Hockey Hall of Fame

The Hockey Hall of Fame (French: Temple de la renommée du hockey) is an ice hockey museum located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dedicated to the history of ice hockey, it is a museum and a hall of fame. It holds exhibits about players, teams, National Hockey League (NHL) records, memorabilia and NHL trophies, including the Stanley Cup. Founded in Kingston, Ontario, the Hockey Hall of Fame was established in 1943 under the leadership of James T. Sutherland. The first class of honoured members was inducted in 1945, before the Hall of Fame had a permanent location. It moved to Toronto in 1958 after the NHL withdrew its support for the International Hockey Hall of Fame in Kingston, Ontario. Its first permanent building opened at Exhibition Place in 1961. The hall was relocated in 1993, and is now in downtown Toronto, inside Brookfield Place, and a historic Bank of Montreal building.

An 18-person committee of players, coaches and others meets annually in June to select new honourees, who are inducted as players, builders or on-ice officials. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players. The builders' category includes coaches, general managers, commentators, team owners and others who have helped build the game. Honoured members are inducted into the Hall of Fame in an annual ceremony held at the Hall of Fame building in November, which is followed by a special "Hockey Hall of Fame Game" between the Toronto Maple Leafs and a visiting team. As of 2018, 280 players (including six women), 109 builders and 16 on-ice officials have been inducted into the Hall of Fame.[2] The Hall of Fame has been criticized for focusing mainly on players from the National Hockey League and largely ignoring players from other North American and international leagues.

Hockey Hall of Fame
Temple de la renommée du hockey
Hockey Hall of Fame Logo
Hockey Hall of Fame logo
Established1943
Location30 Yonge Street
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
M5E 1X8
Coordinates43°38′49″N 79°22′38″W / 43.646976°N 79.377253°WCoordinates: 43°38′49″N 79°22′38″W / 43.646976°N 79.377253°W
FounderJames T. Sutherland
ChairpersonLanny McDonald[1]
Websitewww.hhof.com
Inductees271 players
105 builders
16 on-ice officials
392 total

History

The Hockey Hall of Fame was established through the efforts of James T. Sutherland, a former President of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA). Sutherland sought to establish it in Kingston, Ontario as he believed that the city was the birthplace of hockey.[3] In 1943, the NHL and CAHA reached an agreement that a Hall of Fame would be established in Kingston.[3] Originally called the "International Hockey Hall of Fame", its mandate was to honour great hockey players and to raise funds for a permanent location. The first nine "honoured members" (players Hobey Baker, Charlie Gardiner, Eddie Gerard, Frank McGee, Howie Morenz, Tommy Phillips, Harvey Pulford, Hod Stuart and Georges Vézina) were inducted on April 30, 1945, although the Hall of Fame still did not have a permanent home.[4] The first board of governors consisted of Red Dutton, Art Ross, Frank Sargent (president of the CHA), Lester Patrick, Abbie E. H. Coo, Wes McKnight, Basil E. O'Meara, J. P. Fitzgerald and W. A. Hewitt.[4]

Hall of Fame Facade
The facade of the Hall of Fame building at Exhibition Place. The Hockey Hall of Fame used half of the building from 1961 to 1992

Kingston lost its most influential advocate as permanent site of the Hockey Hall of Fame when Sutherland died in 1955.[5] By 1958, the Hockey Hall of Fame had still not raised sufficient funds to construct a permanent building in Kingston. Clarence Campbell, then President of the NHL, grew tired of waiting for the construction to begin and withdrew the NHL's support to situate the hall in Kingston.[6] In the same year, the NHL and the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE) reached an agreement to establish a new Hall of Fame building in Toronto, in the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame located at Exhibition Place. The temporary Hockey Hall of Fame opened as an exhibit within the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in August 1958, and 350,000 people visited it during the 1958 CNE fair.[5] Due to the success of the exhibit, NHL and CNE decided that a permanent home in the Exhibition Place was needed.[7] The NHL agreed to fully fund the building of the new facility on the grounds of Exhibition Place, and construction began in 1960.[8]

Hockey Hall of Fame, Toronto
The Hockey Hall of Fame moved to their present location on Yonge Street in 1992

The first permanent Hockey Hall of Fame, which shared a building with the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame, was opened on August 26, 1961, by Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.[9] Over 750,000 people visited the Hall in its inaugural year.[10] Admission to the Hockey Hall of Fame was free until 1980, when the Hockey Hall of Fame facilities underwent expansion.[11]

