Henry Jacob Friendly (July 3, 1903 – March 11, 1986) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit In office April 15, 1974 – March 11, 1986 Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit In office July 20, 1971 – July 3, 1973 Preceded by J. Edward Lumbard Succeeded by Irving Kaufman Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit In office September 10, 1959 – April 15, 1974 Appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower Preceded by Harold Medina Succeeded by Ellsworth Van Graafeiland Personal details Born
Henry Jacob Friendly
July 3, 1903 Elmira, New York Died March 11, 1986 (aged 82) New York City, New York Education Harvard University ( A.B.) Harvard Law School ( LL.B.) Education and career
Elmira, New York, Friendly received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Harvard University in 1923. He received a Bachelor of Laws from Harvard Law School in 1927. On June 23, 1927, the Harvard Crimson reported that Friendly was the first Harvard Law graduate to receive a degree summa cum laude.  Felix Frankfurter, as a professor at Harvard Law School, sent his student Friendly to work as a clerk for Justice Louis Brandeis of the United States Supreme Court, where he served from 1927 to 1928. He was in private practice of law in  New York City, New York from 1928 to 1959. He was a founding partner of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, where his law partners included George W. Ball and Melvin Steen. He was vice president and general counsel of Pan American World Airways in New York City from 1946 to 1959.
 Federal judicial service
Friendly was nominated by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower on March 10, 1959, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge Harold Medina. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 9, 1959, and received his commission on September 10, 1959. He served as Chief Judge and as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1971 to 1973. He assumed senior status on April 15, 1974. He was a Judge of the Special Railroad Court from 1974 to 1986, serving as Presiding Judge from 1974 to 1986. His service was terminated on March 11, 1986, due to his death.
Friendly took his own life at age 82 on March 11, 1986, in his
Park Avenue apartment in New York City. Police said they found three notes in the apartment, one addressed to his resident maid and two unaddressed notes. In all three notes, the judge talked about his distress at his wife's death, his declining health and his failing eyesight, according to a police spokesman. His wife, the former Sophie S. Stern, had died a year and four days earlier. They had been married for 55 years.
In a ceremony following Friendly's death, then-
Chief Justice of the United States Warren E. Burger said, "In my 30 years on the bench, I have never known a judge more qualified to sit on the Supreme Court." At the same ceremony, Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall called Friendly "a man of the law." In a letter to the editor of  following Friendly's obituary, 2nd Circuit Judge The New York Times Jon O. Newman called Friendly "quite simply the pre-eminent appellate judge of his era" who "authored the definitive opinions for the nation in each area of the law that he had occasion to consider." In a statement after Friendly's death, Judge  Wilfred Feinberg, the 2nd Circuit's chief judge at the time, called Friendly "one of the greatest Federal judges in the history of the Federal bench."  United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit Judge Richard A. Posner described Friendly as "the most distinguished judge in this country during his years on the bench."
Harvard Law School has a professorship named after Friendly. Paul C. Weiler, a Canadian constitutional law scholar, held it from 1993 to 2006;
 William J. Stuntz, a scholar of criminal law and procedure, held it from 2006 until his death in March 2011. The professorship is currently held by Carol S. Steiker, a specialist in criminal justice policy and capital punishment.  The  Federal Bar Council awarded Friendly a Certificate of Distinguished Judicial Service posthumously in 1986. The  American Law Institute has an award named in memory of Friendly and endowed by his former law clerks.
Friendly's wife of 55 years died a year before his
suicide. He was survived by a son and two daughters. 
 Notable former law clerks
David P. Currie (1960–1961), Edward H. Levi Distinguished Service Professor, University of Chicago Law School 
Peter B. Edelman (1961–1962), professor of law and co-director, joint degree in law and public policy, Georgetown Law Center 
Stephen R. Barnett (1962–1963), Elizabeth Josselyn Boalt Professor of Law, emeritus, Boalt Hall, University of California, Berkeley 
Pierre N. Leval (1963–1964), judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Michael Boudin (1964–1965), chief judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit  Robert M. Berger (1966-1967), partner Mayer Brown & Platt, lecturer in law University of Chicago Law School, adjunct professor of Law Northwestern University Law School and John Marshall School of Law
Bruce A. Ackerman (1967–1968), Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale Law School 
Arthur Raymond Randolph (1969–1970), judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit  Walter Hellerstein (1970–1971), Francis Shackleford Distinguished Professor of Taxation Law,
University of Georgia School of Law  Martin Glenn (1971–1972), Judge, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York
 Lawrence B. Pedowitz (1972–1973), partner,
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz  Frederick T. Davis (1972–1973), partner, litigation department,
Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, Paris  
William Curtis Bryson (1973–1974), judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit  James R. Smoot (1974–1975), dean and professor of law,
Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law, The University of Memphis 
Philip Bobbitt (1975–1976), Thomas M. Macioce Professor of Law, Columbia Law School 
Ruth Wedgwood (1976–1977), Edward B. Burling Professor of International Law and Diplomacy & Director of the International Law and Organization Program, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies ( SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University; Member, United Nations Human Rights Committee Theodore N. Mirvis (1976–1977), partner, litigation department,
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz 
Merrick B. Garland (1977–1978), chief judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit  Mary I. Coombs (1978–1979), professor of law,
University of Miami School of Law 
John Roberts (1979–1980), Chief Justice of the United States  Marc Wolinsky (1980–1981), partner, litigation department,
Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz 
Gary Born (1981–1982), partner, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr 
Jonathan R. Macey (1982–1983), Sam Harris Professor of Corporate Law, Corporate Finance and Securities Law, Yale Law School   David J. Seipp (1982–1983), professor of law,
Boston University School of Law 
Larry D. Kramer (1984–1985), president of The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation; on leave as Richard E. Lang professor of law and formerly the dean, Stanford Law School  Thomas G. Dagger (1986) of  AT&T  References
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https://web.archive.org/web/20070927210459/http://www.martindale.com/xp/Martindale/Lawyer_Locator/Search_Lawyer_Locator/search_result.xml?PG=0&STYPE=N&FNAME=thomas&LNAME=dagger&FN=&CN=&STS=&CRY=&bc=1. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007 . Retrieved . May 14, 2006 External links
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