Henry (given name)

Henry is an English male given name and Irish surname derived from Old French Henri/Henry, itself derived from the Old Frankish name Heimeric/Ermerijc, from Common Germanic *Haimarīks (from *haima- "home" and *rīk- "ruler"),[1][2] In Old High German, the name was conflated with the name Haginrich (from hagin "enclosure" and rich "ruler") to form Heinrich.[3]

The Old High German name is recorded from the 8th century, in the variants Haimirich, Haimerich, Heimerich, Hemirih.[4] Harry, its English short form, was considered the "spoken form" of Henry in medieval England. Most English kings named Henry were called Harry. The name became so popular in England that the phrase "Tom, Dick, and Harry" began to be used to refer to men in general. The common English feminine forms of the name are Harriet and Henrietta.

Henry has been a consistently popular name in English-speaking countries for centuries. It was among the top 100 most popular names used for boys born in the United States, England and Wales, and in Australia in 2007. It was the 46th most common name for boys and men in the United States in the 1990 census.[5] Harry, its short form, was the fifth most popular name for boys in England and Wales in 2007 and among the top 50 names in Ireland, Scotland and Northern Ireland in recent years. Harry was ranked as the 578th most popular name in the United States in 2007.[6]

Henry
Hans Holbein, the Younger, Around 1497-1543 - Portrait of Henry VIII of England - Google Art Project
Pronunciation/ˈhɛnri/
Gendermasculine
Name dayJuly 13
Origin
Word/nameEngland
Meaninghome ruler, ruler of (the) home
Other names
Related namesHarry (nickname), Hank (nickname), Heinrich (German), Henrik (Scandinavian), Henri (French), Enrique (Spanish), Enrico (Italian), Hendrik (Dutch), Henrique (Portuguese), Henryk (Polish), Jindrich (Czech), Hynek (Czech), Heinz (German), Genri, Genrikh (Russian), Enzo (Italian); Henrietta (feminine), Harriet (feminine)

In different languages

Masculine variants

In the High Middle Ages, the name was Latinized as Henricus. It was a royal name in Germany, France and England throughout the high medieval period (Henry I of Germany, Henry I of England, Henry I of France) and widely used as a given name; as a consequence, many regional variants developed in the languages of Western and Central Europe:[7]

Within German, Low German, Frisian and Dutch, numerous diminutives and abbreviated forms exist, including Low German, Dutch and Frisian Heike, Heiko; Dutch Hein, Heintje; German Heiner, Heinz.

The original diphthong was lost in Dutch Hendrik (hypocoristics Henk, Hennie, Rik), Scandinavian Henrik[8] (whence Henning).

Eastern European languages under the influence of German and the Scandinavian languages during the medieval period have developed native forms: Polish Henryk, Czech Jindřich, Hynek. Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian Henrik Finnish Henrikki (hypocoristic Heikki), Lithuanian Henrikas, Lithuanian Herkus.

The French form Henri became productive in the British Isles, in Middle English adopted as Harry, Herry. Herry was adopted into Welsh as Perry, in Irish as Annraoi, Anraí, Einrí and in Scottish Gaelic as Eanraig, Eanruig.

In Southern Europe variants without the initial /h/ include Italian Arrigo, Enrico, Catalan Enric and Spanish Enrique (whence Basque Endika) and Italian Enzo.

A separate variant, which may originate with the Old High German name Haimirich, but possibly conflated with the names Ermenrich (first element ermen "whole") or Amalric (first element amal "vigour, bravery") is Emmerich. Emmerich is the origin of a separate suit of variant names used across Western and Central Europe, although these never rose to the ubiquity of the variants of Henry; they include English Emery Amery, Emory, French Émeric, Hungarian Imre, Imrus, Slovak Imrich, Italian Amerigo and Iberian (Portuguese, Spanish, Galician) Américo, etc.

Feminine variants

Several variants of Heinrich have given name to derived feminine given names; Low German Henrik, Hendrik gave rise to Henrike, Hendrike, Hendrikje, Hendrina, Henrika etc. Low German Heiko to Heike Italian Enrico gave rise to Enrica ( Enrika, Enriqua) Spanish Enrique to Enriqueta, Enriquetta, Enriquette. French Henri gave rise to Henriette, Henrietta, further modified to Enrieta, Enrietta English Harry to Harriet, Harriett, Harrietta, Harriette, hypocorisms Hattie, Hatty, Hettie, Etta, Ettie; various other hypocorisms include Hena, Henna, Henah, Heni, Henia, Henny, Henya, Henka, Dutch Jet, Jett, Jetta, Jette, Ina; Polish Henryka, Henia, Heniusia, Henka, Henryczka, Henryka, Henrysia, Rysia. The hypocorisms Rika, Rike (etc.) may be from this or other names with the second element -ric. Spanish and Portuguese América from the Emmerich variant Amérigo .

