The Hong Kong Public Libraries (HKPL; Chinese: 香港公共圖書館) is a system of 70 static and 12 mobile public libraries in Hong Kong. Offering a total collection of 14.35 million items, the system is managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The network of libraries are interconnected by a digitalised library management system, one of the largest bilingual systems in the world, offering both Chinese and English capabilities.
|Hong Kong Public Libraries|
Hong Kong Central Library, the location of the head office
|Branches||70 static, 12 mobile |
|Size||11.36 million books and 1.74 million multimedia materials|
|Access and use|
|Circulation||60.0 million |
|Members||4.1 million borrowers |
|Budget||776.2 million HKD |
|Director||Lee Yuk-man, Leisure and Culture Services Assistant Director (Libraries and Development)|
|Hong Kong Public Libraries|
The first public library of Hong Kong, the City Hall Library, was established in 1869 in the former Hong Kong City Hall. The library ceased to operate after the demolition of the old city hall in 1933.
The first modern library opened in 1962 at the new City Hall, which was also the central library for many years before the opening of the Central Library. Over ten thousand library cards were issued in the first month of service, and borrowers were limited to only one book at a time. The second location and the first in Kowloon was the Waterloo Road Library, opened 1965 (later replaced by the Kowloon Public Library in 1984). The Pok Fu Lam Public Library opened next in December 1970 in the newly constructed Wah Fu Estate, and has served that community continuously for over 40 years. The first public library in the New Territories opened in Fuk Loi Estate, Tsuen Wan New Town, in 1974. In 1976 the first mobile library was introduced. The Tsuen Wan Central Library, at the time of its opening in July 1993, was the largest library in Hong Kong.
The public libraries were originally administered by either the Urban Council or Regional Council, depending on the location. When the municipal councils were abolished in 1999, the library systems were merged under the newly formed Leisure and Cultural Services Department.
The Hong Kong Central Library was completed in 2001 and is the largest public library in the territory. This twelve-story building is equipped with state-of-the-art technologies and serves as the administrative headquarters and main library of the public library network. It is also the major information centre for Hong Kong.
All libraries in Hong Kong are subject to "Library Regulations" Regulators, the only part of the regulation is out of date. Such as listening area and viewing area, no person shall ─ more than one record or listen to a song, or repeat playing of any record or song; or watch more than one movie or watch a movie more than once.
In addition, the library also prohibits photo taking and video recording, especially after the popularity of smartphones in 2012. Many "No photo-taking" signs are set up in several locations, including the entrance, children's library, staircase, and study rooms. Meanwhile, the library also has security to maintain the order of the library, including the enforcement of the "No photo-taking" rule. The library does not allow general citizens to apply for photography, only commercial filming is allowed and standard fees apply.
Chang King Hai, also romanizated as Cheong Kam-hoi, was a Chinese professional footballer who played at the 1948 Olympics.China Aerospace International Holdings
China Aerospace International Holdings Limited (abb. CASIL) is a Hong Kong incorporated holding company. The company itself is a subsidiary of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation and a listed company on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. It is a red chip company, but not part of the "red chip index" of the stock exchange.
The holding company in the past was involved in electronic goods as well as their plastic components; since acquired by stated-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, according to the company, it became a conglomerate that involved in manufacturing and sale of hi-tech products, as well as property investment.Fung King Cheong
Fung King Cheong (born 19 February 1907) was a Chinese professional footballer who played at the 1936 and 1948 Olympics. Fung spent his career in Guangzhou, China and Hong Kong, British Empire. After the Chinese civil war, Fung remained in Hong Kong and never returned to the mainland China to play or coach.Haw Par Corporation
Haw Par Corporation Limited is a Singapore-based company involved in healthcare, leisure products, property and investment. It is the company responsible for Tiger Balm branded liniment (ointment). Its brands also included Kwan Loong and it also owns and operates weekend and leisure time destinations such as oceanariums.The Haw Par Group owns two oceanariums: the now defunct Underwater World oceanarium attraction at Sentosa, Singapore, and Underwater World Pattaya in Thailand.Hong Kong Central Library
Hong Kong Central Library is the largest library in Hong Kong, flagship library of Hong Kong Public Libraries (HKPL) and using of Hong Kong Public Library headquarter, functioning as the territory's National Library. It is located at the intersection of Moreton Terrace and Causeway Road in Causeway Bay.