By 1986, the Hall of Fame was running out of room in its existing facilities and the Board of Directors decided that a new home was needed.[12] The Hall vacated the Exhibition Place building in 1992, and its half was taken over by the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame. (The building was eventually demolished; portion of its facade was preserved as an entrance to BMO Field stadium. Development of the new location in the BCE Place complex (now Brookfield Place), featuring the former Bank of Montreal at the corner of Yonge and Front Streets in Toronto, began soon after. The design was by Frank Darling and S. George Curry.[13] The new Hockey Hall of Fame officially opened on June 18, 1993.[14] The new location has 4,700 m2 (50,600 sq ft) of exhibition space, seven times larger than that of the old facility.[15] The Hockey Hall of Fame now hosts more than 300,000 visitors each year.[16][17]

Operations and organization

The first curator of the new Hall of Fame was Bobby Hewitson. Following Hewitson's retirement in 1967, Lefty Reid was appointed to the position. Reid was curator of the Hockey Hall of Fame for the next 25 years, retiring in 1992.[18] Following Reid's retirement, former NHL referee-in-chief Scotty Morrison, who was the president of the Hockey Hall of Fame since 1986, was appointed curator.[18] Morrison supervised the relocation of the Hall of Fame and its exhibits.[19] The current curator is Phil Pritchard.

The Hockey Hall of Fame is led by Lanny McDonald,[1] Chairman of the Board, and Chief Executive Officer, Jeff Denommé. It is operated as a non-profit business called the "Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum" (HHFM), independent of the National Hockey League. The Hall of Fame was originally sponsored by the NHL and Hockey Canada[20] and revenue is generated mainly through admissions.[16][19]

Exhibits

Hhof vault rotated
The original Stanley Cup in the bank vault of the Hall of Fame

The Hockey Hall of Fame has 15 exhibit areas covering 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2).[21] Visitors can view trophies, memorabilia and equipment worn by players during special games. The Esso Great Hall, described as "a Cathedral to the icons of Hockey",[22] contains portraits and biographical information about every Hall of Fame honoured member. The centrepiece of the Great Hall is the Stanley Cup; for part of the year a replica is put on display when the presentation cup travels outside of the Hall of Fame. The original version of the Cup and the older rings, as well as all of the current National Hockey League trophies, are displayed in the bank vault, an alcove off the Great Hall. The Hall of Fame induction ceremony is annually held in the Great Hall.[22]

Hhof be a player1
The "Be a Player" is an interactive exhibit at the Hall of Fame

The NHL Zone is a large area featuring displays relating to the NHL. Current teams and players are highlighted in the NHL Today area, while the NHL Retro displays include memorabilia and information about every NHL team past and present. The NHL Legends area features rotating exhibits focusing on honoured members; and NHL Milestones displays exhibits of noteworthy records including Darryl Sittler's ten-point game and Wayne Gretzky's all-time points record.[23] The Stanley Cup dynasties exhibit features displays that include memorabilia from the rosters of nine teams considered to be dynasties because they dominated the NHL for several years at a time.[24] This area also has a replica of the Montreal Canadiens' dressing room as it existed at the old Montreal Forum.[24] The Panasonic Hometown Hockey section is dedicated to grassroots hockey in North America; it includes exhibits about various leagues and sections on women's and disabled hockey leagues.[25] Special exhibits in the past included an exhibit in 2000 showcasing Gretzky memorabilia.[26]

Interactive displays are featured in the NHLPA Be A Player Zone. At the Source For Sports Shoot Out, visitors take shots using real pucks at a computer simulation of goaltender Ed Belfour. Its counterpart, Lay's Shut Out, has visitors playing goaltender, blocking shots from computer simulations of players Wayne Gretzky and Mark Messier.[27] The TSN/RDS Broadcast Zone provides a look at how hockey broadcasting works and allows users to record messages that may be displayed on both the Hockey Hall of Fame's website, and the TSN/RDS networks.[28]

While many of the Hall of Fame exhibits are dedicated to the NHL, there is a large section devoted to hockey leagues and players outside North America. On June 29, 1998, the World of Hockey Zone opened.[29] It is a 6,000 square feet (600 m2) area dedicated to international hockey, including World and Olympic competition and contains profiles on all IIHF member Countries.[6][30][31]

