Hot stove league

In baseball, hot stove league is the sport's off-season.[1] The phrase does not denote an actual league, but instead calls up images of baseball fans gathering around a hot stove during the cold winter months, discussing their favorite baseball teams and players.[2][3]

The term has also come to refer to the wave of off-season player transactions (contract negotiations, re-signings, trades, free agency, etc.) that occur between seasons. Since most free-agent signings and trades occur during the off-season, this time of significant player transactions (including rumors and speculation about possible trades), is often referred to as the hot stove league or more simply, hot stove.


According to Professor James Hardy, the term hot stove league dates from nineteenth-century small town America when, during the winter, people "gathered at the general store/post office, sat around an iron pot-bellied stove, and discussed the passing parade. Baseball, along with weather, politics, the police blotter and the churches, belonged in that company".[4] Hardy states that the term was popularly employed by sportswriters until World War II, after which rural America gave way to larger, urban centers. Baseball analysis and conversation now became the province of radio and television commentators, with off-season chatter becoming less interactive and more impersonal.[5]

According to David Anderson, the news and coverage provided by hot stove league newspaper columnists during the first half of the 20th century, when professional football and basketball had not yet come into being, gave baseball its foothold as "the national pastime and dominant professional sport for more than half of the twentieth century".[6] The hot stove league was especially important in the era of the reserve clause, when the only leverage a player had to receive more money or better contract provisions was to hold out from re-signing, refuse to play, or threaten to retire. During the off-season, when contract negotiations were underway, the rumors and reports flew fast and furious, and fans kept up with the news through hot stove league chatter. The introduction of free agency reduced the importance of the hot stove league.[6]

In the twenty-first century, the term is still used to describe the "endless discussions", speculation and predictions bandied about by "baseball fans, baseball columnists, baseball bloggers, baseball writers, baseball podcasters and baseball radio talk show hosts" to fill the time between the end of the Baseball Winter Meetings and the start of spring training.[7][8][9] The MLB Network's daily off-season show of record is called Hot Stove.[10]

Other uses

Hot Stove League was the name of a radio segment featuring hockey chatter and analysis that was broadcast between periods on the radio show Hockey Night in Canada beginning in 1939.[11] The segment became a pre-game series on CBC Television in the 1950s.[12][13]



  1. ^ Kirksey, George (January 10, 1938). "Hot stove baseball". Pittsburgh Press. United Press. p. 23.
  2. ^ Rielly 2005, p. 261.
  3. ^ Martinez 2000, p. 284.
  4. ^ Hardy, Jr. 2007, p. 8.
  5. ^ Hardy, Jr. 2007, pp. 8-9.
  6. ^ a b Anderson 2003, p. 36.
  7. ^ Mahony 2014, p. 199.
  8. ^ Dahlgren & Sparks 1992, p. 193.
  9. ^ Brand 2007, p. 183.
  10. ^ "Hot Stove". 2015.
  11. ^ Young 1990, p. 87.
  12. ^ "The Virtual Hot Stove". CBC Television. 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  13. ^ Nolan 2001, p. 184.


Further reading

Charles P. Bowers

Charles P. Bowers (April 21, 1929 – July 31, 2015) was a baseball talent scout and former pitcher in the Minor Leagues. He was born in Waltham, Massachusetts, where the people affectionately called him 'Buzz'.Bowers was one of four boys born to George F. and Dorothy L. (née Harrington) Bowers. He attended Wayland High School in Massachusetts, where he played as a pitcher in baseball, quarterback in football, and forward in basketball. Following his graduation, he received a baseball scholarship to Michigan State University, appearing primarily in a pitching rotation that included future Hall of Famer Robin Roberts. Eventually, both signed professional contracts with the Philadelphia Phillies.Listed at 6' 2", 170 lb., the right-handed Bowers played in the Phillies Minor League system in all or part of seven seasons spanning 1950–1954. He attended his first spring training camp in 1950 with the Toronto Maple Leafs club of the International League. He then made a good impression in an exhibition game against the Boston Red Sox, when he forced the great Ted Williams to ground into a double play. While a young man with a promising career, he missed two seasons while serving military service during Korean War conflict.Overall, Bowers posted a 54-44 record with a 3.38 earned run average in 239 pitching appearances, winning at least 10 games in four of his six full seasons. He was solid

