Henry Kamm (born June 3, 1925 in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland) was a correspondent for The New York Times. He reported for the Times from Southeast Asia (based in Bangkok), Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
The 1975 Bagan earthquake occurred on July 8 at 6:34 pm local time (12:04 UTC) in Bagan, Myanmar. Many important stupas and temples were destroyed. The strongest intensity was felt in the towns of Nyaung-U, Pakokku, and Yesagyo, and in the Myaing townships on the confluence of the Ayeyawady River. Damages were also reported in Chauk and Natmauk townships. It had a magnitude of Mw 7.0.
Art historians rank the archeological treasures of Bagan (formerly called Pagan) with the renowned temple complex at Angkor Wat or with the European artworks of Venice and Florence. The earthquake "irreparably damaged many of the great temples of Bagan, an artistic landmark of Asia and the center of the Burmese national culture." Burma's Director General of Archeology said the earthquake the worst in the last 900 years of recorded history.The source of the earthquake is still controversial because of uncertainties in the depth information ranging from 84 to 157 km. Subduction and collision of the India Plate and the Burma Plate is ongoing and this earthquake was on the interface of these two plates.1978 Pulitzer Prize
The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1978.Am Rong
Am Rong (1929 – May 1975) was a Cambodian soldier and filmmaker, who acted as a spokesman on military matters for the Khmer Republic during the Cambodian Civil War. Western journalists commented on the irony of his name as he gave briefings which "painted a rosy picture of the increasingly desperate situation on the ground" during the war.Chey Chettha II
Chey Chettha II (Khmer: ជ័យជេដ្ឋាទី២ pronounced [cɨj.ceit.tʰaː tiː piː], 1576–1628) was a king of Cambodia who reigned from Oudong, about 40 km northwest of modern-day Phnom Penh, from 1618 to 1628. He was the son of King Srei Soriyopear (r. 1603-1618). He is noted for moving the royal capital from Srei Sonthor to Oudong, and for his cooperation with the Nguyễn Lords of Vietnam against the Siamese, which led to the Vietnamese annexation of the Mekong Delta, including the city of Prey Nokor—the precursor of modern-day Ho Chi Minh City.In order to balance the influence of the Siamese forces, which had devastated the previous capital at Lovek during the reign of his father, Chey Chettha approached the Nguyễn lord for help. To cement the resulting alliance, Chey Chettha was married to Princess Nguyễn Phúc Ngọc Vạn, a daughter of Lord Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên, in 1618. In return, the king granted the Vietnamese the right to establish settlements in Mô Xoài (now Bà Rịa), in the region of Prey Nokor—which they colloquially referred to as Sài Gòn, and which later became Ho Chi Minh City.In 1623, Chey Chettha allowed the Vietnamese to set up a custom house at Prey Nokor, in order to collect taxes. This settlement was the start of a major expansion by the Vietnamese beyond the borders established by Lê Thánh Tông in 1471. The increasing waves of Vietnamese settlers which followed overwhelmed Chey Chettha II's kingdom—weakened as it was due to war with the Siamese—and slowly Vietnamized the Mekong Delta area, claiming it for their own in the 1690s.The Dutch East India Company established ties with Cambodia in 1620, during Chey Chettha's reign; in 1623, they established an outpost at Kompong Luong, a riverside port near Oudong.Corriere della Sera
The Corriere della Sera (Italian pronunciation: [korˈrjɛːre ˈdella ˈseːra]; English: Evening Courier) is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average daily circulation of 410,242 copies in December 2015.First published on 5 March 1876, Corriere della Sera is one of Italy's oldest newspapers and is Italy's most read newspaper. Its masthead has remained unchanged since its first edition in 1876. It reached a circulation of over 1 million under editor and co-owner Luigi Albertini, 1900-1925. He was a strong opponent of Socialism, of clericalism, and of Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti who was willing to compromise with those forces. Albertini's opposition to the Fascist regime forced the other co-owners to oust him 1925.Today its main competitors are Rome's la Repubblica and Turin's La Stampa.Imre Varga
Imre Varga (born 1 November 1923, Siófok) is a Hungarian sculptor, painter, designer and graphic artist.
