Henry S. Whitehead

Henry St. Clair Whitehead (March 5, 1882 – November 23, 1932) was an Episcopal minister and author of horror fiction and fantasy[1]

Henry S. Whitehead
Henry S Whitehead
BornMarch 5, 1882
Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
DiedNovember 23, 1932 (aged 50)
Dunedin, Florida, United States
Occupationshort story writer, rector
NationalityAmerican
Period1905 to 1932
GenreHorror, Fantasy

Biography

Henry S. Whitehead was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, on March 5, 1882, and graduated from Harvard University in 1904 (in the same class as Franklin D. Roosevelt).[2] He led an active and worldly life in the first decade of the 20th century, playing football at Harvard, editing a Reform democratic newspaper in Port Chester, New York, and serving as commissioner of athletics for the AAU.

He later attended Berkeley Divinity School in Middletown, Connecticut, and was ordained a deacon in the Episcopal Church in 1912. From 1918 to 1919 he was Pastor of the Children, Church of St. Mary the Virgin, New York City. He served as Archdeacon of the Virgin Islands from 1921 to 1929.[1] While there, living on the island of St. Croix, Whitehead gathered the material he was to use in his tales of the supernatural. A correspondent of H. P. Lovecraft, Whitehead published stories from 1924 onward in Adventure, Black Mask, Strange Tales,[2] and especially Weird Tales; in his introduction to Jumbee, R. H. Barlow would later describe Whitehead as a member of "the serious Weird Tales school".[2] Whitehead's supernatural fiction was partially modelled on the work of Edward Lucas White and William Hope Hodgson.[2] Whitehead's "The Great Circle" (1932) is a lost-race tale with sword and sorcery elements.[2]

In later life, Whitehead lived in Dunedin, Florida, as rector of the Church of the Good Shepherd and a leader of a boys' group there. Barlow collected many of his letters, planning to publish a volume of them; but this never appeared, although Barlow did contribute the introduction to Whitehead's Jumbee and Other Uncanny Tales (1944). H. P. Lovecraft was a particular friend of Whitehead's, visiting him at his Dunedin home for several weeks in 1931. Lovecraft said of him: "He has nothing of the musty cleric about him; but dresses in sports clothes, swears like a he-man on occasion, and is an utter stranger to bigotry or priggishness of any sort."

Whitehead suffered from a long-term gastric problem, but an account of his death by his assistant suggests he died from a fall or a stroke or both.[1] He died late in 1932, but few of his readers learned about this until an announcement and brief profile (by H. P. Lovecraft) appeared in the March 1933 Weird Tales, issued in Feb 1933. Whitehead was greatly mourned and missed by lovers of weird fiction at his death.[3]

Reception

Lovecraft expressed admiration for Whitehead's work, describing Whitehead's work as "weird fiction of a subtle, realistic and quietly potent sort" and praising Whitehead's story "The Passing of a God" as "perhaps representing the peak of his creative genius".[1] In a letter to August Derleth, Algernon Blackwood included Whitehead on a list of writers that he admired. [4] Stefan Dziemianowicz describes Whitehead's West Indian tales as "virtually unmatched for the vividness with which they convey the awe and mystery of their exotic locale".[2]

