Hoshangabad

Hoshangabad also known as Narmadapuram, is a City and a municipality in Hoshangabad district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It serves as the headquarters of both Hoshangabad district and Narmadapuram division. It is located in central India, on the south bank of the Narmada River.

Hoshangabad
Sethani ghat
Nickname(s): 
Narmadapuram
Hoshangabad is located in Madhya Pradesh
Hoshangabad
Hoshangabad
Coordinates: 22°45′N 77°43′E / 22.75°N 77.72°ECoordinates: 22°45′N 77°43′E / 22.75°N 77.72°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictHoshangabad
ward34 wards
Established1406
Founded bySultan Hoshang Shah of Malwa
Government
 • BodyLotus BJP Bhartiya Janta Party
 • MLADr. Sita Sharan Sharma
Elevation
278 m (912 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total117,988
 • Rank17
Language
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
461001
Telephone code07574
Vehicle registrationMP-05
Websitewww.hoshangabad.mp.gov.in

History

The city is named after Hoshang Shah. The city was earlier called Narmadapuram after the Narmada River. Later the name was changed to Hoshangabad after Hoshang Shah, the first ruler of Malwa. Hoshangabad district was part of the Nerbudda (Narmada) Division of the Central Provinces and Berar, which became the state of Madhya Bharat (later Madhya Pradesh) after India's independence in 1947.[2]

The city is famous for its beautiful ghats along the banks of the Narmada river, Sethani ghat is a major attraction. There are colourful celebrations in the city on Narmada Jayanti. During celebrations this year the CM announced the efforts to rename the town. A Satsang Bhavan on the ghat has regular visits by Hindu saints who hold regular religious discourses on Ramcharitmanas and Gegeta.

Geography

Hoshangabad is located at 22°45′N 77°43′E / 22.75°N 77.72°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 278 metres (912 feet).

Boundaries

Northern boundary of the district is river Narmada. Across this the district of Raisen and Sehore lies. The district of Betul lies in the south, whereas the Harda district faces with the western and south-western boundaries and Narsingpur and Chhindwara districts, close to the north-eastern and south-eastern sides of the district respectively.

Climate

The climate of Hoshangabad district is normal. All the seasons come in the district. An average height from the sea level is 331 m and average rainfall is 134 cm. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 deg.C and 19 deg.C respectively. Overall, the climate of the district is neither more hot nor more cool except the winter season of the Pachmarhi.

Road and Rail

Hoshangabad is well connected by road and rail from the state capital, Bhopal and it is about 70 km away from it. Hoshangabad railway station is connected by rail with all major cities of the state. One of its tehsils, Itarsi is linked with all major cities of the country due to junction of main railway routes of the country. It is 18 km from the district headquarters. From Itarsi, one can reach Pachmarhi via Pipariya, which is 64 km by train.

Landmark

Sethani ghat is an important landmark of the city, on the banks of River Narmada. It is about 7 km downstream from the confluence of Tawa and Narmada rivers.

Sand sculpture at Bandrabhan,Hoshangabad
Bandraban is the meeting point of Narmada and Tawa River. Eminent sand sculpturist Sudarshan Patanaik made this sculpture in March 2010. Photo by Mahesh Basedia.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, Hoshangabad had a population of 117,988; including 61,716 males and 56,272 females. Hoshangabad has an average literacy rate of 87.01%, higher than the national average: male literacy is 91.79%, and female literacy is 81.79%.[1]

Education

There are 960 primary schools, 207 Middle schools, 69 senior secondary schools and 9 schools operated by Tribal Department. Many educational institutions including the Narmada MahaVidhyalaya (NMV) were established by prominent visionary late Pt. R L Sharma. There are 11 colleges and one is a polytechnic. All the colleges are affiliated to Barkatullah University, Bhopal. There is an office of Saksharta Programme which is running many literacy programs in the district.

Economy

The economy largely depends on agriculture. Hoshangabad is one of the largest producer of Soya Bean. The land is quite fertile and farmers have good canal irrigation facilities from the Tawa reservoir throughout the year. The farmers employ rotation of crops and their major income depends on soya bean and wheat.

