Hierocles (author of Synecdemus)

Hierocles (Greek: Ἱεροκλῆς Hierokles) was a Byzantine geographer of the sixth century and the attributed author of the Synecdemus or Synekdemos, which contains a table of administrative divisions of the Byzantine Empire and lists of the cities of each. The work is dated to the reign of Justinian but prior to 535, as it divides the 912 listed cities in the Empire among 64 Eparchies. The Synecdemus is thus one of the most invaluable monuments which we have to study the political geography of the sixth century East. The work of Hierocles along with that of Stephanus of Byzantium were the principal sources of Constantine VII's work on the Themes (De Thematibus). Hierocles was published by Parthey (Hieroclis Synecdemus; Berlin, 1866) then in a corrected text, by A. Burckhardt in the Teubner series (Hieroclis Synecdemus; Leipzig, 1893). The most recent major publication was by E. Honigmann (Le Synekdèmos d'Hiéroklès et l'opuscule géographique de Georges de Chypre; Brussels, 1939).

The Synecdemus of Hierocles should not be confused with a Greek Orthodox prayer book by the same name.


  • Wolfgang Buchwald, Dictionnaire des auteurs grecs et latins de l'Antiquité et du Moyen-Âge, s. v. Hiéroclès, p. 408.
  • Getzel Cohen, The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor (ISBN 0-520-08329-6), p. 7.
  • Parthey, Gustav (1866). Hieroclis Synecdemus et notitiae Graecae episcopatuum: Accedunt Nili Doxapatrii notitia patriarchatuum et locorum nomina immutata. Berolini: In aedibus Friderici Nicolai.
  • Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, s. v. Hierokles, vol. II, 930.

External links

Apollonos Hieron

Apollonos Hieron (Greek: Ἀπόλλωνος ἱερόν, "Temple of Apollo") was an ancient city of Lydia.


Hierocles may refer to:

Hierocles (Stoic), 2nd century, Stoic philosopher

Hierocles (charioteer), 2nd–3rd century, presumed lover and court official of the emperor Elagabalus

Sossianus Hierocles, 3rd–4th century, proconsul of Bithynia and Alexandria during the reign of Diocletian

Hierocles, possibly 4th century, co-editor of Philogelos

Hierocles of Alexandria, 5th century, Greek Neoplatonist writer

Hierocles (author of Synecdemus), 6th century, Byzantine geographer, author of the Synecdemus

Hierocles, a character in the play Peace by Aristophanes

Index of Byzantine Empire-related articles

This is an alphabetical index of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire (AD 330–1453). Feel free to add more, and create missing pages. You can track changes to the articles included in this list from here.

Note: People are listed by first name. Events, monuments and institutions like "Battle/Siege/Council/Church/Duchy/etc. of NNN" are listed by the location/name.

List of Graeco-Roman geographers

Pre-Hellenistic Classical Greece



Hecataeus of Miletus

Massaliote Periplus (?)

Scylax of Caryanda (6th century BC)

HerodotusHellenistic periodPytheas (died c. 310 BC)

Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax (4th or 3rd century BC)

Megasthenes (died c. 290 BC)

Autolycus of Pitane (died c. 290 BC)

Dicaearchus (died c. 285 BC)

Deimakos (3rd century BC)

Timosthenes (fl. 270s BC)

Eratosthenes (c. 276-194 BC)

Scymnus (fl. 180s BC)

Hipparchus (c. 190-120 BC)

Agatharchides (2nd century BC)

Posidonius (c. 135-51 BC)

Pseudo-Scymnus (c. 90 BC)

Diodorus Siculus (c. 90-30 BC)

Alexander Polyhistor (1st century BC)Roman Empire period

Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Strabo (64 BC - 24 AD)

Pomponius Mela (fl. 40s AD)

Isidore of Charax (1st century AD)

Mucianus (1st century AD)

Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), Natural History

Marinus of Tyre (c. 70-130)

Ptolemy (90-168), Geography

Pausanias (2nd century)

Agathedaemon of Alexandria (2nd century)

Dionysius of Byzantium (2nd century)

Agathemerus (3rd century)

Tabula Peutingeriana (4th century)

Alypius of Antioch (4th century)

Marcian of Heraclea (4th century)

Expositio totius mundi et gentium (AD 350-362)

Julius Honorius (very uncertain: 4th, 5th or 6th century)Byzantine EmpireHierocles (author of Synecdemus) (6th century)

Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th century)

Stephanus of Byzantium (6th century)


Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Greek: Λυδία, Lydía; Turkish: Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir. Its population spoke an Anatolian language known as Lydian. Its capital was Sardis.The Kingdom of Lydia existed from about 1200 BC to 546 BC. At its greatest extent, during the 7th century BC, it covered all of western Anatolia. In 546 BC, it became a province of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, known as the satrapy of Lydia or Sparda in Old Persian. In 133 BC, it became part of the Roman province of Asia.

Coins are said to have been invented in Lydia around the 7th century BC.


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