Works

Short fiction

  • "The Intarsia Box" (1923) Adventure
  • "The Wonder-Phone" (1923) People’s Magazine
  • "Christabel" (1923) Hutchinson’s Adventure-Story Magazine
  • "The Door" (1924) Weird Tales
  • "Tea Leaves" (1924) Weird Tales
  • "The Wonderful Thing" (1925) Weird Tales
  • "The Thin Match" (1925) Weird Tales
  • "The Cunning of the Serpent" (1925) Adventure
  • "Sea Change" (1925) Weird Tales
  • "The Gladstone Bag" (1925)The Black Mask
  • "The Fireplace" (1925) Weird Tales
  • "The Projection of Armand Dubois" (1926) 'Weird Tales
  • "Jumbee" (1926) Weird Tales
  • "Across the Gulf" (1926) Weird Tales
  • "Gahd Laff!" (1926) The Black Mask 1926
  • "The Shadows" (1927) Weird Tales
  • "West India Lights" (1927) West India Lights
  • "The Left Eye" (1927) Weird Tales
  • "Obi in the Caribbean" (1927) West India Lights
  • "The Cult of the Skull" (1928) Weird Tales
  • "The Return of Milt Drennan" (1929) Mystery Stories
  • "The Lips" (1929) Weird Tales
  • "Sweet Grass" (1929) Weird Tales
  • "Black Tancrède" (1929) Weird Tales
Weird Tales March 1929
Whitehead's novelette "The People of Pan" was the cover story in the March 1929 Weird Tales
  • "The People of Pan" (1929) Weird Tales
  • "The Tabernacle" (1930) Weird Tales
  • "The Shut Room" (1930) Weird Tales
  • "Machiavelli—Salesman" (1931) Popular Fiction Magazine
  • "The Passing of a God" (1931) Weird Tales
  • "The Trap" (1931) (with H.P. Lovecraft) Strange Tales
  • "The Tree-Man" (1931) Weird Tales
  • "Black Terror" (1931) Weird Tales
  • "Hill Drums" (1931) Weird Tales
  • "The Black Beast" (1931) Adventure
  • "Cassius" (1931) Strange Tales (based on an idea by H. P. Lovecraft)
  • "Mrs. Lorriquer" (1932) Weird Tales
  • "No Eye-Witnesses" (1932) Weird Tales
  • "Seven Turns in a Hangman's Rope" (1932) Adventure
  • "The Moon-Dial" (1932) Strange Tales
  • "The Great Circle" (1932) Strange Tales
  • "Sea-Tiger" (1932) Strange Tales
  • "The Chadbourne Episode" (1933) Weird Tales
  • "The Napier Limousine" (1933) Strange Tales
  • "Ruby the Kid" (1933) Nickel Western
  • "Scar-Tissue" (1946) Amazing Stories
  • "The Ravel 'Pavane'" (1946) West India Lights
  • "Williamson" (1946) West India Lights
  • "--In Case of Disaster Only" (1946) West India Lights
  • "Bothon" (1946) (with H.P. Lovecraft) West India Lights

Collections

Novels for boys

  • Pinkie at Camp Cherokee (1931, Putnam's)

References

  1. ^ a b c d "In Memoriam: Henry St. Clair Whitehead". H.P. Lovecraft. Reprinted in Robert Weinberg, The Weird Tales Story. FAX Collector’s Editions. ISBN 0913960160 (p. 127).
  2. ^ a b c d e f Stefan R. Dziemianowicz, "Whitehead, Henry S(t. Clair)", in David Pringle, ed., St. James Guide to Horror, Ghost & Gothic Writers. London: St. James Press, 1998. (pp. 639-640) ISBN 1558622063
  3. ^ Editor's note, Magazine of Horror, p. 44
  4. ^ "Blackwood was widely read in supernatural fiction and he remarked to Derleth that authors like A. E. Coppard, H. Russell Wakefield, Henry S. Whitehead, May Sinclair and Mary Wilkins Freeman never failed to please." Mike Ashley, Starlight Man : The Extraordinary Life of Algernon Blackwood. London : Constable, 2001. ISBN 1841194174 (p.321)