He is regarded as one of Hungary's most important living artists,
and he has been called one of the "most skilled sculptors in Hungary."Israelis
Israelis (Hebrew: ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, Arabic: الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are the citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds. The largest ethnic groups in Israel are Jews (75%), followed by Arabs (20%) and other minorities (5%). Among the Israeli Jewish population, hundreds of thousands of Jews born in Israel are descended from Ashkenazi Jew, Mizrahi Jews, Sephardi Jews and an array of groups from all the Jewish ethnic divisions, though over 50% of Israel’s Jewish population is of at least partial Mizrahi descent.Large-scale Jewish immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Jewish diaspora communities in Europe and the Middle East and more recent large-scale immigration from North Africa, Western Asia, North America, South America, the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia introduced many new cultural elements and have had profound impact on the Israeli culture.
Israelis and people of Israeli descent live across the world: in the United States, Russia (with Moscow housing the single largest community outside Israel), India, Canada, the United Kingdom, throughout Europe, and elsewhere. Almost 10% of the general population of Israel is estimated to be living abroad.Karl Linnas
Karl Linnas (6 August 1919, Tartu – 2 July 1987) was an Estonian who was sentenced to capital punishment during the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia in 1961-1962. He was later deported from the United States to the Soviet Union in 1987.Linnas was tried in absentia and sentenced to death by a Soviet court in 1962 on charges that during the German occupation, between 1941 and 1943, he was the commandant of a Nazi concentration camp at Tartu and had personally shot innocent civilians—men, women and children. After Soviet armies pushed the Germans out of Estonia, Linnas fought with the German army and was wounded in 1944. Then he stayed in Displaced Persons camps in Germany until emigrating to the U.S. in 1951.Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh
Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh (1780–1801), also known as Prince Cảnh, was the eldest son of the Vietnamese Prince Nguyễn Phúc Ánh, the future Emperor Gia Long. At the age of seven, he famously visited France with the French Catholic Father Pigneau de Béhaine to sign an alliance between France and Vietnam. Although Prince Cảnh was the legitimate heir to the throne, he died before his father, and none of his descendants ascended the throne after his half-brother Nguyễn Phúc Đảm was chosen by Gia Long.Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting
This Pulitzer Prize has been awarded since 1942 for a distinguished example of reporting on international affairs, including United Nations correspondence. In its first six years (1942–1947), it was called the Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting - International.Social class in Romania
The following is a description of the social structure of Romania divided into three distinct categories.Thomas Feyer
Thomas Feyer (born June 2, 1953, in Budapest, Hungary) is an American journalist, and has been letters editor of The New York Times since 1999. He has selected, edited and published letters from thousands of well-known and ordinary readers alike, including Nobel laureates, Pulitzer Prize winners, politicians, writers, actor, business leaders, doctors, lawyers, teachers and, years before he became president, Donald J. Trump. On Oct. 18, 2018, he published The Times's first "comic strip to the editor" on the daily letters page, submitted by Stan Mack in response to a Times opinion video about fascism in America.
Feyer emigrated from Hungary to Austria with his parents in 1956, arrived in the United States in 1957 and was naturalized as a U.S. citizen in 1962. He is a 1975 graduate of Princeton University and a 1976 graduate of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
As an editor on The Times's foreign desk from 1980 to 1999, he edited the dispatches of foreign correspondents including the Pulitzer Prize winners Thomas L. Friedman, John F. Burns, Bill Keller, Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl WuDunn, John Darnton, Serge Schmemann, David E. Sanger, Steven Erlanger, Barry Bearak, David K. Shipler and Henry Kamm.
Feyer's work as letters editor has been cited in The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Huffington Post, Politico, The Nation, Slate, NPR, Adweek and on many other websites and blogs. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, Newsday, the Huffington Post and Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning.Timeline of the breakup of Yugoslavia
The breakup of Yugoslavia was a process in which the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was broken up into constituent republics, and over the course of which the Yugoslav wars started. The process generally began with the death of Josip Broz Tito on 4 May 1980 and formally ended when the last two remaining republics (SR Serbia and SR Montenegro) proclaimed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 27 April 1992. At that time the Yugoslav wars were still ongoing, and FR Yugoslavia continued to exist until 2003, when it was renamed and reformed as the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. This union lasted until 5 June 2006 when Montenegro proclaimed independence. The former Yugoslav autonomous province of Kosovo subsequently proclaimed independence from Serbia in February 2008.Treaty of Versailles (1787)
The Versailles Treaty of 1787 (French:Traité de Versailles de 1787) was a treaty of alliance signed between the French king Louis XVI and the Vietnamese lord Nguyễn Ánh, the future Emperor Gia Long.
