Horatio Seymour

Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810 – February 12, 1886) was an American politician. He served as Governor of New York from 1853 to 1854 and from 1863 to 1864. He was the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 1868 presidential election.

Born in Pompey, New York, Seymour was admitted to the New York bar in 1832 but primarily focused on managing his family's business interests. After serving as a military secretary to Governor William L. Marcy, Seymour won election to the New York State Assembly. He was elected that body's speaker in 1845 and aligned with Marcy's "Softshell Hunker" faction. Seymour was nominated for governor in 1850 but narrowly lost to the Whig candidate, Washington Hunt. He defeated Hunt in the 1852 gubernatorial election, and spent much of his tenure trying to reunify the fractured Democratic Party, losing his 1854 re-election campaign in part due to this disunity.

Despite this defeat, Seymour emerged as prominent national figure within the party. As several Southern states threatened secession, Seymour supported the Crittenden Compromise as a way to avoid civil war. He supported the Union war effort during the Civil War but criticized President Abraham Lincoln's leadership. He won election to another term as governor in 1862 and continued to oppose many of Lincoln's policies. Several delegates at the 1864 Democratic National Convention hoped to nominate Seymour for president, but Seymour declined to seek the nomination. Beset by various issues, he narrowly lost re-election in 1864. After the war, Seymour supported President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction policies.

Entering the 1868 Democratic National Convention, there was no clear front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination, but Seymour remained widely popular. Serving as the chairman of the convention, as he had in 1864, Seymour refused to seek the nomination for himself. After twenty-two indecisive ballots, the convention nominated Seymour, who finally relented on his opposition to running for president. Seymour faced General Ulysses S. Grant, the widely popular Republican Party nominee, in the 1868 election. Grant won a strong majority of the electoral vote, though his margin in the popular vote was not as overwhelming. Seymour never again sought public office but remained active in politics and supported Grover Cleveland's 1884 campaign for president.

Horatio Seymour
Horatio Seymour - Brady-Handysmall
18th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1863 – December 31, 1864
LieutenantDavid R. Floyd-Jones
Preceded byEdwin D. Morgan
Succeeded byReuben Fenton
In office
January 1, 1853 – December 31, 1854
LieutenantSanford E. Church
Preceded byWashington Hunt
Succeeded byMyron H. Clark
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
In office
January 7, 1845 – December 31, 1845
Preceded byElisha Litchfield
Succeeded byWilliam C. Crain
Member of the New York State Assembly from Oneida County
In office
January 1, 1844 – December 31, 1845
Serving with Justus Childs, James Douglass, Richard Empey (1844)
Andrew Billings, Merit Brooks, Calvert Comstock (1845)
Preceded byDan P. Cadwell, Amos S. Fassett, David Murray, John H. Tower
Succeeded byChauncey C. Cook, Benjamin F. Cooper, Daniel G. Dorrance, Russel Fuller
In office
January 1, 1842 – January 31, 1842
Serving with Ichabod C. Baker, Ebenezer Robbins, DeWitt C. Stephens
Preceded byCalvin Dawley, Joseph Halleck, Luke Hitchcock, Nathaniel Odell
Succeeded byDan P. Cadwell, Amos S. Fassett, David Murray, John H. Tower
Mayor of Utica, New York
In office
1842–1843
Preceded byJohn C. Devereux
Succeeded byFrederick Hollister
Personal details
BornMay 31, 1810
Pompey Hill, New York, U.S.
DiedFebruary 12, 1886 (aged 75)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Bleecker
RelationsHenry Seymour (father)
Horatio Seymour (uncle)
Roscoe Conkling (brother-in-law)
EducationHobart College
Norwich University (BA)
ProfessionAttorney
Businessman
Signature
Horatio Seymour's signature

