Henry Jarvis Raymond

Henry Jarvis Raymond (January 24, 1820 – June 18, 1869) was an American journalist, politician, and co-founder of The New York Times, which he founded with George Jones.

Henry Jarvis Raymond
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
GovernorMyron H. Clark
Preceded bySanford E. Church
Succeeded byHenry R. Selden
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867
Preceded byElijah Ward
Succeeded byThomas E. Stewart
2nd Chairman of the Republican National Committee
In office
Preceded byEdwin D. Morgan
Succeeded byMarcus L. Ward
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the New York County, 7th district
In office
January 1, 1850 – December 31, 1851
Preceded byAbraham Van Orden
Succeeded byFreeborn G. Luckey
Personal details
BornJanuary 24, 1820
Livingston County, New York
DiedJune 18, 1869 (aged 49)
New York City, New York
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Juliette Weaver
ChildrenEdward Henry Raymond
Mary Elizabeth Raymond
Lucy Margaret Raymond
Henry Warren Raymond
Walter Jarvis Raymond
Aimee Juliette Arteniese Raymond
Arthur William Raymond
ParentsJarvis Raymond
Lavinia Brockway
Alma materGenesee Wesleyan Seminary
University of Vermont
Columbia Law School
OccupationWriter, Editor, Politician, Publisher and Founder of The New York Times


Early life and ancestors

Henry Jarvis Raymond
Henry Jarvis Raymond in his younger years

He was born on January 24, 1820, on the family farm near Lima, New York, a son and the eldest child of Lavinia Brockway, the daughter of Clark Brockway and Sally Wade and Jarvis Raymond, the son of Jonathan P. Raymond and Hannah Jarvis.[1][2]

He was an 8th generation direct lineal descendant of Captain Richard Raymond (1602–1692) and his wife, Judith. There is no evidence to suggest that he was born in Essex, England, although Samuel Raymond's family history makes that claim, and he arrived in Salem, Massachusetts, about 1629/30, possibly with a contingent led by the Rev. Francis Higginson. The first actual date given for Richard is on August 6, 1629, when he is on the list of the 30 founding members of the First Church (Congregational) of Salem. He was about 27 years old. He was made a Freeman of Salem in 1634 and was later a founder of Norwalk, Connecticut, and an "honored forefather of Saybrook".


Raymond gave early evidence of his superior intellectual skills: it is said that he could read by the age of three and deliver speeches when he was five. He enrolled at age twelve in the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary at Lima, New York, a school established by the Methodist Episcopal Church which would later grow into Syracuse University.

He graduated from the University of Vermont in 1840 with high honors. Between 1841 and 1851, Raymond worked for various newspapers, including Horace Greeley's New York Tribune and James Watson Webb's Courier and Enquirer, as a journalist and associate editor. He had known George Jones since their time at the Tribune and the two had often discussed the possibility of starting a newspaper themselves. In 1851, Raymond convinced Jones to become his partner and publish a new paper that would report the news in a neutral manner. In 1851, Raymond formed Raymond, Jones & Company, Inc. and founded The New York Times. He was the newspaper's editor until his death.[3]

Marriage and family

On October 24, 1843, in Winooski, Vermont, Raymond married Juliette Weaver (April 12, 1822 – October 13, 1914), who was a daughter of John Warren Weaver and Artemisia Munson. Henry and Juliette were the parents of seven children.

Their son, Henry Warren Raymond, (1847–1925), was an 1869 graduate of Yale College, and, in the same year, was initiated as a member of the Skull and Bones secret society. He also graduated from Columbia University School of Law in 1871. He was a reporter for The New York Times from 1869 to 1872, and he also served as private secretary to the Secretary of the Navy Benjamin F. Tracy, from 1889 to 1893. He entered private law practice in 1893.[4]:1311–13

Their daughter Mary Elizabeth Raymond, born September 10, 1849 in New York City and died on June 13, 1897, in Morristown, New Jersey, married on April 18, 1872 at New York City, Earl Philip Mason[5] born in Providence, Rhode Island, on August 5, 1848, and died at San Antonio, Texas, on March 17, 1901. His father was the founder of the Rhode Island Locomotive Works in 1865 in Providence, Rhode Island. He joined the company in 1872 and remained with the company until 1895, eventually becoming vice-president.

Their daughter, Aimee Juliette Arteniese Raymond (1857–1903) was a physician, writer and editor. She graduated from New York Medical College in 1889. She was married to Dr. Henry Harmon Schroeder.[6]


New York State politics

Raymond was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1850 and 1851, and in the latter year was elected Speaker. A member of the Whig party's Northern radical anti-slavery wing, his nomination over Greeley on the Whig ticket for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1854 led to the dissolution of the political partnership of Seward, Weed and Greeley. Raymond was elected lieutenant governor, and served from 1855 to 1856.

