The Honolulu Marathon (branded JAL Honolulu Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is a major 26.2-mile (42.2 km) marathon in Honolulu, Hawaii. It is one of the world's largest marathons, taking place annually on the second Sunday in December. The marathon is popular for its exotic location in Hawaii, and is also popular among first-time marathoners, many of whom are visitors from Japan.
The 2012 Honolulu Marathon was held on Sunday, December 9, 2012. The field for the 40th Honolulu Marathon reached 30,898 entries at the marathon expo at the Hawaii Convention Center. 16,067 of those registered entrants were from Japan. The 2012 marathon was the largest in 15 years, and the second largest in America of 2012, only surpassed by the Chicago Marathon.
|Date||Second Sunday in December|
2018: December 9, 2018
|Location||Honolulu, Hawaii, USA|
|Primary sponsor||Japan Airlines (JAL)|
|Course records||Men: 2:08:27 (2017)|
Women: 2:22:15 (2017)
The race began in 1973. During its formative period (1973–1978) the Honolulu Marathon doubled in size every year—a rate that has been equaled only once. That growth, like the growth of long-distance running itself, came about not from an interest in competition, but from a quest for personal longevity and an enhanced quality of life. Former Honolulu Mayor Frank Fasi has been inducted in the Honolulu Marathon Hall of Fame after documents proved that he was the true founder of the race 40 years ago.
Mayor Fasi died in 2010. With the Honolulu Marathon just days away, race officials say they have undisputed proof that Fasi made it all happen.
"We were clearing out some files and we saw a box labeled 1973 and we saw the documents that showed beyond a shadow of a doubt that Mayor Fasi was the creator and the founder of the marathon," said Jim Barahal, Honolulu Marathon President.
Now drawing more than 20,000 entries a year, the Honolulu Marathon is one of the biggest in the country. Back in 1973, there wasn't widespread interest in it. But Mayor Fasi knew about the Boston Marathon, and saw its potential here. At the forefront of the growth of the Honolulu Marathon was cardiologist Jack Scaff, one of the first physicians to prescribe running as therapy for heart disease. In 1977 Sports Illustrated's senior writer and Olympic marathoner Kenny Moore wrote a feature story about the race. That article was soon followed by the book "The Honolulu Marathon," by journalist Mark Hazard Osmun; the book was a revelatory chronicle of the then-unfolding social craze called the "Running Boom," as exemplified in the Honolulu event.
Over time, the race grew and changed, luring large corporate sponsors and paying substantial prize money to the winners. In 1995, the Honolulu Marathon enjoyed the distinction of being the world's largest marathon when it drew 34,434 entrants and had 27,022 finishers.
Unique to the Honolulu Marathon among American marathons is its popularity among runners from Japan, where there are very few marathons open to all entrants. In recent years, the majority of entrants have been visitors from Japan. The marathon is popular enough that the Honolulu Marathon Association maintains an office in Tokyo to process entries. Japan Air Lines has been the title sponsor of the race since 1985.
In 2008, 14,406 of the total 23,231 entries were from Japan, which made up nearly 62.0 percent of the field.
Starting near Ala Moana Beach Park across from Ala Moana Center, the course progresses west along the waterfront toward downtown Honolulu, then loops through downtown and bends back east through Waikiki, around Diamond Head, and out toward the eastern suburbs of Honolulu, winding through Hawaii Kai before doubling back toward the finish line at Waikiki's Kapiolani Park. Marathoners consider the course moderately difficult because of the tropical weather conditions, with temperatures starting at around 65 °F (18 °C) and rising to as high as 80 °F (27 °C), and a relatively hilly course compared with other marathons. Nevertheless, the race also remains a popular choice for first-time marathoners.
The Honolulu Marathon has been popular with U.S. military personnel stationed in Hawaii. With many Hawaii-based troops deployed abroad, the marathon coordinated with the military to organize satellite marathon races on U.S. bases in Iraq and Afghanistan on the same day as the main race, with finishers receiving the same T-shirts and medals. The first such race was held in 2004 at a U.S. base in Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan. In 2005, the marathon organized a similar race at Camp Victory in Baghdad.
