Henry George Liddell (/ˈlɪdəl/;[a] 6 February 1811 – 18 January 1898) was dean (1855–91) of Christ Church, Oxford, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1870–74), headmaster (1846–55) of Westminster School (where a house is now named after him), author of A History of Rome (1855), and co-author (with Robert Scott) of the monumental work A Greek–English Lexicon, known as "Liddell and Scott", which is still widely used by students of Greek. Lewis Carroll wrote Alice's Adventures in Wonderland for Henry Liddell's daughter Alice.
Liddell was Headmaster of Westminster School from 1846 to 1855. Meanwhile, his life work, the great lexicon (based on the German work of Franz Passow), which he and Robert Scott began as early as 1834, had made good progress, and the first edition of Liddell and Scott's Lexicon appeared in 1843. It immediately became the standard Greek–English dictionary, with the 8th edition published in 1897.
As Headmaster of Westminster Liddell enjoyed a period of great success, followed by trouble due to the outbreak of fever and cholera in the school. In 1855 he accepted the deanery of Christ Church, Oxford. In the same year he brought out his History of Ancient Rome and took a very active part in the first Oxford University Commission. His tall figure, fine presence and aristocratic mien were for many years associated with all that was characteristic of Oxford life. Coming just at the transition period when the "old Christ Church," which Pusey strove so hard to preserve, was inevitably becoming broader and more liberal, it was chiefly due to Liddell that necessary changes were effected with the minimum of friction.
In 1859 Liddell welcomed the then Prince of Wales when he matriculated at Christ Church, being the first holder of that title who had matriculated since Henry V. While Liddell was Dean of Christ Church, he arranged for the building of a new choir school and classrooms for the staff and pupils of Christ Church Cathedral School on its present site. Before then the school was housed within Christ Church itself.
In conjunction with Sir Henry Acland, Liddell did much to encourage the study of art at Oxford, and his taste and judgment gained him the admiration and friendship of Ruskin. In 1891, owing to advancing years, he resigned the deanery. The last years of his life were spent at Ascot, where he died on 18 January 1898. Two roads in Ascot, Liddell Way and Carroll Crescent honour the relationship between Henry Liddell and Lewis Carroll.
I am the Dean, this Mrs Liddell.
She plays first, I, second fiddle.
She is the Broad,
I am the High –
We are the University.
The Vice-Chancellor who matriculated me  was the majestic Liddell, who, with his six feet of stately height draped in scarlet, his 'argent aureole' of white hair, and his three silver maces borne before him, always helped me to understand what Sydney Smith meant when he said, of some nonsensical proposition, that no power on earth, save and except the Dean of Christ Church, should induce him to believe it.
Henry George Liddell was the author of
His father was Henry Liddell, Rector of Easington (1787–1872), the younger son of Sir Henry Liddell, 5th Baronet (1749–1791) and the former Elizabeth Steele. His father's elder brother, Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet (1775–1855), was raised to the Peerage as Baron Ravensworth in 1821.
His mother was the former Charlotte Lyon (1785–1871), a daughter of Thomas Lyon (1741–1796) (who was the youngest son of the 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne) and the former Mary Wren (died 1811).
On 2 July 1846, Henry married Lorina Reeve (3 March 1826 – 25 June 1910). They were parents of ten children:
Media related to Henry George Liddell at Wikimedia Commons
| Dean of Christ Church, Oxford
Francis Knyvett Leighton
| Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
James Edwards Sewell
The 1855 Liverpool by-election was held on 29 March 1855 after the incumbent Conservative MP Henry Liddell succeeded to the peerage as Baron Ravensworth. The election was won by the Whig candidate Joseph Christopher Ewart.Alice's Shop
Alice's Shop is a shop at 83 St Aldate's, Oxford, England. With 82 St Aldate's next door it is part of a stone-built 15th-century house that was remodelled in the 17th century. It is now a gift shop selling gifts, souvenirs and memorabilia, all based on Alice.
