Helen Hayes MacArthur (née Brown; October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993) was an American actress whose career spanned 80 years. She eventually received the nickname "First Lady of American Theatre" and was one of 15 people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award (an EGOT). Hayes also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, America's highest civilian honor, from President Ronald Reagan in 1986. In 1988, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
The annual Helen Hayes Awards, which have recognized excellence in professional theatre in greater Washington, DC, since 1984, are her namesake. In 1955, the former Fulton Theatre on 46th Street in New York City's Broadway Theater District was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre. When that venue was torn down in 1982, the nearby Little Theatre was renamed in her honor. Helen Hayes is regarded as one of the greatest leading ladies of the 20th-century theatre.
Promotional photo, 1940
Helen Hayes Brown
October 10, 1900
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||March 17, 1993 (aged 92)|
Nyack, New York, U.S.
(m. 1928; died 1956)
|Children||2, including James MacArthur|
Helen Hayes Brown was born in Washington, D.C., on October 10, 1900. Her mother, Catherine Estelle (née Hayes), or Essie, was an aspiring actress who worked in touring companies. Her father, Francis van Arnum Brown, worked at a number of jobs, including as a clerk at the Washington Patent Office and as a manager and salesman for a wholesale butcher. Hayes's Catholic maternal grandparents emigrated from Ireland during the Irish Potato Famine.
Hayes began a stage career at an early age. She said her stage debut was as a five-year-old singer at Washington's Belasco Theatre, on Lafayette Square, across from the White House. By age ten, she had made a short film, Jean and the Calico Doll (1910), but moved to Hollywood only when her husband, playwright Charles MacArthur, signed a Hollywood deal. Hayes attended Dominican Academy's prestigious primary school, on Manhattan's Upper East Side, from 1910 to 1912, appearing there in The Old Dutch, Little Lord Fauntleroy, and other performances. She attended the Academy of the Sacred Heart Convent in Washington and graduated in 1917.
Her sound film debut was The Sin of Madelon Claudet, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She followed that with starring roles in Arrowsmith (with Ronald Colman), A Farewell to Arms (with Gary Cooper), The White Sister (opposite Clark Gable), Another Language (opposite Robert Montgomery), What Every Woman Knows (a reprise of her Broadway hit), and Vanessa: Her Love Story also with Robert Montgomery. But Hayes did not prefer film to the stage.
Hayes eventually returned to Broadway in 1935, where for three years she played the title role in Gilbert Miller's production of Victoria Regina, with Vincent Price as Prince Albert, first at the Broadhurst Theatre and later at the Martin Beck Theatre.
In 1953, she was the first-ever recipient of the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre, repeating as the winner in 1969. She returned to Hollywood in the 1950s, and her film star began to rise. She starred in My Son John (1952) and Anastasia (1956), and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as an elderly stowaway in the disaster film Airport (1970). She followed that up with several roles in Disney films such as Herbie Rides Again, One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing and Candleshoe. Her performance in Anastasia was considered a comeback—she had suspended her career for several years due to her daughter Mary's death and her husband's failing health.
In 1955, the Fulton Theatre was renamed for her. In the 1980s, business interests wished to raze that theatre and four others to construct a large hotel that included the Marquis Theatre. Hayes's consent to raze the theatre named for her was sought and given, though she had no ownership interest in the building. Parts of the original Helen Hayes Theatre on Broadway were used to construct the Shakespeare Center on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, which Hayes dedicated with Joseph Papp in 1982. In 1983 the Little Theater on West 45th Street was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre in her honor, as was a theatre in Nyack, which has since been renamed the Riverspace-Arts Center. In early 2014, the site was refurbished and styled by interior designer Dawn Hershko and reopened as the Playhouse Market, a quaint restaurant and gourmet deli. Hayes, who spoke with her good friend Anita Loos almost daily on the phone, told her, "I used to think New York was the most enthralling place in the world. I'll bet it still is and if I were free next summer, I would prove it." With that, she convinced Loos to embark on an exploration of all five boroughs of New York. They visited and explored the city; Bellevue Hospital at night, a tugboat hauling garbage out to sea, parties, libraries, and Puerto Rican markets. They spoke to everyday people to see how they lived their lives and what made the city tick. The result of this collaborative effort was the book "Twice Over Lightly", published in 1972.