Raymond has sometimes been called "the godfather of the Republican Party,"[7] as Raymond had a prominent part in the formation of the Republican Party and drafted the Address to the People adopted by the Republican organizing convention which met in Pittsburgh on February 22, 1856. In 1862, he was again Speaker of the New York Assembly.[8]

National politics

During the Civil War, Raymond supported Abraham Lincoln's policies in general, but protested his delays in aggressively prosecuting the war. He was among the first to urge the adoption of a broad and liberal post-war attitude toward the people of the South and opposed the Radical Republicans who wanted harsher measures against the South. In 1865, he was a delegate to the National Republican Convention, and was made Chairman of the Republican National Committee. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1865 to 1867.

On December 22, 1865, he attacked Thaddeus Stevens's theory of the dead states (in which states that had seceded were not to be restored to their former status in the Union), and, agreeing with the President, argued that the states were never out of the Union, in as much as the ordinances of secession were null. Raymond authored the Address and Declaration of Principles issued by the Loyalist Convention (or National Union Convention) at Philadelphia in August 1866. His attack on Stevens and his prominence at the Loyalist Convention caused him to lose favor with the Republican party. He was removed from the chairmanship of the Republican National Committee in 1866, and in 1867 his nomination as minister to Austria, which he had already refused, was rejected by the United States Senate.

He retired from public life in 1867 and devoted his time to newspaper work until his death in New York City in 1869.

Journalistic career

Raymond began his journalistic career on Greeley's Tribune and gained further experience in editing James Watson Webb's Courier and Enquirer. Then, with the help of friends, Raymond raised one hundred thousand dollars capital (a hundred times what Greeley staked on the Tribune ten years earlier) and founded The New York Times on September 18, 1851.

Editorially, Raymond sought a niche between Greeley's open partisanship and Bennett's party-neutrality. In the first issue of the Times Raymond announced his purpose to write in temperate and measured language and to get into a passion as rarely as possible. "There are few things in this world which it is worthwhile to get angry about; and they are just the things anger will not improve." In controversy he meant to avoid abusive language. His editorials were generally cautious, impersonal, and finished in form.

President Lincoln wrote that "The Times, I believe, is always true to the Union, and therefore should be treated at least as well as any."[9]

Raymond's moderation was evident during the period after President Lincoln's election and before his nomination. He wrote Alabama secessionist William L. Yancey: "We shall stand on the Constitution which our fathers made. We shall not make a new one, nor shall we permit any human power to destroy the one....We seek no war—we shall wage no war except in defense of the constitution and against its foes. But we have a country and a constitutional government. We know its worth to us and to mankind, and in case of necessity we are ready to test its strength."[10]

"That sentiment guided the editorial course of The Times through the turbulent winter between Lincoln's election and the attack on Fort Sumter. Raymond deprecated, as all sensible men deprecated, any hasty aggression which might provoke to violence men who could still, perhaps, be brought back to reason; but he insisted that as a last resort the union must be maintained by any means necessary. To the proposals for compromise he was favorable, on condition that they did not compromise the essential issue—that they did not nullify the election of 1860 and give back to the slave power the control of the national government which it had lost. Because no other compromise would have been acceptable the issue inevitably had to be fought out, and from Sumter to Appomattox The Times was unwavering in its support of Lincoln and its determination that the Federal union must and should be preserved."[10]


Raymond was an able public speaker; one of his best known speeches was made to greet Hungarian leader Lajos Kossuth, whose cause he defended, during Kossuth's visit to New York City in December 1851.[11]

In addition to his work with The New York Times, he wrote several books, including:

  • A Life of Daniel Webster (1853)
  • Political Lessons of the Revolution (1854)
  • A History of the Administration of President Lincoln (1864)
  • The Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln (1865)


He died in New York City, New York on June 18, 1869 from a heart attack,[12] and his death became a subject of controversy.[13] He was buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery.



