Highbridge is a residential neighborhood geographically located in the central-west section of the Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, Jerome Avenue to the east, East 161st Street to the south, and the Harlem River to the west. Ogden Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Highbridge. ZIP codes include 10452.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Highbridge was 37,727, an increase of 3,883 (11.5%) from the 33,844 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 373.14 acres (151.00 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 101.1 inhabitants per acre (64,700/sq mi; 25,000/km2).
In 2010, the racial makeup of the neighborhood was 32.9% (12,397) African American, 1.2% (462) White, 0.2% (69) Native American, 0.5% (176) Asian, 0.0% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (103) from other races, and 0.7% (253) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.3% (24,265) of the population.
Prior to the 1960s, Highbridge was a predominately Irish American neighborhood. Today the vast majority of residents in the area are of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American descent. Almost 40% of families live below the federal poverty line. Highbridge has recently undergone rapid gentrification. In 2017, rents in Highbridge rose 22%, more than any other neighborhood in New York City.
Land use and terrain
Highbridge is dominated by townhouses and 5 and 6-story apartment buildings, including numerous Art Deco landmarks built by the developer Bernard J. Noonan and the architects Horace Ginsberg and Marvin Fine. Many older detached mansions still remain on Woodycrest Avenue and Ogden Avenue. The total land area is roughly one square mile. The terrain is elevated and very hilly. Stair streets connect areas located at different elevations.
- The Woodycrest Children's Home on Woodycrest Avenue was built as an orphanage by the American Female Guardian Society and Home for the Friendless to rescue from degradation, physical and moral, the children of want, homelessness and sorrow. This grand Beaux Arts building was designed by William Tuthill, the architect of Carnegie Hall. Opening in 1902, it housed 120 children in five dormitories, and contained a chapel, a kindergarten, a hospital, a dining room and a quarantine ward for new arrivals. The building is now managed by the Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center as the Highbridge-Woodycrest center, providing long-term geriatric and AIDS care.
- The Art Deco style Park Plaza Apartments on Jerome Avenue, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- The Art Deco style Noonan Plaza Apartments on West 168th Street.
- The Richardsonian Romanesque style Union Reformed Church of Highbridge on Ogden Avenue, with stained glass by Tiffany and Company.
- The Polychrome Gothic style Public School 91, now PS11, on Ogden Avenue.
- The "Lighthouse" building at Sedgewick Avenue and University Avenue has housed the H.W. Wilson Company, an educational publisher and index services provider, since 1917. The building's distinctive lighthouse was added in 1929. The company merged with EBSCO Publishing in June 2011. 
The neighborhood has dozens of community gardens occupying lots that were left vacant between the 1970s and 1990s, including:
Public housing projects
There are three NYCHA developments located in Highbridge:
- Highbridge Gardens; six, 13-story buildings.
- Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue); three, 5 and 6-story rehabilitated tenement buildings.
At the time of European settlement, the southern Bronx was inhabited by the Siwanoy, a tribe of the Wappinger Confederacy. They called the hill that is now Highbridge "Nuasin," or "the land between," for its location between the Harlem River and an estuary that formerly flowed in the area of modern-day Jerome Avenue.
The neighborhood takes its name from the High Bridge built in 1848 by Irish immigrants to carry Croton Aqueduct water across the Harlem River.
In the mid-late 19th century, the area was developed as a suburban retreat for the elite, who built large homes overlooking the Harlem River. The names of these families and their estates are still reflected in the names of Highbridge's north-south avenues: Ogden Avenue and Boscobel Place for William B. Ogden, Merriam Avenue for Francis W. Merriam, Anderson Avenue and Woodycrest Avenue for the Anderson family, and Shakespeare Avenue for the Shakespeare Garden on the Marcher family estate. Around the turn of the 20th Century, many of these estates were subdivided for urban development, however a few older houses still remain.
In the early 20th Century, the neighborhood was served by the Anderson–Jerome Avenues Station, which connected the Ninth Avenue El Line with the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4 Train).
In the late 1960s, the residents of Highbridge were predominantly of Irish, Italian and Eastern European Jewish descent. They have since been replaced by large numbers of Hispanics and African Americans. As of 2017, the neighborhood is undergoing gentrification.