It is unclear when or by whom Hayes was called the "First Lady of the Theatre". Her friend, actress Katharine Cornell, also held that title, and each thought the other deserved it. One critic said Cornell played every queen as though she were a woman, whereas Hayes played every woman as though she were a queen.
In 1982, with friend Lady Bird Johnson, she founded the National Wildflower Research Center, now the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center in Austin, Texas. The center protects and preserves North America's native plants and natural landscapes.
The Helen Hayes Award for theater in the Washington, DC, area is named in her honor. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6220 Hollywood Blvd. Hayes is also in the American Theatre Hall of Fame.
Hayes was a Catholic and a pro-business Republican who attended many Republican National Conventions (including the one held in New Orleans in 1988), but she was not as politically vocal as some others (e.g., Adolphe Menjou, Ginger Rogers, John Wayne, Ronald Reagan etc.) in the Hollywood community of that time.
Hayes wrote three memoirs: A Gift of Joy, On Reflection, and My Life in Three Acts. Some of these books' themes include her return to Roman Catholicism (she had been denied communion from the Church for the duration of her marriage to Charles MacArthur, who was a divorced Protestant); and the death of her only daughter, Mary (1930–1949), an aspiring actress, of polio at the age of 19. Hayes's adopted son, James MacArthur (1937–2010), went on to a career in acting, starring in Hawaii Five-O on television. Hayes guest-starred on Hawaii Five-0 in the 1975 episode Retire in Sunny Hawaii... Forever and later, in 1980, both appeared in the episode No Girls for Doc/Marriage of Convenience/The Caller/The Witness of The Love Boat.
Her last Broadway show was a 1970 revival of Harvey, in which she co-starred with James Stewart. Clive Barnes wrote, "She epitomizes flustered charm almost as if it were a style of acting ... She is one of those actors ... where to watch how she is doing something is almost as pleasurable as what she is doing." She spent most of her last years writing and raising money for organizations that fight asthma.
Hayes was a generous donor of time and money to a number of causes and organizations, including the Riverside Shakespeare Company of New York City. Along with Mildred Natwick, she became a founding member of the company's Board of Advisors in 1981. She was also on the board of directors for the Greater New York Council of the Girl Scouts of the USA during the early 1970s.
In 1982, Hayes dedicated Riverside's The Shakespeare Center with New York theatre producer, Joseph Papp, and in 1985 she returned to the New York stage in a benefit for the company with a reading of A Christmas Carol with Raul Julia, Len Cariou, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Carole Shelley, Celeste Holm and Harold Scott, directed by W. Stuart McDowell. The next year Hayes performed a second benefit for the Riverside Shakespeare Company, this time at the Marquis Theatre, the construction of which had been made possible by the demolition of the Helen Hayes Theatre three years before. The production featured Rex Smith, Ossie Davis and F. Murray Abraham, and was produced by McDowell and directed by Robert Small, with Hayes narrating.
According to her daughter-in-law, HB MacArthur, Hayes took the most pride in her philanthropic work with Helen Hayes Hospital, a physical rehabilitation hospital located in West Haverstraw, NY. She was extremely proud of the strides the hospital made toward the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, saying, "I’ve seen my name in lights on theater marquees and in letters 20 feet tall on Broadway billboards, but nothing has ever given me greater sense of pride and satisfaction than my 49-year association with this unique hospital."
Hayes became involved with the hospital in the 1940s, and was named to the Board of Visitors in 1944. In 1974, the hospital was renamed in her honor. She served on the Helen Hayes Hospital Board of Visitors for 49 years, until her death in 1993. In that time, she advocated tirelessly for the hospital and successfully led a fight to prevent its relocation to Albany in the 1960s. In the 1970s, she was instrumental in lobbying for funding to transform the hospital into a state-of-the-art facility.
Hayes also contributed her enthusiastic support to hospital events and fundraising efforts, including handing out diplomas to the children upon graduation when the hospital was still a pediatric care facility. She also faithfully attended the hospital's annual Classic Race, leading it in a classic car, handing out awards to runners, hand cyclists, and wheelchair racers, and offering the use of her home, Pretty Penny, for a dinner to launch the hospital's endowment fund.
Hayes died on March 17, 1993, of congestive heart failure in Nyack, New York. Hayes's friend Lillian Gish, the "First Lady of American Cinema", was the designated beneficiary of her estate, but Gish had died less than a month earlier. Hayes was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery in Nyack. In 2011, she was honored with a US postage stamp.