in his last one, going 14-8 with a 2.93 ERA for Class A Schenectady Blue Jays.Bowers coached baseball and basketball at his old high school after his professional career ended. He also became the Director of Physical Education and Director of Athletics of the institution before retiring in 1987. He was a strong advocate for parity in women’s sports and developed innovative programs to expose students to lifelong fitness activities – from fencing to fly fishing and skiing. His greatest satisfaction was seeing his students or athletes improve and gain confidence.Bowers scouted for the Phillies and the Los Angeles Dodgers before being hired by the Red Sox in 1992, stristictly to follow Northeast prospects. After spent 30 years scouting for the Dodgers, he signed future big leaguers Lou Merloni, Carl Pavano, Brian Rose, and Steve Lomasney for the Sox. At this time, Bowers began following Framingham native Merloni, who starred at Providence College and won a batting title in the prestigious Cape Cod League, before becoming an American radio personality in recent times.Bowers was honored with the George Digby Scout of the Year Award in 1994 while scouting for the Red Sox. In 2002, he earned the Turk Karam Memorial Award as the New York Professional Baseball Hot Stove League Scout of the Year. Then, in 2006 he gained induction in the Wayland High School Athletic Hall of Fame. and soon thereafter was one of 12 scouts inducted in the 2007 Inaugural Class of the Professional Baseball Scouts Hall of Fame.Buzz Bowers was a long resident of East Orleans, Massachusetts, where he died in 2015 at the age of 86, following complications from Parkinson’s disease. He was survived by his wife of 64 years, Virginia 'Ginny' (Colpitts) Bowers, and four children, eight grandchildren, four great-grandchildren, and 19 nieces and nephews.

Dick Bremer

Richard James Bremer (born March 1, 1956) is a sports broadcaster for Fox Sports North. He has been the lead television announcer for the Minnesota Twins since 1983. He has also called Minnesota Golden Gophers men's basketball and Minnesota Golden Gophers football and hockey. He previously called Iowa Hawkeyes men's basketball and Minnesota North Stars games during his tenure. He partners up with, for home games, Bert Blyleven, and for road games, works with Jack Morris, Roy Smalley III, Torii Hunter, Michael Cuddyer, Justin Morneau, or LaTroy Hawkins for the Minnesota Twins television broadcasts.

Fil Fraser

Felix Blache-Fraser (August 19, 1932 – December 3, 2017) was a Black Canadian broadcaster, non-fiction author, film producer, film festival founder, public servant, and educator in Alberta.

Fresno Giants

The Fresno Giants were a minor league baseball team that played in the California League from 1941–1988. The team was based in Fresno, California.

Glossary of baseball

This is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial and specialized terms, phrases, and other jargon used in baseball, and their definitions, including illustrative examples for many entries.

Goody Rosen

Goodwin George "Goody" Rosen (August 28, 1912 – April 6, 1994) was a Canadian center fielder in Major League Baseball. From 1937 to 1946, Rosen played outfield for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1937–39, 1944–46) and New York Giants (1946). He was a 1945 National League All-Star. He batted and threw left-handed.

Jacques DesBaillets

Jacques Arthur DesBaillets (1910–1990) was a French Canadian radio and television personality. He was an extraordinary entertainer whose work as a radio host and TV talk show host was hugely popular in his day and is considered an important figure in the early development of the two mass media in Quebec.

Len Kasper

Len Joseph Kasper (born January 21, 1971) is a play-by-play announcer for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (2005–present) on WGN-TV, WLS-TV and NBC Sports Chicago.

Kasper works alongside color analyst Jim Deshaies on Cubs telecasts. He also joins the team's radio network for the fifth inning of games that are televised nationally (including playoff games), working with regular radio announcers Pat Hughes and Ron Coomer.

MLB Network

The MLB Network is an American television sports channel dedicated to baseball. It is primarily owned by Major League Baseball, with AT&T's WarnerMedia News & Sports, Comcast's NBC Sports Group, Charter Communications, and Cox Communications having minority ownership.The channel's headquarters and studios are located at their facilities in Secaucus, New Jersey,, which formerly housed MSNBC's studios. MLB Network's studios also house NHL Network, with some studio sharing, which came under the management of MLB Advanced Media in mid-2015 and transferred most operations from the network's former Toronto home base.