Early life and education

Horatio Seymour was born in Pompey Hill, Onondaga County, New York. His father was Henry Seymour, a merchant and politician; his mother, Mary Ledyard Forman (1785–1859), of Matawan, New Jersey, was the daughter of General Benjamin Forman and Mary Ledyard.[1] He was one of six children, and his sister Julia Catherine became the wife of Roscoe Conkling. At the age of 10 he moved with the rest of his family to Utica, where he attended a number of local schools, including Geneva College (later Hobart College). In the autumn of 1824 he was sent to the American Literary, Scientific & Military Academy (Norwich University).[2] Upon his return to Utica after graduating in 1828,[3] Seymour read for the law in the offices of Greene Bronson and Samuel Beardsley. Though admitted to the bar in 1832, he did not enjoy work as an attorney and was primarily preoccupied with politics and managing his family's business interests.[4]:33 He married Mary Bleecker in 1835.[5]

Political career

Entry into politics

Seymour's first role in politics came in 1833, when he was named military secretary to the state's newly elected Democratic governor, William L. Marcy with the rank of colonel.[6] The six years in that position gave Seymour an invaluable education in the politics of the state, and established a firm friendship between the two men. In 1839 he returned to Utica to take over the management of his family's estate in the aftermath of his father's suicide two years earlier, investing profitably in real estate, banks, mines, railroads, and other ventures. In 1841 he won election to the New York State Assembly, and he served simultaneously as mayor of Utica from 1842 to 1843. He won election to the Assembly again in 1843 to 1844, and thanks in part to massive turnover in the ranks of the Democratic caucus he was elected speaker in 1845.[4]:33–86

When, in the late 1840s, the New York Democratic Party split between the two factions of Hunkers and Barnburners, Seymour was among those identified with the more conservative Hunker faction, led by Marcy and Senator Daniel S. Dickinson. After this split led to disaster in the elections of 1848, when the division between the Hunkers, who supported Lewis Cass, and the Barnburners, who supported their leader, former President Martin Van Buren, Seymour became identified with Marcy's faction within the Hunkers, the so-called "Softshell Hunkers," who hoped to reunite with the Barnburners so as to be able to bring back Democratic dominance within the state.

First term as governor

In 1850, Seymour was the gubernatorial candidate of the reunited Democratic Party, but he narrowly lost to the Whig candidate, Washington Hunt. Seymour and the Softs supported the candidacy of their leader, Marcy, for the presidency in 1852, but when he was defeated they enthusiastically campaigned for Franklin Pierce in 1852. That year proved a good one for the Softs, as Seymour, again supported by a unified Democratic Party, narrowly defeated Hunt in a gubernatorial rematch, while Pierce, overwhelmingly elected president, appointed Marcy as his Secretary of State.

Seymour's first term as governor of New York proved turbulent. He won approval of a measure to finance the enlargement of the Erie Canal via a $10.5 million loan in a special election in February 1854. But much of his tenure was plagued by factional chaos within the state Democratic Party. The Pierce administration's use of the patronage power alienated the Hards, who determined to run their own gubernatorial candidate against Seymour in 1854. Furthermore, the administration's support of the unpopular Kansas–Nebraska Act, with which Seymour was associated indirectly through his friendship with Marcy, cost him many votes. Whigs controlling the state legislature also sought to injure him further politically by responding to his call for action on the problem of alcohol abuse with a bill establishing a statewide prohibition, which Seymour vetoed as unconstitutional. Yet for all his troubles Seymour's prospects for reelection looked promising, as the divisions of the Democrats' opponents between the regular Whig candidate, Myron H. Clark, and the Know-Nothing Daniel Ullman appeared to be more dangerous to the Democrats' opponents than the candidacy of the Hard Greene C. Bronson looked to Democratic unity. In the end, however, the anti-Democratic tide was too strong, and in the four-way race Clark, who received only one-third of the vote, defeated Seymour by 309 votes.

