Herbert Tudor Buckland

Herbert Tudor Buckland (20 November 1869 – 1951) was a British architect, best known for his seminal Arts and Crafts houses (several of which, including his own at Edgbaston,[1] Birmingham, are Grade I listed), the Elan Valley model village, educational buildings such as the campus of the Royal Hospital School in Suffolk and St Hugh's College in Oxford.[2]

21-Yateley-Road,-Edgbaston,-Birmingham---Herbert-Tudor-Buckland
21 Yateley Road, Edgbaston.
19-Yateley-Road,-Edgbaston,-Birmingham---Herbert-Tudor-Buckland
19 Yateley Road, Edgbaston.
Royal Hospital School, Holbrook
The front of the main building of the Royal Hospital School.

Biography

Buckland was born in Barmouth, Wales and educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham and the school of architecture at Birmingham School of Art. After a period working for C. E. Bateman at the firm Bateman and Bateman Buckland set up in independent practice in 1897, entering into partnership with Edward Haywood-Farmer in 1900. In 1914, he went into partnership with William Haywood, Edward Haywood-Farmer's relative and on Haywood-Farmer's death in 1917 the practice continued with William Haywood as Buckland and Haywood.

Buckland followed William Martin as architect to the School Board in 1901[3] and then served as architect to the City of Birmingham Education Committee after the abolition of school boards in 1902: his buildings are amongst Birmingham's most forward-looking of their time. He also sat on the Executive Council of The Birmingham Civic Society which devised many schemes for the improvement of Birmingham in the 1920s and 1930s including the purchase of many parks and open spaces which were gifted to the city. Much of modern Birmingham owes its origins to the ideas put forward by Buckland and Haywood over 75 years ago.

The partnership of Buckland-Farmer operated from offices in Norwich Union Chambers, Corngreve Street (now demolished). Buckland & Haywood specialised in school work, and St Hugh's College, Oxford (1914–16) gained them a national reputation. Their largest work in this field is the Royal Hospital School, Holbrook, Suffolk (1925–33), which includes a splendid chapel.

In his domestic work Buckland showed an originality that was much admired, helping make Birmingham the centre for a magnificent group of provincial architects (a rare thing in Britain, where the Capital is one of the most metropolitan) at a time when London architects were some of the world's best. Alan Crawford, distinguished authority on the Arts and Crafts period, confirms that Buckland "developed such a highly personal style of such quality in domestic work that he must rank with the best of his time" – Edwin Lutyens, Charles Voysey and Baillie Scott. Buckland's designs were much copied by his contemporaries and comparisons with Voysey are interesting.

Major built works

  • Yateley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, has a number of fine Arts and Crafts houses, of which No. 21, designed as his own home in (1899), is among the most stylish, with its preserved Arts and Crafts period interior and garden based on a design by Gertrude Jekyll. Listed Grade I. Also 15, 17 and 19 – Grade II.
  • Royal Hospital School, Holbrook, Suffolk (1933): as spaciously planned a major building as any in the neo-Wren, neo-Georgian style, its scale and formality undeniably impressive. Listed Grade II*
  • Elan Valley Village (c.1909): an entire Model village built to service the work force of the newly constructed Elan Valley Dam.
  • St Hugh's College, Oxford
  • University House, Birmingham University: built in 1908, with Neville Chamberlain as the chief fund raiser. It was the first university hostel for women, and the first to admit male guests. Listed Grade II
  • Walkers Factory, Digbeth. Industrial architecture is not normally associated with the Arts and Crafts movement, but Birmingham has some excellent examples: Bucklands factory for the Walkers family at 58 Oxford Street being one.
  • Great Roke, Witley by Buckland and Haywood-Farmer, built in 1909, with plaster work by Catterson-Smith Jr.(now Barrow Hills School). This house was the biggest, most ambitious house undertaken by the partners and is arguably one of the finest large houses produced by the Birmingham Movement. Alan Crawford describes it as "surely one of the last of the important essays in the Arts and Crafts manner".

See also

References

  1. ^ British Listed Buildings. "21, Yateley Road B15 - Birmingham - Birmingham - England | British Listed Buildings". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  2. ^ "St Hugh's College Lodges and Gates - Oxford - Oxfordshire - England | British Listed Buildings". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.
  3. ^ Birmingham Buildings, The Architectural Story of a Midland City, Bryan Little, 1971, ISBN 0-7153-5295-4

