Herkimer (town), New York

Herkimer is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States, southeast of Utica. It is named after Nicholas Herkimer. The population was 10,175 at the 2010 census.[3]

The town contains a village also called Herkimer. Herkimer County Community College is located in Herkimer village.

Herkimer, New York
North Main Street
North Main Street
Location of Herkimer within Herkimer County
Location of Herkimer within Herkimer County
Herkimer is located in New York
Herkimer
Herkimer
Location of Herkimer within Herkimer County
Herkimer is located in the United States
Herkimer
Herkimer
Herkimer (the United States)
Coordinates: 43°1′34″N 74°59′25″W / 43.02611°N 74.99028°WCoordinates: 43°1′34″N 74°59′25″W / 43.02611°N 74.99028°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyHerkimer
Government
 • MayorDominic J. Frank (R)
Area
 • Total32.23 sq mi (83.47 km2)
 • Land31.66 sq mi (82.00 km2)
 • Water0.57 sq mi (1.47 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,175
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
9,822
 • Density310.21/sq mi (119.78/km2)
Time zoneEST
 • Summer (DST)EDT
ZIP code
13350
Area code(s)315
FIPS code36-043-34132
Websitetownofherkimer.org

History

General Herkimer Monument, Myers Park Herkimer NY
Statue of Nicholas Herkimer in Myers Park

Herkimer was first settled around 1722, in an area originally called "Stone Ridge", now the village of Herkimer. Early settlers were primarily German Palatines.

Johan Jost Herchheimer, a farmer who also engaged in trade and transport on the Mohawk River, settled in the German Flatts District of Albany County in 1725, on the south side of the Mohawk River, within the present-day town of German Flatts, incorporated in 1788. He owned 5,000 acres (20 km2) of the land, including a strategic portage around Little Falls on the Mohawk, where his eldest son Nicholas Herkimer established a farmstead. In 1788, the town of Herkimer, on the north side of the river, was incorporated and named after him.

Herkimer County Courthouse Sept 09
Herkimer County Courthouse

During the French and Indian War, the Mohawk Valley was ravaged by raids of the French and their native allies. By 1770, Nicholas had established great wealth through farming and trade during the wars, and had also gained military experience as a captain of a militia. He would later fight in the Battle of Oriskany.

In 1906, the murder trial of Chester Gillette brought many spectators to the county courthouse in Herkimer village.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.2 square miles (83.5 km2). Land comprises 31.7 square miles (82.0 km2) of the town, and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2) of the town (1.76%) are water.[3]

West Canada Creek empties into the Mohawk River by Herkimer village. On the opposite shore of the Mohawk River are the villages of Mohawk and Ilion.

The New York State Thruway and New York State Route 5 run through the southwest part of the town. New York State Route 28 is a north-south highway that intersects NY-5 in Herkimer village.

Demographics

Herkimer Town Hall, New York
Herkimer Town Hall and Town Offices. 114 N. Prospect St.
Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,055
18302,486−18.6%
18402,369−4.7%
18502,6019.8%
18602,8047.8%
18702,9495.2%
18803,59321.8%
18904,66629.9%
19006,74844.6%
19108,79730.4%
192011,98236.2%
193012,3272.9%
194011,345−8.0%
195011,235−1.0%
196011,5683.0%
197011,451−1.0%
198011,027−3.7%
199010,401−5.7%
20009,961−4.2%
201010,1752.1%
Est. 20169,822[2]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 9,962 people, 4,114 households, and 2,386 families residing in the town. The population density was 315.6 people per square mile (121.9/km²). There were 4,513 housing units at an average density of 143.0 per square mile (55.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.83% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 4,114 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,763, and the median income for a family was $42,296. Males had a median income of $30,828 versus $20,845 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,211. About 7.9% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the town of Herkimer

  • Beacon Light Corners – A location near the west town line.
  • East Herkimer – A hamlet east of Herkimer village on NY-5.
  • Eatonville – A hamlet near the northeast corner of the town.
  • Hasenclever Hill – An elevation located north of Herkimer.
  • Herkimer – The village of Herkimer is by the south town line, on NY-5 by the Mohawk River.
  • Kast Bridge – A hamlet north of Herkimer village on NY-28.
  • Mirror Lake – A small lake north of Herkimer village.
  • Oak Hill – An elevation located northwest of Herkimer. Located partially in the Town of Schuyler.
  • Osborne Hill – An elevation located northwest of Herkimer. Located partially in the Town of Schuyler.
  • Schrader Hill – An elevation located north of Herkimer. Partially in the Town of Newport.
  • Steuben Hill – An elevation located northwest of Herkimer.

