Hemsworth Rural District

Coordinates: 53°36′50″N 1°21′14″W / 53.614°N 1.354°W

Hemsworth
Area
 • 191134,750 acres (140.6 km2)
 • 193130,587 acres (123.78 km2)
 • 196129,019 acres (117.44 km2)
Population
 • 190123,379
 • 193146,655
 • 197140,103
History
 • OriginHemsworth Rural Sanitary District
 • Created1894
 • Abolished1974
 • Succeeded byBarnsley, Selby and Wakefield
StatusRural district
GovernmentHemsworth Rural District Council
 • HQBrierley Hall, Brierley
 • MottoConstanter et recte (Steadfastly and justly)
Subdivisions
 • TypeCivil parishes

Hemsworth was, from 1894 to 1974, a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.

Creation

The district was formed by the Local Government Act 1894 as successor to the Hemsworth Rural Sanitary District. A directly-elected rural district council (RDC) replaced the previous rural sanitary authority, which had consisted of the poor law guardians for the area.[1]

Boundary changes

The district underwent two major boundary changes over its existence. Firstly, in 1921 Hemsworth became a separate urban district. Secondly, the Local Government Act 1929 obliged county councils to conduct a review of all districts within their jurisdiction. West Riding County Council made an order in 1938 that saw it exchange territory with neighbouring rural districts.[1]

Civil parishes

The rural district consisted of a number of civil parishes:[1]

Coat of arms

Hemsworth Rural District Council was granted armorial bearings by the College of Arms by letters patent dated 12 October 1954. They were blazoned as follows:

Sable on a Mount in base an Oak Tree proper fructed Or on a Chief Gules a Cross couped Gold between two Roses Argent barbed and seeded also proper; and for a Crest: Out of a Circlet Azure charged with a Crescent Argent between two Mullets of six points Or a Bull's Head Sable armed Gold.[2]

The shield had a black field for the local coal-mining industry. Upon this was placed an oak tree on a grassy mount for the rural areas of the district. In particular it represented the "Old Adam" oak on Brierley Common. The chief or upper third of the shield was red, and bore a gold cross between two white roses. The roses were the symbols of Yorkshire, while the cross represented the ancient wapentake of Osgoldcross. A gold cross also featured in the arms of Nostell Priory.

The crest on top of a helm and mantling was a black bull's head from the arms of Robert Holgate, Archbishop of York, who endowed a hospital in Hemsworth. The bull's head rose from a blue circlet a silver crescent between two gold stars. These represented Ackworth School, and came from the arms of the Governors of the Foundling Hospital who had owned the building before it becoming a school.

The Latin motto adopted by the council was Constanter et Recte or "Steadfastly and Justly". This was adapted from that of the Warde-Aldam family.[3]

Abolition

The district was abolished in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, which reorganised council areas throughout England and Wales.

The area it administered was split three ways:[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 791. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
  2. ^ Briggs, Geoffrey (1971). Civic and Corporate Heraldry: A Dictionary of Impersonal Arms of England, Wales and N. Ireland. London: Heraldry Today. pp. 196–198. ISBN 0-900455-21-7.
  3. ^ "Yorkshire, West Riding". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 7 May 2009.
  4. ^ Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. ISBN 0-11-750847-0.
Barnsley Rural District

Barnsley was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England from 1894 to 1938. It encompassed the surrounding area but did not include the town of Barnsley.

City of Wakefield

The City of Wakefield is a local government district in West Yorkshire, England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. Wakefield is the district's administrative centre. The population of the City of Wakefield at the 2011 Census was 325,837. The district includes the "Five Towns" of Normanton, Pontefract, Featherstone, Castleford and Knottingley. Other towns include Ossett, Hemsworth, South Kirkby and Moorthorpe and South Elmsall. The City and borough are governed by Wakefield Metropolitan District Council. Wakefield lies between Leeds and Barnsley In 2010, Wakefield was named as the UK's third most musical city by PRS for Music.

Civil parishes in South Yorkshire

A civil parish is a country subdivision, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 93 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of South Yorkshire, most of the county being unparished. At the 2001 census, there were 360,191 people living in the 93 parishes, increasing to 369,220 in 2011, accounting for 27.5 per cent of the county's population.

Civil parishes in West Yorkshire

A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 97 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of West Yorkshire, most of the county being unparished. At the 2001 census, there were 557,369 people living in the 97 parishes, accounting for 26.8 per cent of the county's population.