On Dec. 12, 2010, the 43rd Sustainment Brigade, home stationed in Fort Carson, Colo., now deployed to Kandahar Air Field, Afghanistan, organized a satellite run on the base. Nearly 135 people from several different nations participated in the run.
In recent years, on average, about 25,000 runners finish the Honolulu Marathon each year, and it has consistently placed among the world's ten largest marathons in terms of total finishers. Entry to the Honolulu Marathon is open to anyone who can pay the entry fee. Unlike other marathons of similar size, popularity, and stature, there are no qualifying standards to meet, no fixed limits on the number of runners, and no time limit to finish the course (all runners receive an official time and certificate).
Over the past 34 years, more than 585,000 runners have started the Honolulu Marathon, with over 482,000 finishers, for a finishing rate of over 82%.
Although the difficulty of the course precludes world-record pace performances, winners of the Honolulu Marathon have used it as a stepping stone to greater achievements. For instance, three-time winner Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya later won the Boston Marathon three times; and 1993 winner Bong-Ju Lee won the silver medal in the 1996 Olympic Marathon in Atlanta.
|1973||Duncan Macdonald||United States (Hawaii)||2:27:34|
|1974||Jeff Galloway||United States (Georgia)||2:23:02|
|1975||Jack Foster||New Zealand||2:17:24|
|1976||Duncan Macdonald||United States (Hawaii)||2:20:37|
|1977||Jeff Wells||United States (Texas)||2:18:38|
|1978||Don Kardong||United States (Washington)||2:17:05|
|1979||Dean Matthews||United States (South Carolina)||2:16:13|
|1980||Duncan Macdonald||United States (California)||2:16:55|
|1981||Jon Anderson||United States (Oregon)||2:16:54|
|1982||Dave Gordon||United States (Washington)||2:15:30|
|1983||Kevin Ryan||New Zealand||2:20:19|
|1984||Jorge González||Puerto Rico||2:16:25|
|1989||Simon Robert Naali||Tanzania||2:11:47|
|1990||Simon Robert Naali||Tanzania||2:17:29|
|1993||Lee Bong-Ju||South Korea||2:13:16|
|1995||Josia Thugwane||South Africa||2:16:08|
|1998||Mbarak Kipkorir Hussein||Kenya||2:14:53|
|2001||Mbarak Kipkorir Hussein||Kenya||2:15:09|
|2002||Mbarak Kipkorir Hussein||Kenya||2:12:29|
|2017||Lawrence Cherono||Kenya||2:08:27 (race record)|
|1973||June Chun||United States (Hawaii)||3:25:31|
|1974||Cindy Dalrymple||United States (Hawaii)||3:01:59|
|1975||Jacqueline Hansen||United States (California)||2:49:24|
|1976||Kim Merritt||United States (Wisconsin)||2:44:44|
|1977||Cindy Dalrymple||United States (Hawaii)||2:48:08|
|1978||Patti Lyons||United States (Massachusetts)||2:43:10|
|1979||Patti Lyons||United States (Massachusetts)||2:40:07|
|1980||Patti Lyons Catalano||United States (Massachusetts)||2:35:26|
|1981||Patti Lyons Catalano||United States (Massachusetts)||2:33:24|
|1982||Eileen Claugus||United States (California)||2:41:11|
|1984||Patti Gray||United States (California)||2:42:50|
|1988||Cyndie Welte||United States (Ohio)||2:41:52|
|1995||Colleen De Reuck||South Africa||2:37:29|
|2017||Brigid Kosgei||Kenya||2:22:15 (race record)|
|2018||Vivian Jerono Kiplagat||Kenya||2:36:22|
Ethiopian Ambesse Tolossa was disqualified as the men's champion because the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency found he had a banned substance in his system.
In 2007 the Marathon organizers switched from the ChampionChip timing system they had used since 2000 to a new system from SAI which utilized a smaller, lighter, chip implanted in a strip of paper. For a myriad of reasons that are not yet entirely clear (heavy rains, improper usage, failed generators) the timing devices apparently failed to accurately record the start, split and finish times of all 24,300 participants, forcing race officials to manually review finish line video tape of all 24,000+ runners in order to confirm their correct finishing times.
