Hollingworth

Hollingworth is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. It is about 12 miles (19 km) east of Manchester on the Derbyshire border near Glossop. Historically part of Cheshire, it gave its name to a family who owned much of the surrounding area from before the time of the Norman conquest.

Hollingworth
St.Mary's Church Hollingworth - geograph.org.uk - 37299

St Mary's Church, Hollingworth
Hollingworth is located in Greater Manchester
Hollingworth
Hollingworth
Location within Greater Manchester
Population1,505 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceSK006962
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHYDE
Postcode districtSK14
Dialling code01457
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament

History

Toponymy

Hollingworth was recorded Holisurde before 1059 and in 1086.[1] Its name is derived from the Old English holegn, for holly and worð an enclosure.[2] In 1059, Hollingworth was surrounded by dense forests.

Early history

An ancient pagan religious site known as Wedneshough Green was in Hollingworth. A grassy knoll opposite the Gunn Inn was anciently called Wedenshaw or Woden's Hawe after the pagan god Woden.[3] The region was populated by Celts, the Pecsaetans a southern branch of the Brigantes. The group became a distinct ethnic tribe in the Mercian Kingdom of the West Angles.[4] The tribes living in the Longdendale Valley were pagans until around 627AD when the surrounding districts started converting to Christianity.[5]

Hollingworth was in the ancient Hundred of Hamestan before 1000 AD which is believed to be the ancient boundaries of the Pecsaetan tribesmen. After the Norman conquest in 1086, the Hundred of Hamestan was redefined and renamed the Hundred of Macclesfield.[6]

Manor

Hollingworth was an ancient manor governed by a local lord. Members of a single family, the Hollingworths, were lords of the manor for more than 700 years. In this part of Cheshire, local lords assumed the name of their manor as their surname. Some were granted arms by the Earl of Chester.[7] The family's ancient arms are three holly leaves.[8][9]

Original house at Old Mottram
Original facade of Old Mottram Hall
Old Mottram Hall Entrance
Facade to Old Mottram Hall as renovated by the Hadfield family
Oldhallentrance300dpi
Hollingworth Hall
Oldhallinside300dpi
Inside Hollingworth Hall

In 1059 when the Saxons ruled Cheshire, Hollingworth was held by a freeman who owed his rights to his senior lord; Edwin the Earl of Chester. Edwin was the chief lord of all the manors in the Hamestan Hundred. He leased the manor of Hollingworth to a freeman and his descendants for an annual rent and military service. In 1059, Hollingworth had 30 acres of productive farmland. The Saxon freeman in possession of the manor was removed sometime before 1086 by the Normans.[10][11]

After the Norman conquest of England, Earl Edwin's lands were forfeited. The Domesday Book in 1086 shows that Hollingworth manor was barren and worthless.[12] Paul Howson and William Booth wrote that 'No population is recorded for the area covered by the later forest of Macclesfield or the Lordship of Longdendale ...'.[13] The Lordship of Longdendale was a term that came into common use around 1359, to describe a parcel of manors which includes Hollingworth.[14] The wholesale ejectment of the Saxons from manors in Longdendale appears to have specific to those lands under the control of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. He replaced the Saxon freeman on the Cheshire side of Longdendale with Normans and Saxon farmers under the control of a local Saxon chieftain called Wulfric (pronounced Uluric). On the Derbyshire side of Longdendale, which was controlled by the king, many ancient Saxon families remained in control of their lands.

Window from Hollingworth Hall
A window originally from Hollingworth Hall

The Domesday Book shows that Hollingworth was held by the Earl of Chester with no local lord in control of the manor. The Saxon chieftain Wulfric managed manors in Longdendale on behalf of the Earl of Chester.[15] Heavily wooded and dangerous because of wolves in the forests, Hollingworth and the manors of Mottram, Matley, Tintwistle and Stayley appear to have been wilderness until 1211. By 1140 local farmers assumed the name of their manor as their surname. Sometime before 1211, Sir William De Neville (De NovaVilla), took up residence at Bucton Castle in Tintwistle,[16] and was installed as over-lord to manage the local lords in possession of Hollingworth, Wolley, Broadbottom, Hattersley, Wernet, Matley, Stayley, Mottram-in-Longdendale and Tintwistle.[17]

In 1211, William De Neville gave his son-in-law, Thomas de Burgh or Burgo, control of all the manors in Longdendale as the supreme over-lord. Around 1222, Thomas de Burgh took the neighbouring manor of Godley from Albinus and gave it to Adam, son of Reginald de Bredbury.[18] Witness to this deed was a 'Tomas de Holinwurthe'.[19]

