Hofgarten (Munich)

The Hofgarten (Court Garden) is a garden in the center of Munich, Germany, located between the Residenz and the Englischer Garten.

München Hofgartentempel
Hofgarten temple and fountain
München - Hofgarten (Luftbild)-2
Aerial view, Bavarian Staatskanzlei at top, Munich Residenz on right, Temple of Diana at center

History

The garden was built in 1613–1617 by Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria as an Italian style Renaissance garden. In the center of the garden is a pavilion for the goddess Diana, built in 1615 by Heinrich Schön the elder. A path leads from each of the eight arches. On the roof of the Diana pavilion is the replica of a sculpture of Bavaria by Hubert Gerhard, created in 1623. The original is in the Kaisersaal of the Residenz.

Facing the Hofgarten on the east side is the Bavarian Staatskanzlei ("State Chancellery"), housed in the former Army Museum, with the addition of glass wings left and right of the original building. The repurposed building was completed in 1993. A few steps more eastwards the Hofgartenkaserne was located from 1801 to 1899. In front of the Staatskanzlei, the Kriegerdenkmal ("war memorial") is located, built for commemoration of the Munich people, killed in action in World War I.

In the north east corner, a square black granite memorial stands to the White Rose group, whose members were executed for a non violent campaign against Hitler's regime.

Hofgarten München im Frühling
The Hofgarten is a very popular spot, shown here on the first sunny weekend in spring

The south side towards the Residenz includes flowers in a design by Carl Effner from 1853, with arcades to the west and the north, including many wall paintings related to the history of Bavaria. To the west, the Hofgartentor ("Court Garden Gate") leads towards the Theatinerkirche. Built in 1816, it is the first work in Munich by Leo von Klenze.

The garden was destroyed during World War II, and was rebuilt with a partial redesign which compromised between the landscape garden character it had acquired in the nineteenth century and the original formal design of the seventeenth century.

Nowadays the garden is open to the public, and is very popular with both residents and tourists alike. The nearest Munich U-Bahn station is Odeonsplatz, located directly west of the garden.

External links

Coordinates: 48°08′34″N 11°34′48″E / 48.14278°N 11.58000°E

Hofgarten

Hofgarten is German for "court garden" and refers to the gardens of a seat or Residenz of a noble family, usually a reigning prince or sovereign.

Important court gardens with this name are found in:

Ansbach

Augsburg

Bayreuth

Bonn

Coburg

Düsseldorf

Eichstätt

Innsbruck, see Hofgarten, Innsbruck

Kempten (Allgäu)

Landshut

Munich, see Hofgarten (Munich)

Veitshöchheim, see Veitshöchheim Castle

Weihenstephan, see Weihenstephan Abbey

Würzburg, see Würzburg Residenz

Kriegerdenkmal im Hofgarten (Munich)

The Kriegerdenkmal ("war memorial") in the Hofgarten in Munich was built for commemorating those killed in action in World War I from Munich. It is located on the eastern end of the Hofgarten, in front of the Bayerische Staatskanzlei.

Pavilion

In architecture, a pavilion (from French pavillon, from Latin papilio) has several meanings. In architectural terminology it refers to a subsidiary building that is either positioned separately or as an attachment to a main building. Often its function makes it an object of pleasure.In the traditional architecture of Asia, palaces or other large houses may have one or more subsidiary pavilions that are either freestanding or connected by covered walkways, as in the Forbidden City, Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, and in the Red Fort and other buildings of Mughal architecture.

In another more specific meaning applied to large palaces, it refers to symmetrically placed subsidiary building blocks that appear to be attached to each end of a main building block or to the outer ends of wings that extend from both sides of a central building block – the corps de logis. Such configurations provide an emphatic visual termination to the composition of a large building, akin to bookends.

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