Facing Victoria Harbour, the 12-storey high building occupies a gross area of 9,400 square metres (101,000 sq ft) with a floor area of 33,800 square metres (364,000 sq ft). The building cost of the Central Library was HK$690 million ($88 million). The Library's collections amount to one fifth of the Hong Kong Public Libraries System; 2.3 million items out of the total 12.1 million items.
The library's 11th floor houses the HKPL head office. The arch-shaped doorway atop the front facade of the Hong Kong Central Library symbolises the Gate to Knowledge, while the triangle, square and circle which make up the arch all carry further meaning. The circle represents the sky, the square the land and the triangle the accretion of knowledge. When it was originally proposed, the design was controversial and received critiques from Urban Council members.Hong Kong Chinese official football team
Hong Kong Chinese official football team (Chinese: 華聯 or 港華) was a football team held by the Chinese Football Association of Hong Kong, a sub-association of the Hong Kong Football Association, the Chinese Amateur Athletic Federation of Hong Kong and China National Football Association of Taiwan. It was a feeder team of China national football team (1947–1949) and later Republic of China (Taiwan) from 1949 to 1971. Some players of Hong Kong Chinese also chose to represent Hong Kong national football team instead (official match since 1954); none of the player represented China PR national football team.
The team participated in annual Governor's Cup, a competition that Chinese from Hong Kong against Western expatriates from Hong Kong, as well as Ho Ho Cup, a competition against Malayan Chinese. However, in 1969 edition, South Korean Huh Yoon-jung also received call-up.The team also one of the teams to participate in friendly match against football club that visited Hong Kong, along with Hong Kong national football team and Hong Kong League XI .
The team also toured in Australia in 1953 and Asia in August 1959.Hong Kong League XI
The Hong Kong League XI, also known as the Hong Kong XI or Hong Kong League Selection, is a football team which represents the Hong Kong First Division League in exhibition matches, mainly the Lunar New Year Cup.
The team is selected from the top players in the Hong Kong First Division League. Both Hong Kong and foreign players, including those from mainland China, can be included in the team. However, as the quality of local players is usually lower, it has been often that most of the outfield players are foreigners.
In recent years, the Hong Kong Football Association has fielded the Hong Kong national football team to participate in matches which were previously played by the Hong Kong League XI. Therefore, the League XI has not formed a squad for a few years. However, the team returned and competed in the 2007 Lunar New Year Cup.Hsu King-shing
Joseph Hsu King-shing also transliatated as Hsu King-Seng (1910s to 11 February 1986) was a Chinese professional footballer and football manager. Born in Shanghai, Hsu moved to Hong Kong to continue his professional career and never returned to the mainland China to play nor coach. He coached both Hong Kong and Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as managed Singtao for more than a decade.
Hsu was nicknamed Left-foot King (左腳王) during his career.Kowloon Public Library
The Kowloon Public Library (Chinese: 九龍公共圖書館) is a public library located in Ho Man Tin, Hong Kong. It was previously known as the Kowloon Central Library (Chinese: 九龍中央圖書館). It is managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD), and is one of the major public libraries in Hong Kong. The 12-storey building comprises about 4,000 square metres (43,000 sq ft) of floor space.Leisure and Cultural Services Department
The Leisure and Cultural Services Department (Chinese: 康樂及文化事務署, often abbreviated as LCSD), is a department in the Government of Hong Kong. It reports to the Home Affairs Bureau, headed by the Secretary for Home Affairs. It provides leisure and cultural activities for the people of Hong Kong, which was also one of the tasks of the former Urban Council, and Regional Council and Home Affairs Bureau. It manages various public facilities around Hong Kong including public libraries, swimming pools, and sports centres. The well-known Hong Kong Cultural Centre and Hong Kong Space Museum are among several museums also managed by the department. It was established in 2000 and its headquarters is in Shatin, New Territories.Life Records
Life Records is a Malaysian record label owned by Hup Hup Sdn. Bhd. (as of 1981). The label also operated in Hong Kong.Naxos Records
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music. Through a number of imprints, Naxos also releases Chinese music, jazz, world music, and early rock and roll. The company was founded in 1987 by Klaus Heymann, a German-born resident of Hong Kong. Since 2009 Naxos has distributed Blu-ray discs, streaming web radio, and podcasts. Naxos allows members of subscribing public libraries and music schools such as Hong Kong Public Libraries, Auckland Libraries, Wellington City Libraries, and Toronto Public Library free streaming of Naxos classical and jazz collections.Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Public Library
Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Public Library (Chinese: 屏山天水圍公共圖書館) is a public library within the Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Leisure and Cultural Building, 1 Tsui Sing Road, Tin Shui Wai, Hong Kong.