Sources

  • Associated Press, Dunedin, November 23, 1932. "Roosevelt's Classmate at Harvard Dies in Dunedin." Tampa Tribune, November 24, 1932. Obituary for "Rev. Dr. Henry Sinclair [sic] Whitehead, 50, author, traveler and lecturer...died here today."
  • Chalker, Jack L.; Mark Owings (1998). The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923-1998. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. p. 27.
  • Jaffery, Sheldon (1989). The Arkham House Companion. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, Inc. p. 8. ISBN 1-55742-005-X.
  • Joshi, S. T. (1999). Sixty Years of Arkham House: A History and Bibliography. Sauk City, WI: Arkham House. pp. 26–27. ISBN 0-87054-176-5.
  • Nielsen, Leon (2004). Arkham House Books: A Collector's Guide. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 51–52. ISBN 0-7864-1785-4.
  • Ruber, Peter (2000). Arkham's Masters of Horror. Sauk City, WI: Arkham House. pp. 154–158. ISBN 0-87054-177-3.
  • H. P. Lovecraft. "In Memoriam: Henry St. Clair Whitehead" (Weird Tales, March 1933) (abridged). Full version in a letter by Lovecraft to E. Hoffman Price, Dec 7, 1932 (ms, John Hay Library; printed in part in Lovecraft, Selected Letters 4, 116-17).
  • R. Alain Everts, Henry St. Clair Whitehead (Strange Co, 1975).
  • A. Langley Searles, "Fantasy and Outre Themes in the Short Fiction of Edward Lucas White and Henry S. Whitehead", in American Supernatural Fiction, ed. Douglas Robillard (NY: Garland, 1996), 59-76.

External links

1882 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1882.

1932 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1932.

1946 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1946.

Arkham's Masters of Horror

Arkham's Masters of Horror is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by Peter Ruber. It was released by Arkham House in an edition of approximately 4,000 copies in 2000. The book includes an introductory essay by Ruber before each story and about its author.

Ruber drew criticism from the horror/fantasy community for the hostility with which he introduced some authors within the volume - for instance, his accusation that H.P. Lovecraft "had a schizoid personality" and could be labelled "a genuine crackpot."

The book was translated into Spanish in 2010 as Maestros del horror de Arkham House (Valdemar).[1]

Arkham House

Arkham House is an American publishing house specializing in weird fiction. It was founded in Sauk City, Wisconsin in 1939 by August Derleth and Donald Wandrei to preserve in hardcover the best fiction of H. P. Lovecraft. The company's name is derived from Lovecraft's fictional New England city, Arkham. Arkham House editions are noted for the quality of their printing and binding. The colophon for Arkham House was designed by Frank Utpatel.

Atlantis (anthology)

Atlantis is an anthology of themed fantasy and science fiction short stories on the subject of Atlantis edited by Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh as the ninth volume in their Isaac Asimov's Magical Worlds of Fantasy series. It was first published in paperback by Signet/New American Library in January 1988.The book collects eleven novellas, novelettes and short stories by various fantasy and science fiction authors, with an introduction by Asimov.

Berkeley Divinity School

Berkeley Divinity School, founded in 1854, is a seminary of the Episcopal Church, based in New Haven, Connecticut.

Cthulhu Mythos

The Cthulhu Mythos is a shared fictional universe, originating in the works of American horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The term was coined by August Derleth, a contemporary correspondent and protégé of Lovecraft, to identify the settings, tropes, and lore that were employed by Lovecraft and his literary successors. The name Cthulhu derives from the central creature in Lovecraft's seminal short story, "The Call of Cthulhu", first published in the pulp magazine Weird Tales in 1928.Richard L. Tierney, a writer who also wrote Mythos tales, later applied the term "Derleth Mythos" to distinguish Lovecraft's works from Derleth's later stories, which modify key tenets of the Mythos. Authors of Lovecraftian horror in particular frequently use elements of the Cthulhu Mythos.

Henry Whitehead

Henry Whitehead may refer to:

J. H. C. Whitehead (1904–1960), British mathematician

Henry Whitehead (bishop) (1853–1947), Bishop of Madras and father of J. H. C. Whitehead

Henry Whitehead (priest) (1825–1896), English minister

Henry Whitehead (MP) (1574–1629), English MP

Henry S. Whitehead (1882–1932), American writer

Jumbee and Other Uncanny Tales

Jumbee and Other Uncanny Tales is a collection of fantasy and horror short stories by American writer Henry S. Whitehead. It was released in 1944 and was his first book published by Arkham House. 1,559 copies were printed. The introduction is by Whitehead's fellow Floridian Robert H. Barlow.

