Hogarth Press

The Hogarth Press was a British publishing house founded in 1917 by Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf. It was named after their house in Richmond (then in Surrey and now in London), in which they began hand-printing books.

During the interwar period, the Hogarth Press grew from a hobby of the Woolfs to a business when they began using commercial printers. In 1938 Virginia Woolf relinquished her interest in the business and it was then run as a partnership by Leonard Woolf and John Lehmann until 1946, when it became an associate company of Chatto & Windus. "Hogarth" is now an imprint of The Crown Publishing Group, part of Random House Inc.

As well as publishing the works of the members of the Bloomsbury group, the Hogarth Press was at the forefront of publishing works on psychoanalysis and translations of foreign, especially Russian, works.

Hogarth Press
Hogarth Press House, Richmond, Surrey
Hogarth House, 34 Paradise Road, Richmond, London
StatusOwned by Random House
Founded1917
FounderLeonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf
SuccessorChatto & Windus
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters locationLondon
Publication typesBooks

History

Printing was a hobby for the Woolfs, and it provided a diversion for Virginia when writing became too stressful. The couple bought a handpress in 1917 for £19 (equivalent to about £900 in 2012) and taught themselves how to use it. The press was set up in the dining room of Hogarth House, where the Woolfs lived, lending its name to the publishing company they founded. In July they published their first text, a book with one story written by Leonard and the other written by Virginia.[1]

Between 1917 and 1946 the Press published 527 titles.[2]

Hogarth Press has begun producing a series of modern retellings of William Shakespeare plays, for which it has hired a variety of authors, such as Jeanette Winterson, Howard Jacobson, Anne Tyler, Margaret Atwood, Tracy Chevalier and Edward St Aubyn for The Winter's Tale, The Merchant of Venice, The Taming of the Shrew, The Tempest, Othello and King Lear respectively.

Number of publications by year from 1917 to 1946[3]
Year 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946
Titles published 1 2 5 3 6 9 14 14 28 31 42 30 30 30 34 36 20 21 24 23 20 17 23 12 13 12 7 10 4 4
Profit generated by the Hogarth Press publication (without bonuses and salaries)[4]
Year 1917–18 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938
Profit £13 8s 8d £13 14s 2d £68 19s 4d £25 5s 6d £10 6s 4d £5 7s 8d £3 17s 0d £73 1s 1.5d £26 19s 1d £64 2s 0d £380 16s 0d £580 14s 8d £2,373 4s 2.5d £2,209 0s 1.5d £1,693 4s 1d £929 15s 2.5d £516 13s 0d £598 7s 2d £84 5s 0d £2,422 18s 5d £35 7s 7d

Series

The Hogarth Press produced a number of publication series that were affordable as well as being attractively bound and printed, and usually commissioned from well known authors. These include the initial Hogarth Essays in three series 1924–1947 (36 titles), Hogarth Lectures on Literature (2 series 1927–1951), Merttens Lectures on War and Peace (8 titles 1927–1936), Hogarth Living Poets (29 titles 1928–1937), Day to Day Pamphlets (1930–1939), Hogarth Letters (12 titles 1931–1933) and World-Makers and World-Shakers (4 titles 1937).[5]

The Essays were the first series produced by the press and include works by Virginia Woolf, Leonard Woolf and Gertrude Stein. Virginia Woolf's defence of modernism, Mr. Bennett and Mrs. Brown (1924) was the initial publication in the series. Cover illustrations were by Vanessa Bell.[5]

The Letters are less well known and are in the form of epistolary letters. Authors include E.M. Forster and Virginia Woolf. Woolf's A Letter to a Young Poet (1932), was number 8, and addressed to John Lehmann as an exposition on modern poetry. Cover illustrations were by John Banting.[6][5] In 1933, the entire series was reissued as a single volume,[7] and are available on the Internet Archive in a 1986 edition.[8]

  1. A letter to Madam Blanchard, E. M. Forster (1931)
  2. A letter to an M.P. on disarmament, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (1931)
  3. A letter to a sister, Rosamond Lehmann (1931)
  4. The French pictures: a letter to Harriet, Robert Mortimer and John Banting (1932)
  5. A letter from a black sheep, Francis Birrell (1932)
  6. A letter to W.B. Yeats, L. A. G. Strong (1932)
  7. A letter to a grandfather, Rebecca West (1933)
  8. A letter to a young poet, Virginia Woolf (1932)
  9. A letter to a modern novelist, Hugh Walpole (1932)
  10. A letter to an archbishop, J. C. Hardwick (1932)
  11. A letter to Adolf Hitler, Louis Golding (1932)
  12. A letter to Mrs. Virginia Woolf, Peter Quennell (1932)

Notable title history

References

  1. ^ Gaither 1986, pp. xx–xxi
  2. ^ Gaither 1986, p. xviii
  3. ^ Woolmer 1986
  4. ^ Willis 1992, 406
  5. ^ a b c Delaware2010.
  6. ^ B & B 2018.
  7. ^ Woolf & Woolf 1933.
  8. ^ Lee 1986.