The city has a traditional way of living with many engaged in occupations enough for sustaining life. The city has abundant availability of water. Hoshangabad has high income per capita amongst cities of Madhya Pradesh.

In Hoshangabad city, there is only one industrial establishment: the Security Papers Mill Hoshangabad, a unit of Printing and Minting Corporation of India Ltd. The main trade in the district are handicraft, silk, leather, pulses etc. Other than these, the main business deals in the delivering of sand and tiles which come from river Narmada.

Nearby attractions

  • Sethani ghat—This is an old ghat built on the bank of river Narmada. Many temples are near it.
  • Ancient petroglyphs on Adamgarh hills consist of petroglyphs (rock paintings); it is a site of national importance; it is two kilometres away from the main city.
  • Bandhrabhan—a holy fair takes place every year at Bandhrabhan, as it is a meeting point of the main rivers Narmada and Tawa.
  • Salkanpur—Goddess Durga temple approximate 35 km from Hoshangabad. It can be reached via Budni or from the Bhopal-NasurullaGanj route. It is approximately 70 km from Bhopal. This sacred siddhpeeth of Vindhyavasni Beejasan devi (one of the incarnation of the Hindu goddess Durga) is on an 800 foot high hillrock, in the village Salkanpur near Rehti village. The deity, Ma Durga Beejasan is held in high esteem by her followers & local. Thousands of people visit this place everyday climbing more than 1000 steps. Every year a grand fair is held in salkanpur during Navratris. It is very old Temple but at present temple renovate by Salkanpur Trust.
  • Hushang Shah Fort—This is an old fort built by the Malwa ruler Hoshang Shah. It is adjacent to river Narmada.
  • TAWA Resort—Tawa Reservoir is a large reservoir on the Tawa River in central India. It is located in Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh state. The reservoir was formed by the construction of the Tawa Dam, which began in 1958 and was completed in 1978. The dam provides for irrigation to several thousand hectares of farming land in Hoshangabad and Harda districts. It is also a big tourist attraction during the monsoon months. A Cruise boat service has been started by the tourism department for visitors to the dam and reservoir.
  • kalimandir gwaltoli—In Hoshangabad here a yadav's residents which is called Gwaltoli and there a beautiful temple of maa kali which is very famous because of its history and Hindu region.

Pachmarhi and Satpura Tiger Reserve

Pachmarhi, the only hill station of Madhya Pradesh, and a pilgrimage site for Siva bhaktas from the surrounding countryside, is now the base for enjoying the natural riches of the Satpura Tiger Reserve as well. The tiger reserve encompasses the oldest forest reserve of India, the Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, and the breathtaking scenery of the Pachmarhi with the Satpura National Park. It was at Pachmarhi where Captain James Forsyth constructed the famous Bison Lodge and founded the Forest Department of Madhya Pradesh. His travelogue, 'The Central Indian Highlands', on his march from Jabalpur to Pachmarhi in 1861-62, transports one into the long lost times of tribal culture and rich wilderness.

Other attractions

  • Shreeramsharnam
  • Khedapati Hanuman Mandir
  • Ramji Baba Samadhi
  • Pahadiya (Ancient rock carvings by Pandavas)
  • Ancient Shani Mandir
  • Hushang Shah Fort
  • Bandrabhaan (Sangam of river Narmada and river Tawa)

Notable people

  • Raj Chandra Bose - He was born in Hoshangabad, India.
  • Makhanlal Chaturvedi- Great Indian poet, writer, essayist and playwright born in Hoshangabad.
  • Harishankar Parsai-(August 22, 1924 – 1995) was a Hindi writer. He was a noted satirist and humorist of modern Hindi literature and is known for his simple and direct style.He was born in Jamnia village near Itarsi in Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Manav Kaul- An actor known for his excellent portrayals in Bollywood movies like Tumhari Sulu, Jolly LLB 2 and Kai Po Che!

References

  1. ^ a b Hoshangabad District Census Handbook
  2. ^ Hunter, William Wilson, Sir, et al. (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 6. 1908-1931; Clarendon Press, Oxford
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hoshangabad

External links

Bagra Tawa railway station

Bagra Tawa is a railway station in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.

