Henry Surtees

Henry John Surtees (18 February 1991 – 19 July 2009) was a British racing driver and the son of John Surtees.

He was educated at Worth, an independent school in West Sussex.

Henry Surtees
Henry Surtees (Parc Ferme)
Surtees in 2008
NationalityUnited Kingdom British
Born18 February 1991
Lingfield, Surrey, England
Died19 July 2009 (aged 18)
Whitechapel, London, England
FIA Formula Two Championship
Years active2009
TeamsMotorSport Vision
Car no.8
Starts7
Wins0
Poles1
Fastest laps0
Best finish14th in 2009
Previous series
2008
2008
2007-08
2007-08
2007
2007
2006
British F3
Formula Renault WEC
Formula Renault UK
FRUK Winter Series
Formula BMW ADAC
Formula BMW UK
Ginetta GT Juniors

Career

Formula BMW UK

Henry Surtees finished his debut season in the championship 7th in the overall points standings, and second in the Rookie Cup. During a season in which the second half was dominated by fellow rookie Marcus Ericsson, Surtees claimed one pole position ( Thruxton), one race win (Donington Park) and two fastest laps (Rockingham and Snetterton) while driving for the very successful Carlin Motorsport team. The season was marred by penalties and a disqualification at Oulton Park.

Formula Renault

HenrySurtees
Surtees racing at Snetterton in 2008

After two races in 2007, Surtees moved up full-time to the Formula Renault UK series in 2008 with Manor Competition. Surtees would go on to finish 12th in the championship, including a third-place finish during a wild race at Silverstone's National Circuit.[1] He also competed in the Winter Series again, having finished 13th in 2007. He battled James Calado for the title, with Calado coming out on top.

Formula Three

Surtees competed in one race meeting during the 2008 season, in the final two races at Donington Park for Carlin Motorsport. Surtees revelled with a win and a second in his two races in the National Class.[2]

Formula Two

Surtees signed up to the revived FIA Formula Two Championship ahead of the 2009 season on 2 January 2009. He drove car number seven in the series.[3] He scored a podium in the first of the two races at Brands Hatch, coming third, and achieved a pole position at Brno. Surtees' results placed him fourteenth in the championship, at the end of the season.

Death

Henry Surtees
Surtees at Brands Hatch the day before his fatal accident.

At Brands Hatch on 19 July 2009, during a Formula Two race, Surtees was hit on the head by a wheel from the car of Jack Clarke after Clarke spun into the wall exiting Westfield Bend. The wheel broke its tether and bounced back across the track into the following group of cars and collided with Surtees's helmet.[4][5] The mass of the wheel assembly hitting his head was 29 kilograms (64 lb), but given the speed of his car (approximately 162 km/h) at the time the wheel struck, the impact yielded approximately 30,000 joules of kinetic energy.[6] The car continued straight ahead into the barrier on the approach to Sheene Curve, also losing a wheel, and came to rest at the end of the curve with its remaining rear wheel still spinning. This indicated that Surtees had lost consciousness, with his foot still pressing the accelerator.

Surtees was extricated from the car and taken to the circuit's medical centre, where he was stabilized before being transferred to the Royal London Hospital. He was pronounced brain dead later that day.[7] Surtees's death was attributed to severe head injuries, inflicted by colliding with Clarke's wheel, rather than the subsequent crash with the barriers.[8] His parents elected to donate his organs for transplant, a decision which was credited with saving five lives.[9] Surtees' funeral took place on 30 July at Worth Abbey, near Turners Hill, West Sussex.[10]

Surtees was buried at St. Peter and St. Paul's Church in Lingfield, Surrey; in 2017, his father John was buried next to him.

Legacy

In June 2010, a group of Surtees's school friends swam the English Channel in stints to raise money for charity in his memory.