Eric Batten

Frederick "Eric" E. Batten (13 June 1914 – September 1993) was an English rugby union and professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, and coached in the 1950s. He played club level rugby league (RU) for Sandal RUFC, and representative level rugby league (RL) for Great Britain and England, and at club level for Wakefield Trinity (Heritage № 393) (two spells, including the second as a World War II guest), Hunslet, Featherstone Rovers (Heritage № 178) (four spells, including the first three as a World War II guest) (captain), Leeds (two spells, including the first one as a World War II guest) and Bradford Northern, as a wing, i.e. number 2 or 5, and coached at club level for Featherstone Rovers, and Batley. Eric Batten appeared in eight Challenge Cup Finals; two for Leeds, five for Bradford Northern, and one for Featherstone Rovers, winning three, and losing five, he scored a total of 443 tries during his career, he his third on the all-time try scorers list behind Brian Bevan (796 tries), and Billy Boston (571 tries),

Gerry Baker (footballer, born 1939)

Gerald Baker (born 22 April 1939) is an English former professional footballer born in South Hiendley, then in Hemsworth Rural District, Yorkshire, who played as a full back in the Football League for Bradford Park Avenue.

Hessle and Hill Top

Hessle and Hill Top is a civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. Until 1974 Hessle and Hill Top was part of Hemsworth Rural District but still retains Hemsworth as its UK parliament constituency. Hessle and Hill Top's recorded population is 138 people according to the 2011 census.In the 1870s Hessle, previously known as Hasel, was described as

"a township in Wragby parish...4 miles E of Wakefield"Other surrounding places of notable interest include Ackworth, a larger neighbouring parish to the east, Fitzwillam, another small parish 1.25 miles (2 km) south-west of Hessle and Hill Top, which is also the closest railway station. Nostell, a smaller village to the west and is currently grouped with Hessle and Hill Top as well as several other small parishes as a division of Wakefield city council, and Pontefract, another large town to the north and a common reference frame for where the parish is located.

High Sheriff of Hallamshire

The High Sheriff of Hallamshire was a shrievalty title which was in existence from 1962 until 1974 in Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Isaac Burns

Isaac Burns (9 November 1869 – 7 February 1946), often known as Ike Burns, was a British trade unionist and political activist.

Born in Moor Row in Cumberland, Burns worked from the age of twelve in an iron ore mine at Yarlside, joining the Cumberland Iron Ore Miners' Association on his first day. He was one of twelve children, but after his father was injured in an accident, he became the main wage earner for his family.The mines in Yarlside were flooded in 1891, and Burns moved to Hemsworth in Yorkshire to find work at the South Kirkby Colliery. Later in the year, he migrated to the United States, working at copper, silver and gold mines from Montana to Arizona, but he returned to Hemsworth in 1895, and joined the Yorkshire Miners' Association (YMA).On returning to Yorkshire, Burns joined the Independent Labour Party (ILP), and during the 1897 Barnsley by-election, his cottage was the campaign headquarters for the party. In 1897, he was elected to Hemsworth Rural District Council, serving continuously until its abolition in 1922; he also served on the Hemsworth Board of Guardians from 1906. He was known for wearing a bright red tie, to symbolise his socialist views.Burns' high political profile led him to prominence in the union; he became auditor of the South Kirkby lodge, then successively secretary, collector, and president, and from 1912 the branch delegate to the YMA Council. In the late 1900s, he was sacked for his trade union activities, but the union stood by him, and after ten months was able to get him a new role as a checkweighman at the colliery. He also served on the Yorkshire County Joint Wages Board for fifteen years.Burns opposed World War I, an unpopular position at the time. He was selected as the Labour Party candidate in Pontefract at the 1918 United Kingdom general election, but was defeated, perhaps due to his pacifist views. He stood again, in the 1919 Pontefract by-election, increasing his vote share to 46.0%, but again failed to win election.In 1922, Hemsworth was given an Urban District Council, and Burns was elected to it, chairing it on two occasions. He remained with the ILP after it split from the Labour Party in 1932, and the party considered standing him in the 1934 Hemsworth by-election, although it did not ultimately do so.

List of civil parishes in North Yorkshire

This is a list of civil parishes in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England, including Stockton-on-Tees (south of the river). Most of the county is parished.

Local Government Act 1972

The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales on 1 April 1974.Its pattern of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan county and district councils remains in use today in large parts of England, although the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, and both county and district councils were replaced with unitary authorities in many areas in the 1990s.

In Wales, too, the Act established a similar pattern of counties and districts, but these have since been entirely replaced with a system of unitary authorities.

It was one of the most significant Acts of Parliament to be passed by the Heath Government of 1970–74 and is surpassed only by the European Communities Act 1972 which took the United Kingdom into the European Communities.