Bagra Tawa is a railway station on Jabalpur - Itarsi railway line. under West Central Railway zone of Indian Railway, which falls under administrative preview of Jabalpur Division of Railways. The station came into existence in when during 1869-71, the Itarsi to Jabalpur lines were built by Great Indian Peninsula Railway.

The train passes through a tunnel near Bagra Tawa and then crosses the bridge over Tawa River few kilometers down from village. The Tawa Dam is located nearby the station.

The station code is 'BGTA'. The immediate preceding station while coming from Itarsi junction is Sontalai and towards Jabalpur side is Guramkhedi.

Banapura

Banapura is a small town in the Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh, India. Banapura is a twin (or sister) city of Seoni Malwa.

Banapura has been culturally a rich part of malwa. It mainly consists of Gound and Bheel tribes. Most part of the constituency is agriculture land. Narmada river and Tawa Reservoir fulfill almost 60–70% water requirement for agricultural purpose apart from monsoon. Banapura is known for highest production of wheat and soybean.

During British era the city was administrated by Thakur family and post independence it became a part of Central Constituency. After the establishment of Madhya Pradesh as a state, Banapura became a part of the Hoshanbabad district.

As of 2001 India census, Seoni Malwa had a population of 26,195. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Seoni Malwa has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Seoni Malwa, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Bhilakhedi

Bhilakhedi is a census town in Hoshangabad district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Bhopal division

Bhopal Division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. Bhopal is the administrative headquarters of the division. The division consists of districts of Bhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Sehore, and Vidisha.

Before they were merged into Madhya Pradesh in 1956, Bhopal, Sehore, and Raisen districts were part of the former Bhopal State, and Vidisha was part of former Madhya Bharat state.

Bori Wildlife Sanctuary

The Bori Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh state in central India.

Bori Wildlife Sanctuary includes India's oldest forest preserve, the Bori Reserve Forest, established in 1865 along the Tawa River.

The sanctuary covers an area of 518 km2 (200 sq mi), located in the northern foothills of the Satpura Range. It is bounded by the Satpura National Park to the north and east, and by the Tawa River to the west. The sanctuary, together with Satpura National Park and the Pachmarhi Sanctuary, forms the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.

The sanctuary is mostly covered in mixed deciduous and bamboo forests, part of the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion. It is an important transition zone between the forests of western and eastern India. Dominant trees include teak (Tectona grandis), dhaora (Anogeissus latifolia), tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon), among others. Large mammal species include tiger, leopard, wild boar, muntjac deer, gaur (Bos gaurus), chital deer (Axis axis), sambar (Cervus unicolor), and rhesus macaques.

Budhni

Budhni, also spelled Budni or Budhani, is a town and a Nagar Palika in Sehore district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is situated on Bhopal to Hoshangabad road at a distance of 7 km from Hoshangabad in north direction on the banks of Narmada River.

Hoshangabad (Lok Sabha constituency)

Hoshangabad Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: होशंगाबाद लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency presently covers the entire Hoshangabad district and parts of Narsinghpur and Raisen districts.

Hoshangabad district

Hoshangabad District is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Hoshangabad town is the district headquarters.

Hoshangabad railway station

Hoshangabad railway station is a railway station serving Hoshangabad town, in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh State of India. It is under Bhopal railway division of West Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It is located on New Delhi–Chennai main line of the Indian Railways.

It is located at 309 m above sea level and has two platforms. As of 2016, an electrified double broad gauge railway line exists and at this station, 54 trains stop. Bhopal Airport is at distance of 75 kilometers.

Itarsi

Itarsi is a city and municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India in Hoshangabad District. Itarsi is a key hub for agricultural goods and is the biggest railway junction in Madhya Pradesh. Rail services from all 4 major metropolitan cities of India namely Mumbai to Calcutta and Delhi to Chennai pass through Itarsi.Itarsi is developing and in future Itarsi will be a large industrial area. Itarsi got its name by "eeta(eent)", (literally means brick in Hindi) and "rassi", (literally means rope in Hindi). Bricks and ropes had been made earlier in itarsi. It has Ordnance Factory. The Bori Wildlife Sanctuary and Tawa Dam are nearby.

