Heysham

Heysham (/ˈhiːʃəm/ (listen) HEE-shəm) is a large coastal village in Lancashire, England, overlooking Morecambe Bay. It is a ferry port, with services to the Isle of Man and Ireland, and the site of two nuclear power stations.

Heysham
St. Peter's Church, Heysham

St Peter's Church
Heysham is located in the City of Lancaster district
Heysham
Heysham
Shown within the City of Lancaster district
Heysham is located in Lancashire
Heysham
Heysham
Location within Lancashire
Population17,016 
OS grid referenceSD415615
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMORECAMBE
Postcode districtLA3
Dialling code01524
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament

Demography

Administratively, Heysham is part of the City of Lancaster district, with three wards: Heysham Central (with a population of 4,397),[1] increasing to 4,478 at the 2011 Census,[2] Heysham North (5,477),[3] decreasing to 5,274 at the 2011 Census[4] and Heysham South (6,262);[5] increasing to 7,264 at the 2011 Census.[6] Together they have a population of 16,136 (2001 census), or 17,016 (2011 census), although these extend into areas beyond the village of Heysham itself, which has a population of approximately 6,500.

History

Ancient stone graves at St. Patrick's Chapel, Heysham - geograph.org.uk - 333469
Stone graves overlooking Morecambe Bay

Of historical interest are the stone graves in the ruins of the ancient St. Patrick's Chapel, close to St Peter's Church. They are thought to date from the 11th century, and are hewn from solid rock. Local legend has it that St Patrick landed here after crossing from Ireland and established the chapel. However it has been established that the chapel was built around 300 years after Patrick's death. These stone graves appear on the cover of the Black Sabbath CD, "The Best of Black Sabbath".

The grounds of St Peter's Church contain many Saxon and Viking remains, and the church itself contains a Viking hogback stone. The purpose of these strange stone sculptures is the subject of much debate; they are found mainly in the Northern England and also in Scotland, Wales, Ireland and a few areas of Southern England with Viking links. Heysham also contains one of only three sites in Britain and Ireland that contain a pre-Roman labyrinth carving, the others being located at Tintagel, Cornwall and Hollywood, Co. Wicklow, Ireland[7][8]

Lancaster Museum holds artefacts from the area such as stone axe and hammer heads (some weighing up to 4 kg (9 lb)) dating back to the New Stone Age. Many of these artefacts and their original location suggest that this was an ancient burial ground, or barrow; the area is still known locally as "The Barrows". The Barrows are the only sea-cliffs in Lancashire and contain, in a relatively small area, woodland, open grassland, sandy beaches and deep rock pools.

Heysham Heritage Centre is housed in the barn of a Longhouse in Main Street. The building is owned by the Heritage Trust for the North West, who also own the cottage part of the longhouse, 22 Main Street. The Heritage Centre is run by volunteers, most of whom belong to Heysham Heritage Association.[9]

Community

Heysham won Britain in Bloom Gold Small Village awards in both 2005 and 2007.

Heysham also had a large outdoor karting track on Heysham Head where racing legend Nigel Mansell used to race in his teenage years.

Heysham is the terminus of the Stanlow-Heysham oil pipeline, and of a gas pipeline that originates in Morecambe field in the Irish Sea.[10]

Industry and transport

Heysham Port started operation in 1904 with a ferry service to the Isle of Man, as well as freight to Ireland and services for the eastern Irish Sea and Morecambe Bay gas fields. A SeaCat service to Belfast started in 1999. Some ferries connect with trains from Heysham Port railway station to Lancaster via the Morecambe Branch Line.

The Bay Gateway dual carriageway opened in October 2016, connecting Heysham directly to the M6.[11]

Notable people

The artist J. M. W. Turner visited Heysham in the 1790s when travelling throughout Britain. On a visit in August 1816[12] he made sketches which formed the basis of his subsequent watercolour Heysham and Cumberland Mountains (British Museum); it depicts the village with the Lakeland backdrop across Morecambe Bay.