83 St Aldate's has long been a shop. In the Victorian era its customers included Alice Liddell, daughter of Henry Liddell, who was Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, which is opposite the shop. Alice, who used to buy sweets at the shop, was the inspiration for Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
82 and 83 St Aldate's were built in the 15th century. Early in the 17th century they were remodelled. 83 St Aldate's has a gabled front with a 17th-century bay window on the first floor. On its north side 83 has a blocked 17th-century window. Together 82 and 83 St Aldate's are a Grade II* listed building.Anne Liddell-Grainger
Anne Mary Sibylla Liddell-Grainger (née Abel Smith; born 28 July 1932) is the mother of British politician Ian Liddell-Grainger. Her maternal grandparents were Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone and Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone.
She was born in Kensington Palace, the daughter of Colonel Sir Henry Abel Smith and Lady May Abel Smith (formerly Princess May of Teck). She married David Liddell-Grainger, a Scottish politician, on 14 December 1957. They divorced in 1981.
They had five children and eight grandchildren:
Ian Richard Peregrine Liddell-Grainger (born 23 February 1959); married on 31 October 1985 to Jill Nesbitt (born 9 March 1956). They have three children:
Peter Richard Liddell-Grainger (born 6 May 1987)
Sophie Victoria Liddell-Grainger (born 27 December 1988)
May Alexandra Liddell-Grainger (born 9 September 1992)
Charles Montagu Liddell-Grainger (born 23 July 1960); married on 23 January 1992 to Karen Peta Humphreys but they divorced in 1999. He remarried Martha Margaretha de Clermont on 20 October 2008.
Simon Rupert Liddell-Grainger (born 28 December 1962); married Maria Romana Rogoshewska on 26 January 1984 but they divorced. He remarried Nathalie Judith Poulard on 4 February 2000. They have two children:
Simon Alexander Liddell-Grainger (born 27 June 2000)
Matthew Willis Liddell-Grainger (born 8 October 2003)
Alice Mary Liddell-Grainger (born 3 March 1965); married Pietro Panaggio on 13 August 1990. They have two children:
Danilo Pietro Panaggio (born 19 March 1996)
Jessica Alice Panaggio (born 24 June 1998)
Malcolm Henry Liddell-Grainger (born 14 December 1967); married Helen Bright on 1 August 1994. They have a child:
Cameron Henry Liddell-Grainger (born 14 April 1997)Mrs Liddell-Grainger later became a devout Christian, and served as a missionary in Africa. She settled in Kennington, south London, where she is engaged in Christian charity work. She is in the line of succession to the British Throne as a great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.B. H. Liddell Hart
Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist. In the 1920s and later he wrote a series of military histories that proved influential among strategists. He argued that frontal assault was a strategy that was bound to fail at great cost in lives, as happened in 1914-1918. He instead recommended the "indirect approach" and reliance on fast-moving armoured formations.Balm of Gilead
Balm of Gilead was a rare perfume used medicinally, that was mentioned in the Bible, and named for the region of Gilead, where it was produced. The expression stems from William Tyndale's language in the King James Bible of 1611, and has come to signify a universal cure in figurative speech. The tree or shrub producing the balm is commonly identified as Commiphora gileadensis. Some botanical scholars have concluded that the actual source was a terebinth tree in the genus Pistacia.Baron Ravensworth
Baron Ravensworth, of Ravensworth Castle in the County Palatine of Durham and of Eslington Park in the County of Northumberland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
It was created in 1821 for Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet. The title of Baron Ravensworth had previously been created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1747 for the fourth Baronet, but this had become extinct in 1784. The second Baron of this second creation was made Earl of Ravensworth and Baron Eslington, but these titles also became extinct in 1904.Comptroller General of the Exchequer
The Comptroller General of the Exchequer was a position in the Exchequer of HM Treasury between 1834 and 1866. The Comptroller General had responsibility for authorising the issue of public monies from the Treasury to government departments.
