Herkimer, New York
North Main Street
Location of Herkimer within Herkimer County
Location of Herkimer within Herkimer County
Herkimer (the United States)
|• Mayor||Dominic J. Frank (R)|
|• Total||32.23 sq mi (83.47 km2)|
|• Land||31.66 sq mi (82.00 km2)|
|• Water||0.57 sq mi (1.47 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||310.21/sq mi (119.78/km2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT|
Herkimer was first settled around 1722, in an area originally called "Stone Ridge", now the village of Herkimer. Early settlers were primarily German Palatines.
Johan Jost Herchheimer, a farmer who also engaged in trade and transport on the Mohawk River, settled in the German Flatts District of Albany County in 1725, on the south side of the Mohawk River, within the present-day town of German Flatts, incorporated in 1788. He owned 5,000 acres (20 km2) of the land, including a strategic portage around Little Falls on the Mohawk, where his eldest son Nicholas Herkimer established a farmstead. In 1788, the town of Herkimer, on the north side of the river, was incorporated and named after him.
During the French and Indian War, the Mohawk Valley was ravaged by raids of the French and their native allies. By 1770, Nicholas had established great wealth through farming and trade during the wars, and had also gained military experience as a captain of a militia. He would later fight in the Battle of Oriskany.
In 1906, the murder trial of Chester Gillette brought many spectators to the county courthouse in Herkimer village.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.2 square miles (83.5 km2). Land comprises 31.7 square miles (82.0 km2) of the town, and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2) of the town (1.76%) are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,962 people, 4,114 households, and 2,386 families residing in the town. The population density was 315.6 people per square mile (121.9/km²). There were 4,513 housing units at an average density of 143.0 per square mile (55.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.83% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.
There were 4,114 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $28,763, and the median income for a family was $42,296. Males had a median income of $30,828 versus $20,845 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,211. About 7.9% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.
The Battle of Oriskany on August 6, 1777 was one of the bloodiest battles in the American Revolutionary War and a significant engagement of the Saratoga campaign. A party of Loyalists and several Indian allies ambushed an American military party that was trying to relieve the siege of Fort Stanwix. This was one of the few battles in which almost all of the participants were Americans; Patriots and allied Oneidas fought against Loyalists and allied Iroquois in the absence of British regular soldiers.
The Patriot relief force came from the Mohawk Valley under General Nicholas Herkimer and numbered around 800 men of the Tryon County militia plus a party of Oneida warriors. British commander Barry St. Leger authorized an intercepting force consisting of a Hanau Jäger (light infantry) detachment, Sir John Johnson's King's Royal Regiment of New York, Indian allies from the Six Nations, particularly Mohawks and Senecas and other tribes to the north and west, and Indian Department Rangers, totaling at least 450 men.
The Loyalist and Indian force ambushed Herkimer's force in a small valley about six miles (10 km) east of Fort Stanwix, near the village of Oriskany, New York. Herkimer was mortally wounded, and the battle cost the Patriots approximately 450 casualties, while the Loyalists and Indians lost approximately 150 dead and wounded. The result of the battle remains ambiguous. The apparent Loyalist victory was significantly affected by a sortie from Fort Stanwix in which the Loyalist camps were sacked, damaging morale among the allied Indians.
The battle also marked the beginning of a war among the Iroquois, as Oneida warriors under Colonel Louis and Han Yerry allied with the American cause. Most of the other Iroquois tribes allied with the British, especially the Mohawks and Senecas. Each tribe was highly decentralized, and there were internal divisions among bands of the Oneida, some of whom also migrated to Canada as allies of the British. The site is known in Iroquois oral histories as "A Place of Great Sadness." The site has been designated a National Historic Landmark; it is marked by a battle monument at the Oriskany Battlefield State Historic Site.Herkimer
Herkimer may refer to:
Johan Jost Herkimer (1732–1795), United Empire Loyalist, brother of Nicholas Herkimer
John Herkimer (1773–1848), American lawyer and politician from New York
Lawrence Herkimer (1925–2015), American innovator in the field of cheerleading
Nicholas Herkimer (c. 1728–1777), militia general in the American Revolutionary WarPlaces:
Herkimer Coffee, Coffee Roasting Company in Seattle, Washington, est. 2003.
Fort Herkimer, a fort located on the southern side of the Mohawk River in central New York
Herkimer County, New York, a county located in the U.S. state of New York
Herkimer (town), New York, a town in Herkimer County, New York
Herkimer (village), New York, a village in Herkimer County, New York
Herkimer Street, a road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Herkimer Street, a street in Baltimore, Maryland
Herkimer Creek, a creek in Otsego County, New YorkOther:
Herkimer, a fictional disembodied head from the TV series Special Unit 2
Herkimer diamond, a generic name for double-terminated quartz crystals first discovered in Herkimer County, New York
USS Herkimer. An Alamosa-class cargo ship that served the US Navy during the final months of World War II; later serving as USAT Herkimer, with the US Army and then as USNS Herkimer with the Military Sea Transportation Service.
Municipalities and communities of Herkimer County, New York, United States
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
New York (state) portal United States portal
Hudson River watershed