Itarsi Junction railway station

Itarsi Junction (station code: ET) is a railway station in Hoshangabad District in Madhya Pradesh from which more than 345 trains pass every day. It is the 8th busiest railway junction in India. It falls under the West Central Railway zone of Indian Railways network. It is located 18 kilometres (11 mi) away from Hoshangabad by train, and by road it is 20 kilometers. Trains from Central Railway undergo engine changes here i.e. electric engines of WAP/WAM/WAG class are changed to diesel engines of WDP/WDM/WDG class and vice versa. These changes happen for trains which pass through Jabalpur-Katni-Satna railway line and sometimes for trains which pass through Bhopal.In 2015 the signal control system was gutted in a fire incident resulting in hundreds of trains being cancelled for over 30 days till normalcy was restored.

Narmadapuram division

Narmadapuram Division is one of the administrative divisions in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

The division was formally inaugurated on 27 August 2008. It comprises Hoshangabad, Harda, and Betul districts. The three districts were earlier part of Bhopal Division.

Pachmarhi

Pachmarhi is a hill station in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It has been the location of a cantonment (Pachmarhi Cantonment) since British Raj. It is widely known as Satpura ki Rani ("Queen of Satpura"), situated at a height of 1067 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabad district. Dhupgarh, the highest point (1,352 m) in Madhya Pradesh and the Satpura range, is located here. It is a part of Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.

Pipariya, Hoshangabad

Pipariya is a town and a municipality in Hoshangabad district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is known for the railhead for the military station and tourist destination of [[Pachmarhi] Pipariya is on the Itarsi-Jabalpur rail line and is under the Jabalpur railway division.

Pipariya railway station

Pipariya railway station is a railway station serving Pipariya town, in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh State of India. It is under Jabalpur railway division of West Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways. It is located on Katni-Satna main line of the Indian Railways.

It is located at 339 m above sea level and has three platforms. As of 2016, electrified of existing double Broad Gauge railway line is in progress and at this station, 89 trains stops. Bhopal Airport, is at distance of 126 kilometers.

Rajeev Verma

Rajeev Verma (born 28 June 1949) is an Indian actor. He has worked in film and television.

Satpura Tiger Reserve

Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) also known as Satpura National Park is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its name is derived from the Satpura range. It covers an area of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park, along with the adjoining Bori and Pachmarhi wildlife sanctuaries, provides 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi) of unique central Indian highland ecosystem. It was set up in 1981.

The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, ravines and dense forests. The altitude ranges from 300 to 1,352 metres (984 to 4,436 ft). It has Dhoopgarh peak as high as 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) and the almost level plains of Churna.

The nearest town to the national park is Pachmarhi and the nearest rail-head is Piparia 55 kilometres (34 mi) away. The state capital Bhopal is 210 kilometres (130 mi) away.

Satpura National Park is rich in biodiversity. The animals here include leopard, sambar, chital, Indian muntjac, nilgai, four-horned antelope, Chinkara, wild boar, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, and Indian giant squirrel. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are common birds found here. The flora consists of mainly sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants.

In previous years, there have been sightings of tigers, dholes, Indian gaur and barasingha, although these are rare.

Sohagpur

Sohagpur (सोहागपुर) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Hoshangabad district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the subdivision and development block in Hoshangabad district. Sohagpur is also one of Legislative constituency of Madhya Pradesh.

Tawa Reservoir

Tawa Reservoir is a reservoir on the Tawa River in central India. It is located in Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh state, above Baitul district. The reservoir was formed by the construction of the Tawa Dam, which began in 1958 and was completed in 1978. The dam provides for irrigation to several thousand hectares of farming land in Hoshangabad and Harda districts. It is also a big tourist attraction during the monsoon months. A cruise boat service has been started by the tourism department for visitors to the dam and reservoir. The dam was made by late Shri Vinay Kumar Diwan also known as Denva Ke Gandhi for his work for public welfare being public representative in the region for almost two decades serving as MLA.

The dam has brought prosperity to the Hoshangabad district.

Tawa Reservoir forms the western boundary of Satpura National Park and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary.

Cities and towns in Narmadapuram division
Betul district
Harda district
Hoshangabad district
Related topics
Cities and towns
in other Divisions

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