Professional Boxer Tyson Fury is from Heysham Professional footballer David Perkins was born in Heysham.

Gallery

Anglo-Saxon Stone, Heysham

Anglo-Saxon stone

St Patrick's Chapel, Heysham

St. Patrick's Chapel

Heysham Harbour, from entrance

Heysham Harbour

Heysham NPP cropped

Heysham nuclear power station

Heysham Nature Reserve

Sunset across 'The Barrows' on Heysham Nature Reserve

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Central Ward popln". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "North ward census 2011". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "South ward population 2011".
  7. ^ Nash, George (2008). "The Heysham labyrinth, Morecambe Bay, northern England". Rock Art Research. 25 (2).
  8. ^ "The Labyrinth". rockartuk.wordpress.com. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  9. ^ http://www.heyshamheritage.org.uk/html/hha.html
  10. ^ "United Kingdom and Ireland Pipelines map". theodora.com. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/granada/update/2016-10-31/heysham-link-road-opens/
  12. ^ In Turner's Footsteps, through the hills and dales of Northern England: David Hill : John Murray 1984
2015 Lancaster City Council election

Local elections were held for Lancaster City Council on 7 May 2015, the same day as the 2015 United Kingdom general election and other United Kingdom local elections, 2015. Local elections are held every four years with all councillors up for election in multi-member electoral wards.

2019 Lancaster City Council election

Elections to Lancaster City Council was held on 2 May 2019 at the same time as other 2019 United Kingdom local elections. Local elections are held every four years with all councillors up for election in multi-member electoral wards.

Bay Leadership Academy

Bay Leadership Academy formerly Heysham High School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form located in Heysham (near Morecambe) in the English county of Lancashire.It is a community school administered by Lancashire County Council. The school serves pupils mainly from the Heysham, Morecambe and Lancaster areas.Bay Leadership Academy offers GCSEs, BTECs and City and Guilds courses as programmes of study for pupils. Students in the sixth form have the option to study from a range of A-levels and further BTECs. Heysham High School offers its sixth form courses as part of the North Lancashire Learning Partnership which also includes Carnforth High School, Central Lancaster High School and Our Lady's Catholic College.

Heysham Port

Heysham Port is the port of Heysham, Lancashire, England. It is served by Heysham Port railway station.

Heysham Port railway station

Heysham Port railway station serves the port of Heysham in Lancashire, England. It is the terminus of the Morecambe Branch Line from Lancaster and is situated 4 1⁄4 miles (6.8 km) south of Morecambe.

Heysham nuclear power station

Heysham Power Station is a nuclear power station in Heysham, Lancashire, England, operated by EDF Energy. The site is divided into two separately-managed stations, Heysham 1 and Heysham 2, both with two reactors of the advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) type.

In 2010, the British government announced that Heysham was one of the eight sites it considered suitable for future nuclear power stations.On 1 August 2016, Heysham 2's Unit 8 broke the world record for longest continuous operation of a nuclear generator without a shutdown. This record-breaking run exceeds the previous record of 894 days set by Pickering Nuclear Generating Station's Unit 7 (Lake Ontario, Canada) in 1994. The reactor has generated 13.5 TWh of electricity so far during this continuous operation, taking its lifetime generation to 115.46 TWh.

Heysham to M6 Link Road

The Heysham to M6 Link Road, known as the Bay Gateway, is a 4.8-kilometre-long (3.0 mi) dual carriageway link road between the Heysham and Morecambe peninsula to Junction 34 of the M6 motorway in Lancashire, England. It was opened on 31 October 2016. In the process, Junction 34 was remodelled.The concept was published in the document "Road Plan for Lancashire", in 1948. The idea was revived in 1962 in the Lancashire Development Plan. The first phase, known as the Lancaster and Morecambe bypass, opened in 1994, leaving the Lune crossing and the motorway link unbuilt. Planning permission for this was granted in 2008, with the Department for Transport accepting the "best and final bid offer" and confirming a funding contribution of £111m in 2011. The Secretary of State for Transport gave final approval in March 2013. Over 18,000 vehicles per day used the new road, which had a final cost of £123.9 million, in the year since it was opened.The road forms part of the A683 Heysham–Kirkby Stephen route. The former route of the A683 through Lancaster has been redesignated the A589.