Halo cockpit protection

The FIA introduced a mandatory titanium-carbon fibre[11][12] "halo" cockpit protection structure for the 2018 Formula One and Formula 2 championships. Surtees's fatal impact was one of many simulated with the halo device, and the FIA concluded that Surtees's outcome likely would have been improved by the presence of a halo.[13] The utility of the halo, controversial when introduced, was borne out in the 2018 Belgian Grand Prix, when a wheel from the spinning and airborne car of Fernando Alonso solidly struck the halo structure of Charles Leclerc's car. The halo was credited with potentially preventing a serious injury to Leclerc, if not outright saving his life.[14][15]

Henry Surtees Award

In 2010, the Henry Surtees Award was launched, to be awarded annually for the most outstanding performance by a rising motor racer. Its first winner was Formula Renault UK champion Tom Blomqvist.

Henry Surtees Foundation

Also in 2010,[16] the Henry Surtees Foundation was founded as a charitable organisation by his father John, to assist victims of accidental brain injuries and to promote safety in driving and motorsport.[9][17]

Racing record

Career summary

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2006 Ginetta GT Junior Championship 12 3 0 3 6 236 3rd
2007 Formula BMW ADAC ADAC Berlin-Brandenburg 2 0 0 0 0 24 29th
Formula BMW UK Carlin Motorsport 18 1 1 2 8 491 6th
Formula Renault 2.0 UK 2 0 0 0 0 13 22nd
Formula Renault 2.0 UK Winter Series 4 0 0 0 0 35 13th
2008 British F3 National Class 2 1 0 0 2 35 11th
Formula Renault 2.0 West European Cup Manor Competition 2 0 0 0 0 0 NC†
Formula Renault 2.0 UK 20 0 0 0 1 203 12th
Formula Renault 2.0 UK Winter Series 4 1 1 0 3 113 2nd
2009 FIA Formula Two Championship MotorSport Vision 8* 0 1 0 1 8 14th

† As Surtees was a guest driver, he was ineligible to score points.

* Surtees died during round eight of the sixteen round series

Complete FIA Formula Two Championship results

(key) (races in bold indicate pole position) (races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 DC Points
2009 VAL
1

7
VAL
2

12
BRN
1

Ret
BRN
2

Ret
SPA
1

15
SPA
2

Ret
BRH
1

3
BRH
2

Ret
DON
1
DON
2
OSC
1
OSC
2
IMO
1
IMO
2
CAT
1
CAT
2
14th 8

References

  1. ^ "Silverstone (Ntnl), 30/31 Aug 2008". Racing Steps Foundation. 31 August 2008. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  2. ^ "Carlin rookies shine at Donington". crash.net. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  3. ^ "Surtees name returns to Formula Two". FIA Formula Two Championship. 2 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
  4. ^ Cary, Tom (20 July 2009). "Henry Surtees's death shakes motorsport world". telegraph.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  5. ^ "F2 bosses to probe Surtees tragedy". thisissussex.co.uk. Kent and Sussex Courier. 22 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  6. ^ English, Steven; Glendenning, Mark (31 December 2009). "Loved and lost: Henry Surtees 1991-2009; Tribute by John Surtees". Autosport. Vol. 198 no. 13. pp. 42–43. People talked about Felipe Massa's accident in Hungary the following week. He had 0.8kg hit him, Henry had 29kg.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Surtees's son killed in race crash". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC News. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  8. ^ Noble, Jonathan (19 July 2009). "Henry Surtees dies after F2 crash". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  9. ^ a b "Obituary: John Surtees". Sunday Times Driving. 2017-03-20. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  10. ^ "Funeral for racing driver Surtees". BBC News. BBC. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
  11. ^ "All you need to know about Halo". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  12. ^ Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport (2018-02-07), F1 Explained: The Halo, retrieved 2018-03-07
  13. ^ Cooper, Adam. "Six key myths about F1's halo cockpit protection device busted". Autosport.com. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  14. ^ "Incredible pictures capture the moment halo device saves Formula One driver's life". NewsComAu. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  15. ^ MarketScreener. "Renault : Much-maligned halo may have saved Leclerc's life after horror crash with Alonso | MarketScreener". Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  16. ^ "HENRY SURTEES FOUNDATION - Overview (free company information from Companies House)". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  17. ^ "Henry Surtees Foundation". www.henrysurteesfoundation.com. Retrieved 2018-08-28.

External links

2006 Ginetta Junior Championship

The 2006 PlayStation 2 Ginetta Junior Championship season was the second season of the Ginetta Junior Championship. The season began at Snetterton on 1 April and concluded after 14 races over 7 events at Thruxton on 1 October.