Hall of Fame

Selection process

Hhof great hall
The Great Hall features portraits of every inductee, and displays all of the active NHL trophies

As of 2009, new members can be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as players, builders or on-ice officials. The builders' category includes coaches, general managers, commentators, team owners and others who have helped build the game.[32] The category for on-ice officials was added in 1961[9] and a "veteran player" category was established in 1988. The purpose of the category was to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players".[2] Eleven players were inducted into that category, but in 2000, the Board of Directors eliminated it; the players who had been inducted under this category were merged into the player category.[2]

Candidates for membership in the Hockey Hall of Fame are nominated by an 18-person selection committee. The committee consists of Hockey Hall of Fame members, hockey personnel and media personalities associated with the game; the membership is representative of "areas throughout the world where hockey is popular",[32] and includes at least one member who is knowledgeable about international hockey and one member who is knowledgeable about amateur hockey. Committee members are appointed by the Board of Directors to a three-year term. The terms of the committee members are staggered so that each year there are six newly appointed or reappointed members.[32] As of November 2018, the selection committee consists of: chairman John Davidson, James M. Gregory (Chairman Emeritus), and committee members David Branch, Brian Burke, Colin Campbell, Cassie Campbell-Pascall, Mark Chipman, Bob Clarke, Marc de Foy, Michael Farber, Ron Francis, Mike Gartner, Anders Hedberg, Jari Kurri, Igor Larionov, Pierre McGuire, Bob McKenzie, David Poile, and Luc Robitaille.[33]

Each committee member is allowed to nominate one person in each category per year. Nominations must be submitted to the Chairman of the Board of Directors by April 15 of the nomination year. The committee then meets in June where a series of secret ballot votes is held; any player with the support of 75% of the members of the committee present is inducted. If the maximum number of players does not receive 75% after the first round of voting, then run-off votes are held. Players with less than 50% are dropped from consideration for that year and voting continues until either the maximum number of inductees is reached or all remaining nominees receive between 50% and 75%. In any given year, a maximum of four players, two builders, and one on-ice official are inducted as members. Player and on-ice officials must have not participated in a professional or international game for a minimum of three years to be eligible for nomination. Builders may be "active or inactive".[34]

Wayne Gretzky-HHOF
An exhibit at the Hockey Hall of Fame featuring Wayne Gretzky. Gretzky was one of ten players that saw the Hall's waiting period for inductees waived

The waiting period was waived for ten players deemed exceptionally notable; Dit Clapper (1947), Maurice Richard (1961), Ted Lindsay (1966), Red Kelly (1969), Terry Sawchuk (1971), Jean Béliveau (1972), Gordie Howe (1972), Bobby Orr (1979), Mario Lemieux (1997), and Wayne Gretzky (1999).[35] Following Gretzky's induction, the Board of Directors determined that the waiting period would no longer be waived for any player except under "certain humanitarian circumstances".[2] Three Hall of Fame members came out of retirement after their induction and resumed a career in the National League: Gordie Howe, Guy Lafleur and Mario Lemieux.[2] Chris Pronger was inducted in 2015 while still technically an active player; in his case, he had signed a contract with the Philadelphia Flyers that was not due to expire until after the 2016–17 season. The Hall of Fame amended its by-laws by introducing the "three-year waiting period", which made Pronger eligible for induction because he had not played since 2011.[36][37]

On March 31, 2009, the Hall of Fame announced new by-law additions which were implemented on January 1, 2010. Starting in 2010, male and female players are considered for induction separately and a maximum of two women can be inducted as players per year.[38] The by-law also clarifies that a builder does not need to have been a coach, manager or executive to be inducted. Although they remain separate categories, the builders and on-ice officials are considered on the same ballot and a combined maximum of two can be inducted each year. The Board of Directors will now meet at least once every five years to consider potential changes to the limits.[39]

There is also a category for "Media honourees". The Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award is awarded by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association to "distinguished members of the newspaper profession whose words have brought honour to journalism and to hockey".[40] The Foster Hewitt Memorial Award is awarded by the NHL Broadcasters' Association to "members of the radio and television industry who made outstanding contributions to their profession and the game during their career in hockey broadcasting".[41] The voting for both awards is conducted by their respective associations. While media honourees are not considered full inductees, they are still honoured with a display at the Hockey Hall of Fame.[28] The ceremonies associated with these awards are held separately from the induction of the members of the Hall of Fame.[42] Some of the award winners have also been inducted into the Hall of Fame as builders, including Foster Hewitt.[43]