Ambesse Tolosa (born 28 August 1977 in Shewa) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner, who specializes in the marathon race.
Tolosa tested positive for banned substances in February 2008 and received a two-year ban from competitive athletics. The substance that was present in his system (morphine) was not a performance-enhancing drug and Tolosa said that he did not know how it had gotten into his body, but the IAAF rules stated that athletes received bans regardless of intent. His results from 9 December 2007 onwards were annulled, which included his win at the Honolulu Marathon that year.Benson Masya
Benson Masya (May 14, 1970 – September 24, 2003) was a Kenyan long-distance runner and marathon specialist, who competed in the late 1980s and 1990s. He participated at the inaugural IAAF World Half Marathon Championships in 1992 and finished in first place.
Masya was a Kamba by ethnicity.Initially he was a boxer attached to Kenyan postal service before concentrating on running. He won the Great North Run a record four times; in 1991, 1992, 1994 and 1996. He also won the City-Pier-City Loop half marathon in the Hague twice in 1993 and 1994.His career as a top runner came to a premature end. The Portsmouth 10 Mile race in 1996 was among his last notable achievements. His reveller lifestyle may have contributed to deteriorating performances. Masya died in September 2003, aged 33, after a period of illness. At his death, he was accompanied by his friend Cosmas Ndeti. Masya was buried in Kitui.Bill Reifsnyder
William P. Reifsnyder (born April 13, 1962 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania) is a retired American long-distance runner, who twice (1989 and 1991) won the American national title in the men's marathon race. In 1991 he was ranked the second road racer in the world by "Runner's World" magazine. In 1985 he finished in second place in the Honolulu Marathon, clocking 2:14:39 behind Kenya's Ibrahim Hussein (2:12:08).Brigid Kosgei
Brigid Jepscheschir Kosgei (born 20 February 1994) is a Kenyan marathon runner who won the 2018 and 2019 Chicago Marathons and the 2019 London Marathon. She is the current marathon world record holder for women running in a mixed-sex race, with a time of 2:14:04 achieved on 13 October 2019 at the Chicago Marathon. This bettered the previous 16-year-old world record by 1 minute 24 seconds, and the women's Chicago Marathon record by 3 minutes and 14 seconds.Carla Beurskens
Carolina ("Carla") Alwina Hubertina Beurskens (born 10 February 1952) was one of Holland's most prominent female long-distance runners from the second half of the 1970s until well into the 1990s, including all distances from 3000 metres to the marathon. During the greater part of this period she was most successful at the longer distance.The variety of the twenty-three national titles she obtained during her long carrier clearly shows to what extent Beurskens dominated all aspects of the métier: three titles on indoor- and five on outdoor tracks, nine on the road and six in the cross country. At the long distances she is by far the most successful Dutch female athlete ever.
Carla Beurskens did not very often represent her native country in major international tournaments. She took part in the Summer Olympics twice: in Los Angeles 1984 and Seoul 1988, three times in European and one time in World Championships. For various reasons she never performed particularly well at those events. Her fifth place in the European Championships marathon of 1982 in Athens was her best achievement ever.Much better were Beurskens’ achievements in the marathons of various big cities all over the world. For instance, with the exception of Kenya’s Tegla Loroupe, she is the only female athlete who won the Rotterdam Marathon more than once. And this although shortly after her first victory in 1984 she declared that in the future she would ignore Rotterdam, unless the circumstances for female competitors would improve drastically. Finally in 1990 the circumstances seemed to fulfil the conditions of the athlete from Limburg, because she appeared on the scene once more and won for the second time. Moreover, she became the first female in Rotterdam to realise a time within two-and-a-half hours: 2:29:47. She won the City-Pier-City Loop half marathon in the Hague four times (1984–86, 1990).Carla Beurskens ran her personal best (2:26:34 hours) on November 15, 1987, in the Tokyo Marathon, finishing second behind triple winner Katrin Dörre. This Dutch national record stood for nearly thirteen years. It was finally broken on November 2, 2003, by the Dutch Kenyan Lornah Kiplagat at the New York Marathon: 2:23:43. Beurskens was also victorious in the Nagoya marathon in Japan in 1987, finishing in 2:28:27, taking into account the bad weather conditions (some snow showers on the way), in Eindhoven in 1995 and Enschede in 1997, both towns in The Netherlands. She won the Parelloop 10 km in race in the Netherlands in 1993 Eight out of the ten times she participated in the Honolulu Marathon in Hawaii, she carried off the palm, for the first time in 1985. A two-week vacation offer came together with the invitation for this event. She took part without being fully prepared and won straightaway. In the following years up to 1994 her series of victories was only interrupted in 1988 and 1991. With her eight victories in Hawaii she is the most successful female marathon runner ever. Nowadays she is invited by the organizers to be present at the event as a guest of honour.Colleen De Reuck
Colleen S. De Reuck (born 13 April 1964 in Vryheid, Kwazulu-Natal) is a long-distance runner from South Africa, who became an American citizen on 11 December 2000. She has had a long-lasting career, running in her forties, and made a total of four appearances at the Summer Olympics.