Further reading

  • Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Cambridgeshire,ISBN 0-300-09586-4, Page: 196.
  • Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Suffolk, ISBN 0-14-071020-5, Pages: 61,275.Illust.64b.
  • Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Warwickshire, ISBN 0-300-09679-8, Pages: 187,271.
  • Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Oxfordshire, ISBN 0-14-071045-0, Page: 247.
  • Roy Hartnell, Pre-Raphaelite Birmingham, ISBN 1-85858-064-1, Page 110.
  • Martin Hampson, Images of England, Edgbaston, ISBN 0-7524-1810-6, Pages: 57,79.
  • Phillada Ballard, An Oasis of Delight, The History of the Birmingham Botanical Gardens, ISBN 1-85858-246-6, Page: 67.
  • Douglas Hickman, Birmingham, ISBN 0-289-79800-0, Pages: 83,116,141.
  • Andy Foster, Pevsner Architectural Guides Birmingham, ISBN 0-300-10731-5, Pages: 22,24,26,28,29,182,229,239,242,246,251,268n,288.
  • Terry Slater, Edgbaston A History, ISBN 1-86077-216-1, Pages: 86(illust.114),53(illust.67),34,35(illust.45),30(illust.35).
  • Alan Crawford (Editor), By Hammer and Hand, ISBN 0-7093-0119-7, Pages: 41,43,55–6,35

External links

1869

1869 (MDCCCLXIX)

was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1869th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 869th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 19th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1869, the Gregorian calendar was

12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1869 in Wales

This article is about the particular significance of the year 1869 to Wales and its people.

1869 in architecture

The year 1869 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

1869 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1869 in the United Kingdom.

1916 in architecture

The year 1916 in architecture involved some significant events.

1951 in architecture

The year 1951 in architecture involved some significant events.

Barmouth

Barmouth (Welsh: Abermaw (formal); Y Bermo (colloquial)) is a town and community in the county of Gwynedd, north-western Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Mawddach and Cardigan Bay. Located in the Historic county of Merionethshire, the Welsh form of the name is derived from "Aber" (estuary) and the river's name, "Mawddach". The English form of the name is a corruption of the earlier Welsh form 'Abermawdd'.The town is served by Barmouth railway station.

Buckland (surname)

Buckland is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Anna Jane Buckland (1827–1898), English biographer and author

Anne Walbank Buckland (1832-1899), English anthropologist, travel writer and author

Elizabeth Oke Buckland (1836-1919), English biographer and author, married Rev. Henry D. Gordon

Francis Trevelyan Buckland (1826–1880), English surgeon, zoologist and natural historian

Frank Buckland (ice hockey) (1902–1991), Canadian sports administrator

Frank Buckland (politician) (1847–1915), New Zealand MP

Herbert Tudor Buckland (1869–1951), British architect

James Buckland (1710-1790), British publisher, printer, bookseller on Paternoster Row, London

James Buckland (born 1981), English rugby union player

John Channing Buckland (1844–1909), New Zealand politician

Jonny Buckland (born 1977), British guitarist and musician of Coldplay

Kira Buckland (born 1987), American voice actress

Michael Buckland (born 1941), Emeritus Professor at the UC Berkeley School of Information

Raymond Buckland (born 1934), English American author

Robert Buckland (born 1968), British MP politician

Seymour Berry, 1st Baron Buckland (1877–1928), Welsh financier and industrialist

Stéphan Buckland (born 1977), Mauritian 200 m sprinter

Toby Buckland (born 1969), English gardener, TV presenter and author

William Buckland, D.D., F.R.S. (1784–1856), English theologian, geologist and palaeontologist

William Buckland (architect) (1734–1774), American architect

William Thomas Buckland (1798–1870), English surveyor and auctioneer

William Thorne Buckland (died 1876), New Zealand politician

William Warwick Buckland (1859–1946), Roman Law scholar

Yvonne Helen Elaine Buckland (known as Yve Buckland; born 1956), British public health administrator.

C. F. A. Voysey

Charles Francis Annesley Voysey (28 May 1857 – 12 February 1941) was an English architect and furniture and textile designer. Voysey's early work was as a designer of wallpapers, fabrics and furnishings in a simple Arts and Crafts style, but he is renowned as the architect of several country houses.

He was one of the first people to understand and appreciate the significance of industrial design. He has been considered one of the pioneers of Modern Architecture, a notion which he rejected. His English domestic architecture draws heavily on vernacular rather than academic tradition, influenced by the ideas of Herbert Tudor Buckland (1869–1951) and Augustus Pugin (1812–1852).

The Sanderson wallpaper factory (1901) in Chiswick, which he designed, is named Voysey House in his memory.

Edgbaston

Edgbaston is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England, curved around the southwest of the city centre. It is bordered by Moseley to the south east and by Smethwick and Winson Green to the north west.

In the 19th century, the area was under the control of the Gough-Calthorpe family and the Gillott family who refused to allow factories or warehouses to be built in Edgbaston, thus making it attractive for the wealthier residents of the city. Thus it was known as "where the trees begin". Edgbaston is home to Edgbaston Cricket Ground, a Test match venue, the University of Birmingham, established as Birmingham Medical School in 1825, eight out of the nine independent schools within the city, Edgbaston Golf Club, one of the most exclusive private members clubs in the Midlands, as well as the Priory Club, which boasts world class sporting facilities.

