Hot box

A hot box is the term used when an axle bearing overheats on a piece of railway rolling stock.[1] The term is derived from the journal-bearing trucks used before the mid-20th century. The axle bearings were housed in a box that used oil-soaked rags or cotton (collectively called "packing") to reduce the friction of the axle against the truck frame. When the oil leaked or dried out, the bearings overheated, often starting a fire that could destroy the entire railroad car (and cars coupled to it) if not detected early enough.

The packing and bearing had to be regularly inspected by yard crews, and packing was often added at major stops. The journal bearing was replaceable, but if neglected, it would heat to a temperature where the babbitt bearing alloy would melt away, leaving the brass carrier riding on the steel axle, and result in a "taper journal". This would eventually lead to the axle fracturing and the car above falling onto the wheel, or failure of the taper journal, causing the side frame and journal box to fall below the level of the rails, either of which could cause a major derailment of the train. Train worker duties consisted partly of inspecting the train as it ran by, looking for smoke, sparks, or fire. They would then sound the audible report "All Black" to mean the train was not giving off any light energy that would indicate combustion or destruction of the wheel bearings. If the train worker saw "Red" or smoke, he would alert other crew members, or else make an emergency stop to the train to prevent further damage.

When this type of axle box was used, any diesel exhaust smells had to be tracked to their source, as a hot-box sometimes smells similar. Most of the larger railroads use defect detectors to scan passing trains for hot box conditions. Some of these detectors also have "automated mile posts" which send an automated radio signal to the train crew listing the train number, track number, number of axles on the train and train speed.

Modern ball, roller or tapered bearings can also overheat, but the likelihood of a roller bearing overheating is usually far smaller than with journal bearings. When modern bearings do fail, the balls or rollers and their races fail, generating heat which can ignite fires or be the ignition source of a dust explosion in grain, coal, sawdust, etc.


Phoenix 2FBOA Kopie

Hot box and hot wheel detection system PHOENIX MB (voestalpine SIGNALING Siershahn GmbH)

GWR Spoked wagon wheels

A wheelset from a GWR wagon showing a plain, or journal, bearing end


A Swiss journal box

See also


  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›US 4659043


  • Railway Age magazine April 1, 1957
  • Model Railroader 1980 May 62pp
A Bushel and a Peck

"A Bushel and a Peck" is a popular song written by Frank Loesser and published in 1950. The song was introduced in the Broadway musical Guys and Dolls, which opened at the 46th Street Theater on November 24, 1950. It was performed on stage by Vivian Blaine, who later reprised her role as Miss Adelaide in the 1955 film version of the play. "A Bushel and a Peck," however, was omitted from the film, and instead replaced by a new song, titled "Pet Me, Poppa."

A popular recording by Perry Como and Betty Hutton (made on September 12, 1950, and released by RCA Victor first reached the Billboard magazine charts on October 27, 1950, and lasted 18 weeks on the chart, where it peaked at #6.Another contemporary recording that had some popularity was by Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely (recorded on September 13, 1950, and released by Capitol Records. The record first reached the Billboard magazine charts on October 20, 1950, and lasted 13 weeks on the chart, peaking at #13.Doris Day's recording (made on September 13, 1950, and released by Columbia Records as 78rpm catalog number 39008 and 45rpm catalog number 6-838) made the chart on January 5, 1951, at #30 for one week. Day's rendition of the song enjoyed a surge in popularity due to its usage in a 2017 State Farm Insurance TV commercial.Many other recording artists also did versions of the song.

On Cash Box magazine's Best-Selling Record charts, where all versions of the song are combined, the song reached #5 on December 2, 1950.

The song gained so much popularity before the musical actually opened that it was moved from its original spot at the start of the second act into the first act.The number, in context of the show, can be performed either as "Miss Adelaide and her Chick Chick Chickadees," where the girls are dressed in yellow feathers, or as "Miss Adelaide and the Hot Box Farmerettes," where skimpy plantation outfits are worn (often jean cutoffs and checkered racing shirts or short gingham sundresses).

Bobby Brackins

Robert Clifton Brackins III (born September 14, 1988) is an American rapper, record producer, and songwriter. Brackins was born in Berkeley, California, but was primarily raised in East Oakland, California. He is best known by his hit single "143", featuring Ray J, which reached number 84 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. He is also a songwriter, who co-wrote Tinashe's single "2 On" and Chris Brown's hit "Loyal". Brackins also co-wrote and featured on Ray J's controversial track "I Hit It First" which sold over 100,000 copies independently.

Aside from writing and producing for other musicians, Brackins has a solo career. His most recent releases include his extended play titled To Live For, which was released on May 13, 2016. The EP features singles such as "Hot Box", featuring rapper G-Eazy and Mila J, and "My Jam" which features Disney channel star Zendaya and Jeremih. The EP also includes features from former "2AM Club" member Marc E. Bassy, Austin Mahone, Ty Dolla $ign, Eric Bellinger, and Mina.