Interlude

HoratioSeymour circa1860
Horatio Seymour, circa 1860

Despite his defeat, as a former governor of the largest state of the Union, Seymour emerged as a prominent figure in party politics at the national level. In 1856 he was considered a possible compromise presidential candidate in the event of a deadlock between Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan until he wrote a letter definitively ruling himself out. In 1860, some considered Seymour a compromise candidate for the Democratic nomination at the reconvening convention in Baltimore. Seymour wrote a letter to the editor of his local newspaper declaring unreservedly that he was not candidate for either president or vice president. Seymour supported the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas for the presidency in both 1856 and 1860. In 1861, he accepted nomination as the Democratic candidate for the United States Senate, which was largely an empty honor as the Republican majorities in the state legislature rendered a Republican victory a foregone conclusion.[4]:171–173, 215–216, 231

In the secession crisis following Abraham Lincoln's election in 1860 Seymour strongly endorsed the proposed Crittenden Compromise. After the start of the American Civil War, Seymour took a cautious middle position within his party, supporting the war effort but criticizing Lincoln's conduct of the war. Seymour was especially critical of Lincoln's wartime centralization of power and restrictions on civil liberties, as well as his support for emancipation.

Second term as governor

HSeymour
Gubernatorial portrait of Horatio Seymour
Election of Horatio Seymour
Campaign rally celebrating Seymour's election

In 1862, the sitting governor, Republican Edwin D. Morgan, announced that he would not run for an additional term. Recognizing the symbolic importance of a victory in the Empire State, the Democratic Party nominated Seymour as the strongest candidate available. Though Seymour accepted the nomination with reluctance he threw himself into the election, campaigning across the state in the hope that a Democratic victory would restrain the actions of the Radical Republicans in Washington. He won a close race against the Republican candidate James S. Wadsworth, one of a series of victories by the Democratic ticket in the state that year.[4]:244–255

Seymour's second term proved to be even more tumultuous than his first one. As governor of the largest state in the union from 1863 to 1864, Seymour was one of the most prominent Democratic opponents of the President. He opposed the Lincoln administration's institution of the military draft in 1863 on constitutional grounds, an act which led many to question his support for the war. He also opposed a bill giving votes to the soldiers on legal grounds, vetoing the bill when it reached his desk. While not opposed to the goal he preferred to establish voting provisions through a constitutional amendment that was working its way simultaneously through the state legislature; nonetheless, his veto was portrayed by opponents as hostility to the soldiers. His decision to pay the state's foreign creditors using gold rather than greenbacks alienated "easy money" supporters, while his veto of a bill granting traction rights on Broadway in Manhattan earned him the opposition of Tammany Hall. Finally, his efforts to conciliate the rioters during the New York Draft Riots of July 1863 was used against him by the Republicans, who accused him of treason and support for the Confederacy.[4]:283–336

The growing accumulation of problems steadily eroded Seymour's position as governor. In what was regarded as a rebuke of his policies, Republicans swept the 1863 midterm elections, winning all of the major offices and taking control of the State Assembly. In the state elections the following year, Seymour himself was defeated for reelection in a close race by Republican Reuben Fenton.[4]:350–359, 381

Prominent Democrat

Seymour continued as a prominent figure in national Democratic politics both during and immediately after his second term as governor. In 1864, he served as permanent chairman at the Democratic National Convention, where the opposition of many delegates to the nomination of General George B. McClellan led many to seek out Seymour as an alternative before the governor made it clear that he would not be a candidate. In the aftermath of the war Seymour joined other Democrats in supporting President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction policies, and was a strong opponent of Radical Reconstruction, with its emphasis on guaranteeing civil and political rights for freed slaves.[4]:359–370, 383–391

1868 Presidential election

Seymour-Blair
Seymour/Blair campaign poster

Nomination

As the 1868 presidential election approached, there was no clear candidate for the Democratic nomination. Of the numerous candidates in contention, George H. Pendleton, who had run as the Democratic vice-presidential nominee in 1864, enjoyed considerable support but alienated the fiscal conservatives in the party with his plan to pay off federal debt using greenbacks. When Seymour was approached about running for the nomination, he demurred again, preferring that either Indiana Senator Thomas A. Hendricks or U.S. Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase receive the nomination instead.