Diminutive and homespun, Helen Hayes was distinctly less glamorous than the other Great Ladies, but the qualities of modesty and practicality that she projected helped create her lasting appeal. Hayes was a stage star for five decades before retiring, when she continued to act occasionally on film, television, and radio.
|1905||Miss Hawke's May Ball||Irish Dancer|
|A Midsummer Night's Dream||Peaseblossom||Revival|
|1908||Babe in the Woods||Boy babe|
|1909||Jack the Giant Killer||Gibson Girl, Nell Brinkley, Girl impersonators|
|A Royal Family||Prince Charles Ferdinand||Revival|
|Children's Dancing Kermess||Impersonation of "The Nell Brinkley Girl"|
|The Prince Chap||Claudia, Age 5|
|A Poor Relation||Patch|
|1910||Old Dutch||Little Mime|
|The Summer Widowers||Pacyche Finnegan, Pinkie's playmate|
|1911||The Barrier||Molly, an Alaskan Child|
|Little Lord Fauntleroy||Cedric Errol||Revival|
|The Never Homes||Fannie Hicks, Another Near Orphan|
|The Seven Sisters||Klara, the Youngest Daughter||Revival|
|Mary Jane's Pa||Revival|
|1912||The June Bride||The Holder's Child|
|1913||Flood Victim's Benefit|
|The Girl with Green Eyes||Susie, the Flower Girl|
|His House in Order||Derek Jesson, his son||Revival|
|A Royal Family||Prince Charles Ferdinand||Revival|
|The Prince Chap||Revival|
|The Prince and the Pauper||Tom Canty and Edward, Prince of Wales|
|1914||The Prodigal Husband||Young Simone|
|1916||The Dummy||Beryl Meredith, the Kidnapper's Hostage|
|On Trial||His Daughter, Doris Strickland|
|1917||It Pays to Advertise||Marie, Maid at the Martins||Revival|
|Just a Woman||Hired girl||Revival|
|Rich Man, Poor Man||Linda Hurst||Revival|
|Alma, Where Do You Live?||Germain||Revival|
|Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch||Asia||Revival|
|Within the Law||Revival|
|Pollyanna||Pollyanna Whittier, The Glad Girl||Revival|
|Dear Brutus||Margaret, his daughter|
|1919||On the Hiring Line||Dorothy Fessenden, his daughter|
|The Golden Age|
|1921||The Wren||Seeby Olds|
|The Golden Days||Mary Ann|
|1922||To the Ladies||Elsie Beebe|
|No Siree!: An Anonymous Entertainment by the
Vicious Circus of the Hotel Algonquin
|1923||Loney Lee||Loney Lee|
|1924||We Moderns||Mary Sundale, their Daughter|
|She Stoops to Conquer||Constance Neville||Revival|
|Dancing Mothers||Catherine (Kittens) Westcourt|
|1925||Caesar and Cleopatra||Cleopatra||Revival|
|The Last of Mrs. Cheyney||Maria|
|Young Blood||Georgia Bissell|
|1926||What Every Woman Knows||Maggie Wylie||Revival|
|1928||Coquette||Norma Besant||London version|
|1930||Mr. Gilhooley||A girl|
|Petticoat Influence||Peggy Chalfont|
|1931||The Good Fairy||Lu|
|1933||Mary of Scotland||Mary Stuart|
|1935||Caesar and Cleopatra||Cleopatra||Revival|
|1934||What Every Woman Knows||Revival|
|1938||The Merchant of Venice||Portia||Revival|
|1939||Ladies and Gentlemen||Miss Terry Scott|
|1941||Candle in the Wind||Madeline Guest|
|1943||Harriet||Harriet Beecher Stowe|
|1944||Harriet||Harriet Beecher Stowe||Revival|
|1947||Alice-Sit-By-The-Fire||Mrs. Alice Grey|
|Happy Birthday||Addie||Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play|
|1948||The Glass Menagerie||Amanda Wingfield||Revival|
|1950||The Wisteria Trees||Lucy Andree Ransdell|
|1952||Mrs. McThing||Mrs. Howard V. Larue III|
|1955||Gentleman, The Queens||Catherine, Lady Macbeth, Mary and Queen Victoria|
|The Skin of Our Teeth||Mrs. Antrobus||Revival|
|1956||Lovers, Villains and Fools||Narrator, Puck, and the Chorus from Henry V|
|The Glass Menagerie||Amanda Wingfield||Revival|
|1958||Time Remembered||The Duchess of Pont-Au-Bronc||Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play (revival)|
|1958||A Adventure||Lulu Specer|
|Mid-Summer||Rose, the Maid||Revival|
|A Touch of the Poet||Nora Melody|
|1960||The Cherry Orchard||Lyuboff Ranevskaya||Revival|
|The Chalk Garden||Mrs. Maugham||Revival|
|1962||Shakespeare Revisited: A Program for Two Players|
|1964||Good Morning Miss Dove||Miss Lucerna Dove|