- PS 11: High Bridge (Merriam and Ogden Avenues)
- PS 73: Joseph Dellacava (West 165th Street and Anderson Avenue)
- PS 114x: Luis Llorens Torres Schools (East 166th Street and Cromwell Avenue)
- PS 126: Dr. Marjorie Dunbar (West 166th Street and University Avenue)
- PS 199: William Shakespeare (West 172nd Street and Shakespeare Avenue)
- PS/IS 128: Rafael Hernandez Dual Language Magnet School (East 167th Street and Gerard Avenue)
- IS 361: The Highbridge Green School (200 W. 167th Street), a 2014-2015 Chancellor's Showcase School
- Bronx School for Law Government and Justice
- Sacred Heart School (168th and Nelson Av)
Highbridge is part of New York's 15th congressional district. The district is represented by Democrat José E. Serrano. In area, the 15th Congressional District is the smallest in the United States. Scoring a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+43 in 2014, the 15th Congressional District is also the most Democratic district in the nation.
Highbridge is part of New York State Senate District 29, represented by José M. Serrano.
Highbridge is divided between two districts of the New York State Assembly. The 77th District is represented by Latoya Joyner. The 84th District is represented by Carmen E. Arroyo.
Highbridge is part of New York City Council District 8. As of 2017, it is represented by Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito.
The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 4.
The area is patrolled by the 44th Precinct located at 2 East 169th Street. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx.
- ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- ^ "Highbridge neighborhood in New York". Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- ^ a b "Bronx Irish Americans: American Irish History in the Bronx". Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- ^ "NYC Population FactFinder". popfactfinder.planning.nyc.gov. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- ^ a b "Gentrifying Highbridge Faces a Rocky Future". Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- ^ a b , New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
- ^ a b c Gray, Christoper (1989-01-08). "STREETSCAPES: Woodycrest Children's Home; A New Life - and Mission - for a Bronx Residence". New York Times. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- ^ , Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center. Accessed June 21, 2017.
- ^ , New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
- ^ , New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
- ^ "Questions & Answers regarding EBSCO Publishing's Merger with The H.W. Wilson Company". Retrieved 6/1/2011.
- ^ Highbridge Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
- ^ a b c d e Merriam Playground, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
- ^ Macombs Dam Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
- ^ Mullaly Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
- ^ Nelson Playground, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed July 9, 2018.
- ^ Corporal Fischer Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed July 9, 2018.
- ^ Target Bronx Community Garden, New York Restoration Project. Accessed June 12, 2017.
- ^ Bronx Development Maps, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^ Highbridge Gardens, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^ Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue), New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
- ^ Winant, Edward (1996). The Hydraulics Revolution: Science and Technical Design of Urban Water Supply during the Enlightenment. West Virginia University.
- ^ "Highbridge Heights, Bronx". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- ^ Hamlett-Concepcion, Brittany. "Celebrities who hail from the 'Boogie Down' Bronx", AM New York, November 9, 2015. Accessed June 12, 2017. "Joy Bryant - The Get Rich or Die Tryin star grew up in the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
- ^ Kameir, Rawiya. "Cardi B Did It Her Way; Cardi B engineered Instagram fame into reality TV stardom into a poppin’ rap career. Now she’s learning to juggle everything that comes with it.", The Fader, June / July 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. "Nefi, who is just one of 36 cousins, grew up 'door-by-door' in the same building off 167th Street, in a corner of the Bronx called Highbridge."
- ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "For Tracy Morgan, Every Day Is a Show", The New York Times, October 28, 2008. Accessed June 12, 2017. "He was the second of five children, raised in housing projects in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
- ^ "William B. Ogden.", Illinois During the Gilded Age. Accessed June 12, 2017. "His business causing him, of late years, to spend much of his time in New York, he purchased a handsome villa, in the spring of 1866, in Westchester County, at Fordham Heights, adjoining the High Bridge."
- ^ Sacred Heart School
- ^ "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- ^ http://cookpolitical.com/house/pvi#The Median & Most Partisan Districts, 1998-2014
- ^ "44th Precinct". Retrieved 5 December 2015.
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