She was a late bloomer and her first major success came in 1995 and 1996, when she won the Honolulu Marathon and the Berlin Marathon. Despite numerous appearances in the Summer Olympics and the IAAF World Championships in Athletics, medals never came on the track. By virtue of winning the Olympic Trials, she was also the 2004 United States National Champion in the Marathon. Just ten days short of moving into the Masters division, she broke the 16 year old Trials record, and defeated eventually Olympic bronze medalist, Deena Kastor in the process.After her transfer to compete for the United States in 2000 she won her first major world medals, taking the individual bronze and team silver at the 2002 IAAF World Cross Country Championships. Another team bronze came at the following year's championships and she won at the 2004 and 2005 USA Cross Country Championships.
She continues to run and finished third at the Houston Half Marathon in 2009, finishing in 1:12:14.Duncan MacDonald (athlete)
Duncan E. MacDonald (born January 15, 1949) is an American long-distance runner. He competed in the men's 5000 metres at the 1976 Summer Olympics. He was also a three-time winner of the Honolulu Marathon, first in 1973, then in 1974 and 1980.As of 2017, MacDonald is a Boy and Girls Track coach at the Punahou School in Honolulu.Irina Bogacheva
Irina Bogacheva (Russian: Ирина Богачева; born 30 May 1961) is a retired Kyrgyzstani long-distance runner. She competed in the marathon at the 1996, 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics with the best result of 14th place in 2000.Bogacheva consistently ran fast marathons and she has the most sub 2:35 (35), sub 2:40 (59) and sub 2:50 (70) marathon times by a female runner.Jeff Wells
Jeff Wells (born 25 May 1954) is a marathon runner and pastor, originally from Madisonville, Texas, United States.Jimmy Muindi
Jimmy Mwangangi Muindi (born August 14, 1973) is a runner from Kenya, who specialises in marathons.
Muindi started his marathon career by finishing 2nd at the Honolulu Marathon in 1997. Since then he's been a perennial competitor at the Honolulu Marathon and has won it a record six times (1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007). He set the course record of 2:11:12 hours in 2004, still valid in 2008.He won the Rotterdam Marathon in 2005 setting his personal record 2:07:50 hours. He also competed at 2005 World Championships marathon race in Helsinki, Finland, but did not finish the race.
At the Chicago Marathon, Mundi finished 5th in 2003, 4th in 2004 and 3rd in 2006. At the Berlin Marathon he finished 10th in 2001 and 5th in 2002.
Muindi is of the Kamba people. Muindi's sister Marietta is married to Patrick Ivuti, also a prominent Kenyan marathon runner.Josia Thugwane
Josia Thugwane (born 15 April 1971) is a South African athlete, best known for winning the gold medal in the marathon race at the 1996 Summer Olympics. Thugwane, who is of Ndebele heritage, is the first black athlete to earn an Olympic gold for South Africa.
Born in Bethal, Thugwane ran his first marathon in 1991, but his breakthrough to the international athletics scene came in 1995, when he won the Honolulu Marathon.