The post was created in the Act to Regulate the Office of the Receipt of his Majesty's Exchequer of 1834, coming into effect on 11 October that year. The position merged several offices of the Exchequer together, including that of Teller of the Receipt of the Exchequer. The Comptroller General was given custody of all the records of the Exchequer of Receipt, including standard weights and measures and standard pieces of gold, silver, and copper. The inaugural Comptroller was Sir John Newport, 1st Baronet, who was replaced on 18 April 1835 by Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon, who also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lord Monteagle retained the role after he left the Cabinet in 1839, despite Lord Howick's strong opposition to the maintenance of the office.
The holder of the position received the generous salary of £2,000 per year, and the office became widely seen as an extravagant and unnecessary position. Its retention was criticised by Henry Liddell in a speech in the Commons in 1840. By the 1860s Monteagle differed from the government regarding the Exchequer control over the Treasury, and the abolition of the old exchequer was already determined upon when he died in early 1866. The post was abolished by the Exchequer and Audit Departments Act 1866 by which its duties were merged with those of the Commissioners of Audit, creating the position of Comptroller and Auditor General.David Liddell-Grainger
David Ian Liddell-Grainger, KStJ, DL, FSA Scot (26 January 1930 – 12 March 2007), a former English politician, was the son of Henry Liddell-Grainger and Lady Muriel Felicia Vere Bertie, daughter of Montague Bertie, 12th Earl of Lindsey.
He was educated at St Peter's College, Adelaide, and Eton College. He later attended the University of London.Eric Liddell
Eric Henry Liddell (; 16 January 1902 – 21 February 1945) was a Scottish Olympic Gold Medalist runner, rugby union international player, and Christian missionary.
Liddell was born in China to Scottish missionary parents. He attended boarding school near London, spending time when possible with his family in Edinburgh, and afterwards attended the University of Edinburgh.
At the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, Liddell refused to run in the heats for his favoured 100 metres because they were held on a Sunday. Instead he competed in the 400 metres held on a weekday, a race that he won. He returned to China in 1925 to serve as a missionary teacher. Aside from two furloughs in Scotland, he remained in China until his death in a Japanese civilian internment camp in 1945.
Liddell's Olympic training and racing, and the religious convictions that influenced him, are depicted in the Oscar-winning 1981 film Chariots of Fire, in which he is portrayed by fellow Scot Ian Charleson.Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth
Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth (1708 – 30 January 1784) succeeded to the Baronetcy of Ravensworth Castle, and to the family estates and mining interests, at the age of fifteen, on the death of his grandfather in 1723. He was created 1st Baron Ravensworth on 29 June 1747.
He went to Peterhouse, Cambridge in 1725, and took the Grand Tour in the early 1730s.He was Member of Parliament for Morpeth 1734–1747.
He was a founder member of the 'Grand Allies' partnership created in 1726 by a group of wealthy land and colliery owners to cooperate in the further development of coal mining in Northumberland and County Durham. Their early investments included collieries at Gosforth, Heaton, New Benton, Tanfield, South Causey, North Biddick and Longbenton.
His seat was Ravensworth Castle, Lamesley, Co. Durham and his London address from 1735 was 13, St James's Square.
Liddell married Anne Delme (daughter of Sir Peter Delme) in 1735 and they had one daughter, Anne, who was a noted correspondent. He was succeeded in the Baronetcy by his nephew Henry. The Barony was extinct on his death, but was later recreated in 1821 for his great nephew ThomasHenry Liddell, 1st Earl of Ravensworth
Henry Thomas Liddell, 1st Earl of Ravensworth (10 March 1797 – 19 March 1878) was a British peer and Member of Parliament for several constituencies.
Liddell was the eldest son of Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth. He was educated at Eton and St John's College, Cambridge. In the House of Commons, he represented Northumberland from 1826 until 1830, then North Durham from 1837 to 1847, and finally Liverpool from 1853 to 1855. In 1855 he succeeded to his father's peerage and became known as Lord Ravensworth.