|The White House||Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, Edith Wilson, Julia Grant, Leonora Clayton, Mary Todd Lincoln, Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, Mrs. Franklin Pierce, Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston, Mrs. James G. Blaine, Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Rachel Jackson|
|1965||Helen Hayes' Tour of the Far East|
|The School for Scandal||Mrs. Candour||Revival|
|Right You Are If You Think You Are||Signora Frola||Revival|
|We Comrades Three||Mother|
|You Can't Take It with You||Olga||Revival|
|1967||The Show-Off||Mrs. Fisher||Tony Award's Vernon Rice-Drama Desk Award (revival)|
|1968||The Show-Off||Mrs. Fisher||return engagement (revival)|
|1969||The Front Page||Mrs. Grant||Revival|
|1970||Harvey||Veta Louise Simmons||Nominated – Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play (Revival)|
|1971||Long Day's Journey Into Night||Mary Cavan Tyrone||Revival|
|1980||Tony Award's Lawrence Langner Memorial Award|
|1910||Jean and the Calico Doll and one subsequent Vitagraph film||Juvenile lead||Hayes recalled in a 1931 interview with The New York Times that she had played the juvenile lead in two films starring Jean, the Vitagraph dog.|
|1917||The Weavers of Life||Peggy|
|1928||The Dancing Town||Olive Pepperall||short subject|
|1931||The Sin of Madelon Claudet||Madelon Claudet||Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1932||A Farewell to Arms||Catherine Barkley|
|The Son-Daughter||Lian Wha 'Star Blossom'|
|1933||The White Sister||Angela Chiaromonte|
|Another Language||Stella 'Stell' Hallam|
|Night Flight||Madame Fabian|
|1934||Crime Without Passion||Extra in hotel lobby||Uncredited|
|This Side of Heaven||Actress on screen in theatre||Uncredited|
|What Every Woman Knows||Maggie Wylie|
|1935||Vanessa: Her Love Story||Vanessa Paris|
|1938||Hollywood Goes to Town||Herself, uncredited||short subject|
|1943||Stage Door Canteen||Herself|
|1952||My Son John||Lucille Jefferson|
|1953||Main Street to Broadway||Herself|
|1956||Anastasia||Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna||Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama|
|1959||Third Man on the Mountain||Tourist||Uncredited|
|1961||The Challenge of Ideas||Narrator||short subject|
|1970||Airport||Ada Quonsett||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|1974||Herbie Rides Again||Mrs. Steinmetz||Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|1975||One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing||Hettie|
|1977||Candleshoe||Lady St. Edmund|
|1950||Showtime, U.S.A.||Episode #1.1|
|Prudential Family Playhouse||The Barretts of Wimpole Street|
|Pulitzer Prize Playhouse||Mary, Queen of Scots||The Late Christopher Bean|
|1951||Pulitzer Prize Playhouse||Mary, Queen of Scots||Mary of Scotland|
|Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Dark Fleece|
|Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||The Lucky Touch|
|Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Not a Chance|
|Robert Montgomery Presents||Queen Victoria||Victoria Regina|
|Nominated — Emmy Award for Best Actress (nonspecific role)|
|1952||Omnibus||The Twelve Pound Look|
|Nominated — Emmy Award for Best Actress (nonspecific role)|
|1953||Omnibus||The Happy Journey|
|Omnibus||Mom and Leo|
|Christmas with the Stars|
|Medallion Theatre||Harriet Beecher Stowe||"Battle Hymn"|
|Emmy Award for Best Actress (nonspecific role)|
|1954||The United States Steel Hour||Mrs. Austin||Welcome Home|
|The Best of Broadway||Fanny Cavendish||The Royal Family|
|The Motorola Television Hour||Frances Parry||Side by Side|
|1955||Producers' Showcase||Mrs. Antrobus||The Skin of Our Teeth|
|The Best of Broadway||Abby Brewster||Arsenic and Old Lace|
|Omnibus||The Christmas Tie|
|1957||The Alcoa Hour||Mrs. Gilling and the Skyscraper|
Nominated – Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
|Playhouse 90||Sister Theresa||Four Women in Black|
|The United States Steel Hour||Mother Seraphim||One Red Rose for Christmas|