The earliest recorded Hollingworths are Tomas de Holinwurthe circa 1222, 1246; and Henry de Holenwart in 1222.[20] The ancient manor of Hollingworth including the minor manors of Thorncliffe and Wolley was held by the de Holynworths of Hollingworth Hall by 'knight's service'. By 1359, the manor was owned by different scions of the Hollingworth family. Greater Hollingworth was owned by the senior branch living at Hollingworth Hall. Little Hollingworth was inherited by a younger brother who lived at Old Mottram Hall, he married the heiress to Matley Hall. A younger sister held a share of Thorncliffe manor, lsoa called Little Hollingwoth manor and was at Thorncliffe Hall in 1359.[21]

The ancient family of Hollingworth migrated to London, Lincoln, Maidestone in Kent and Dale Abbey in Derbyshire. A pedigree for the family shows they descended in a continuous male line from the Lords of Hollingworth to the present day.

Hollingworth Hall is no longer standing, but the family's chapel remains.

Transport

The village is served by the A628 road (leading to the Woodhead pass to Barnsley) and the A57 road (leading to the Snake Pass to Sheffield). Going west, the A57 joins the M67 motorway a couple miles from the village. The M67 goes towards Manchester. It has severe traffic congestion.

It also has the Stagecoach Bus Service, 237 and 236, going from Glossop to Ashton-under-Lyne, every 20 minutes up until 6pm then running every hour.

Education

There are two schools in Hollingworth:

  • Hollingworth Primary and Nursery School, for children up to aged 11
  • Longdendale High School, a comprehensive school for children aged 11–16.

Culture and community

  • Hollingworth Cricket Club plays in the Derbyshire and Cheshire League.
  • Hollingworth Brass Band rehearses at Longdendale Community Language College.
  • Etherow Bowling Club is located just off the Boulevard at the bottom of Taylor Street. They have 6 teams (5 Men's & 1 Ladies') who play Crown Green Bowls.
  • 1st Longdendale Scouts troop night is held at the Cannon Street Community Centre weekly.

References

  1. ^ British Archaeological Association (1860). The Archaeological journal, Volume 17.
  2. ^ Key to English Placenames Hollingworth, University of Nottingham, retrieved 20 March 2016
  3. ^ Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society (1961). Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society.
  4. ^ Millward, Roy (1975). The Peak District.
  5. ^ Middleton, Thomas (1899). The Annuals of Hyde.
  6. ^ Oman, Sir Charles (1949). England Before Norman Conquest.
  7. ^ Rylands, John Paul. The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, Made by Robert Glover, Somerse.
  8. ^ Starken, Arthur. Lincolnshire pedigrees, Volume 2.
  9. ^ Noble, Mark. A history of the College of arms, and the lives of all the kings, heralds.
  10. ^ Morris, John (1978). Doomsday Book: Cheshire.
  11. ^ British Archaeological Association (1844). The Archaeological journal, Volume 17.
  12. ^ Middleton, Thomas (1899). Annals of Hyde and district: containing historical reminiscences of Denton, Haughton, Dukinfield, Mottram, Longdendale, Bredbury, Marple and the neighbouring townships.
  13. ^ Howson and Booth, Paul and William. The financial administration of the lordship and County Chester 1272–1377.
  14. ^ Harrop, John (1359). Extenta dominii de Longdendale anno xxxiiij° Edwardi tercij: Extent of the lordship of Longdendale.
  15. ^ Higham, N.J (1993). The origins of Cheshire.
  16. ^ Selkirk, A (2008). Current archaeology, Issues 214-225.
  17. ^ Harrop, John (1359). Extenta dominii de Longdendale anno xxxiiij° Edwardi tercij: Extent of the lordship of Longdendale.
  18. ^ Barraclough, Geoffrey (1957). Facsimiles of early Cheshire charters. Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire.
  19. ^ Society of Antiquaries of London (1849). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, Volume 1.
  20. ^ Yeatman, John. THE FUDAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTY OF DERBYSHIRE. G. PHILLIPSON & SONS, MARKET PLACE.
  21. ^ Davenport (1359). Davenport Puter Rolls for Longdendale.

