Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県 Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is the city of Hiroshima.[2] It has a population of around 2.8 million.

Hiroshima Prefecture

広島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese広島県
 • RōmajiHiroshima-ken
Flag of Hiroshima Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Hiroshima Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Hiroshima Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
IslandHonshu
CapitalHiroshima
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
 • GovernorHidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total8,479.63 km2 (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank11th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total2,811,410
 • Rank12th
 • Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-34
Websitepref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdRed-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
TreeJapanese maple (Acer palmatum)

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province.[3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

Geography

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture Ja
Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
Fukuyama-city photo
Fukuyama
Onomichi city huukei
Onomichi
Saijyo-cho
Higashihiroshima
Mihara
Mihara

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,319,507—    
19031,508,713+1.04%
19131,691,699+1.15%
19201,541,905−1.32%
19251,617,680+0.96%
19301,692,136+0.90%
19351,804,916+1.30%
19401,869,504+0.71%
19451,885,471+0.17%
19502,081,967+2.00%
19552,149,044+0.64%
19602,184,043+0.32%
19652,281,146+0.87%
19702,436,135+1.32%
19752,646,324+1.67%
19802,739,161+0.69%
19852,819,200+0.58%
19902,849,847+0.22%
19952,881,748+0.22%
20002,878,915−0.02%
20052,876,642−0.02%
20102,860,750−0.11%
20152,844,963−0.11%
source:[6]

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production.[7]

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015.[8]

Education

University

Transportation

Railway

People movers

Streetcars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Baseball

Volleyball

Basketball

Tourism

厳島神社と大鳥居

Itsukushima Shrine and Torii Gate (Hatsukaichi)

Genbaku Dome04-r

Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Hiroshima City)

Kaisyaku-river

Taishaku Valley (Shobara)

Shokei no michi 5

Road of longing (Shokei no michi) in Takehara on October

Keep tower of Hiroshima Castle 20121122, 000

Hiroshima Castle

Tomonoura08bs3200

Tomonoura (Fukuyama)

Famous festivals and events

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320 at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319–20 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320 at Google Books.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  6. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. ^ "平成27年度広島県民経済計算結果について" (PDF). 広島県.
  8. ^ "平成 28 年経済センサス" (PDF). 広島県.

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°26′N 132°45′E / 34.433°N 132.750°E

Aki Province

Aki Province (安芸国, Aki no kuni) or Geishū (芸州) was a province in the Chūgoku Region of western Honshū, comprising the western part of what is today Hiroshima Prefecture.When Emperor Shōmu ordered two official temples for each province (one for male Buddhist priests and one for nuns), two temples were founded in Aki Province. The provincial temple was founded in present-day Saijō, Higashihiroshima.

In the late Heian Period (12th century), Aki Province became well known for the Itsukushima Shrine. Taira no Kiyomori realized the shrine's importance and donated funds for a new complex of buildings and sutra scrolls. Itsukushima (Miyajima) had a good sea port and had clear strategic significance.

In the Sengoku Period, it was the original seat of the Mōri clan until 1600. In 1555, Mōri Motonari won the Battle of Itsukushima against Sue Harutaka and established his power in the western part of Honshū.

Mōri Terumoto, one of the Council of Five Elders Toyotomi Hideyoshi appointed for his son Hideyori, sided with Ishida Mitsunari before the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, and lost Aki and many of his other domains.

After a short rule by Fukushima Masanori, in 1619, Asano Nagaakira was appointed as the daimyō of Hiroshima with 420,000 koku. Until the Meiji Restoration, the Asano governed almost all the province.

Aki Province was abolished in 1871, and renamed to Hiroshima Prefecture. After some mergers the current area of Hiroshima Prefecture was established.

Ashida River

The Ashida River (芦田川, ashida-gawa) is a river that flows through the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The river provides the primary drainage for the Bingo region.

The source of the river is in the city of Mihara, Hiroshima and flows generally east toward Niimi, Okayama. After flowing through the Hattabara and Mikawa Dams in Fuchū, Hiroshima, the river passes through Fukuyama, Hiroshima, where it empties into the Seto Inland Sea.

Bingo Province

Bingo Province (備後国, Bingo no kuni) was a province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of western Honshū, comprising what is today the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture. It was sometimes grouped together with Bizen and Bitchu Provinces as Bishū (備州). The 備 bi in the names of these provinces is taken from the second character in the name of Kibi Province, whose ambit also included the area that would be divided off as Mimasaka Province in the early 8th century CE. Bingo bordered Bitchū, Hōki, Izumo, Iwami, and Aki Provinces.

The ancient capital is believed to have been in the vicinity of the city of Fuchu. During the Sengoku Period, Bingo was part of the Mori clan's domains, but after the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu reassigned it to one of his allies.

A notable landmark includes Fukuyama Castle, which was the main castle of the Bingo-Fukuyama han (clan) during the Edo period of Japanese history.

Fukuyama, Hiroshima

Fukuyama (福山市, Fukuyama-shi) is a city located on the Ashida River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of January 31, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 465,238 and a population density of 898.02 persons per km². The total area is 461.23 km2 (178.08 sq mi).

After Hiroshima, it is the largest city in Hiroshima Prefecture and is located on the far east side of the prefecture. The city's symbol is the rose and it holds an annual Rose Festival in the month of May. The official mascot of Fukuyama is an anthropomorphic rose child by the name of Rola. Fukuyama is a vital commercial, industrial and communications center. It produces machinery, koto (Japanese harps), rubber products, electronics, textiles, and processed foods.