2007 Formula BMW UK season

The 2007 Formula BMW UK season was the fourth and final Formula BMW season based in United Kingdom whose mission was to develop talented young drivers and introduce them to auto racing using full-size cars. The series was part of the support race package for the BTCC.

2008 Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship

The 2008 Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship was the 20th British Formula Renault Championship season. The season began at Brands Hatch on March 29 and finished at the same venue on September 21, after twenty rounds. The championship was won by Adam Christodoulou with Dean Stoneman winning the Graduate Cup.

2009 Brands Hatch Formula Two round

The 2009 Brands Hatch Formula Two round was the fourth round of the 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It was held on 18 and 19 July 2009 at Brands Hatch at Kent, United Kingdom. The first race was won by Philipp Eng, with Andy Soucek and Henry Surtees also on the podium. The second race was won by Andy Soucek, with Robert Wickens and Mikhail Aleshin also on the podium. The round was overshadowed by the fatal accident suffered by Henry Surtees in second race. Surtees was hit on the head by a wheel from the car of Jack Clarke after Clarke spun into the wall exiting Westfield Bend. The wheel broke its tether and bounced back across the track into the following group of cars and collided with Surtees' helmet. The car continued straight ahead into the barrier on the approach to Sheene Curve, also losing a wheel, and came to rest at the end of the curve with its remaining rear wheel still spinning. This indicated that Surtees had lost consciousness, with his foot still pressing the accelerator. Surtees was extricated from the car and taken to the circuit's medical centre, where he was stabilised before being transferred to the Royal London Hospital. His death was attributed to severe head injuries, inflicted by colliding with the wheel

rather than the following crash with the barriers, and was announced later that day.

2009 Brno Formula Two round

The 2009 Brno Formula Two round was the second round of the 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It was held on 20 and 21 June 2009 at Masaryk Circuit at Brno, Czech Republic. The first race was won by Mirko Bortolotti, with Mikhail Aleshin and Philipp Eng also on the podium. The second race was won by Andy Soucek, with Julien Jousse and Nicola de Marco also on the podium.

2009 Donington Formula Two round

The 2009 Donington Formula Two round was the fifth round of the 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It was held on 16 August 2009 at Donington Park in North West Leicestershire, United Kingdom. The first race was won by Andy Soucek, with Mikhail Aleshin and Tobias Hegewald also on the podium. The second race was won by Julien Jousse, with Kazim Vasiliauskas and Mirko Bortolotti also on the podium. Only 24 cars competed at the event, after Henry Surtees' fatal accident at Brands Hatch left a vacant slot that was unfilled.

2009 FIA Formula Two Championship

The 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season was the first year of the relaunched FIA Formula Two Championship. The championship began on 30 May at the Circuit de Valencia and finished on 1 November at the Circuit de Catalunya, after eight double-header rounds. Andy Soucek was a dominant champion, finishing over 50 points clear of runner-up Robert Wickens.

The season was overshadowed by the death of Henry Surtees during the second race at Brands Hatch.

2009 FIA WTCC Race of UK

The 2009 FIA WTCC Race of UK (formally the 2009 FIA WTCC Marriott Race of UK) was the eighth round of the 2009 World Touring Car Championship season and the fifth FIA WTCC Race of UK. It was held on 19 July 2009 at the Brands Hatch circuit in Kent, England. The first race was won by Alain Menu for Chevrolet and the second race was won by Augusto Farfus for BMW Team Germany. The round was overshadowed by the death of Henry Surtees in the second FIA Formula Two Championship support race.

2009 Spa Formula Two round

The 2009 Spa Formula Two round was the third round of the 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It was held on 27 and 28 June 2009 at Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps at Spa, Belgium. The weekend was dominated by Tobias Hegewald, who took two poles, won both races and got fastest lap for both races.

2009 Valencia Formula Two round

The 2009 Valencia Formula Two round was the first round of the 2009 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It was held on 30 and 31 May 2009 at Circuit de Valencia at Valencia, Spain. The first race was won by Robert Wickens, with Carlos Iaconelli and Kazim Vasiliauskas also on the podium. The second race was again won by Robert Wickens, with Mirko Bortolotti and Philipp Eng also on the podium.