Induction ceremony

The induction ceremony was held at the Hall of Fame from 1959 until 1974. In 1975, it was held at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto and would be held there until 1979. From 1980 to 1992, the ceremony was held at various different locations in Toronto, except for 1986, 1987 and 1991 when the ceremonies were held in Vancouver, Detroit and Ottawa respectively. Since 1993, it has been held at the current Hall of Fame building.[2] The ceremony was first broadcast by The Sports Network in 1994.[44] In 1999 the "Hockey Hall of Fame game" was established, a contest between the Toronto Maple Leafs and a visiting team, with a special ceremony honouring that year's inductees held before the game.[45] Robert Tychkowski of the Edmonton Sun reports that many, including Edmonton Oilers president Kevin Lowe, believe the induction ceremony should be held on a night when there are no NHL games scheduled. This would allow a more representative portion of the hockey world to attend.[46]

Criticism

The Hall of Fame has been criticized for inducting several lacklustre candidates in the early 2000s decade due to "a shortage of true greatness".[47] Since then, some have claimed that the Hall of Fame has become too exclusive.[47] The Hall of Fame has also been criticized for failing to induct international players and critics have claimed that the Hall has been far too focused on the National Hockey League. A common statement is that it is more of an "NHL Hall of Fame" than a general Hockey Hall of Fame.[47][48][49][50][51] Partially in response to these claims, the Hall of Fame opened an International Hockey exhibit and announced that it would start looking at more international players for induction. Valeri Kharlamov was inducted in 2005, and is one of the few modern-day inductees to never play in the NHL.[48] The Hall of Fame has also been criticized for overlooking World Hockey Association players[52] and overrepresenting the Original Six era from 1942 to 1967.[52] For several years, the Hall of Fame was criticized for overlooking female hockey players before the Hall of Fame announced that women would be given separate consideration.[53][54][55] In 2010, Angela James and Cammi Granato were the first women to be inducted into the Hall of Fame.[56]

One of the most discussed potential nominees is Paul Henderson, who scored the winning goal in the final moments of the deciding eighth game of the 1972 Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union. This is one of the best-known moments in hockey and Canadian sports history.[57] While there is little question of the historical significance of that goal, Henderson's NHL statistics are not at a level comparable to those players usually selected for induction. His candidacy led to many debates among hockey fans and columnists.[58][59]

Controversy

Conn Smythe resignation

Conn Smythe served as the Hall's chairman for several years, but resigned in June 1971 when Harvey "Busher" Jackson was posthumously elected into the Hall. Smythe said that it made him sick to think of Jackson alongside such Toronto Maple Leafs players as "Apps, Primeau, Conacher, Clancy and Kennedy. If the standards are going to be lowered I'll get out as chairman of the board."[60] Jackson was notorious for his off-ice lifestyle of drinking and broken marriages.[61] Smythe would not condone the induction and even tried to block it because he considered Jackson a poor role model.[62] Frank J. Selke, head of the selection committee defended the selection on the belief that a man should not be shut out "because of the amount of beer he drank".[63]

Gil Stein dispute

On March 30, 1993, it was announced that Gil Stein, who at the time had been president of the National Hockey League for nine months but had been bypassed for the new job of commissioner in favour of Gary Bettman, would be inducted into the Hall of Fame. There were immediate allegations that he had engineered his election through manipulation of the hall's board of directors. Due to these allegations, NHL commissioner Gary Bettman hired two independent lawyers, Arnold Burns and Yves Fortier, to lead an investigation.[64] They concluded that Stein had "improperly manipulated the process" and "created the false appearance and illusion" that his nomination was the idea of Bruce McNall.[65] They concluded that Stein pressured McNall to nominate him and had refused to withdraw his nomination when asked to do so by Bettman.[65] There was a dispute over McNall's role and Stein was "categorical in stating that the idea was Mr. McNall's".[65] They recommended that Stein's selection be overturned, but it was revealed Stein had decided to turn down the induction before their announcement.[66]

