Hope is a commuter town and district municipality at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. Hope is at the eastern end of both the Fraser Valley and the Lower Mainland region, and is at the southern end of the Fraser Canyon. To the east over the Cascade Mountains is the Interior region, beginning with the Similkameen Country on the farther side of the Allison Pass in Manning Park. Located 154 kilometres (96 mi) east of Vancouver, Hope is at the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway and the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, locally known as the Hope-Princeton (Highways 5 and 3, respectively), where they merge with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). Hope is at the eastern terminus of Highway 7. As it lies at the eastern end of the Fraser Valley in the windward Cascade foothills, the town gets very high amounts of rain and cloud cover – particularly throughout the autumn and winter.
Hope is a member municipality of the Fraser Valley Regional District which provides certain municipal services to unincorporated settlements and rural areas.
|District of Hope|
Municipal building and street clock with Memorial Park in background
|Region||Fraser Canyon, Fraser Valley|
|Regional District||Fraser Valley|
|• Mayor||Peter Robb|
|• Total||40.95 km2 (15.81 sq mi)|
|Elevation||41 m (135 ft)|
|• Density||151.0/km2 (391/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)|
|Area code(s)||604 / 778 / 236|
|Highways|| Hwy 1 (TCH) (Trans-Canada Highway)|
The history of Hope can be divided into thousands of years of First Nations settlement and a European settlement period from 1808 to present day.
Hope's First Nations settlement period starts with the first traces of people living in the Fraser Valley. These first nation origins date from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago, when the Sto:lo First Nations were in the area. In late 1782 a smallpox epidemic among the Stó:lō killed thousands or an estimated two thirds of the population.
The European settlement period of Hope history begins in 1808. Explorer Simon Fraser arrived in what is now Hope in 1808, and the Hudson's Bay Company created the Fort Hope trading post in 1848. The area was transformed by the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, beginning in 1858. The following year Governor James Douglas laid out the Fort Hope town site. Hope became part of the Colony of British Columbia when the new British colony was created on 2 August 1858. Along with the rest of British Columbia, Hope became part of Canada in 1871. Late in 1859, Reverend Alexander St. David Francis Pringle arrived in Hope. On 1 December of that year, he founded the first library on the British Columbia mainland. Within two years, he founded Christ Church (Anglican). Today, Christ Church is the oldest church on the British Columbia mainland still holding services on its original site and is a National Historic Site of Canada. Hope incorporated as a village on 6 April 1929, became a town on 1 January 1965, and was reincorporated as a District Municipality named the District of Hope on 7 December 1992.
Fort Hope was built in 1848-49 by Henry Newsham Peers. He had discovered a route through the mountains that did not dip below the 49th parallel which had become the American border. The hope that his route would be workable, was fulfilled.:115
Hope is at the easternmost point of British Columbia's lower mainland area and is usually considered to be part of the Fraser Canyon area or "eastern Fraser Valley" as "Lower Mainland" is commonly understood as synonymous with "greater Vancouver". There are relatively significant peaks to the north, east, and south of the townsite. Only to the west can flat land be seen, and that view is dominated by the broad lower reaches of the Fraser River. The segment from Lytton to Hope separates the Cascade Mountains and Coast Mountains, thereby forming the lower part of the Fraser Canyon, which begins far upriver near Williams Lake. At Hope, the river enters a broad flood plain extending 130 kilometres (81 mi) to the coast and Vancouver. The Coquihalla and Sumallo Rivers and Silverhope Creek rise in the Cascade Mountains northeast and southeast and south of Hope, respectively, and empty into the Fraser River. The Skagit River begins south of Hope, across a low pass from the head of the Silverhope valley, which is the access to the Canadian shoreline of Ross Lake.
(according to Statistics Canada 2016 census)
Hope's labour force works in a variety of industries. Almost 50 percent of the labour force is involved in four main industries: accommodation and food services (17.1 percent), health care and social assistance (12.8 percent), retail trade (10.3 percent), and transportation and warehousing (8 percent) (2006 data).
One of the town's largest employers is Nestlé Waters. Nestlé, the world's biggest bottler of water, packages more than 300 million litres of water from Hope aquifers annually. Nestlé pays C$675 to the provincial government for this quantity of water (C$2.25 per million litres). The Nestlé bottling plant employs approximately 75 people.
Hope's economic development planning is rooted in the community's strategic location, telecommunications infrastructure (high-speed internet), and strong support for new development and redevelopment. The 2014 Economic Profile identifies several sectors as significant areas of opportunity within the local economy.