Box (torture)

The box, also known as a hot box or sweatbox, is a method of solitary confinement used in humid and arid regions as a method of punishment. Anyone placed in one would experience extreme heat, dehydration, heat exhaustion, even death, depending on when and how long one was kept in the box. Another variation of this punishment is known as sweating: the use of a heated room to punish or coerce a person into cooperating with the torturers.

Eighth and Broadway Historic District

The Eighth and Broadway Historic District is one of the seven national historic districts located in Columbia, Missouri. The district is made up of three contributing properties and is located at the intersection of Eighth and Broadway Streets in Downtown Columbia. They consist of the Beaux-Arts style Miller Building (1910), the Italianate style Matthews Hardware (c. 1894), and the Art Deco style Metropolitan Building (c. 1930). Today, the area holds loft apartments and several local business including: Cool Stuff, Hot Box Cookies, Sycamore, Peace Nook, and Geisha.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.


Goaltimate is a half-court disc game derived from ultimate, similar to hot box. The object is to score points by throwing a flying disc to a teammate in a small scoring area, through a large semicircular hoop called the goal. The name is a portmanteau of "goal" and "ultimate".

Great Sandhills Railway

The Great Sandhills Railway (reporting mark GSR) is a Canadian short line railway company that operates 123 miles (198 km) of track west of Swift Current, Saskatchewan in the provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta.

The railroad began operations on March 14, 2009. Great Sandhills Railway owns and operates on former Canadian Pacific Railway's Empress Subdivision, Burstall Subdivision and Hazlet Spur (collectively known as the "Empress Short Line"). Great Sandhills Railway also operates on the McNeil Spur, but this track is owned by a wholly owned subsidiary of Great Sandhills Terminal. The purchase price for the Empress Short Line and the McNeil spur was $6.3 million, with $1,907,200 funded by a provincial loan under the Short Line Financial Assistance Program. The Great Sandhills Terminal is the major shareholder while other shareholders include local producers and businesses.The railway serves freight stations in Sandhills, Burstall, Mendham, Leader, Prelate, Sceptre, Porteeve, Lancer, Abbey, Cabri, Battrum, Pennant, Success, Cantuar, and Swift Current. It interchanges with both the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Great Western Railway in Swift Current, via running rights on CP's Maple Creek Subdivision between Mayne and Swift Current.The railway hauls grain from terminals, elevators and producer loading sites, and also moves products from the Empress Gas plants in Alberta.

Hightstown rail accident

The "Hightstown" rail accident occurred on the Camden and Amboy Railroad between Hightstown, New Jersey and Spotswood on 8 November 1833, just two months after horses were replaced by steam locomotives on the line. It is the earliest recorded train accident involving the death of passengers.The train had been travelling from South Amboy to Bordentown at a speed of 35 mph (56 km/h), when despite having stopped "to oil the wheels" and slowing to 20 mph (32 km/h), a journal box overheated (a condition known as hot box) and caught fire, causing an axle to break on one of the carriages, derailing and overturning it. All but one of the 24 passengers it carried were injured; one was killed outright and another died later from his injuries. Among the injured was Cornelius Vanderbilt, who broke a leg and vowed never to travel by train again, although he later broke his vow and eventually became a railway magnate, owning the New York Central Railroad, among others. Another passenger was Congressman and former US President John Quincy Adams, who escaped injury, but described the accident in his diary as "the most dreadful catastrophe that ever my eyes beheld". Irish actor Tyrone Power was also aboard the train and recorded the accident in his two-volume journal Impressions of America.

Hot box (appliance)

A hot box is an improvised appliance to heat up food, usually with at least two normal incandescent light bulbs as the heat source, that is frequently found in break rooms on construction sites. The enclosure can be made of wood, metal, or any available material that can enclose the heat. It is especially useful for heating up food that could not otherwise be heated in a microwave oven without decanting the contents. Its presence also means that a large rush of people to use any available microwave ovens is tempered by those who are able to have had their meals heated up via this different method.

Hot box (game)

Hot box (or simply box) is a non-contact team sport which is similar to ultimate, but played on a smaller field and with fewer players. Like ultimate, the object of the game is to score points by passing the disc into the end zone; however, in Hot Box there is generally only one end zone and it is of much smaller size than an Ultimate end zone. In this way, hot box is a "half-court" variant of ultimate. Because of these reduced requirements, it is often played when not enough players are available to play ultimate.