Alan Eagleson resignation

In 1989, Alan Eagleson, a longtime executive director of the National Hockey League Players Association, was inducted as a builder. He resigned nine years later from the Hall after pleading guilty to mail fraud and embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars from the National Hockey League Players' Association pension funds.[67] His resignation came six days before a vote was scheduled to determine if he should be expelled from the Hall.[68] Originally, the Hall of Fame was not going to become involved in the issue, but was forced to act when dozens of inductees, including Bobby Orr, Ted Lindsay and Brad Park, campaigned for Eagleson's expulsion, even threatening to renounce their membership if he was not removed. He became the first member of a sports hall of fame in North America to resign.[69]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "McDonald named chair of HHOF". tsn.ca. The Canadian Press. March 25, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Induction facts & figures". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 1
  4. ^ a b "Hockey Hall of Fame Receives Names of First Nine Immortals". Toronto Star. May 1, 1945. p. 10.
  5. ^ a b Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 25
  6. ^ a b "The History of the Hockey Hall of Fame". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
  7. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 33
  8. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 35
  9. ^ a b Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 39
  10. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 47
  11. ^ Patton, Paul (June 6, 1980). "Expanded hockey hall will charge admission". The Globe and Mail.
  12. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 155
  13. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame (Former Bank of Montreal)". Archiseek. Archived from the original on November 17, 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2007.
  14. ^ Breslin, Lauren (June 15, 2003). "Hall Marks its 10th Anniversary". Toronto Sun.
  15. ^ Ormsby, Mary (June 8, 1993). "New Hockey Hall of Fame brilliant mix of the old and new". The Gazette (Montreal, Quebec).
  16. ^ a b Steed, Judy (June 10, 2002). "Canada's pride designed as a story". Toronto Star.
  17. ^ Arace, Michael (November 28, 1999). "Canada's Centerpiece". The Columbus Dispatch.
  18. ^ a b "Founders & Leaders". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
  19. ^ a b "About Us". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
  20. ^ "History of Hockey Canada". Hockey Canada. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
  21. ^ "Exhibits Tour". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  22. ^ a b "MCI Great Hall". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  23. ^ "NHL Zone". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on December 2, 2010. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  24. ^ a b "Stanley Cup dynasties". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  25. ^ "Panasonic Hometown Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  26. ^ Mandernach, Mark (April 23, 2000). "Toronto's Hockey Hall of Fame Shoots and Scores". Chicago Tribune.
  27. ^ "NHLPA Be A Player Zone". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  28. ^ a b "TSN/RDS Broadcast Zone". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  29. ^ See description of agreement with the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) – concerning the IIHF Hall of Fame – at List of members of the IIHF Hall of Fame. See also: "IIHF Hall of Fame". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved July 28, 2010. "Index Ii: IIHF Hall of Fame". A to Z Enyclopaedia of Ice Hockey. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  30. ^ "Hall goes global, exciting new permanent exhibit to open June 29". Toronto Sun. June 26, 1998.
  31. ^ "World of Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  32. ^ a b c "Selection Committee By-Laws". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on December 8, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  33. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame Announces New Appointees to the Selection Committee" (PDF). Hockey Hall of Fame. HHOF.com. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  34. ^ "Summary of Nomination and Election Procedures". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  35. ^ "Committee Approves Waiver for Gretzky". The New York Times. April 30, 1999. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  36. ^ Whyno, Stephen (November 9, 2015). "Chris Pronger among 2015 Hockey Hall of Fame inductees". CBC Sports. The Canadian Press. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  37. ^ LeBrun, Pierre (March 26, 2015). "Chris Pronger eligible for HOF". ESPN. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  38. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame changes rules for female candidates". CBC Sports. March 31, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  39. ^ "Hockey Hall Of Fame Introduces New Voting Procedures For Honoured Membership". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. March 31, 2009. Archived from the original on May 23, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  40. ^ "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award winners". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  41. ^ "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award winners". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 5, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  42. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame Announces Legends Classic Tour 2005 Featuring Canada Vs. Russia". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. September 7, 2005. Archived from the original on October 28, 2005. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  43. ^ "Foster Hewitt". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  44. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 194
  45. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 207
  46. ^ Tychkowski, Robert (November 10, 2008). "Lowe traveling to T.O. for Andy". Calgary Sun. Sun Media. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
  47. ^ a b c Ulmer, Mike (June 30, 2006). "Hockey Hall just too tough". Slam! Sports. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  48. ^ a b Canadian Press (November 8, 2005). "Hall welcomes class of 2005: Neely, Kharlamov, Costello inducted into Hockey Hall of Fame". Barrie Examiner.
  49. ^ Fidlin, Ken (November 7, 2005). "Fitting tribute to hockey legend". Toronto Sun. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  50. ^ Canadian Press (June 28, 2007). "It's the Hockey Hall of Fame, not the NHL Hall of Fame". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  51. ^ Frei, Terry (June 27, 2007). "Here's my final selections for the 2007 Hall class". ESPN. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  52. ^ a b Klein, Jeff Z.; Reif, Karl-Eric (1986). The Klein and Reif Hockey Compendium. McClelland and Stewart.
  53. ^ Spencer, Donna (March 10, 2007). "Woman belongs in IIHF Hall of Fame—official: Naming a female to federation's honour roll could start in 2008". Edmonton Journal.
  54. ^ McGran, Kevin (December 22, 2007). "Gender issues hound Hall of Fame: Female players face barriers to finally gaining recognition". Toronto Star.
  55. ^ McGran, Kevin (June 20, 2010). "Will a female finally be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame?". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  56. ^ Caldwell, Dave (June 22, 2010). "Hockey Hall of Fame Set to Induct Its First Two Women". The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  57. ^ Brown, Scott (June 29, 2006). "Hall of one-hit wonders". Nanaimo Daily News.
  58. ^ "Does Paul Henderson Belong In The Hockey Hall of Fame?". 1972summitseries.com. Retrieved May 4, 2007.
  59. ^ Hunt, Jim (June 7, 2005). "Chuvalo truly deserving of Walk of Fame honour". Slam! Sports. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  60. ^ "Conn Smythe critical of Busher's selection". The Globe and Mail. June 10, 1971. p. 3.
  61. ^ Beddoes, Dick (June 10, 1971). "By Dick Beddoes". The Globe and Mail. p. 3.
  62. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 91
  63. ^ Burke, Tim (November 20, 1980). "Conn Smythe was heart, soul of Leafs". Montreal Gazette. p. 13.
  64. ^ "Stein Investigators Need More Time". The New York Times. July 14, 1993. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  65. ^ a b c Lapointe, Joe (August 19, 1993). "Stein Is Scratched as N.H.L. Immortal". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  66. ^ "Stein Hands the N.H.L. His Resignation". New York Times. September 21, 1993. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  67. ^ Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame, p. 167
  68. ^ Hunter, Paul (February 27, 2007). "Eagleson puts hockey memorabilia on block". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  69. ^ Lapointe, Joe (March 26, 1998). "Eagleson Resigns Under Pressure". New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2008.