Elections were held to the new authorities in 1973, and they acted as "shadow authorities" until the handover date. Elections to county councils were held on 12 April, for metropolitan and Welsh districts on 10 May, and for non-metropolitan district councils on 7 June.

Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley

The Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England; its main town is Barnsley.

The borough is bisected by the M1 motorway; it is rural to the west, and largely urban/industrial to the east. 68% of Barnsley's 32,863 hectares is green belt and 9% is national park land, the majority of which is West of the M1. In 2007 it was estimated that Barnsley had 224,600 residents, measured at the 2011 census as 231,221. nine tenths of whom live east of the M1.

The borough was formed under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the county borough of Barnsley with Cudworth, Darfield, Darton, Dearne, Dodworth, Hoyland Nether, Penistone, Royston, Wombwell and Worsborough urban districts, along with Penistone Rural District, part of Hemsworth Rural District and part of Wortley Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The borough now forms part of both the Sheffield City Region and the Leeds City Region.

North Elmsall

North Elmsall is a village and civil parish in the City of Wakefield district in West Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 4,093 in 2001 and 3,873 in 2011. Until 1974 it was part of Hemsworth Rural District. The parish is seven miles from Pontefract, nine miles from Barnsley and Doncaster, and eleven miles from Wakefield.In 1887, North Elmsall was described as

North Elmsall, ry. sta. (Upton and North Elmsall), E. div. West-Riding Yorkshire, 7 miles SE. of Pontefract.

Selby District

Selby District is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. The local authority, Selby District Council, is based in the town of Selby and provides services to an area which includes Tadcaster and a host of villages. The Local Authority had a population of 83,449 at the 2011 Census. It is the southern most district of North Yorkshire, and it borders the City of York, a unitary authority, the districts of the City of Leeds and the City of Wakefield, in West Yorkshire, the town of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and the Borough of Harrogate.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Selby Urban District, Selby Rural District and parts of Derwent Rural District, Hemsworth Rural District, Osgoldcross Rural District and Tadcaster Rural District. Of them, Derwent Rural District was in the historic East Riding of Yorkshire, but the rest were in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

On 1 April 1996, the parishes of Acaster Malbis, Askham Bryan, Askham Richard, Bishopthorpe, Copmanthorpe, Deighton, Dunnington, Elvington, Fulford, Heslington, Kexby, Naburn and Wheldrake were all transferred from the district to form part of the new City of York unitary authority. According to the 2001 census, those parishes had a population of 22,873.

Selby is twinned with Carentan in France and Filderstadt in Germany.

South Hiendley

South Hiendley is a village and civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. It has a population of 1,667, increasing to 1,817 at the 2011 Census. Until 1974 it was part of Hemsworth Rural District.

The village is on the edge of the county of West Yorkshire in the Wakefield area 8 miles (14 km) from the city centre. However it is marginally closer to the town of Barnsley 7 miles (12 km) just across the border in South Yorkshire. It has a Barnsley postcode (S72) and telephone code (01226).

The village has one public house, The Sun Inn, (the Fox Inn was demolished in 2013), a primary school (South Hiendley Junior Infant and Early Years School) and a Doctor's surgery.

Thorpe Audlin

Thorpe Audlin is a hamlet and civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 660. Until 1974 it was part of Hemsworth Rural District. Thorpe Audlin is situated approximately 5 miles (8 km) from Pontefract.

Wakefield Council

Wakefield Council, also known as Wakefield Metropolitan District Council is the local authority of the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. It is a metropolitan district council and provides a full range of local government services including Council Tax billing, libraries, social services, processing planning applications, waste collection and disposal, and it is a local education authority. Wakefield is divided into 21 wards, electing 63 councillors. A third of the council is elected for three of every four years. The council was created by the Local Government Act 1972 and replaced the Wakefield City Council of the County Borough of Wakefield and several other authorities. Since 1974 Wakefield has held borough and city status and from this time would use the full title of the authority on all publications, signage, council vehicle fleet and documents, however from around 2005, like many other local authorities doing so at the time, the authority dropped the full title for the shorter Wakefield Council (although for an interim period when the new logo was unveiled, it would have the full authority title below however this has now been replaced with the strapline - 'working for you').

As of May 2019 the council is controlled by the Labour Party. The council leader has been Councillor Peter Box since 1998 and Merran McRae is the chief executive. Since April 2014 Wakefield Council is a constituent council of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority with Council Leader Peter Box being elected the chairman of the combined authority.

West Hardwick

West Hardwick is a village and civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. It has a population of 29. Until 1974 it formed part of Hemsworth Rural District. The population at the 2011 Census remained minimal. Details are included in the parish of Hessle and Hill Top.

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