It is managed by the Hong Kong Public Libraries under the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. It has a total floor space of 6,100 square metres, the second largest in area in Hong Kong, only behind the Hong Kong Central Library. It is also the first and only library in Hong Kong to date to have outdoor reading areas. There are about 330,000 books within the library's collection.Regional Council (Hong Kong)
The Regional Council (RegCo; Chinese: 區域市政局) was a municipal council in Hong Kong responsible for municipal services in the New Territories (excluding New Kowloon). Its services were provided by the Regional Services Department, the executive arm of the Regional Council. Its headquarters were located near Sha Tin Station.Sha Tin Public Library
The Sha Tin Public Library (Chinese: Chinese: 沙田公共圖書館) is a public library located at 1 Yuen Wo Road, Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It has been managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD) since 2000.
The library has three public storeys. The first houses administration and the students' study room. The main circulation desk and the children's library are on the second level. The third houses the adult library, reference library and computer laboratory.Sin Chew Jit Poh (Singapore)
Sin Chew Jit Poh was a Singapore newspaper. It was founded by Aw Boon Haw in Singapore. In 1960s, it started its Malaysian bureau in Petaling Jaya, with full function printing house. Malaysian edition started to become a separate sister newspaper since they have the full function from news report writing to printing. Due to the Newspaper and Printing Presses Act enacted in 1974, starting from 1975, the two newspaper in Singapore and Malaysia had a separate ownership, which the Singapore edition was owned by Sin Chew Jit Poh (Singapore) Limited; the Malaysian edition was sold by Sin Poh Amalgamated in 1982.
Singapore's Sin Chew Jit Poh ceased publication in Singapore in March 1983 and subsequently merged with Singapore's Nanyang Siang Pau to become Lianhe Zaobao and Lianhe Wanbao; their parent companies, were merged in 1982 as Singapore News and Publications Limited, a predecessor of Singapore monopoly Singapore Press Holdings.
The Malaysian version of Sin Chew Jit Poh (now Sin Chew Daily), is still in circulation.Tiger Balm Garden (Hong Kong)
Haw Par Mansion (Chinese: 虎豹別墅) better known as its area that open to the public Tiger Balm Garden (Chinese: 萬金油花園), also called Aw Boon Haw Garden, was a mansion and gardens located at 15, Tai Hang Road, Tai Hang, Wan Chai District, Hong Kong. The Tiger Balm Garden was demolished for redevelopment in 2004. The Haw Par Mansion and its private garden have been preserved.The Hong Kong Haw Par Mansion and its formerly adjoining Tiger Balm Garden were one of three Tiger Balm mansions and gardens. The others are located in Singapore (now the Haw Par Villa) and in Fujian province, where the gardens remain.Tsing Yi Public Library
Tsing Yi Public Library (Chinese: 青衣公共圖書館) is a public library on Tsing Yi Island, Hong Kong. It is classified as Major District / District Libraries under the system of Hong Kong Public Libraries. Before the library was established, Hong Kong Government provided the islanders with only mobile library service.Urban Council
The Urban Council (UrbCo) was a municipal council in Hong Kong responsible for municipal services on Hong Kong Island and in Kowloon (including New Kowloon). These services were provided by the council's executive arm, the Urban Services Department. The equivalent body for the New Territories was the Regional Council.
The council was founded as the Sanitary Board in 1883. It was renamed the Urban Council when new legislation was passed in 1936 expanding its mandate. In 1973 the council was reorganised under non-government control and became financially autonomous. Originally composed mainly of ex officio and appointed members, by the time the Urban Council was disbanded following the Handover it was composed entirely of members elected by universal suffrage.
|Hanyu Pinyin||Xiānggǎng Gōnggòng Túshūguǎn|
|Jyutping||hoeng1 gong2 gung1 gung6 tou4 syu1 gun2|
Hong Kong Public Libraries
Libraries in italics are under planning or under construction.