References

  • Honoured members: the Hockey Hall of Fame. Canada: Fenn Publishing. 2003. ISBN 1-55168-239-7.
  • Official Guide to the Players of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Canada: Firefly Books. 2010. ISBN 1-55407-662-5.
  • Hockey Hall of Fame Book of Goalies. Canada: Firefly Books. 2010. ISBN 1-55407-644-7.

External links

British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame

The British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame was founded in 1948 and is the third oldest ice hockey Hall of Fame in the world, behind the Russian and Soviet Hockey Hall of Fame (also founded in 1948) and the International Hockey Hall of Fame (founded in 1943). The Hall honours individuals who have made important contributions to the sport of hockey in Britain. The Hall houses displays and exhibitions of memorabilia depicting significant contributions of players, coaches, referees and other individuals.

The Hall of Fame was founded by the weekly Ice Hockey World newspaper in 1948. When the newspaper stopped being published in 1958, the Hall of Fame ceased to exist. In 1986, the Hall was re-established by the British Ice Hockey Writers' Association (now called Ice Hockey Journalists UK (IHJUK)).

A sub-committee of IHJUK meets each year to decide on a list of potential inductees. To be inducted, individuals must have contributed "outstanding service to British ice hockey".

Finnish Hockey Hall of Fame

The Finnish Hockey Hall of Fame is part of the Vapriikki Museum Centre in Tampere, Finland and was created in 1979 to honor those individuals who have contributed to Finnish ice hockey. The Hall has displays and memorabilia that depict the significant contributions of players, coaches, referees and other important figures in the sport.

The Hall of Fame also inducts notable players, coaches, referees and other personalities, naming them Suomen Jääkiekkoleijona (hockey lions of Finland). The first inductees were honored in 1985 and are recorded with an inductee number. Currently, there are 218 inductees in the hall of fame.

French Ice Hockey Hall of Fame

The French Ice Hockey Hall of Fame, was founded in 2008 by the French Ice Hockey Federation, in the commune of Chamonix, on the occasion of the centenary of the French Championship. The Hall serves to honor players, coaches, referees, and other individuals who have contributed to the sport of ice hockey in France.