Hibagon

The Hibagon (ヒバゴン) or Hinagon (ヒナゴン) is the Japanese equivalent of the North American Bigfoot or the Himalayan Yeti. Sightings have been reported since the 1970s around Mount Hiba in the Hiroshima Prefecture.

Higashihiroshima-Kure Expressway

The Higashihiroshima-Kure Expressway (東広島呉自動車道, Higashihiroshima-Kure Jidōsha-dō) is an national expressway in the southern part of Hiroshima Prefecture. The route connects the city of Higashihiroshima and the San'yō Expressway to the city of Kure on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). The route is signed E75 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Hiroshima Airport

Hiroshima Airport (広島空港, Hiroshima Kūkō) (IATA: HIJ, ICAO: RJOA) is an airport in the city of Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Located 50 km (31 mi) east of Hiroshima, it is the largest airport in the Chūgoku region.

Hiroshima Electric Railway

Hiroshima Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (広島電鉄株式会社, Hiroshima Dentetsu Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese transportation company established on June 18, 1910, that operates streetcars and buses in and around Hiroshima Prefecture. It is known as "Hiroden" (広電) for short.

The company's rolling stock includes an eclectic range of trams manufactured from across Japan and Europe, earning it the nickname "The Moving Streetcar Museum".

From January 2008 the company has accepted PASPY, a smart card ticket system.

This is the longest tram network in Japan, with 35.1 km (21.8 mi).

Hiroshima Expressway (urban expressway)

The Hiroshima Expressway (広島高速道路, Hiroshima Kōsokudōro) is a network of urban expressways serving the greater Hiroshima area in Japan. It is owned and managed by Hiroshima Expressway Public Corporation.

Hiroshima–Nishi Airport

Hiroshima–Nishi Airport (広島西飛行場, Hiroshima Nishi Hikōjō) (IATA: HIW, ICAO: RJBH) is an airport in Nishi Ward, located 3.1 NM (5.7 km; 3.6 mi) southwest of Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.

Itsukushima Shrine

Itsukushima Shrine (厳島神社, Itsukushima-jinja) is a Shinto shrine on the island of Itsukushima (popularly known as Miyajima), best known for its "floating" torii gate. It is in the city of Hatsukaichi in Hiroshima Prefecture in Japan. The shrine complex is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Japanese government has designated several buildings and possessions as National Treasures.

The Itsukushima shrine is one of Japan's most popular tourist attractions. It is most famous for its dramatic gate, or torii on the outskirts of the shrine , the sacred peaks of Mount Misen, extensive forests, and its aesthetic ocean view. The shrine complex itself consists of two main buildings: the Honsha shrine and the Sessha Marodo-jinja, as well as 17 other different buildings and structures that help to distinguish it. The complex is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and six of its buildings and possessions have been designated by the Japanese government as National Treasures.

Kaitaichi Station

Kaitaichi Station (海田市駅, Kaitaichi-eki) is a railway station in Kaita, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West).

Kure, Hiroshima

Kure (呉市, Kure-shi) is a port and major shipbuilding city situated on the Seto Inland Sea in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. With a strong industrial heritage, Kure hosts the second-oldest naval dockyard in Japan and remains an important base for the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force (JMSDF).

As of 1 May 2015, the city has an estimated population of 228,030 and a population density of 646 persons per km². The total area is 352.80 km².

Mihara Station

Mihara Station (三原駅, Mihara-eki) is a railway station in Mihara, Hiroshima, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West).

Mukainada Station

Mukainada Station (向洋駅, Mukainada-eki) is a railway station in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.

Okonomiyaki

Okonomiyaki (お好み焼き, o-konomi-yaki) (listen ) is a Japanese savory pancake containing a variety of ingredients. The name is derived from the word okonomi, meaning "how you like" or "what you like", and yaki meaning "cooked" (usually fried). Okonomiyaki is mainly associated with the Kansai or Hiroshima areas of Japan, but is widely available throughout the country. Toppings and batters tend to vary according to region. In Tokyo, there is a semi-liquid okonomiyaki called 'monjayaki.'

Oze River

The Oze River (Japanese: 小瀬川(おぜがわ), Hepburn: ozegawa) is a river in Hiroshima Prefecture and Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. The river forms part of the border between the two prefectures, which used to be the border between former Suō Province and Aki Province. It is also known as Kono River (木野川).

Takahashi River

The Takahashi River (高梁川, Takahashi-gawa) is a Class A major river in the western part of Okayama Prefecture. It acts as the main drainage for the Takahashi River Drainage System, and is one of the three main drainage rivers in Okayama Prefecture (the others being the Yoshii River and the Asahi River).

Ōta River

Ōta River (太田川, Ōta-gawa) is a 103 kilometer-(64 mile-) long river as its main stream from Mt. Kanmuri (冠山, Kanmuri-yama) (1,339m). The Ōta River is the major river that flows through Hiroshima Prefecture and empties into the Seto Inland Sea. The river descends through steep topography, with hydroelectric power plants situated along the river.

Ōta River has numerous of tributaries around the upper streams and join with Misasa River in Asakita-ku, Hiroshima and branch into Kyōbashi River, Tenma River and Motoyasu River in the delta area of Hiroshima. Ōta River made the Hiroshima Delta. It is spanned by the Aioi Bridge, the aiming point for the Atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

Ōta River runs through Kitahiroshima, Akiota, Akitakata, Higashihiroshima and Hiroshima. The size of its catchment area is 1,710 km².

Shadow picture of Hiroshima prefecture.png Hiroshima Prefecture
Wards of Hiroshima
Core cities
Cities
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47 Prefectures

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