In addition, the area also boasts the Birmingham Botanical Gardens as well as the Edgbaston Archery and Lawn Tennis Society, which is the oldest lawn tennis club in the world that is still in use today. The first game of lawn tennis was incidentally also played in Edgbaston, in a garden of a house known as "Fairlawn".

The area is also home to a Michelin star restaurant, Simpsons, as well as a host of renowned pubs such as The Highfield, The Physician and the Edgbaston.

The parliamentary constituency of Edgbaston includes the smaller Edgbaston ward and the wards of Bartley Green, Harborne and Quinton. Edgbaston is also a local government district, managed by its own district committee.

Elan Valley

The Elan Valley (Welsh: Cwm Elan) is a river valley situated to the west of Rhayader, in Powys, Wales, sometimes known as the "Welsh Lake District". It covers 70 square miles (180 km2) of lake and countryside.

The valley contains the Elan Valley Reservoirs and Elan Village, designed by architect Herbert Tudor Buckland as part of the same scheme. Elan Village is the only purpose-built Arts and Crafts "Model Village" in Wales.

It is also famous for its picturesque scenery. Over 80% of the valley is designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest, and a popular cycle trail, the Elan Valley Trail, makes a loop from Rhayader around the reservoirs. Part of the trail overlaps with a spur of National Cycle Route 81 (Lon Cambria).

Elan Village

Elan Village is a small purpose-built community in Powys, Wales. It was designed by architect Herbert Tudor Buckland as part of Birmingham Corporation's scheme to construct a series of water supply reservoirs in the Elan Valley between 1892 and 1904. It housed workers and their families responsible for maintaining the scheme's dams and the filtration systems. Elan Village is the only purpose-built Arts and Crafts "Model Village" in Wales.

It is served by the B4518 road which runs three miles southwestwards from Rhayader to end at the village, though continuing as a minor road to Caban-coch Reservoir. The road continues over the Elenydd to Cwmystwyth and a cul-de-sac branch runs to the dam of Claerwen Reservoir.

Joseph Lancaster Ball

Joseph Lancaster Ball (1852–1933) was an English architect.

Born to a Methodist family in Maltby in Yorkshire, Ball was articled to the architect William Willmer Pocock in London in 1877, and moved to Birmingham in 1880 to set up in private practice after winning a competition to design the Handsworth Wesleyan Theological College, now the Hamstead campus of Birmingham City University. In 1881 he built a range of offices, shops and warehouses at the junction of Cannon Street and Cherry Street in Birmingham whose Queen Anne revival style marked one of the first signs of the new simplicity in Birmingham architecture that would emerge with the Arts and Crafts movement, in reaction against the heavily decorated terracotta style then prevalent. During the early 1880s, he trained Robert England from Christchurch in New Zealand; England would become a prominent architect in his home town.During the 1890s Ball emerged as one of the leading domestic architects in England and fully absorbed the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement, designing a series of one-off houses that gradually abandoned his earlier classical influences, culminating in the exceptional simplicity of the semi detached pair of houses he built for himself at 17 and 19 Rotton Park Road in Edgbaston.In 1899 Ball collaborated with William Lethaby on 122-124 Colmore Row in central Birmingham, whose break with revivalism makes it a building of European importance. In 1904 he completed Winterbourne House in Edgbaston, his most important individual commission and one of the finest houses of its period in the Birmingham area, comparable to contemporary work by other notable Birmingham Arts and Crafts architects such as William Bidlake, Charles Bateman and Herbert Tudor Buckland.

List of Birmingham City University people

This is a list of notable alumni and staff of Birmingham City University, in Birmingham, England, and its predecessor institutions:

Anstey College of Physical Education

Birmingham and Solihull College of Nursing and Midwifery

Birmingham College of Commerce

Birmingham School of Acting

Birmingham School of Art

Birmingham School of Jewellery

Bordesley College of Education

Bournville College of Art (now the Bournville Centre for Visual Arts)

Birmingham School of Music (now Birmingham Conservatoire)

City of Birmingham College of Education

Defence School of Health Care Studies

North Birmingham Technical College

South Birmingham Technical College

West Midlands School of Radiography

List of Oxford architects

This list of Oxford architects includes architects and architectural practices that have designed buildings in the university city of Oxford, England.

List of people from Birmingham

This is a list of famous or notable people born in, or associated with, Birmingham in England.

Listed buildings in Birmingham

There are 1,946 listed buildings in Birmingham, England. This list by district includes those of Grade I and Grade II* importance, plus a selection of those of Grade II importance that are otherwise noteworthy. It also includes the Scheduled Ancient Monuments in the city (indicated by the letters AM).

As of April 2006 there are 23 Grade I, 95 Grade II*, 1,828 Grade II, and 13 Scheduled Ancient Monuments.

St Margaret's Road

St Margaret's Road is a road in North Oxford, England.

William Haywood (architect)

William Joseph Haywood (2 November 1876 – 2 November 1957) was an English architect , urban planner and Secretary of The Birmingham Civic Society for twenty-nine years, being a founder member in 1918.

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