IIHF Centennial All-Star Team

The IIHF Centennial All-Star Team is an all-star team of hockey players from international ice hockey tournaments. The team was chosen based on the players' "impact in international ice hockey over a period of at least a decade," with a requirement that they must have performed "at the highest possible level (Olympics, the IIHF World Championship or the Canada Cup/World Cup tournaments)."

The selection was organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation and named in 2008. The panel comprised 56 ice hockey experts from 16 countries representing a balance between North American and European countries, and included people who have worked in the game for an extended period and whose opinions are widely respected. One of the 56 votes represented the collective opinion of the staff of The Hockey News. No single voter's entire selection was the same as the final team.

All six players were already members of the IIHF Hall of Fame at the time of the All-Star team's creation, and now all team members including Sergei Makarov are now also enshrined in the Hockey Hall of Fame. All four Soviets selected to the team played league hockey with CSKA Moscow, including three years (1978 to 1981) as teammates.

IIHF Hall of Fame

The IIHF Hall of Fame is a hall of fame which was established by the International Ice Hockey Federation in 1997, when 30 individuals were inducted at the world championships in Helsinki. A new group of players and builders have been inducted each year since then.

List of Boston Bruins award winners

This is a list of Boston Bruins award winners.

List of Chicago Blackhawks award winners

The Chicago Blackhawks are a professional ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois. They are members of the Central Division of the Western Conference in the National Hockey League (NHL). The club was founded in 1926 as one of the League's first American franchises and are today part of the NHL's "Original Six" teams—a term reserved for the six teams that comprised the NHL from the 1942–43 season until the league expanded in 1967.

The Blackhawks have won numerous team and individual awards and honors. They have won the Stanley Cup as the league champions in 1934, 1938, 1961, 2010, 2013, and 2015. The Presidents' Trophy was awarded to the club in the 1990–91 and 2012–13 seasons for finishing with the most points.

List of Montreal Canadiens award winners

beac

This is a list of Montreal Canadiens award winners.

List of NHL players with 50-goal seasons

Scoring 50 goals in one season is one of the most celebrated individual achievements in the National Hockey League (NHL). In 1944–45, Maurice Richard became the first player to score 50 goals in a season. Bernie Geoffrion became the second player to reach the milestone 16 years later in 1960–61. Fifty-goal seasons increased in frequency during the 1970s and 1980s as offense increased across the league. By 1980, it had been reached 24 times in NHL history; the plateau was reached 76 times in the 1980s alone.

Wayne Gretzky scored his 50th goal in his 39th game in 1981–82, the fastest any player has done so. He also shares the record for most 50-goal seasons with Mike Bossy, each having reached the milestone nine times in their careers. A record fourteen players exceeded 50 goals in 1992–93, after which offence declined across the league, and with it the number of players to reach the total. For the first time in 29 years, no player scored 50 goals in 1998–99. Ninety-one unique players have scored 50 goals in any one NHL season, doing so a combined 186 times.

List of New York Rangers award winners

This is a list of New York Rangers award winners.

List of Toronto Maple Leafs award winners

This is a list of award winners of the Toronto Maple Leafs and predecessor clubs of the Toronto NHL franchise.

List of members of the Hockey Hall of Fame

The Hockey Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and museum dedicated to the history of ice hockey. It was established in 1943 and is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Originally, there were two categories for induction, players and builders, and in 1961, a third category for on-ice officials was introduced. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players. In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players". Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000 the board of directors eliminated it and those inductees are now considered to be in the player category.For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee which consists of Hockey Hall of Fame members and media personalities. Each committee member is allowed to nominate one person in each category per year, and candidates must receive the support of 75% of the members of the committee that are present, or a minimum of ten votes. In any given year, there can be a maximum of four male players, two female players, and a combined two in the builders and on-ice officials categories. For a player, referee, or linesman to be nominated, the person must have been retired for a minimum three years. Builders may be "active or inactive". The induction ceremony is held at the current Hall of Fame building and was first broadcast by The Sports Network in 1994.The Hockey Hall of Fame also displays "Media honourees", who have been awarded the "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award", which is awarded by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association to "distinguished members of the newspaper profession whose words have brought honour to journalism and to hockey", or the "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award", which is awarded by the NHL Broadcasters' Association to "members of the radio and television industry who made outstanding contributions to their profession and the game during their career in hockey broadcasting". However, the media honourees are not considered full inductees, and are not included in this list. The winners are announced and honoured at different times than the other honourees. Foster Hewitt is the only media honouree inducted in his own right into the Hall, as a builder.As of 2016, there are 271 players (including four women), 105 builders and 16 on-ice officials in the Hall of Fame. Seventeen of the honourees have been inducted posthumously.