In addition, the Revitalization Tax Exemption Bylaw, adopted by the Hope District Council in 2013, encourages property owners who develop or redevelop their properties to apply for financial incentives in the form of tax relief.
Hope holds chainsaw wood carving competitions and exhibitions. From 4 to 7 September 2008 the Second Annual Hope Chainsaw Carving Competition took place.:24 Chainsaw wood carvings are displayed and exhibited throughout the downtown core of Hope. Memorial Park in downtown Hope has a display of chainsaw wood carvings. Hope is home to a notable widely known carver named Pete Ryan who has carved a number of the chainsaw wood carvings exhibited in downtown Hope.:25
The Hope Arts Gallery exhibits and sells a variety of art by local artists. The Hope Arts Gallery is located in downtown Hope and has several rooms displaying sculpture, pottery, paintings and drawings, jewellery, fabric arts, basketry, cards and gifts, and photography. The Hope Arts Gallery is run by volunteers from the Hope Arts Guild. The Hope Arts Gallery presents ART WALK, a self-guided tour to art and chainsaw wood carvings in Hope.
One of the largest events of the year in Hope is Hope Brigade Days. Brigade Days weekend occurs the weekend after Labour Day every September. Events include a parade, fireworks display, midway, chainsaw carving competition, demolition derby, kids' carnival, and 4x4 racing.
The Hope Museum shows the history, culture and heritage of Hope. In downtown Hope, together with the Hope Visitor Centre, the Hope Museum is open year-round. Exhibits include First Nations culture, early Fort Hope, the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, the Kettle Valley Railway, pioneer life, logging, and mining.:9
The Hope Recreation Complex includes a library, pool, arena, and fitness centre. The Hope and District Recreation Complex is run by the Fraser Valley Regional District.
The Hope Slide was one of the largest landslides ever recorded in Canada. It occurred in the morning hours of 9 January 1965, near Hope. It killed four people. A viewing site showing the Hope Slide is approximately a 15-minute drive east of Hope on Highway 3.:41
Immediately adjacent to the District Hall in Hope is a Japanese garden called the Friendship Garden, dedicated to the Japanese-Canadians who were interned nearby at Tashme during World War II.:26 It was built by local Japanese-Canadians, and presented to Hope on 27 July 1991. Men from that camp were employed during the war building the Hope-Princeton Highway.
Hope Memorial Park, adjacent to the District Hall and Friendship Garden, is the site of a concert series on Sunday afternoons in July and August.:27
Memorial Park was granted to the then-village of Hope in 1932 by the province of British Columbia. It occupies roughly 7 acres (28,000 m2) in the heart of the town.
Othello Tunnels is the popular name for the main human-made features of Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, east of Hope along the canyon of the Coquihalla River and a decommissioned railway grade, now a walking trail, leading eventually to Coquihalla Pass. Originally part of the Kettle Valley Railway, five tunnels and a series of bridges give views of the Coquihalla River as it passes through the river's narrow gorge.:37
The Hope Curling Club is near the Hope Recreation Complex. The Hope Curling Club sponsors bonspiels such as the Men's Bonspiel annually in January as well as the Mixed Curling Bonspiel.
Hope has a golf course and club on the banks of the Coquihalla River.
The Hope Icebreakers were a Canadian Junior ice hockey team. They played in the Pacific International Junior Hockey League and the town of Hope from the 2003-2008 seasons, after which they were approved by BC hockey to move to Mission, BC, Canada. They subsequently changed their name to the Mission Icebreakers. The Icebreakers have a Sasquatch logo.
The Mayor of Hope is Peter Rob.
The mayor of Hope also serves as a director on the board of the Fraser Valley Regional District. In addition to regional planning, the Fraser Valley Regional District (FVRD) works in collaboration with the District of Hope to provide recreational and cultural programs, ice arena and swimming pool, regional parks, mapping, air quality, mosquito control, weed control, E911 dispatch fire service, and search and rescue.
Hope is in the Fraser-Nicola riding (electoral district) provincially. The current MLA for Fraser-Nicola is Jackie Tegart. Prior to the 2017 election, Hope was in the Chilliwack-Hope riding provincially, and represented by MLA Laurie Throness, who was elected in 2013.
The Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) passes through Hope. Hope is the southern terminus of the Coquihalla Highway (Highway 5), the western terminus of the Crowsnest Highway, locally known as the Hope-Princeton highway (Highway 3), and the eastern terminus of Highway 7.
Hope Aerodrome (IATA: YHE, ICAO: CYHE) is 2.6 NM (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) west of the Hope Townsite(the previous Town of Hope) within the municipal District of Hope, British Columbia, Canada. The aerodrome is operated by the Fraser Valley Regional District. There is one turf runway 3,960 ft (1,210 m) long. The airfield is home to the Vancouver Soaring Association, a gliding club owning and operating school and recreational sailplanes and tow planes. Hope Aerodrome lies within the community of Flood in the District of Hope.
Both the Canadian Pacific and Canadian National railways pass through Hope. The Canadian, a Canadian transcontinental passenger train currently operated by Via Rail Canada, passes through Hope, calling at the Hope railway station.
Hope has charter helicopter service available that provides service for the natural resource industry, including forestry and mining exploration, as well as other industries including film, tourism, and public service.
Fraser Canyon Hospital is a 10-bed hospital and provides services including: 24/7 emergency care stabilization and triage and hospice beds and services. Emergency care stabilization and triage 24/7 is unique to Fraser Canyon Hospital due to its geographic isolation and emergency service requirements in an area where major highways converge. Fraser Canyon Hospital officially opened on 10 January 1959, and began as a 20-bed hospital, complete with delivery and operating rooms.
The Fraser-Cascade School District #78 operates several schools in the District of Hope. There are two schools in Hope Townsite (the previous Town of Hope): Coquihalla Elementary School, which offers Kindergarten to Grade 6; and Hope Secondary School, which offers Grades 7-12. In addition, Silver Creek Elementary School, in the community of Silver Creek, offers grades Kindergarten to 7, with these students then attending Hope Secondary School for grades 8-12. The Fraser-Cascade School District also operates other educational programs such as the District Alternative Secondary Program. District enrollment declined from 1,993 students in the 2009-2010 school year to 1,615 in 2014-2015.
Hope has been a popular location to shoot films. First Blood (1982), the first Rambo film, starring Sylvester Stallone, Brian Dennehy, and Richard Crenna, was filmed almost entirely in and around Hope, as was Shoot to Kill (1988), starring Sidney Poitier, Tom Berenger and Kirstie Alley. K2 (1992) was also filmed nearby, with the area's mountains standing in for the Himalayas.:20
Other films made in whole or in part in and around Hope have included Fire with Fire (1986), Yellow Dog (1994), White Fang II (1994), The Pledge (2001), The Stick Up (2003, starring James Spader), Suspicious River (2004), Afghan Knights (2007), and Wind Chill (2007).:20 Hope was the setting for a story by Todd McFarlane in Spider-Man #8-12.
Reality show contestant Ryan Jenkins from VH1's series Megan Wants a Millionaire was found dead in the Thunderbird Motel in Hope on 23 August 2009, of an apparent suicide after being charged with the murder of his wife in California.
In Spider-Man, issues #8-12 (the "Perceptions" story arc), a Wendigo creature is blamed in the deaths of several children near Hope, British Columbia and terrorizing the town. Spider-Man's alter ego, Peter Parker, is sent to take pictures during the media frenzy that follows.
In Deadlight, a 2012 video game, the protagonist, Randall Wayne, is from the town of Hope. A fictionalized version of the town and its denizens are presented via flashbacks.
A Dog's Way Home was partially filmed within this town.
CKSR-FM (known on-air as Star FM) is a Canadian radio station located in Chilliwack, British Columbia. The station, operating at 98.3 FM with 2,100 watts of power, is owned by Rogers Communications. CKSR also runs a repeater station in Hope, British Columbia called CFSR-FM on 100.5 FM with 157 watts.Chawathil First Nation
The Chawathil First Nation or Chawathil Indian Band is a band government of the Sto:lo people located in the Upper Fraser Valley region near Hope, British Columbia, Canada. They are a member government of the Stó:lō Tribal Council. They are the operators of the Telte-yet Campground, which is on the banks of the Fraser in downtown Hope.Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park
Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, popularly called the Othello Tunnels is a provincial park located near Hope, British Columbia focused on the canyon of the Coquihalla River and a decommissioned railway grade, now a walking trail, leading eventually to Coquihalla Pass. Originally part of the Kettle Valley Railway, five tunnels and a series of bridges follow a relatively straight line through the gorge, which is lined with sheer, flat rock cliffs.
