Hemirhamphodon is a genus of viviparous halfbeak. Most recognized species are endemic to lowland forest streams, rivers and swamps in Borneo (often in areas with peat), but H. phaiosoma and H. pogonognathus are also found elsewhere in Southeast Asia. The largest species reaches about 10 cm (4 in) in length. These fish are viviparous (with the exception of oviparious H. tengah)[1] and are sometimes kept as aquarium fish, but otherwise have no commercial value.

Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus01
Subadult female H. pogonognathus, about 4 cm (1.6 in) long. This species clearly shows the extended lower jaw that provides halfbeaks with their common name.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Beloniformes
Family: Zenarchopteridae
Genus: Hemirhamphodon
Bleeker, 1865
Type species
Hemirhamphus phaiosoma
Bleeker, 1852


There are currently nine recognized species in this genus:[1][2]

  • Hemirhamphodon byssus H. H. Tan & K. K. P. Lim, 2013[1]
  • Hemirhamphodon chrysopunctatus Brembach, 1978
  • Hemirhamphodon kapuasensis Collette, 1991
  • Hemirhamphodon kecil H. H. Tan & K. K. P. Lim, 2013[1]
  • Hemirhamphodon kuekenthali Steindachner, 1901
  • Hemirhamphodon phaiosoma (Bleeker, 1852)
  • Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus (Bleeker, 1853)
  • Hemirhamphodon sesamum H. H. Tan & K. K. P. Lim, 2013[1]
  • Hemirhamphodon tengah Collette, 1991


  1. ^ a b c d e Tan, H.H. & Lim, K.K.P. (2013): Three new species of freshwater halfbeaks (Teleostei: Zenarchopteridae: Hemirhamphodon) from Borneo. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 61 (2): 735–747.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Hemirhamphodon in FishBase. June 2013 version.

See also

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