Lou Lamoriello

Louis P. Lamoriello (born October 21, 1942) is an American professional ice hockey executive who is the president of hockey operations and general manager for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League (NHL). He is also the former general manager of both the Toronto Maple Leafs and the New Jersey Devils of the NHL. Lamoriello's tenure as general manager of the New Jersey Devils from 1987 to 2015 was the third-longest by an NHL general manager with a single team, following those of Conn Smythe and Art Ross. Lamoriello resigned from New Jersey on May 4, 2015, and became the 16th general manager of the Maple Leafs on July 23 of the same year.

Under Lamoriello's management, the Devils, who had been barely competitive for their first five years in New Jersey, became one of the most successful teams in the NHL. The Devils made the Stanley Cup playoffs all but three times between 1988 and 2012, qualified for five Stanley Cup Finals (in 1995, 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2012) and won the Stanley Cup three times (in 1995, 2000 and 2003). Lamoriello also served as general manager for Team USA in the 1996 World Cup of Hockey, in which the U.S. won the gold medal, as well as for the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. Lamoriello also played a key role in negotiating the settlement of the 2004–05 NHL lockout to resume play for the 2005–06 season.

In 2009, Lamoriello was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in the builders category, while in 2012, Lamoriello was inducted into the United States Hockey Hall of Fame.

Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame

The Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum was established in 1985 when the first honoured members were named and plaques were erected in their honour. The first group of inductees was large in order to recognize the accomplishments of Manitoba players, coaches, builders and teams at the international, national, provincial and local levels for many years. Induction ceremonies were held on an annual or bi-annual basis through 1993. Since 1995, the Foundation has added to its honour roll every second year.

The Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum is located on the main level of the MTS Centre in downtown Winnipeg. The Players Wall is just inside the main entrance in the northeast corner and the Builders Wall is in the northwest corner. A Wall of Champions for teams in the Hall of Fame is located opposite the Builders Wall. The museum also includes a tribute to Olympic gold medallists and an enclosed memorabilia area. Until it was relocated to the new MTS Centre in late 2004, the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum was housed in the Winnipeg Arena. The Foundation also maintains a Wall of Fame photo gallery in the Canad Inns Polo Park in Winnipeg.

Mike Emrick

Michael "Doc" Emrick (born August 1, 1946) is an American network television play-by-play sportscaster and commentator noted mostly for his work in ice hockey. Emrick is currently the lead announcer for NHL national telecasts on both NBC and NBCSN. Among the many awards he has received is the NHL's Lester Patrick Award in 2004, making him the first of only five to have received the award for media work, and the Foster Hewitt Memorial Award by the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2008. He has also won six national Emmy Awards for excellence in sports broadcasting, the only hockey broadcaster to be honored with even one. On December 12, 2011, Emrick became the first member of the media to be inducted into the United States Hockey Hall of Fame.

Original Hockey Hall of Fame

The Original Hockey Hall of Fame, formerly the International Hockey Hall of Fame (IHHOF) is a museum dedicated to the history of ice hockey in Canada, located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The IHHOF was intended to be the original Hall of Fame for hockey, but events led to the establishment of the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, Ontario instead. The IHHOF was renamed the Original Hockey Hall of Fame in 2013, and now focuses on the history of the sport, and emphasis on the role people from Kingston had in its development.

Phil Housley

Phillip Francis Housley (born March 9, 1964)

United States Hockey Hall of Fame

The United States Hockey Hall of Fame was established in 1973 with the goal of preserving the rich history of ice hockey in the United States while recognizing the extraordinary contributions of select players, coaches, administrators, officials and teams. It is located in Eveleth, Minnesota, an iron mining town in northern Minnesota.

Walter A. Brown

Walter A. Brown (February 10, 1905 – September 7, 1964) was the founder and original owner of the Boston Celtics as well as an important figure in the development of ice hockey in the United States.

Ice hockey halls of fame
International
National
Other recognition
Museums and galleries in Toronto
Museums
Historic sites

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.