is first in the line of succession to the defunct Brazilian throne, and consequently the current Prince Imperial of Brazil. Prince Bertrand is also related to the Royal House of Portugal and the Royal House of France (Orleanist claimants), both by his father's lineage, and to the Royal House of Wittelsbach, by his mother's lineage.

Prince Eudes of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Eudes Maria Rainier Pedro José of Orléans-Braganza (born 8 June 1939 in Mandelieu, France) is a member of the Imperial House of Brazil. He was the second child of Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, then head of the Brazilian Imperial Family, and Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria.

Prince João Maria of Orléans-Braganza

Prince João Maria of Orléans-Braganza (15 October 1916 – 26 June 2005) was a French-born Brazilian soldier, pilot and airline executive. He was also a Prince of Orléans-Braganza and member of the Brazilian Imperial Family.

Prince Luiz Gastão of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Luiz Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (Portuguese: Príncipe Luiz Gastão Antônio Maria Filipe de Orleans e Bragança; 19 February 1911 – 8 September 1931) was a member of the House of Orléans-Braganza, and was descended from the Brazilian Imperial Family.

Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza (born 6 June 1938) is the head of the Vassouras branch of the House of Orléans-Braganza and a claimant to the defunct Brazilian throne. The Vassouras branch claims the throne in opposition to the Petrópolis branch of the Orléans-Braganzas, headed by Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza. Though both Prince Luiz and Prince Pedro Carlos are great-great-grandchildren of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, of the House of Braganza, they dispute leadership over the Brazilian Imperial Family due to a dynastic dispute concerning their fathers, who were cousins.

Prince Luiz actively claims the throne and participates in matters concerning Brazil's imperial past.

Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (born Pierre-d'Alcantara Gaston Jean Marie Philippe Laurent Hubert d'Orléans et Bragance ; in Portuguese, Pedro de Alcântara Gastão João Maria Filipe Lourenço Humberto Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Dobrzensky de Dobrzenicz) (19 February 1913 – 27 December 2007) was one of two claimants to the Brazilian throne and head of the Petrópolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House.

Prince Pedro Thiago of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Pedro Thiago of Orléans-Braganza (born 12 January 1979) is a member of the Brazilian Imperial Family.

Prince Rafael of Orléans-Braganza

Prince Rafael of Orléans-Braganza (Rafael Antonio Maria José Francisco Miguel Gabriel Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Ligne; 26 April 1986) is a member of the former Imperial House of Brazil, which reigned as emperors until 1889. As the younger but only surviving son of Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza, he is expected to eventually take up the claim to Brazil's defunct throne. He is the only remaining male-line Vassouras claimant born after 1950.

Princess Christine of Orléans-Braganza

Princess Christine of Orléans-Braganza (née Princess Christine de Ligne; born 11 August 1955 at Château de Belœil), is the daughter of Antoine, 13th Prince de Ligne and Princess Alix of Luxembourg. She is the maternal granddaughter of Charlotte, Grand Duchess Regnant of Luxembourg and Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma.

Her father was head of one of Belgium's foremost noble families, mediatized in 1803. Her mother, Princess Alix (born 1929), is sister of former Grand Duke Jean. Through her mother, Princess Christine is a descendant in the fifth generation of King John VI of Portugal and is a great-grand niece of Brazil's first emperor, Pedro I of Brazil.

Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza

Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza, Countess of Paris (Isabelle Marie Amélie Louise Victoire Thérèse Jeanne; Eu, Seine-Maritime, 13 August 1911 – Paris, 5 July 2003), was a French historical author and consort of the Orléanist pretender, Henri, Count of Paris.

Princess Maria di Grazia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Princess Maria di Grazia (Full Italian name: Maria delle Grazie Pia Chiara Anna Teresa Isabella Luitgarda Apollonia Agata Cecilia Filomena Antonia Lucia Cristina Caterina di Borbone ) (12 August 1878 – 20 June 1973) was a princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and princess of Orléans-Braganza through her marriage to Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza.

Princess Pia Maria of Orléans-Braganza

Princess Pia Maria of Orléans-Braganza (Portuguese: Princesa Pia Maria Raniera Isabella Antonia Vitoria Thereza Amélia Gerarda Raimunda Anna Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança; 4 March 1913 – 24 October 2000) was a Princess and member of the House of Orléans-Braganza and the Brazilian Imperial Family.

Pretenders to the Brazilian throne since 1889
House of Braganza
Vassouras branch
Petrópolis branch
Princes of Orléans-Braganza
1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation
5th generation
Princesses of Orléans-Braganza
1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation
Forefathers
1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation

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