At the convention, Seymour once again served as permanent chairman. Balloting began on June 7; on the fourth ballot, the chairman of the North Carolina delegation cast his state's votes for Seymour, whereupon the former governor again restated his refusal to accept the nomination. Two days later, as the twenty-second ballot was being taken, it appeared that Hendricks was in the process of winning the nomination until the leader of the Ohio delegation suddenly switched his delegation's votes to Seymour. Though Seymour reiterated his unwillingness to be the nominee, the delegations revised their votes and gave the nomination to him unanimously.[4]:411–431

Campaign

Campaign badge, 1868
Campaign badge, 1868, from the NY Public Library, Schomberg Collection

With the nomination forced upon him, Seymour committed himself to the campaign. He faced considerable challenges; his opponent, General Ulysses S. Grant, enjoyed the support of a unified Republican party and most of the nation's press. While he generally adhered to the tradition that presidential nominees did not actively campaign, Seymour did undertake a tour of the Midwest and the mid-Atlantic states in mid-October. In his campaign Seymour advocated a policy of conservative, limited government, and he opposed the Reconstruction policies of the Republicans in Congress. Seymour's campaign was also marked by pronounced appeals to racism with repeated attempts to brand General Grant as the "Nigger" candidate and Seymour as the "White Man's" candidate. [7] The Republican campaign, by contrast, was the first in which they "waved the bloody shirt", highlighting Seymour's support for mob violence against African-Americans. Though Seymour ran fairly close to Grant in the popular vote, he was defeated decisively in the electoral vote by a count of 214 to 80.[4]:443–484 Subsequent to Seymour's loss, the Fifteenth Amendment to the federal Constitution was adopted which not only guaranteed the federal right to vote for recently emancipated slaves and others of African ancestry but also compelled New York State to reinstate voting rights for such citizens.

Later years

After the presidential election, Seymour remained involved in state politics, though primarily as an elder statesman rather than an active politician. He received a number of honors during this period, including the chancellorship of Union College in 1873. In 1874 he turned down almost certain election to the United States Senate, urging the nomination instead of the eventual choice, Francis Kernan. He refused two additional efforts to nominate him for the New York governorship, in 1876 and 1879, as well as a final attempt to select him as the Democratic presidential nominee in 1880.[4]:512, 521–526, 535–539, 571

Never enjoying robust health, Seymour suffered a permanent decline beginning in 1876. He made a final political effort in 1884 by campaigning for Grover Cleveland's election as president, but deteriorated physically the following year. In January 1886 his wife Mary suffered an illness. Seymour's own health worsened further. Seymour died in February 1886 and was interred in Forest Hill Cemetery in Utica, New York; Mary died a month later and is buried next to him.[4]:570–574

Legacy

Horatio Seymour memorial
The Horatio Seymour memorial at the Cathedral of All Saints (Albany, New York).

In his 1941 book about the defeated presidential candidates, They Also Ran, Irving Stone mentioned how Seymour was one of America's greatest statesmen. Stone theorized that Seymour would have been "one of the most farsighted and creative of American presidents." He also believed that Seymour's gentle character made him the "most logical figure in the country to bind the wounds of the war and wipe out the bitterness...."

There is a memorial to Seymour at the Cathedral of All Saints (Albany, New York).

Electoral history

Gubernatorial elections

New York Gubernatorial Election 1850
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Horatio Seymour 214,352 49.57% +22.87
Whig Washington Hunt 214,614 49.64%
Liberty William Lawrence Chaplin 3,416 0.79%
Whig hold Swing
New York Gubernatorial Election 1852
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Horatio Seymour 264,121 50.31% +.74
Whig Washington Hunt (Incumbent) 241,525 46.01%
Free Soil Minthorne Tompkins 19,296 3.68%
Democratic gain from Whig Swing
New York Gubernatorial Election 1854
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Horatio Seymour (Incumbent) 156,495 33.32% −16.99
Whig Myron H. Clark 156,804 33.38%
Know Nothing Daniel Ullman 122,282 26.03%
Democratic Greene C. Bronson 33,850 7.21%
Whig gain from Democratic Swing
New York Gubernatorial Election 1862
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Horatio Seymour 306,649 50.89% +7.08
Republican James S. Wadsworth 295,897 49.11%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
New York Gubernatorial Election 1864
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Horatio Seymour (Incumbent) 361,264 49.43% −1.46
Republican Reuben Fenton 368,557 50.57%
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