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Herkimer town, Herkimer County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links

Battle of Oriskany

The Battle of Oriskany on August 6, 1777 was one of the bloodiest battles in the American Revolutionary War and a significant engagement of the Saratoga campaign. A party of Loyalists and several Indian allies ambushed an American military party that was trying to relieve the siege of Fort Stanwix. This was one of the few battles in which almost all of the participants were Americans; Patriots and allied Oneidas fought against Loyalists and allied Iroquois in the absence of British regular soldiers.

The Patriot relief force came from the Mohawk Valley under General Nicholas Herkimer and numbered around 800 men of the Tryon County militia plus a party of Oneida warriors. British commander Barry St. Leger authorized an intercepting force consisting of a Hanau Jäger (light infantry) detachment, Sir John Johnson's King's Royal Regiment of New York, Indian allies from the Six Nations, particularly Mohawks and Senecas and other tribes to the north and west, and Indian Department Rangers, totaling at least 450 men.

The Loyalist and Indian force ambushed Herkimer's force in a small valley about six miles (10 km) east of Fort Stanwix, near the village of Oriskany, New York. Herkimer was mortally wounded, and the battle cost the Patriots approximately 450 casualties, while the Loyalists and Indians lost approximately 150 dead and wounded. The result of the battle remains ambiguous. The apparent Loyalist victory was significantly affected by a sortie from Fort Stanwix in which the Loyalist camps were sacked, damaging morale among the allied Indians.

The battle also marked the beginning of a war among the Iroquois, as Oneida warriors under Colonel Louis and Han Yerry allied with the American cause. Most of the other Iroquois tribes allied with the British, especially the Mohawks and Senecas. Each tribe was highly decentralized, and there were internal divisions among bands of the Oneida, some of whom also migrated to Canada as allies of the British. The site is known in Iroquois oral histories as "A Place of Great Sadness." The site has been designated a National Historic Landmark; it is marked by a battle monument at the Oriskany Battlefield State Historic Site.

Herkimer

Herkimer may refer to:

People:

Johan Jost Herkimer (1732–1795), United Empire Loyalist, brother of Nicholas Herkimer

John Herkimer (1773–1848), American lawyer and politician from New York

Lawrence Herkimer (1925–2015), American innovator in the field of cheerleading

Nicholas Herkimer (c. 1728–1777), militia general in the American Revolutionary WarPlaces:

Herkimer Coffee, Coffee Roasting Company in Seattle, Washington, est. 2003.

Fort Herkimer, a fort located on the southern side of the Mohawk River in central New York

Herkimer County, New York, a county located in the U.S. state of New York

Herkimer (town), New York, a town in Herkimer County, New York

Herkimer (village), New York, a village in Herkimer County, New York

Herkimer, Kansas

Herkimer Street, a road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Herkimer Street, a street in Baltimore, Maryland

Herkimer Creek, a creek in Otsego County, New YorkOther:

Herkimer, a fictional disembodied head from the TV series Special Unit 2

Herkimer diamond, a generic name for double-terminated quartz crystals first discovered in Herkimer County, New York

USS Herkimer. An Alamosa-class cargo ship that served the US Navy during the final months of World War II; later serving as USAT Herkimer, with the US Army and then as USNS Herkimer with the Military Sea Transportation Service.

Municipalities and communities of Herkimer County, New York, United States
City
Towns
Villages
CDPs
Other hamlets
Footnotes
Hudson River watershed
Tributaries
Lakes
Towns
Landmarks

Languages

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