The stories for this volume were taken chiefly from the magazines Weird Tales and Adventure.

List of horror fiction writers

This is a list of some (not all) notable writers in the horror fiction genre.

Note that some writers listed below have also written in other genres, especially fantasy and science fiction.

Sleep No More (anthology)

Sleep No More is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by August Derleth and illustrated by Lee Brown Coye, the first of three similar books in the 1940s. It was first published by Rinehart & Company in 1944. Featuring short stories by H. P. Lovecraft, Robert E. Howard, Clark Ashton Smith and other noted authors of the macabre genre, many of the stories made their initial appearance in Weird Tales magazine. The anthology is considered to be a classic of the genre, and is the initial foray by Coye into the field of horror illustration.

The Sleeping and the Dead

The Sleeping and the Dead is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by American writet August Derleth. It was first published by Pellegrini & Cudahy in 1947. Many of the stories had originally appeared in the magazines The London Mercury, Weird Tales, Scribner's, Dublin University Magazine, Unknown, Esquire, The Bellman, Vanity Fair and Black Mask. An abridged edition (15 stories) was published by Four Square Books in 1963 under the same title.

The Unquiet Grave (anthology)

The Unquiet Grave is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by American writer August Derleth. It was first published by Four Square Books in 1964. The anthology contains 15 stories from Derleth's earlier anthology The Sleeping and the Dead. Many of the stories had originally appeared in the magazines Weird Tales, Esquire and Black Mask.

The White Ship (story)

"The White Ship" is a horror short story by American writer H. P. Lovecraft. It was first published in The United Amateur (Volume 19) #2, November 1919, and later appeared in the March 1927 issue of Weird Tales.

Weird fiction

Weird fiction is a subgenre of speculative fiction originating in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. John Clute defines weird fiction as a "Term used loosely to describe Fantasy, Supernatural Fiction and Horror tales embodying transgressive material". China Miéville defines weird fiction thus: "Weird Fiction is usually, roughly, conceived of as a rather breathless and generically slippery macabre fiction, a dark fantastic ("horror" plus "fantasy") often featuring nontraditional alien monsters (thus plus "science fiction")." Discussing the "Old Weird Fiction" published in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock says, "Old Weird fiction utilises elements of horror, science fiction and fantasy to showcase the impotence and insignificance of human beings within a much larger universe populated by often malign powers and forces that greatly exceed the human capacities to understand or control them." Weird fiction either eschews or radically reinterprets ghosts, vampires, werewolves, and other traditional antagonists of supernatural horror fiction. Weird fiction is sometimes symbolised by the tentacle, a limb-type absent from most of the monsters of European folklore and gothic fiction, but often attached to the monstrous creatures created by weird fiction writers such as William Hope Hodgson, M. R. James, and H. P. Lovecraft. Weird fiction often attempts to inspire awe as well as fear in response to its fictional creations, causing

commentators like Miéville to say that weird fiction evokes a sense of the numinous. Although "weird fiction" has been chiefly used as a historical description for works through the 1930s, the term has also been increasingly used since the 1980s, sometimes to describe slipstream fiction that blends horror, fantasy, and science fiction.

West India Lights

West India Lights is a collection of fantasy and horror short stories by American writer Henry S. Whitehead. It was released in 1946 and was the second collection of the author's stories to be published by Arkham House. It was published in an edition of 3,037 copies.

Most of the stories had originally appeared in the magazines Weird Tales, Strange Tales, and Amazing Stories.

When Evil Wakes

When Evil Wakes is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by American writer August Derleth. It was first published by Souvenir in 1963.

Who Knocks?

Who Knocks? is an anthology of fantasy and horror stories edited by American writer August Derleth and illustrated by Lee Brown Coye. It was first published by Rinehart & Company in 1946. Many of the stories had originally appeared in the magazines Everybody’s Magazine, The Century, Weird Tales, Unknown, Temple Bar, Hutchinson’s Magazine, The English Review, Smith's Magazine and Harper's.

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