The park was established by Order-in-Council as the Coquihalla Canyon Recreation Area, then upgraded and renamed with full provincial park status in 1997, at 151.3 hectares (374 acres) in size. It was expanded to its current 159 hectares (390 acres) in 2004.
The park's rock cliffs and relatively close distance to Vancouver has resulted in many popular movies being filmed there. First Blood, Shoot to Kill, Far from Home: The Adventures of Yellow Dog, Cabin in the Woods and War for the Planet of the Apes were all filmed in Coquihalla Canyon.
The location is easily recognizable when watching First Blood where Sylvester Stallone hangs off the cliff while a helicopter tries to snipe him down.
As of May 2015, the tunnels have reopened after having been closed for over a year due to rockfall concerns.Crowsnest Highway
The Crowsnest Highway is an east-west highway in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada. It stretches 1,161 km (721 mi) across the southern portions of both provinces, from Hope, British Columbia to Medicine Hat, Alberta, providing the shortest highway connection between the Lower Mainland and southeast Alberta through the Canadian Rockies. The mostly two-lane highway was officially designated in 1932, mainly following a mid-19th-century gold rush trail originally traced out by an engineer named Edgar Dewdney. It takes its name from the Crowsnest Pass, the location at which the highway crosses the Continental Divide between British Columbia and Alberta.
In British Columbia, the highway is entirely in mountainous regions and is also known as the Southern Trans-Provincial Highway. The first segment between the Trans-Canada Highway and Highway 5A is locally known as the Hope-Princeton Highway, and passes by the site of the Hope Slide. In Alberta, the terrain is initially mountainous, before smoothing to foothills and eventually generally flat prairie in the vicinity of Pincher Creek. The highway forms part of the Red Coat Trail and the CANAMEX Corridor from Highway 2 near Fort Macleod to Highway 4 in Lethbridge.Ed Vanwoudenberg
Edward John Vanwoudenberg is a Canadian minor-party politician, and was head of the Christian Heritage Party of Canada, from the party's founding convention in 1987 until 1991.
The party promotes an explicitly Christian approach to political issues, especially through its opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage. No CHP candidate has, to date, won a seat in the House of Commons of Canada. Vanwoudenberg was succeeded by Charles Cavilla.
He is now the president of the British Columbia chapter of the party. From 1991 to 1994, he served as the Executive Director, and from 1994 to 1998, he served as the party's vice-president. He is now the president of the party's British Columbia provincial council.A resident of Hope, British Columbia, he ran in the Canadian federal elections of 1988, 1993 and 2000.Flood, British Columbia
Flood is a rural community in the District of Hope, British Columbia, Canada, located west of the town of Hope on the south bank of the Fraser River in the far eastern end of the Fraser Valley region. It is primarily agricultural in nature. Its official name is Floods though it is usually referred to by its post office name in the singular, Flood.Fraser Canyon Hospital
Fraser Canyon Hospital (FCH) is a publicly funded community hospital in the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada.Highway Thru Hell
Highway Thru Hell is a Canadian documentary TV series that follows the operations of Jamie Davis Motor Trucking, a heavy vehicle rescue and recovery towing company based in Hope, British Columbia. Quiring Towing, Aggressive Towing, Mission Towing and Reliable Towing are also big players in the series. The show focuses on the hardships of operating along the highways of the BC Interior, especially the Coquihalla Highway (Coq).Hope Aerodrome
Hope Aerodrome, (IATA: YHE, ICAO: CYHE), is located 2.6 nautical miles (4.8 km; 3.0 mi) west of Hope Townsite (the previous Town of Hope) within the municipal District of Hope, British Columbia, Canada.
This airfield is home to the Vancouver Soaring Association, a gliding club owning and operating seven school and recreational sailplanes and two Cessna L-19 Bird Dog as tow planes.
There is one turf runway 3,960 ft × 250 ft (1,207 m × 76 m). The airport is operated by the Fraser Valley Regional District. The Hope Airport lies within the community of Flood in the District of Hope.Hope Mountain
Hope Mountain, commonly called Mount Hope, is a prominent mountain overlooking the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada from the south. It is the northernmost summit of the Skagit Range of the Cascade Mountains and stands above the confluence of the Coquihalla and Fraser Rivers. Hope Mountain dominates the view of southbound travellers in the lower Fraser Canyon between Yale and Hope.Hope station (British Columbia)
Hope station is in Hope, British Columbia, Canada. The station is served by Via Rail's The Canadian three times per week as a flag stop (48-hour advance notice required). Only westbound trains stop here. Eastbound trains call at the Katz railway station.