Just five months before the Games commenced, Thugwane was carjacked and shot; the bullet grazed his chin, leaving an inch-long scar, and he injured his back as a result of jumping from his moving car. The coalmine that employed him paid for his medical care and rehabilitation.At Atlanta, in the 1996 Olympic marathon, a large leading pack stayed in contact with each other for most of the race, until at the 35 km mark when Thugwane initiated a break away and he along with Lee Bong-Ju from South Korea and Erick Wainaina from Kenya. They stayed together until entering the stadium, when Thugwane got a slight lead. Thugwane finished 3 seconds ahead of Lee for the closest Olympic marathon finish ever.
Thugwane had a very successful year in 1997 by winning the Fukuoka Marathon, but then his career went down. He failed to finish in three successive marathons, and finished only twentieth in the 2000 Sydney Olympic marathon despite top ten finishes in the New York Marathon and London Marathon that year. In 2002 he won the Nagano Olympic Memorial Marathon in Japan.Long slow distance
Long slow distance (LSD) is a form of aerobic endurance training in running and cycling. Physiological adaptations to LSD training include improved cardiovascular function, improved thermoregulatory function, improved mitochondrial energy production, increased oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle, and increased utilization of fat for fuel. Ernst van Aaken, a German physician and coach, is generally recognized as the founder of the long slow distance method of endurance training.Long slow distance training is a form of continuous training performed at a constant pace of low to moderate intensity over an extended distance or duration. The moderate training intensity of LSD is effective in improving endurance and maximum oxygen uptake in individuals who are undertrained or moderately trained. Long slow distance training is thought not to be effective when used in isolation by well-trained athletes, who in order to achieve further improvements in metabolic conditioning require higher training intensities that are not sustainable at the work durations associated with LSD.Lyubov Denisova
Lyubov Denisova (Russian: Любовь Денисова; born 6 October 1971) is a Russian marathon runner.
At the 2006 Honolulu Marathon, Denisova ran 2:27:19, a race record.
Denisova tested positive for an elevated testosterone-to-epitestosterone ratio 20 March 2007.
On 15 May 2007 it was announced that she was banned for two years. She has since become a mother and returned to running.She cites Gainesville, Florida as her home in the US.Mbarak Hussein
Mbarak Kipkorir Hussein (born 4 April 1965) is a Kenyan athlete who specialises in long distance running, including the marathon. Having been a resident of Albuquerque since 1987, he obtained United States citizenship in 2004 and began representing the US internationally in 2007.Nicholas Chelimo
Nicholas Chelimo Kipkorir (born 8 January 1983) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who specialises in road running, including the marathon. He has a personal best of 2:07:38, set at the Eindhoven Marathon in 2010. He took his first win at the 2010 Nagano Marathon and had two straight wins at the Honolulu Marathon. He was the 2013 winner of the Cologne Marathon.Patrick Ivuti
Patrick Mukutu Ivuti (born June 30, 1978, Machakos, Kenya) is a Kenyan long distance athlete, who currently resides in Nairobi, Kenya. A two-time silver medallist at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships, he made his marathon debut in 2005 and had his first major victory at the Chicago Marathon in 2007. He had back-to-back wins at the Honolulu Marathon in 2008–2009 and was the 2009 winner of the Prague Marathon.Patti Catalano
Patti Catalano Dillon (née Lyons, April 6, 1953) is a former long-distance runner from the United States who is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations as having set world bests in the half marathon, 30 kilometers, and 20 kilometers.Svetlana Zakharova (athlete)
Svetlana Vladimirovna Zakharova (Russian: Светлана Владимировна Захарова), (born 15 September 1970 in Chuvashia) is a Russian long-distance runner, who specializes in marathon races. She won several international marathons, such as: the Honolulu Marathon (1997, 2002 and 2009), the Chicago Marathon (2003) and the Boston Marathon (2003). She participated twice in the Olympic Games.
At the Olympic Games in 2004 at Athens she finished 9th in the marathon in 2:32:04. At the Olympic Games in 2008 at Beijing she finished 22nd in the marathon in 2:32:16.
In the 1990s sometimes she raced under the name Svetlana Vasilyeva.
Svetlana Zakharova has been married to her coach Nikolai Zacharov.
Honolulu Marathon – men's winners
Honolulu Marathon – women's winners