External links

Media related to Hollingworth at Wikimedia Commons

Albert Hollingworth

Albert Edward Hollingworth (16 August 1910 – 1 October 1968) was an Australian rules footballer for the Port Adelaide Football Club in the 1930s.Hollingworth was a strong marking, long kicking centre half forward who made his league debut in 1934, and enjoyed a very successful season which earned him the club’s best and fairest award. His inaccurate shooting for goal, however, yielding a tally of 4.7, was a factor in Port Adelaide's grand final loss that year.Hollingworth won another club best and fairest award in 1936, and, after being moved to full forward following Jack Prideaux’s retirement, he topped the Magpies’ goal-kicking list in 1938 with 45 goals and in 1939 with 78. A South Australian interstate representative on half a dozen occasions, including both matches at the 1937 Perth carnival, he played a total of 91 league games including five Grand Finals.

Bucky Hollingworth

Gordon Howard "Gord, Bucky" Hollingworth (July 24, 1933 – February 2, 1974) was a Canadian ice hockey defenceman. Hollingworth played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Red Wings.

Hollingworth was born in Montreal, Quebec. He started his National Hockey League (NHL) career with the Chicago Black Hawks in 1954. He also played with the Detroit Red Wings and left the NHL after the 1958 season. He retired from hockey completely in 1962 after being diagnosed with leukemia.

Clare Hollingworth

Clare Hollingworth, OBE (10 October 1911 – 10 January 2017) was an English journalist and author. She was the first war correspondent to report the outbreak of World War II, described as "the scoop of the century". As a reporter for The Daily Telegraph in 1939, while travelling from Poland to Germany, she spotted and reported German forces massed on the Polish border; three days later she was the first to report the German invasion of Poland.Hollingworth was appointed OBE by Elizabeth II for "services to journalism" in 1982. She was 105 when she died.

Corinne Hollingworth

Corinne Ann Hollingworth (born 25 May 1952) is a British television producer and executive, best known for her contributions to British soap operas, including BBC's EastEnders and five's Family Affairs. Hollingworth has gained a reputation for winning huge drama audiences by concentrating on human interest storylines.

Guy Hollingworth

Guy Hollingworth (born 1974) is an English barrister, conjurer, author and lecturer. As a conjurer he is known for his skilful performances of card magic and for his books and lectures in which he presents original tricks and routines.

Harry Levi Hollingworth

Harry Levi Hollingworth (May 26, 1880 – September 17, 1956) was one of the first psychologists to bring psychology into the advertising world, as well as a pioneer in applied psychology.

Hollingworth Academy

Hollingworth Academy is a coeducational secondary school with academy status located in Milnrow in the English county of Greater Manchester.First known as Roch Valley High School, then after amalgamating with Littleborough Community School in 1990, it became Hollingworth High School, it was awarded specialist status as a Business and Enterprise College and was renamed Hollingworth Business and Enterprise College. The school moved into a new building in September 2011, and in September 2013 the school converted to academy status and was renamed Hollingworth Academy.

Hollingworth Academy offers GCSEs, BTECs and Cambridge Nationals as programmes of study for pupils.

Hollingworth Lake

Hollingworth Lake is a 130-acre (53 ha) reservoir at Smithy Bridge, in Littleborough — part of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. The lake was originally built as the main water source for the Rochdale Canal, but developed as a tourist resort from the 1860s, and became known as the Weighver's Seaport. Hotels were built around it, at least two of which had outdoor dancing stages with gas lighting. Tourism was helped by the arrival of the railway in 1839, which brought day-trippers and weekend visitors from Manchester, Bradford and Leeds.

The popularity of the lake as a resort declined in the early twentieth century, and the area was used as an army camp during the First World War. The canal company sold the reservoir, with seven others, to the Oldham and Rochdale Corporations for water supply in 1923, by which time the canal was in terminal decline. After the Second World War, boating rights were bought by Rochdale Council, who developed the area into the Hollingworth Lake Country Park in 1974. There has been a steady increase in facilities since, and it is now a thriving centre for water sports and other activities.

The lake was used for training by Captain Matthew Webb, before he became the first man to swim the English Channel in 1875, and was used for the "World Professional Mile Championship", a long-distance swimming event, in the 1880s. It is home to the Hollingworth Lake Rowing Club, which has been in continuous existence since 1872.

Hollingworth Magniac

Hollingworth Magniac (1786–1867) was a merchant and connoisseur of medieval art. He briefly ran the free trading firm of Magniac & Co. which was later to become Jardine, Matheson & Co., one of the largest trading houses in Asia during the 19th century.

John Hollingworth (priest)

John Banks Hollingworth was Archdeacon of Huntingdon from 25 February 1828 until his death on 9 February 1856.Hollingworth was born in 1780, educated at Peterhouse, Cambridge and ordained in 1804. He held incumbencies at Little St Mary's, Cambridge and St Margaret Lothbury; and was Norrisian Professor of Divinity from 1824 to 1838.