Bibliography

  • Jaillant, Lise (17 April 2017). Cheap Modernism: Expanding Markets, Publishers' Series and the Avant-Garde. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-1-4744-1724-2.
    • 'Classics behind Plate Glass': the Hogarth Press and the Uniform Edition of the Works of Virginia Woolf. pp. 120–139.
  • Southworth, Helen, ed. (2012). Leonard and Virginia Woolf, The Hogarth Press and the Networks of Modernism. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-6921-9.
  • Woolf, Leonard; Woolf, Virginia, eds. (1933). The Hogarth Letters. Hogarth Press.
  • Lee, Hermione, ed. (1986). The Hogarth Letters. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
  • "Hogarth Press: The Series". Special Collections Department. University of Delaware Library. 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  • "A Letter to a Young Poet". New York: B & B Rare Books. 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  • Gaither, Mary E. "The Hogarth Press 1917–1946" pp. xvii–xxxiv in J. Howard Woolmer (1986), A checklist of the Hogarth Press 1917–1946, Woolmer Brotherson Ltd. ISBN 0-906795-38-9.
  • Willis, J. H. (1992), Leonard and Virginia Woolf as Publishers: The Hogarth Press, 1917–41, University Press of Virginia. ISBN 0-8139-1361-6.
  • Woolmer, J. Howard "Publications of The Hogarth Press" pp. 3–178 in J. Howard Woolmer (1986), A checklist of the Hogarth Press 1917–1946, Woolmer Brotherson Ltd. ISBN 0-906795-38-9.
  • Kennedy, Richard. A Boy at the Hogarth Press (1972. Whittington Press.) Hesperus Press Ltd ISBN 978-184391-461-7
  • Spater, George; Parsons, Ian A Marriage of True Minds: An Intimate Portrait of Leonard and Virginia Woolf (1977. London: J. Cape.) Harvest/HBJ paperback ISBN 0-15-657299-0
  • Woolmer, J. Howard. A Checklist of the Hogarth Press, 1917–1938 (1976) [With a short history of the press by Mary E. Gaither] Woolmer/Brotherson, 1986, 250 p.: ISBN 0-913506-17-6 (compare Hogarth Press Publications, 1917–1946 at Duke University Library that uses the numbering of the Woolmer publication)

External links

A Haunted House and Other Short Stories

A Haunted House is a 1944 collection of 18 short stories by Virginia Woolf. It was produced by her husband Leonard Woolf after her death although in the foreword he states that they had discussed its production together.

The first six stories appeared in her only previous collection Monday or Tuesday in 1921 :"A Haunted House"

"Monday or Tuesday"

"An Unwritten Novel"

"The String Quartet"

"Kew Gardens"

"The Mark on the Wall"

The next six appeared in magazines between 1922 and 1941 :

"The New Dress"

"The Shooting Party"

"Lappin and Lappinova"

"Solid Objects"

"The Lady in the Looking-Glass"

"The Duchess and the Jeweller"

The final six were unpublished, although only "Moments of Being" and "The Searchlight" were finally revised by Virginia Woolf herself :

"'Moments of Being"

"The Man who Loved his Kind"

"The Searchlight"

"The Legacy"

"Together and Apart"

"A Summing Up"

A Letter to a Young Poet

A Letter to a Young Poet was an epistolary letter by Virginia Woolf, written in 1932 to John Lehman, laying out her views on modern poetry.

A Room of One's Own

A Room of One's Own is an extended essay by Virginia Woolf, first published in September 1929. The work is based on two lectures Woolf delivered in October 1928 at Newnham College and Girton College, women's constituent colleges at the University of Cambridge.An important feminist text, the essay is noted in its argument for both a literal and figurative space for women writers within a literary tradition dominated by men.

Between the Acts

Between the Acts is the final novel by Virginia Woolf. It was published shortly after her death in 1941.