2010 Brands Hatch Formula Two round

The 2010 Brands Hatch Formula Two round was the sixth round of the 2010 FIA Formula Two Championship season. It will be held on July 17, 2010 and July 18, 2010 at Brands Hatch, Kent, England. This was the first race at Brands Hatch after the death of Henry Surtees the previous year.

Abel Smith (1829–1898)

Abel Smith JP (30 December 1829 – 30 May 1898) was an English landowner of the Smith banking family and Conservative politician.

Smith was the son of Abel Smith and his wife Frances Anne Calvert. His father was MP for various constituencies, and his mother was the daughter of General Sir Harry Calvert.Smith was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Hertfordshire in 1854 but lost the seat in 1857. His father died in 1859 and he inherited the 11,000-acre (45 km2) estate of Woodhall Park, Hertfordshire and various other properties. He was re-elected for Hertfordshire in 1859 and lost the seat again in 1865. In 1866 he

was elected for Hertfordshire again, holding the seat until the constituency was abolished in 1885. In 1885 he was elected MP for Hertford, and held the seat until his death. Smith was also lord of the manor of Rennesley and Justice of the Peace.

Smith married Lady Susan Emma Pelham, daughter Henry Thomas Pelham, 3rd Earl of Chichester on 7 April 1853. Their son Abel Henry Smith was subsequently MP for Hertford.

Henry Surtees (MP)

Henry Edward Surtees, , (9 May 1819 – 31 July 1895) was a British Conservative Party politician.

Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Hertfordshire was a county constituency covering the county of Hertfordshire in England. It returned two Knights of the Shire to the House of Commons of England until 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1800 until 1832. The Reform Act 1832 gave the county a third seat with effect from the 1832 general election.

Elections were held using the bloc vote system, when contested. However, even after the 1832 reforms, contested elections were the exception: of the 17 elections from 1832 to 1880, 9 were uncontested, including the 1880 general election. In such cases all the nominated candidates were returned without a vote.

John Surtees

John Surtees, (11 February 1934 – 10 March 2017) was an English Grand Prix motorcycle road racer and Formula One driver. He was a four-time 500cc motorcycle World Champion – winning that title in 1956, 1958, 1959 and 1960 – the Formula One World Champion in 1964, and remains the only person to have won World Championships on both two and four wheels. He founded the Surtees Racing Organisation team that competed as a constructor in Formula One, Formula 2 and Formula 5000 from 1970 to 1978. He was also the ambassador of the Racing Steps Foundation.

Markus Höttinger

Markus Höttinger (28 May 1956 – 13 April 1980) was an Austrian Formula Two driver who died at Germany's Hockenheimring during the third lap of the second round of the 1980 European Formula Two Championship, on 13 April 1980. He was 23 years old at the time. The incident occurred when a loose wheel from Derek Warwick's car struck Höttinger's head, killing him almost instantly. The race was stopped (black flag displayed with chequered flag) when it became apparent how serious the incident was. The incident was similar to Henry Surtees' fatal accident in Formula Two at Brands Hatch in 2009.

Scott Malvern

Scott Aaron Malvern (born 23 February 1989) is a British racing driver, currently competing in the British GT Championship who is best known for winning the 2011 British Formula Ford Championship, the 2012 Formula Renault BARC championship and twice being nominated for the McLaren Autosport BRDC Award.Malvern was also awarded the British Racing Drivers Club Henry Surtees Award in 2011 and the Autosport Club Driver of the Year in 2012.

Scott Martin (racing driver)

Scott Martin (born 27 November 1993) is a British racing driver.

Sir Joseph Napier, 4th Baronet

Sir Joseph William Lennox Napier, 4th Baronet of Merrion Square, (1 August 1895 – 13 October 1986), was a British baronet and soldier in both World War I including the Gallipoli Campaign and World War II.

He married Isabelle Muriel Surtees (daughter of Major Henry Surtees) on 12 February 1931.

He succeeded to the Baronetage of Merrion Square in 1915 on the death of Sir William Napier, 3rd Baronet (1867–1915), and was succeeded by Sir Robert Surtees Napier, 5th Baronet (1932–1994).

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