Tony Petitti, former executive producer of CBS Sports, was named the network's first president. Petitti served as MLB Network's president until December 2014, when he was appointed as Chief Operating Officer of Major League Baseball. Rob McGlarry, who worked as Senior and later Executive Vice-president of Business Affairs at MLB Network since 2009, was named the network's second president.As of February 2015, MLB Network is available to approximately 69,991,000 pay television households (60.1% of subscription television customers) in the United States.

Percy LeSueur

Sergeant Percivale St-Helier LeSueur (November 21, 1881 – January 27, 1962) was a Canadian senior and professional ice hockey goaltender. He was a member of the Smiths Falls Seniors for three years, with whom his performance in a 1906 Stanley Cup challenge series attracted the attention of his opponents, the Ottawa Silver Seven. Although his team lost the series, LeSueur excelled in goal, keeping the games close. Nine days after the defeat, he joined the Silver Seven and played in a challenge match against the Montreal Wanderers. He remained with Ottawa through the 1913–14 season where he served as team captain for three seasons, and assumed coaching duties in his final season with the team.

LeSueur was traded to the Toronto Ontarios (who later changed their name to the Toronto Shamrocks mid-season) for the 1914–15 season. After playing the following season for the Toronto Blueshirts, he enlisted in the army and fought for Canada during the First World War. He returned to hockey following the conclusion of the war, serving in various roles including referee, coach, manager, arena manager, and hockey journalist. He coached ten games in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Hamilton Tigers. As a journalist, he was the first reporter to include shots on goal statistics in game summaries.

During his playing career, LeSueur improved upon existing ice hockey equipment: he invented the gauntlet-style goaltender glove which protected the forearms, and created and patented the LeSueur net which was designed to catch high-rising shots. LeSueur was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1961, and died a few months later following a lengthy illness.

Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (B)

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).

Of those 2,006 Phillies, 180 have had surnames beginning with the letter B. Four of those players have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: Dave Bancroft, who played six seasons at shortstop for Philadelphia; Chief Bender, a pitcher with the team for two years; Dan Brouthers, whose career with the Phillies encompassed the 1896 season; and Jim Bunning, the pitcher whose number 14 is the only one retired by the Phillies for a player on this list. Of the four, Bancroft is the only one inducted to the Hall of Fame with the Phillies as his primary team. Bunning and Bender are two of four members of the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame on this list, although Bender was inducted as a member of the Philadelphia Athletics; the others are catcher Bob Boone and shortstop Larry Bowa.Among the 95 batters in this list, catcher Mack Burk has the highest batting average, at .500; he had one hit in two career plate appearances with Philadelphia. Other players with an average at or above .300 include Henry Baldwin (.313 in one season), Johnny Bates (.301 in two seasons), Beals Becker (.301 in three seasons), Wally Berger (.317 in one season), T. J. Bohn (.400 in one season), Brouthers (.344 in one season), George Browne (.300 in three seasons), Frank Bruggy (.310 in one season), and Smoky Burgess (.316 in four seasons). Pat Burrell leads Phillies players whose names begin with B in home runs, with 251, and runs batted in, with 827.Of this list's 85 pitchers, Doug Bair and Doug Bird share the best winning percentage with Mark Brownson. Each is undefeated in his decisions—Bair and Bird with 2–0 records, and Brownson at 1–0. The top winner among pitchers whose names begin with B is Bunning, who recorded 89 victories in 6 seasons with Philadelphia. Ray Benge lost 82 games in 6 seasons, the most among these pitchers. Bunning's 1,409 strikeouts are the highest total among B pitchers, and two pitchers (Joe Bisenius and Dan Boitano) share the earned run average (ERA) lead, with a 0.00 mark; among pitchers who have allowed a run, Stan Bahnsen's 1.35 ERA is best. Bunning is one of the ten Phillies pitchers who have thrown a no-hitter, having pitched a perfect game on June 21, 1964.