Listed buildings in Heysham

Heysham is an unparished area in Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It contains 26 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, four are listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, one is at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The area is mainly occupied by the village of Heysham, with the coast to the west, and the town of Morecambe to the north. The headland overlooking the sea contains some ancient structures that are listed, including a ruined chapel and rock-cut tombs. Most of the other listed buildings are houses, many of them being in the oldest part of the village adjacent to the headland. Elsewhere the listed buildings include a church and associated structures, a public house, and a well.

MR electric units

The Midland Railway experimented with electrification on its Heysham–Morecambe–Lancaster line in Lancashire, England. Electric trains started to run over this route in 1908, using the overhead 6.6 kV, 25 Hz AC electric supply installed and generated at the MR's own power station in Heysham.

The electric multiple units consisted of three driving motor coaches and six driving trailer coaches. Since the DM cars had a cab at each end, this allowed trains of one, two, or three cars to be formed.

Morecambe and Heysham War Memorial

The Morecambe and Heysham War Memorial stands on the Promenade at Morecambe, Lancashire, England.It has two inscriptions in black lettering, after which are listed the names of those remembered

The memorial remembers the 216 men who died in the First World War, the 180 in the Second World War and the single man

who was killed in the Korean War.The war memorial, made of bronze and granite, was completed in 1921 and designed by Thomas Hayton Mawson. A bronze lion sits atop a stepped base. On 20 January 1993 the monument was registered as a Grade II structure at British Listed Buildings.

Morecambe branch line

The Morecambe branch line is a railway line in Lancashire, England, from Lancaster to Morecambe and Heysham, where trains connect with ferries to Douglas, Isle of Man. To reach Heysham, trains must reverse at Morecambe.

Almost all passenger services are operated by Northern. Most are shuttles between Lancaster and Morecambe, with only a limited service through to Heysham to connect with the ferries, primarily using Class 142, Class 153 or Class 156 diesel multiple units . A few services continue beyond Lancaster to Skipton and Leeds (see Leeds–Morecambe line), and generally use Class 144 or Class 150 units.

Since 1994 the two tracks between Bare Lane and Morecambe have been operated as two independent single lines, with no connection between them beyond Bare Lane. Only the southern line is connected to the Heysham branch.The line also sees freight trains operated by Direct Rail Services, which serve Heysham nuclear power station.

Morecambe railway station

Morecambe railway station is a railway station that serves the town of Morecambe in Lancashire, England. It is located on the Morecambe Branch Line from Lancaster to Heysham. The current truncated two-platform station was opened in 1994 to replace the Midland Railway's earlier Morecambe Promenade terminus situated some 400 m (440 yd) further west, closer to the town's sea front. The old station building remains in use as a pub and restaurant, but its platforms have been demolished and the site is now occupied by a cinema and the Morecambe indoor market. That station was itself a replacement for the North Western Railway's original two-platform terminus at Northumberland Street (opened in 1851 and closed in March 1907), which was located almost exactly on the same site as the current station and ticket office.

Municipal Borough of Morecambe and Heysham

Morecambe and Heysham was a municipal borough in Lancashire, England. It was formed in 1928 by the merging of Morecambe Municipal Borough and Heysham Urban District, and abolished in 1974 when it was absorbed into the City of Lancaster local government district.

Seatruck Ferries

Seatruck Ferries is a UK-based freight-only ferry company which commenced services in 1996. It is part of the Clipper Group, a shipping company based in The Bahamas. The company operates out of four ports on the Irish Sea, including Heysham and Liverpool.

St Patrick's Chapel, Heysham

St Patrick's Chapel is a ruined building that stands on a headland above St Peter's Church, in Heysham, Lancashire, England (grid reference SD409616). It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, and is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

St Peter's Church, Heysham

St Peter's Church is in the village of Heysham, Lancashire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Lancaster, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn.

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