In Parliament, Liddell often spoke on the Tory side of debates. He supported Catholic Emancipation but was an opponent of the Reform Acts. In 1874, he was created Earl of Ravensworth and Baron Eslington. These titles passed to his son upon his death.Henry Liddell, 2nd Earl of Ravensworth
Henry George Liddell, 2nd Earl of Ravensworth (8 October 1821 – 22 July 1903), styled Lord Eslington between 1874 and 1878, was a British Conservative politician.Henry Mabb
Henry Liddell Mabb (January 24, 1872—1961) was a politician, Mountie, and rancher who lived in Manitoba, Canada.
Born at Hull in Yorkshire, England, Mabb was christened at Holy Trinity Church. He was the son of Henry Liddell Mabb, Sr. and Ellen Holder, both of whom were born and raised in Yorkshire, England. Mabb was the oldest of 12 children.
Sometime in the late 19th century, Henry Liddell Mabb Sr. relocated the family to Antwerp, Belgium. They settled in the British ex-pat community and were congregants at the Chapelle des Tanneurs, which had served as the place of worship for Anglicans (Church of England) in Antwerp since 1821. Several of his brothers and sisters were christened in the chapel. Henry was also educated at the Athénée Royal. He studied and reputedly mastered four languages while living in Belgium.The Mabb family appears to have moved back to England, where brother Stanley Holder Mabb was born at Sutton in 1886. The family moved to Canada in spring of 1887, with Winnipeg as their ultimate destination. However, according to a 1911 census document, for some reason Henry indicates he immigrated to Canada in 1890. Other family testimonials suggest the senior Mabb family might have made its way into Canada and specifically Manitoba from the United States, but there is no documentation to support this.
Young Henry served the Dominion of Canada as a constable in the North-West Mounted Police (N.W.M.P.) from 1890 to 1895. Engaging in 300-mile (480 km) treks over the prairies, Mabb's mastery of languages permitted him to develop fluency in Cree and Sioux. Some newspaper accounts suggest Mabb was involved as a translator in talks between representatives of the Crown and Sitting Bull. He was fully engaged in service for five years until discharged with honours in 1895.
During his political career, he lived in Fisher Branch, Manitoba. He was elected to the Manitoba legislature in the 1920 provincial election, defeating two Liberal candidates in the constituency of Fisher. Mabb was elected as an "independent Farmer" candidate, and served with the opposition Independent-Farmer bloc for the next two years.
He served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1920 to 1922. Unlike others in the Independent-Farmer bloc, Mabb did not run for the United Farmers of Manitoba in the 1922 provincial election. Nicholas Bachynsky received the UFM nomination, while Mabb ran for re-election as an independent candidate. Bachynsky won by 327 votes.Mabb later joined the Conservative Party, and challenged Bachynsky again in the 1927 election. He lost by 444 votes.
In addition to working the land as a rancher, Mabb was employed by the Crown as a homestead inspector in northern Manitoba, between the lakes.
Henry Liddell Mabb was married twice, first to Bertha May Mullett (1872—1904), then, in 1905, to Clara Bird. Mabb was honoured by the RCMP Veteran's Association in 1955, marking the 60th anniversary of his discharge from the N.W.M.P. He died in 1961.Liddell
People named Liddell include:
Alice Liddell, Lewis Carroll's "muse"
Andy Liddell, Scottish footballer
Anne Liddell-Grainger, mother of Ian Liddell-Grainger
Sir B. H. Liddell Hart, British military strategist
Billy Liddell, Scottish footballer
Chuck Liddell, mixed martial artist
Colin Liddell, Scottish footballer
David Liddell-Grainger, Deputy Lieutenant of Berwickshire
Emilie Autumn Liddell, American rock/alternative/electronic artist
Eric Liddell, Scottish athlete
Frank Liddell (politician), Australian politician
Frank Liddell (record producer), American record producer
Guy Liddell, British intelligence officer
Helen Liddell, British politician
Henry Liddell, Classical scholar and father of Alice Liddell
Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth
Ian Liddell-Grainger, Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
John Aidan Liddell, Victoria Cross recipient
Nona Liddell (1927–2017), British violinist
Patrick Liddell, Composer and video artist
Robert Liddell, English writer
Robert Liddell (Pittsburgh), Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Robert Scotland Liddell, British journalist
St. John Richardson Liddell, Louisiana planter and Confederate general
Samuel Liddell (fl. 1716), pirate in the Caribbean
Thomas Liddell, first Principal of Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
Ian Oswald Liddell, Victoria Cross recipientRobert Scott (philologist)
Robert Scott (26 January 1811 – 2 December 1887) was a British academic philologist and Church of England priest.