Ralph DiLullo

Ralph S. DiLullo (March 31, 1911 – August 9, 1999) was a professional baseball player, manager and scout whose career in the sport spanned 60 years.DiLullo was a catcher in the minor leagues and later managed at that level in the Pittsburgh Pirates and Detroit Tigers organizations for five seasons. He then worked for the Chicago Cubs as a scout and was responsible for the signing of pitchers Joe Niekro and Bruce Sutter. He joined the Major League Baseball Scouting Bureau in 1975 and worked there until his 1993 retirement. He briefly re-joined the Cubs system in 1994, but soon retired once again.

SCORE (television)

For the similarly named television station that formerly aired in Canada, see The Score Television Network.SCORE was the weekend sports service of the Financial News Network which aired sports-themed programming starting in 1985. It was renamed FNN Sports in 1990 when FNN decided to go with a 24-hour feed on weekdays. SCORE was forced to dissolve after CNBC bought out FNN in 1991.

SCORE used a sports ticker or crawl to update scores at the bottom of the screen. As it was a co-venture with FNN, a stock ticker was often shown across the bottom of the screen. SCORE provided scores and highlight updates every half-hour.

Staples, Minnesota

Staples is a city in Todd and Wadena counties in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The population was 2,981 at the 2010 census.

Ted Williams

Theodore Samuel Williams (August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002) was an American professional baseball player and manager. He played his entire 19-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career as a left fielder for the Boston Red Sox from 1939 to 1960; his career was interrupted only by mandatory military service during World War II and the Korean War. Nicknamed "The Kid," "The Splendid Splinter," "Teddy Ballgame," and "The Thumper," Williams is regarded as one of the greatest players in baseball history.

Williams was a nineteen-time All-Star, a two-time recipient of the American League (AL) Most Valuable Player Award, a six-time AL batting champion, and a two-time Triple Crown winner. He finished his playing career with a .344 batting average, 521 home runs, and a .482 on-base percentage, the highest of all time. His career batting average is the highest of any MLB player whose career was played primarily in the live-ball era, and ranks tied for 7th all-time (with Billy Hamilton).

Born and raised in San Diego, Williams played baseball throughout his youth. Joining the Red Sox in 1939, he immediately emerged as one of the sport's best hitters. In 1941, Williams posted a .406 batting average, making him the last MLB player to bat over .400 in a season. He followed this up by winning his first Triple Crown in 1942. Williams was required to interrupt his baseball career in 1943 to serve three years in the United States Navy and Marine Corps during World War II. Upon returning to MLB in 1946, Williams won his first AL MVP Award and played in his only World Series. In 1947, he won his second Triple Crown. Williams was returned to active military duty for portions of the 1952 and 1953 seasons to serve as a Marine combat aviator in the Korean War. In 1957 and 1958 at the ages of 39 and 40, respectively, he was the AL batting champion for the fifth and sixth time.

Williams retired from playing in 1960. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966, in his first year of eligibility. Williams managed the Washington Senators/Texas Rangers franchise from 1969 to 1972. An avid sport fisherman, he hosted a television program about fishing, and was inducted into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame. Williams' involvement in the Jimmy Fund helped raise millions in dollars for cancer care and research. In 1991 President George H. W. Bush presented Williams with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award bestowed by the United States government. He was selected for the Major League Baseball All-Time Team in 1997 and the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999.

Total Sports Publishing

Total Sports Publishing refers to a book publishing company based in Kingston, New York, that operated from 1998 to 2002. Prominent author John Thorn served as the division's publisher throughout its existence.

Union County College

Union County College (UCC) is an accredited, co-educational, two-year, public, community college located in Union County, New Jersey. As the first and oldest of New Jersey's 19 community colleges, Union County College has been serving both career-minded and transfer-oriented students since 1933. The College has four campuses situated in Cranford, Elizabeth, Plainfield and Scotch Plains. The College is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. The college offers more than 80 programs with degrees in Associate in Arts, Associate in Science, and Associate in Applied Science degree programs, and certificate programs provided by the Continuing Education program. It also offers distance education classes using the online Learning management system called Canvas from Instructure which allows students to gain credits toward degrees at their own convenience.


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