Surnames

Harrison (surname), Henson (surname), Harris (surname), Heaney (Irish surname), Fitzhenry (Irish Hiberno-Norman surname), Heinz (German surname), Enríquez (Spanish surname), Henriques (Portuguese surname), Hendrick, Hendricks, Hendrickx, Hendriks, Hendrikx, Hendrix, Hendryx.

People with the given name

Medieval

  • Henry the Fowler (876–936), first German King
  • Henry, Bishop of Uppsala (died 1150), Bishop of Uppsala. He became a martyr in Finland
  • Henry of Coquet (died 1127), a hermit Dane and Catholic saint. He lived on the island of Coquet, off Northumberland, England.
  • Henry I the Bearded (ca. 1165/70 – 19 March 1238), High Duke of Poland
  • Henry de Audley (1175–1246), English baron
  • Henry of Livonia (born 1180), Catholic priest. Author of Chronicle of Henry of Livonia one of the earliest histories of the Eastern Baltic
  • Henry VII (died 1313), Holy Roman Emperor
  • Henry the Navigator (1394–1460), responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents.

Early modern

Modern

Fictional characters

Notes

  1. ^ "Historische woordenboeken op internet (gtb.inl.nl)".
  2. ^ Van Den Reinaerde, Jacob Wijbrand Muller. P122 appendix. 'Ermerijc'.
  3. ^ the contribution of Haimirich, Haimrich is more significant than that of the (rarer) Haginrich, Hainrich: "In formen wie Hainrich u. s. w. fliessen die beiden namen Haimirich und Gaganrich anz in einander hinüber. Doch ist die erstere die hauptquelle unseres namens Heinrich. Von den beiden alten erklärungen desselben, = Hainreich und = daheim reich, kommt daher die zweite der wahrheit näher als die erste." E. Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1856), 593. C. f. "Heinrich", nordicnames.de
  4. ^ the spelling Heinrich dates to the 11th century, alongside numerous variants (Heimirich, Heimarih, Heimeric, Haimrich, Heimrich, Heimrih, Hemerich, Hemric, Hemrich, Hemmerich, Aimirich, Heinrich Hinrich, Henric, Henrih, Ainrich, Enerich, Enrich etc.) E. Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1856), 591
  5. ^ Campbell, Mike. "Henry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
  6. ^ Campbell, Mike. "Harry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
  7. ^ "Names related to Henri". Behind the Name.
  8. ^ from an Old Norse *Heinrekr nordicnames.de
Death (personification)

Death, due to its prominent place in human culture, is frequently imagined as a personified force, also known as the Grim Reaper. In some mythologies, the Grim Reaper causes the victim's death by coming to collect that person. In turn, people in some stories try to hold on to life by avoiding Death's visit, or by fending Death off with bribery or tricks. Other beliefs hold that the Spectre of Death is only a psychopomp, serving to sever the last ties between the soul and the body, and to guide the deceased to the afterlife, without having any control over when or how the victim dies. Death is most often personified in male form, although in certain cultures Death is perceived as female (for instance, Marzanna in Slavic mythology, Dhumavati in Hinduism, or La Catrina in Mexico).

Heike (given name)

Heike is a given name of Germanic origin, most commonly but not exclusively female. The male form is Heiko. Notable persons with this name include:

Heike Blaßneck (born 1971), German hurdler

Heike Balck (born 1970), German high jumper

Heike Dähne (born 1961), German swimmer

Heike Drechsler (born 1964), German track and field athlete

Heike Faber (born 1965), German television actress

Heike Fassbender, German mathematician

Heike Fischer (born 1982), German diver

Heike Friedrich (born 1970), German freestyle swimmer

Heike Henkel (born 1964), German former athlete

Heike Hennig (born 1966), German choreographer and director

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853–1926), Dutch physicist

Heike Kemmer (born 1962), German equestrian gold medalist

Heike Koerner (born 1973), Mexican backstroke swimmer

Heike Langhans (born 1988), Vocalist of metal band Draconian

Heike Langguth (born 1979), German vice-champion in Muay Thai

Heike Lätzsch (born 1973), German field hockey striker

Heike Lehmann (born 1962), German volleyball

Heike Makatsch (born 1971), German actress

Heike Meißner (born 1970), German athlete

Heike Popel, East German luger

Heike Rabenow is an East German sprint canoer

Heike Riel (born 1971), German nanotechnologist

Heike Schwaller (born 1968), German-Swiss curler

Heike Schulte-Mattler (born 1958), German athlete

Heike Tischler (born 1964), German heptathlete

Heike Warnicke (born 1966), German speed skater

Heike Wezel (born 1968), German cross country skier

Heike Wilms-Kegel (born 1952), physician

Henri

Henri is an Estonian, Finnish, French and Luxembourgish form of the masculine given name Henry.

Henry Watts

Henry Watts may refer to:

Henry Watts (botanist) (1828–1889), Australian amateur collector of algae specimens

Henry Watts (chemist) (1815–1884), English chemist

Henry Edward Watts (1826–1904), British journalist and author

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