The book describes the mounting, performance, and audience of a play at a festival in a small English village, just before the outbreak of the Second World War.

Chatto

Chatto may refer to:

Chatto (Apache) (1860-1934), Chiricahua Apache chief

William Andrew Chatto (1799-1864), English writer, sometimes used the pseudonym Stephen Oliver

Beth Chatto (1923–2018), plantswoman, garden designer and author

Virendranath Chattopadhyaya (1880-1937), prominent Bengali Indian revolutionary

Daniel Chatto (born 1957), British artist and former actor

Dominic Chatto (born 1985), Nigerian footballer

Edgar Chatto (born 1960), Filipino politician

Grace Chatto (born 1985), British musician

Lady Sarah Chatto (born 1964), English painter

Goodbye to Berlin

Goodbye to Berlin is a 1939 novel by Christopher Isherwood set in Weimar Germany. It is often published together with Mr Norris Changes Trains in a collection called The Berlin Stories.

Monday or Tuesday

Monday or Tuesday is a 1921 short story collection by Virginia Woolf published by The Hogarth Press. 1000 copies were printed with four full-page woodcuts by Vanessa Bell. Leonard Woolf called it one of the worst printed books ever published because of the typographical mistakes in it. Most mistakes were corrected for the US edition published by Harcourt Brace. It contained eight stories:

"A Haunted House"

"A Society"

"Monday or Tuesday"

"An Unwritten Novel" – previously appeared in the London Mercury in 1920

"The String Quartet"

"Blue & Green"

"Kew Gardens" previously published separately

"The Mark on the Wall" – previously appeared in Two Stories (1917)Six of the stories were later published by Leonard Woolf in the posthumous collection A Haunted House, those excluded were "A Society" and "Blue & Green".

Mr. Bennett and Mrs. Brown

Mr. Bennett and Mrs. Brown is an essay by Virginia Woolf published in 1924 which explores modernity.

Mrs Dalloway

Mrs Dalloway (published on 14 May 1925) is a novel by Virginia Woolf that details a day in the life of Clarissa Dalloway, a fictional high-society woman in post–First World War England. It is one of Woolf's best-known novels.

Created from two short stories, "Mrs Dalloway in Bond Street" and the unfinished "The Prime Minister," the novel addresses Clarissa's preparations for a party she will host that evening. With an interior perspective, the story travels forward and back in time and in and out of the characters' minds to construct an image of Clarissa's life and of the inter-war social structure. In October 2005, Mrs Dalloway was included on Time's list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923.

The Future of an Illusion

The Future of an Illusion (German: Die Zukunft einer Illusion) is a 1927 work by Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, in which Freud discusses religion's origins, development, and its future. He provides a psychoanalysis of religion, which he views as a false belief system.

The Memorial

The Memorial is a 1932 English novel by author Christopher Isherwood. The novel tells the story of an English family's disintegration in the days following World War I. Isherwood's second published novel, this is the first of his works for which he adapted his own life experiences into his fiction.

The Waves

The Waves is a 1931 novel by Virginia Woolf. It is considered her most experimental work, and consists of soliloquies spoken by the book's six characters: Bernard, Susan, Rhoda, Neville, Jinny, and Louis. Also important is Percival, the seventh character, though readers never hear him speak in his own voice. The soliloquies that span the characters' lives are broken up by nine brief third-person interludes detailing a coastal scene at varying stages in a day from sunrise to sunset.

As the six characters or "voices" speak Woolf explores concepts of individuality, self and community. Each character is distinct, yet together they compose (as Ida Klitgård has put it) a gestalt about a silent central consciousness.In a 2015 poll conducted by BBC, The Waves was voted the 16th greatest British novel ever written.

To the Lighthouse

To the Lighthouse is a 1927 novel by Virginia Woolf. The novel centres on the Ramsay family and their visits to the Isle of Skye in Scotland between 1910 and 1920.

Following and extending the tradition of modernist novelists like Marcel Proust and James Joyce, the plot of To the Lighthouse is secondary to its philosophical introspection. Cited as a key example of the literary technique of multiple focalization, the novel includes little dialogue and almost no action; most of it is written as thoughts and observations. The novel recalls childhood emotions and highlights adult relationships. Among the book's many tropes and themes are those of loss, subjectivity, the nature of art and the problem of perception.

In 1998, the Modern Library named To the Lighthouse No. 15 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. In 2005, the novel was chosen by TIME magazine as one of the one hundred best English-language novels since 1923.

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