1868 Presidential election

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote(a) Electoral
vote(a)
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote(a)
Ulysses S. Grant Republican Illinois 3,013,650 52.7% 214 Schuyler Colfax Indiana 214
Horatio Seymour Democratic New York 2,708,744 47.3% 80 Francis Preston Blair, Jr. Missouri 80
Other 46 0.0% Other
Total 5,722,440 100% 294 294
Needed to win 148 148

See also

References

  1. ^ David Kipp Conover, "Mary Ledyard Forman"
  2. ^ Ellis, William Arba (1911). Norwich University, 1819–1911; Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor. 2. Montpelier, VT: Capital City Press. p. 215.
  3. ^ Norwich University, 1819–1911
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stewart Mitchell, Horatio Seymour of New York (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1938).
  5. ^ "Horatio Seymour". HarpWeek. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  6. ^ Norwich University, 1819–1911
  7. ^ NY Public Library, Schomberg Collection, badge produced in 1868, digitized 2013

Further reading

  • Harris, William C. Two Against Lincoln: Reverdy Johnson and Horatio Seymour, Champions of the Loyal Opposition (2017) excerpt
  • Linkugel, Wilmer A. (1959). "Horatio Seymour: Stump speaker in 1868". Quarterly Journal of Speech. 45 (4): 431–438. doi:10.1080/00335635909382379.
  • McCabe, James Dabney (1868). The Life and Public Services of Horatio Seymour. online edition
  • Mitchell, Stewart (1938). Horatio Seymour of New York. Harvard University Press.
  • Wall, Alexander J. (1929). A Sketch of the Life of Horatio Seymour, 1810-1886: with a Detailed Account of his Administration as Governor of the State of New York during the War of 1861-1865. Lancaster. OCLC 3297449.
  • Zornow, William Frank (1950). "McClellan and Seymour in the Chicago Convention of 1864". Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. 43 (4): 282–295. JSTOR 40189856.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Elisha Litchfield
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1845
Succeeded by
William C. Crain
Preceded by
Washington Hunt
Governor of New York
1853–1854
Succeeded by
Myron H. Clark
Preceded by
Edwin D. Morgan
Governor of New York
1863–1864
Succeeded by
Reuben Fenton
Party political offices
Preceded by
Reuben H. Walworth
Democratic nominee for Governor of New York
1850, 1852, 1854
Succeeded by
Amasa J. Parker
Preceded by
William Kelly
Democratic nominee for Governor of New York
1862, 1864
Succeeded by
John T. Hoffman
Preceded by
George B. McClellan
Democratic nominee for President of the United States
1868
Succeeded by
Horace Greeley
1855 United States Senate election in New York

The 1855 United States Senate election in New York was held on February 6, 1855, by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 3) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.

1864 Democratic National Convention

The 1864 Democratic National Convention was held at The Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois.The Convention nominated Major General George B. McClellan from New Jersey for President, and Representative George H. Pendleton of Ohio for Vice President. McClellan, age 37 at the time of the convention and Pendleton, age 39, are the youngest presidential ticket ever nominated as of 2016.

1868 Democratic National Convention

The 1868 Democratic National Convention was held at Tammany Hall in New York City between July 4, and July 9, 1868. The slogan for the 1868 Democratic National Convention was, "This is a White Man's Country, Let White Men Rule". The convention was notable for the return of Democratic Party politicians from the southern states.