Scott was ordained in 1835 and held the college living of Duloe, Cornwall, from 1845 to 1850. He was a prebendary of Exeter Cathedral from 1845 to 1866 and rector of South Luffenham, Rutland, from 1850 to 1854 when he was elected Master of Balliol College, Oxford. He served as Dean Ireland's Professor of the Exegesis of Holy Scripture at Oxford from 1861 to 1870 and as the Dean of Rochester from 1870 until his death in 1887.
Scott is best known as the co-editor (with his colleague Henry Liddell) of A Greek-English Lexicon, the standard dictionary of the classical Greek language. According to the 1925 edition of the Lexicon, the project was originally proposed to Scott by the London bookseller and publisher David Alphonso Talboys; it was published by the Oxford University Press.South Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency)
South Northumberland (formally the "Southern Division of Northumberland") was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.
The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Northumberland constituency into Northern and Southern divisions.
The constituency was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, being divided into single member divisions: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Hexham, Tyneside and Wansbeck.Statue of the Earl of Derby, Parliament Square
A sculpture of the statesman and three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, is located in Parliament Square, London, England. The sculptor was Matthew Noble and the Grade II-listed statue was unveiled on 11 July 1874.The unveiling ceremony was performed by the then prime minister Benjamin Disraeli and those in attendance included Derby's son, Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, Hugh Cairns, 1st Earl Cairns, Henry Liddell, 1st Earl of Ravensworth, numerous Members of Parliament and "a large number of ladies". At the conclusion of his speech, following the unveiling, Disraeli said:
We have raised this statue to him not only as a memorial, but as an example; not merely to commemorate but to inspire.
The four sides of the granite pedestal have bronze reliefs depicting Derby addressing the House of Commons during a debate on slavery, attending a Cabinet meeting, at a meeting of the Lancashire Relief Committee and at his inauguration as Chancellor of the University of Oxford.Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth
Thomas Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth (8 February 1775 – 7 March 1855), known as Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet, from 1791 to 1821, was a British peer and Tory politician.Thomas Lyon, 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Thomas Lyon, 8th Earl of Strathmore MP (1704 – 18 January 1753) was a Scottish nobleman, peer, and politician. He was the son of John Lyon, 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and Lady Elizabeth Stanhope.
On 20 July 1736, he married Joan Nicholson, at Houghton-le-Spring. They had seven children:
John Bowes, 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1737–1776)
James Philip Lyon (1738–1763)
Hon. Thomas Lyon (1741–1796). MP for Aberdeen Burghs. Married Mary Wren. Their daughter Charlotte Lyon (d. 1871) married Revd Henry George Liddell (d. 1872) (son of Sir Henry Liddell 5th Bart). The children of Charlotte Lyon and Revd Henry George Liddell were the Very Revd Henry George Liddell (d. 1898) and Charles Liddell (d. 1894)
Mary Lyon (d. 1767)
Susan Lyon (d. 26 February 1769)
Anne Lyon (22 April 1746 – 1811). In 1768 she married John Simpson (1740–1802), of Bradley Hall, Durham, son of John Simpson, of Bradley Hall. Their daughter Maria Susannah Simpson (1773–1845) married Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth (youngest son of Sir Henry Liddell 5th Bart, younger brother of Revd Henry George Liddell d. 1872). Their youngest daughter, Frances Eleanor (1775/6 – 15 April 1833) married in 1799 Sir John Dean Paul, 1st Bart. of Rodborough, Co. of Gloucester, (1775–1852) and had three sons and four daughters.
Jane Lyon (d. 1836)He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Forfarshire from 1734 until he succeeded his brother to the peerage in 1735.
Deans of Christ Church, Oxford