Krisalis Software

Krisalis Software Limited was a video game developer and publisher founded by Tony Kavanagh, Peter Harrap, and Shaun Hollingworth in 1987 under the name Teque Software Development Limited as a subsidiary label (beginning in 1988) until the official company name was changed to Krisalis Software Ltd. in 1991. Originally, the name was intended to be Chrysalis Software Ltd., but a dispute with record company Chrysalis Records resulted in a minor spelling change. The company was restructured in April 2001 with a new management team of Tony Kavanagh, Tim James and Simeon Pashley and reused the original name of Teque Software development.

Krisalis Software worked on over 60 different computer and console games before permanently closing on 30 November 2001. Along with developing games and conversions themselves, they also provided sound development support for consoles like the Sega Master System, the Sega Game Gear and the Sega Mega Drive through a proprietary Krisalis sound engine created by Shaun Hollingworth and handled by composer Matt Furnis which was used in many externally developed games for the aforementioned systems. Their final game development was a port of The F.A. Premier League Stars 2001 for the Game Boy Color (released on 8 June 2001).

Leta Stetter Hollingworth

Leta Hollingworth (25 May 1886 – 27 November 1939) was an American psychologist who conducted pioneering work in the early 20th century. It is generally agreed upon that Hollingworth made significant contributions in three areas: psychology of women; clinical psychology; and educational psychology. She is best known for her work with exceptional children.

Listed buildings in Longdendale

Longdendale is a valley, part of which is in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England. In the valley are the villages of Broadbottom, Hattersley, Hollingworth and Mottram in Longdendale. These villages and the surrounding countryside contain 56 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, three are listed at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The listed buildings include houses and associated structures, farmhouses, farm buildings, churches and items in churchyards, an ancient cross, a railway viaduct, a school, and two war memorials.

Longdendale Bypass

The Longdendale Bypass (also known as the A57/A628 Mottram-in-Longdendale, Hollingworth & Tintwistle Bypass) is a long-planned road scheme in England by the Highways Agency. The aim is to alleviate traffic congestion on the A57 road/A628 road/A616 road routes that presently pass through the villages. There is both support and opposition for this long-planned scheme which will pass through the valley of Longdendale and part of the Peak District National Park.

After nearly fifty years, part of the road scheme – the Mottram Bypass and Glossop Spur – was approved by the Highways Agency on 2 December 2014.

Longdendale High School

Longdendale High School (formerly Longdendale Community Language College) is an 11–16 mixed comprehensive school located in Hollingworth, Greater Manchester, England. The school's Headteacher is Andrea Jones.

M67 motorway

The M67 is a 5-mile (8.0 km) urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England, which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and Hyde before ending near Mottram. It was originally conceived as the first part of a trans-Pennine motorway between Manchester and Sheffield connecting the A57(M) motorway to the M1 motorway; however, the motorway never progressed this far.

Numerous calls have been made to extend the motorway to link Manchester and Sheffield, the second and ninth most populous urban areas within the United Kingdom. Traffic between the cities is mainly divided between the Snake and Woodhead passes, which traverse the Peak District. Plans for a £180m improvement to the route by bypassing Mottram and Tintwistle, the A57/A628 Mottram in Longdendale, Hollingworth and Tintwistle Bypass, and the 'Glossop spur' linking to the A57 road are currently at the public inquiry stage but were 'suspended indefinitely' in January 2008. There are now proposals to link the two cities with a tunneled scheme underneath the Peak District, some of the proposed routes using the existing M67 route.

Peter Hollingworth

Peter John Hollingworth (born 10 April 1935) is an Australian retired Anglican bishop. Engaged in social work for several decades, he served as the archbishop of the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane for 11 years from 1989 and was the 1991 Australian of the Year. He served as the 23rd Governor-General of Australia from 2001 until 2003. He is also an author and recipient of various civil and ecclesiastical honours. In 2003 he became only the third Australian governor-general to resign, after criticisms were aired over his conduct as Archbishop of Brisbane in the 1990s.

Sydney Ewart Hollingworth

Sydney Ewart Hollingworth (7 November 1899 – 23 June 1966) was a British geologist and academic who specialized in the Pleistocene geology of northwest England, and was Professor of Geology at University College London, 1946–66. The Hollingworth Cliffs in Antarctica and the mineral "Hollingworthite" are named after him.

Tully Kingdon

Hollingworth Tully Kingdon (known as Tully; 1835 – 13 October 1907) was an Anglican bishop, the second Bishop of Fredericton until his death. He was also a noted author.

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