1868 United States elections

The 1868 United States elections was held on November 3, electing the members of the 41st United States Congress. The election took place during the Reconstruction Era, and many Southerners were barred from voting. This was the first election after the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, which protected the voting rights of all citizens regardless of race or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude. After this election but before the next election, delegations from Texas, Virginia, Mississippi, and Georgia were readmitted to Congress.

In the presidential election, Republican General Ulysses S. Grant defeated Democratic former governor Horatio Seymour of New York. Incumbent President Andrew Johnson sought the 1868 Democratic nomination, but Seymour took the nomination after twenty two ballots.

Democrats gained several seats in the House elections, but Republicans continued to maintain a commanding majority.In the Senate elections, Republicans and Democrats both won seats, but Republicans maintained a huge majority in the chamber.

1868 United States presidential election

The United States presidential election of 1868 was the 21st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1868. In the first election of the Reconstruction Era, Republican nominee Ulysses S. Grant defeated Democrat Horatio Seymour. It was the first presidential election to take place after the conclusion of the American Civil War and the abolition of slavery.

Incumbent President Andrew Johnson had succeeded to the presidency in 1865 following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, a Republican. Johnson, a War Democrat from Tennessee, had served as Lincoln's running mate in 1864 on the National Union ticket, which was designed to attract Republicans and War Democrats. Upon accession to office, Johnson clashed with the Republican Congress over Reconstruction policies and was nearly removed from office. Johnson received some support for another term at the 1868 Democratic National Convention, but, after several ballots, the Democratic convention nominated Governor Seymour of New York. The 1868 Republican National Convention unanimously nominated General Grant, who had been the highest-ranking Union general at the end of the Civil War. The Democrats criticized the Republican Reconstruction policies, and "campaigned explicitly on an anti-black, pro-white platform," while Republicans campaigned on Grant's popularity and the Union victory in the Civil War.

Grant decisively won the electoral vote, but his margin was narrower in the popular vote. In addition to his appeal in the North, Grant benefited from votes among the newly enfranchised freedmen in the South, while the temporary political disfranchisement of many Southern whites helped Republican margins. As three of the former Confederate states (Texas, Mississippi, and Virginia) were not yet restored to the Union, their electors could not vote in the election. It was the first election in which African Americans could vote in the Reconstructed Southern states, in accordance with the First Reconstruction Act.

1868 United States presidential election in Arkansas

The 1868 United States presidential election in Arkansas took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Arkansas voted for the Republican nominee, Ulysses S. Grant, over the Democratic nominee, Horatio Seymour. Grant won the state by a margin of 7.36%.

This was the first presidential election where a Republican won Arkansas as well as the first time since 1860 where a presidential election was held in the state due to succession and due to the American Civil War and Reconstruction.

1868 United States presidential election in Connecticut

The 1868 United States presidential election in Connecticut took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Connecticut voted for the Republican nominee, Ulysses S. Grant, over the Democratic nominee, Horatio Seymour. Grant won the state by a narrow margin of 2.98%.

1868 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 1868 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose 12 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Massachusetts voted for the Republican nominee, Ulysses S. Grant, over the Democratic nominee, Horatio Seymour. Grant won the state by a margin of 39.53%.

With 69.76% of the popular vote, Massachusetts would be Grant's second strongest victory in terms of popular vote percentage after neighboring Vermont.

1868 United States presidential election in Michigan

The 1868 United States presidential election in Michigan took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Michigan voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Michigan was won by Republican nominee General Ulysses S. Grant over Democratic candidate Governor Horatio Seymour by a margin of almost 14%.

1868 United States presidential election in Minnesota

The 1868 United States presidential election in Minnesota took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Minnesota voters chose four representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.Minnesota was won by Ulysses S. Grant, formerly the 6th Commanding General of the United States Army (R-Ohio), running with Speaker of the House Schuyler Colfax, with 60.88% of the popular vote, against the 18th governor of New York, Horatio Seymour (D–New York), running with former Senator Francis Preston Blair, Jr., with 39.12% of the vote.