  1. ^ Raymond, Samuel (1886). Genealogies of the Raymond families of New England, 1630-1 to 1886. J.J. Little & Co. p. 75. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  2. ^ Maverick, Augustus (1870). Henry J. Raymond and the New York Press, for Thirty Years. A.S. Hale & Co. p. 15. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  3. ^ The New York Public Library (2007). Megan O'Shea, ed. "Henry J. Raymond Papers, 1840–1951" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1924-1925" (PDF). Bulletin of Yale University. New Haven: Yale University. 21 (22). 1 August 1925. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  5. ^ Rhode Island Historical Society (1902). Proceedings of the Rhode Island Historical Society. 5. Rhode Island Historical Society. pp. 1–72. ISSN 0275-1550. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  6. ^ Kelly, H.A. (1920). A Cyclopedia of American Medical Biography: Comprising the Lives of Eminent Deceased Physicians and Surgeons from 1610 to 1910. 1. W.B. Saunders Company. p. 960. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  7. ^ Widmer, Ted. "'A Very Mad-Man'". Opinionator. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  8. ^ Peter R. Eisenstadt; Laura-Eve Moss (2005). The Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press. p. 1287. ISBN 978-0-8156-0808-0.
  9. ^ Basler, 360
  10. ^ a b Davis, 50–51
  11. ^ Maverick, Augustus. Henry J. Raymond and the New York Press, for Thirty Years: Progress of American Journalism from 1840 to 1870. Hartford, Conn: A.S. Hale, 1870, pp. 114–119.
  12. ^ Talese, Gay. The Kingdom and the Power: Behind the Scenes at the New York Times, the Institution That Influences the World. New York: Random House, 2007, p. 160.
  13. ^ David T.Z. Mindich. Raymond, Henry Jarvis., American National Biography Online, February 2000. Retrieved January 24, 2016.

Further reading

External links

New York Assembly
Preceded by
Abraham Van Orden
New York State Assembly
New York County, 7th District

Succeeded by
Freeborn G. Luckey
Political offices
Preceded by
Ferral C. Dininny
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Joseph B. Varnum, Jr.
Preceded by
Sanford E. Church
Lieutenant Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Henry R. Selden
Preceded by
DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Theophilus C. Callicot
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edwin D. Morgan
Chairman of the Republican National Committee
Succeeded by
Marcus L. Ward
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Elijah Ward
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 6th congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas E. Stewart
1855 in the United States

Events from the year 1855 in the United States.

1856 in the United States

1856 in the United States included some significant events that pushed the nation closer towards civil war.

1866 National Union Convention

The National Union Convention (also known as the Loyalist Convention, the Southern Loyalist Convention, the National Loyalists' Loyal Union Convention, or the Arm-In-Arm Convention) was held on August 14, 15, and 16 1866, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn

DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn (February 7, 1818 in Bridgewater, Oneida County – October 27, 1892 in Oswego, Oswego County, New York) was a brevet brigadier general in the Union Army and a United States Representative from New York during the Civil War.

Edwin D. Morgan

Edwin Denison Morgan (February 8, 1811 – February 14, 1883) was the 21st Governor of New York from 1859 to 1862 and served in the United States Senate from 1863 to 1869. He was the first and longest-serving chairman of the Republican National Committee. He was also a Union Army general during the American Civil War.

A native of Massachusetts, Morgan was raised in Connecticut, trained as a merchant in Hartford, and served on the city council. He later moved to New York City, where he became a successful wholesale grocer and bond broker and served as an assistant alderman and member of the New York State Senate. Originally a Whig, he was one of the founders of the Republican Party, and he served as chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1856 to 1864 and 1872 to 1876.

In 1858, Morgan was elected Governor of New York, and he served from 1859 to 1862. As governor during the American Civil War, Morgan supported the Union. Appointed a major general of volunteers in the Union Army, he commanded the military's Department of New York while serving as governor. In 1863, he was elected to the United States Senate, where he served one term. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1869, and the unsuccessful Republican nominee for governor in 1876. Morgan had been a patron of Chester A. Arthur at the start of Arthur's career; when Arthur became president, he nominated Morgan as United States Secretary of the Treasury. Morgan was confirmed by the Senate, but declined on the grounds of age and ill health. Morgan died in New York City in 1883, and was buried in Connecticut.

Elijah Ward

Elijah Ward (September 16, 1816 – February 7, 1882) was a U.S. Congressman during the American Civil War and the Reconstruction era.

Ward was born in Sing Sing (now Ossining), New York. He pursued classical studies, engaged in commercial pursuits in New York City and at the same time attended the law department of New York University. He was admitted to the bar in 1843 and commenced practice in New York City. He was judge advocate general of the State 1853-1855, and a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856.

He was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1857–March 3, 1859), but was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1858. He was subsequently elected to the Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1861–March 3, 1865), but again was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1864. He resumed the practice of law in New York City, and then was elected to the Forty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1875–March 3, 1877). He was chairman, Committee on Commerce (Forty-fourth Congress). Ward was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1876.

He died in Roslyn, Nassau County, New York; interment was in Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City.