Hotbox or hot box may refer to:

A hotbed (gardening) that is enclosed in a box with a glass or clear plastic lid

Hot box, an overheated journal box on a railroad car

Hot box (game), a half-court flying disc sport with a very small box-shaped scoring area

Hotbox (baseball), also known as the rundown, is a running/fielding/throwing drill in baseball training

Hot Box (appliance) an improvised appliance to heat up food, usually with incandescent light bulbs as the heat source

Hotbox (TV series), a Canadian sketch comedy show named for the marijuana/hash smoking practice

Box (torture), also called a hot box; a form of torture and penal punishment by imprisoning a person in an overheated room, cell or cage

A hotbox, a pressure washer accessory, powered by oil, gas or electricity, used to heat water before it is sprayed from the washer

Hotboxing, smoking marijuana or hashish in a small enclosed area, causing it to fill with smoke in order to maximize the effect

The Hot Box, a fictional nightclub from the musical Guys and Dolls

an enclosure used for beef aging

Hotbox (TV series)

Hotbox was a Canadian absurdist sketch comedy television show on The Comedy Network. It starred Pat Thornton, and was a spinoff of the online sitcom The Owl and the Man. Some notable guest appearances on the show included comics Jon Dore, Colin Mochrie and Seán Cullen. The title "Hot Box" relates to the show's frame story, which starts in each episode's opening sequence, which depicts a box which falls from space, and is discovered by scientists. Throughout the episode, the scientists then perform disastrous experiments involving the box, which contains screens displaying the show's sketches.

Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad

Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad (KSSP) (meaning: Kerala Science Literature Movement) is a voluntary organisation working in the state of Kerala, India. It is claimed to be a people's science movement. At the time of its founding in 1962 it was a 40-member group consisting of science writers and teachers with an interest in science from a social perspective. Over the past four decades its membership has grown to over 60,000 individuals, in more than 2,300 units spread all over Kerala.

List of cooking appliances

This is a list of cooking appliances that are used for cooking foods.

Margaret Markov

Margaret Markov is an American film and television actress. She had a supporting role in the romantic drama The Sterile Cuckoo (1969) with Liza Minnelli and co-starred in There Is No 13 (1974), as well as appearing in other films.

She was in the 1969 outlaw biker film Run, Angel, Run directed by Jack Starrett and the 1972 women in prison film The Hot Box co-written by Jonathan Demme.

She also appeared in the dark sex comedy/murder mystery Pretty Maids All in a Row (1971) with Rock Hudson, directed by Roger Vadim. Markov also starred opposite Pam Grier in two films: the 1972 Black Mama, White Mama and the 1974 The Arena (aka Naked Warriors). During the making of the latter, she started dating producer Mark Damon; the two later married and Markov retired.

Quebec Gatineau Railway

Chemins de fer Québec-Gatineau Inc. (CFQG), in English the Quebec Gatineau Railway (reporting mark QGRY) is a shortline railway operating the 450 km (280 mi) long ex-Canadian Pacific Railway line between Quebec City, Trois-Rivières, Laval, Lachute and Gatineau, formerly Hull. It was acquired in 1997 by Genesee & Wyoming Canada Inc., subsidiary of Genesee & Wyoming Inc.

The Funk Phenomena

"The Funk Phenomena" is a single from Armand Van Helden's debut studio album Old School Junkies: The Album (1996). The song uses samples from "How High" by Method Man & Redman, "Who Is He (And What Is He to You)" by Creative Source and "Don't Throw My Love Around" by Cooly's Hot Box.

The Hot Box

The Hot Box is a 1972 women in prison film from Joe Viola and Jonathan Demme, who had previously made Angels Hard as They Come (1971) for New World Pictures. It was shot in the Philippines and was originally known as The Prescription Revolution.

The Longest Yard (2005 film)

The Longest Yard is a 2005 American sports prison comedy film and a remake of the 1974 film of the same name. Adam Sandler plays the protagonist Paul Crewe, a disgraced former professional quarterback for the Pittsburgh Steelers, who is forced to form a team from the prison inmates to play football against their guards.

Burt Reynolds, who played Sandler's role in the original, co-stars as Nate Scarborough, the inmates' coach. Chris Rock plays Crewe's friend, known as Caretaker. The cast includes James Cromwell, Nelly, William Fichtner and several former and current professional athletes such as Terry Crews, Michael Irvin, Brian Bosworth, Bill Romanowski, Bill Goldberg, Bob Sapp, Kevin Nash, Stone Cold Steve Austin, and Dalip "The Great Khali" Singh Rana. The film was produced by MTV Films and Happy Madison Productions and distributed by Paramount Pictures and Columbia Pictures, and was released on May 27, 2005.

Victor Axelrod

Victor Axelrod aka Ticklah is a Brooklyn native and independent music producer and artist, who has been a continual and integral part of the NYC music scene for over a decade. As an artist he is a founding member of Sharon Jones & The Dap-Kings, Antibalas Afrobeat Orchestra, and the Easy Star All-Stars. As a producer he contributed to one of the most successful reggae albums of the 21st century, Dub Side of the Moon (co-production, mixing), as well as releasing his own critically acclaimed solo projects, including Ticklah vs. Axelrod.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.