1868 United States presidential election in New York

The 1868 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose 33 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

New York voted for the Democratic nominee, former Governor of New York Horatio Seymour, over the Republican nominee, General Ulysses S. Grant. Seymour won his home state by a very narrow margin of 1.18%, making him the first Democratic candidate since Franklin Pierce in 1852 to win the state. Seymour also became the first losing Democratic presidential candidate to win New York.

1868 United States presidential election in Oregon

The 1868 United States presidential election in Oregon took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Oregon voted for the Democratic nominee, Horatio Seymour over the Republican nominee, Ulysses S. Grant. Seymour won the state by a narrow margin of 0.74%.

1868 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

The 1868 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose 26 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Pennsylvania voted for the Republican nominee, Ulysses S. Grant, over the Democratic nominee, Horatio Seymour. Grant won Pennsylvania by a margin of 4.4%.

1868 United States presidential election in West Virginia

The 1868 United States presidential election in West Virginia took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. West Virginia voters chose five representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.West Virginia was won by Ulysses S. Grant, formerly the 6th Commanding General of the United States Army (R-Ohio), running with Speaker of the House Schuyler Colfax, with 58.83% of the popular vote, against the 18th governor of New York, Horatio Seymour(D–New York), running with former Senator Francis Preston Blair, Jr., with 41.17% of the vote.

1868 United States presidential election in Wisconsin

The 1868 United States presidential election in Wisconsin was held on November 3, 1868. Wisconsin voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Wisconsin was won by Republican Party candidate Ulysses S. Grant, over Democratic candidate, Horatio Seymour. Grant won the state with 56% of the popular vote, winning the states eight electoral votes.

Horatio Seymour (Vermont)

Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1778 – November 21, 1857) was a United States Senator from Vermont. He was the uncle of Origen S. Seymour and the great-uncle of Origen's son Edward W. Seymour.

Horatio Seymour's brother Henry became a resident of Utica, New York and was the father of Horatio Seymour, who served as Governor of New York, and Julia Catherine Seymour, the wife of Senator Roscoe Conkling.

Horatio Seymour 1868 presidential campaign

In 1868, the Democrats nominated former New York Governor Horatio Seymour for President and Francis Preston Blair Jr. (a Representative from Missouri) for Vice President. The Seymour-Blair ticket ran on a platform which supported national reconciliation and states' rights, opposed Reconstruction, and opposed both Black equality and Black suffrage. Meanwhile, the Republican presidential ticket led by General Ulysses S. Grant benefited from Grant's status as a war hero (for winning the American Civil War) and ran on a pro-Reconstruction (and pro-Fourteenth Amendment) platform. Ultimately, the Seymour-Blair ticket ended up losing to the Republican ticket of General Ulysses S. Grant and House Speaker Schuyler Colfax in the 1868 U.S. presidential election.

Horatio Seymour Jr.

Horatio Seymour Jr. (January 8, 1844 – February 21, 1907) was an American civil engineer, surveyor and politician from New York.

Seymour Mountain (Franklin County, New York)

Seymour Mountain is a mountain located in Franklin County, New York, named after Horatio Seymour (1810–1886), Governor of New York (1853–1854, 1863–1864). The mountain is part of the Seward Mountains of the Adirondacks. Seymour Mountain faces Seward Mountain to the west across Ouluska Pass.

Seymour Mountain stands within the watershed of the Raquette River, which drains into the Saint Lawrence River in Canada, and into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

The east and southeast slopes of Seymour Mtn. drain via various brooks into the Cold River, a tributary of the Raquette River.

The west side of Seymour Mtn. drains into Seward Brook, thence into the Cold River.

The northern slopes of Seymour drain into Ward Brook, thence into Ampersand Lake, Ampersand Brook, Stony Creek, and the Raquette River.

Seymour Mountain is within the High Peaks Wilderness Area of New York's Adirondack Park.

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