Ferral C. Dininny

Ferral Carlton Dininny (January 22, 1818 – July 24, 1901) was an American businessman and politician from the Southern Tier region of New York.

George Jones (publisher)

George Jones (August 16, 1811 – August 11, 1891) was an American journalist who, with Henry Jarvis Raymond, co-founded the New-York Daily Times, now the New York Times

Harry Raymond

Harry, Henry or Harold Raymond may refer to:

Harry Raymond (baseball) (1862–1925), Major League Baseball player

Harry Raymond (footballer), English footballer

Tubby Raymond (Harold Raymond, 1926–2017), American football and baseball player

Henry Jarvis Raymond (1820–1869), politician and journalist

Joseph B. Varnum Jr.

Joseph Bradley Varnum Jr. (June 9, 1818 Washington, D.C. – December 31, 1874 Astoria, Queens, then Long Island City, now in Queens, New York City) was an American lawyer and politician.

Lima, New York

Lima (, the name is a shibboleth) is a town in Livingston County, New York, U.S. The population was 4,305 at the 2010 census.The town of Lima is in the northeast part of the county, south of Rochester. The village of Lima is located within the town.

List of The New York Times employees

This is a list of former and current New York Times employees, reporters, and columnists.

Marcus Lawrence Ward

Marcus Lawrence Ward (November 9, 1812 – April 25, 1884) was an American Republican Party politician, who served as the 21st Governor of New Jersey from 1866 to 1869, and represented the state in Congress for one term, from 1873 to 1875.

Middy Morgan

Maria Morgan (November 22, 1828 - June 1, 1892), generally known as Middy Morgan, was an Irish-born agricultural journalist who became one of America's top livestock experts. At one time, she supervised the stables for King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.

National Union Party (United States)

The National Union Party was the temporary name used by the Republican Party for the national ticket in the 1864 presidential election which was held during the Civil War. For the most part, state Republican parties did not change their name. The temporary name was used to attract War Democrats and border states, Unconditional Unionists and Unionist Party members who would not vote for the Republican Party. The party nominated incumbent President Abraham Lincoln and for Vice President Democrat Andrew Johnson, who were elected in an electoral landslide.

New-York Tribune

The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name New-York Daily Tribune. From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and then Republican newspaper in the United States. The paper achieved a circulation of approximately 200,000 in the 1850s, making it the largest daily paper then in New York City. The Tribune's editorials were widely read, shared, and copied in other city newspapers, helping to shape national American opinion. It was one of the first papers in the north to send reporters, correspondents, and illustrators to cover the campaigns of the American Civil War.

In 1924, after 83 years of independent existence, the New-York Tribune merged with another major daily newspaper in New York City, the New York Herald, to form the New York Herald Tribune. The "Trib", as it was known, ceased publication in 1966.


Raymond is a male given name. It was borrowed into English from French (older French spellings were Reimund and Raimund, whereas the modern English and French spellings are identical). It originated as the Germanic Raginmund or Reginmund. "Ragin" (Old German) and "regin" (Gothic) meant "counsel." The Old High German "mund" originally meant "hand," but came to mean "protection." This etymology suggests that the name originated in the Early Middle Ages, possibly from Latin.

Despite the German and French origins of the English name, some of its early uses in English documents appear in Latinized form. As a surname, its first recorded appearance in Britain appeared in 1086, during the reign of William the Conqueror, in the Domesday Book, with a reference to Giraldus Reimundus.The most commonly used names for baby boys based on "Ragin" in 2009 were, in descending order, Raymond, Ramiro, Rayner, Rein, Reingard, Reynard, and Reynold. Its many other variants include Raiment, Raimo, Raimond, Raimondi, Raimondo, Raimund, Raimundo, Ramon, Ramón, Ramond, Ramondelli, Ramondenc, Ramondi, Ramondini, Ramondino, Ramondo, Ramondou, Ramonenc, Ramonic, Ramundi, Rayment, Raymonenc, Raymonencq, Raymont, Raymund, Redmond, Redmonds, Reim, Reimund, Reinmund, Rémon, Rémond, Remondeau, Remondon, Rémont, Reymond, Rimondi,Raymond Sylvester Stanley and Rimondini. ra

Rhode Island Locomotive Works

Rhode Island Locomotive Works was a steam locomotive manufacturing company of the 19th century located in Providence, Rhode Island. The factory produced more than 3,400 locomotives between 1867 and 1906, when the plants locomotive production was shut down. The locomotive works employed about 1,400 men, and had an annual production capacity of 250 locomotives.

The New York Times Company

The New York Times Company is an American mass media company which publishes its namesake newspaper, The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. has served as chairman since 1997. It is headquartered in Manhattan, New York.

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