The original station was built by the Great Northern subsidiary Vancouver, Victoria and Eastern Railway which ran from Cloverdale to Hope. GN shared trackage with the Kettle Valley Railway over the Coquihalla Pass. The station was moved in the 1980s to the business road and intersection after CN divested itself of passenger services.Hudson's Hope
Hudson's Hope is a district municipality in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, in the Peace River Regional District. It covers an area of 927 square kilometres (358 sq mi) with a population of 1,157 people. Having been first settled along the Peace River in 1805, it is the third-oldest European-Canadian community in the province, although it was not incorporated until 1965. Most jobs in the economy are associated with the nearby W. A. C. Bennett Dam and Peace Canyon Dam, and timber logging.
There is debate about the origin of Hudson's Hope's name. One theory derives the word "Hudson's" from the Hudson's Bay Company and "Hope" from the Scottish word "hope" meaning a "small enclosed valley". Another theory has the name derived from a prospector named Hudson who came to the area searching for gold. The District of Hudson's Hope slogan is the "Playground of the Peace".Hudson's Hope Airport
Hudson's Hope Airport, (IATA: YNH, ICAO: CYNH), is located 3 nautical miles (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) west northwest of Hudson's Hope, British Columbia, Canada.Jay Sharrers
Jay Sharrers (born July 3, 1967 in Jamaica and raised in Hope, British Columbia) is a retired ice hockey linesman, and a one-time referee, in the National Hockey League (NHL) who wears uniform number 57. As of March 2010, Sharrers had officiated 1064 regular season games and 127 playoff games. Sharrers began in the NHL in 1990 and has worked the Stanley Cup Finals in 1999, 2000, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011 and 2013 and the 2010 Winter Olympics.Nicolum River
The Nicolum River, formerly Nicolum Creek, is a tributary of the Coquihalla River, rising in the Cascade Mountains and flowing northwest to join that stream near the town of Hope, British Columbia, Canada. Nicolum River Provincial Park is located at the confluence of the two rivers.
In 1942, the official name of the stream was changed to Nicolum Creek on the recommendation of the Dominion Topographic Survey to reflect its relative size. The official name was changed back to Nicolum River in 1991 based on local nomenclature. The name appears as "Nkalaoum River" on John Arrowsmith's 1862 map and as "Nicolume River" on Joseph Trutch's 1871 map.In 1965, Outram Lake, a small lake in the river, was buried by the Hope Slide, and the river's course altered.Peters Band
The Peters Band are a First Nations band government of the Sto:lo people in the area of Hope, British Columbia.Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation
The Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation or Shxw'ow'hamel Band is a band government of the Sto:lo people located in the Upper Fraser Valley region near Hope, British Columbia, Canada. They are a member government of the Stó:lō Tribal Council.Silvertip Mountain
Silvertip Mountain is an 2,596 m (8,517 ft) peak in the Canadian Cascades south of Hope, British Columbia (BC). It lies on the northern boundary of Skagit Valley Provincial Park. With a prominence of 1,871 m (6,138 ft), it is one of the fifty most prominent peaks in Canada.Union Bar First Nation
The Union Bar First Nation is a band government of the Sto:lo people, located near Hope, British Columbia.
|Climate data for Hope Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1910–present[a]|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.0
|Average high °C (°F)||4.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.4
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||290.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||265.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||27.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||18.9||15.9||17.5||18.2||16.3||13.9||10.5||8.1||10.3||15.7||21.6||17.7||184.6|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||16.7||13.7||17.2||18.2||16.3||13.9||10.5||8.1||10.2||15.6||20.8||14.9||176.1|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||5.6||4.0||1.4||0.5||0||0||0||0||0||0.2||2.9||6.3||20.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||77.1||68.0||57.2||56.5||57.6||59.4||58.5||55.0||55.7||68.8||80.2||78.0||64.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||13.2||56.3||114.7||144.6||185.4||194.6||236.2||251.8||188.7||96.9||19.6||4.4||1,506.4|
|Percent possible sunshine||4.9||19.8||31.2||35.2||39.1||40.1||48.2||56.4||49.7||28.9||7.1||1.7||30.2|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Places adjacent to Hope, British Columbia
Subdivisions of British Columbia
|Metro areas and|