Nguyễn Ánh, whose family, the Nguyễn family, had been decimated by the Tây Sơn rebellion when he was 16 or 17, received the protection and aid of the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Béhaine, titular bishop of Adran.
In order to obtain support for Nguyễn Ánh's cause, Pigneau de Béhaine went to France in 1787 as the "special envoy of the king of Nam Hà", accompanied by Nguyễn Ánh's older son, Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh, who was then seven years old, as a token of Pigneau's authority to negotiate in the name of Nguyễn Ánh.
The 1787 Treaty of Versailles was signed on November 21, 1787, by Montmorin, Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Navy, and Pigneau de Béhaine, as the representative of Nguyễn Ánh. In return for the treaty, Nguyễn Ánh promised to cede Pulo-Condore to the French and to give a concession to the French in Tourane (modern Dà Nãng), as well exclusive trading rights. Louis XVI promised to help Nguyễn Ánh to regain the throne, by supplying 1,650 troops (1,200 Kaffir troops, 200 artillery men and 250 black soldiers) on four frigates.That treaty marks the beginning of French influence in Indochina, but the Governor of Pondicherry, Count de Conway, who was given authority to decide on the actual implementation of the Treaty, refused to follow through with it, leaving Pigneau de Béhaine to his own means.
In spite of these inconveniences, between 1789 and 1799 a French force mustered by Pigneau de Béhaine managed to support Gia Long in acquiring sway over the whole of Vietnam. The French trained Vietnamese troops, established a navy, and built fortifications in the Vauban style, such as the Citadel of Saigon. Several of these French adventurers would remain in high positions in the government of Gia Long such as Philippe Vannier, Jean-Baptiste Chaigneau, de Forsans and the doctor Despiau.Victor Krasin
Victor Aleksandrovich Krasin (also spelled Viktor Krasin, Russian: Ви́ктор Алекса́ндрович Кра́син, 4 August 1929 – 3 September 2017) was a Russian human rights activist, economist, a former Soviet dissident and a political prisoner. At the time of his death Krasin was a US citizen.Wilshire/La Cienega station
Wilshire/La Cienega is an under-construction heavy-rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It is currently in the design/construction phase of the Purple Line Extension project, in Beverly Hills, California. It is slated to open in early 2023.Located at the NE-corner of Wilshire Boulevard and La Cienega Boulevard, the new subway station will be one-story high, and provide access to the trains below via escalators, elevators, and stairs. Underground, the station will include an upper level 'concourse' for ticketing and a passenger platform for boarding and egress at the level of the tracks.The site formerly housed a Citibank, demolished circa 2016 to provide a 'temporary' staging yard. Another staging yard is at the NW-corner of Wilshire and Gale Drive, where Luther Burbank Savings had been located. The yards support a multi-year construction project, extending the subway line and building Wilshire/La Cienega.Adjoining the NE-corner station will be the following.
On the NW corner, Cedars-Sinai offices and a Wells Fargo branch.On the SW corner, a high-rise office building with a Chase branch.On the SE corner, a ten-story, oval-shaped office building, with a large equestrian statue of John Wayne. Once the headquarters of Great Western Savings, in a 1997 merger GW was acquired by the now-defunct Washington Mutual Bank. Its branch there, held up in 2003, has since been closed. The building itself was sold by Larry Flynt to Douglas Emmett in 2013. Its third floor houses the Brazilian Consulate.The Purple Line's eastern terminus is located at Union Station, its planned western terminus at Wilshire near Ocean Avenue in Santa Monica. Saban Theatre and the Fine Arts Theatre will be short walks away on Wilshire from the new station. Restaurant Row stretches north along La Cienega.World Passport
The World Passport is a fantasy travel document sold by the World Service Authority, a non-profit organization founded by Garry Davis in 1954.