Nominated – Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
|1959||Hallmark Hall of Fame||Essie||Ah, Wilderness!|
|Play of the Week||Madame Ranevskaya||The Cherry Orchard|
|1960||The Bell Telephone Hour||Baroness Nadedja von Meck||The Music of Romance|
|Play of the Week||Madame Ranevskaya||The Velvet Glove|
|Dow Hour of Great Mysteries||Letitia Van Gorder||The Bat by Mary Roberts Rinehart|
|1961||Michael Shayne||Murder Round My Wrist|
|1963||The Christophers||What One Bootmaker Did|
|1967||Tarzan||Mrs. Wilson||The Pride of the Lioness|
|1969||Arsenic and Old Lace||Abby Brewster|
|1970||The Front Page||Narrator|
|1971||Do Not Fold, Spindle, or Mutilate||Sophie Tate Curtis||Nominated – Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie|
|1972||Harvey||Veta Louise Simmons|
|Here's Lucy||Mrs. Kathleen Brady||Lucy and the Little Old Lady|
|Ghost Story||Miss Gilden||Alter-Ego|
|1973–1974||The Snoop Sisters||Ernesta Snoop||Nominated – Emmy Award for Best Lead Actress in a Limited Series|
|1975||Hawaii Five-O||Aunt Clara||Retire in Sunny Hawaii – Forever|
Nominated – Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series. Costarred with her son James MacArthur (who played her nephew in the episode).
|1976||The Moneychangers||Dr. McCartney||miniseries|
|Victory at Entebbe||Etta Grossman-Wise|
|1978||A Family Upside Down||Emma Long||Nominated – Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie|
|1980||The Love Boat||Agatha Winslow||1 episode|
|1982||Love, Sidney||Mrs. Clovis||Pro and Cons|
|Murder is Easy||Lavinia Fullerton|
|1983||A Caribbean Mystery||Miss Marple|
|1984||Highway to Heaven||Estelle Wicks|
|1985||Murder with Mirrors||Miss Marple|
In 1973, Hayes was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. In 1979, the Supersisters trading card set was produced and distributed; one of the cards featured Hayes's name and picture. In 1983, Hayes received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.
I'm afraid my former career in the movies doesn't mean much, but when I was 8 years old and had just made my first stage appearance, in a Lew Fields musical show, 'Old Dutch', my mother took me over to the old Vitagraph studio in Brooklyn. I had long curls and they let me play the juvenile lead in two pictures in support of Jean, the collie. Jean was the most famous dog of the day and I was very thrilled.
A Family Upside Down is a 1978 American made-for-television drama film starring Helen Hayes, Fred Astaire, Efrem Zimbalist Jr., Pat Crowley and Patty Duke. Directed by David Lowell Rich from a teleplay written by Gerald Di Pego, it was originally broadcast on April 9, 1978 on NBC.
Astaire won a Primetime Emmy Award as Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama or Comedy Special for his performance and the film also won a Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Made for Television.A Farewell to Arms (1932 film)
A Farewell to Arms is a 1932 American pre-Code romance drama film directed by Frank Borzage and starring Helen Hayes, Gary Cooper, and Adolphe Menjou. Based on the 1929 semi-autobiographical novel A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway, with a screenplay by Oliver H.P. Garrett and Benjamin Glazer, the film is about a romantic love affair between an American ambulance driver and an English nurse in Italy during World War I. The film received Academy Awards for Best Cinematography and Best Sound, and was nominated for Best Picture and Best Art Direction.In 1960, the film entered the public domain in the United States because the last claimant, United Artists, did not renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication.The original Broadway play starred Glenn Anders and Elissa Landi.A Touch of the Poet
A Touch of the Poet is a play by Eugene O'Neill.
It and its sequel, More Stately Mansions, were intended to be part of a nine-play cycle entitled A Tale of Possessors Self-Dispossessed. Set in the dining room of Melody's Tavern, located in a village a few miles from Boston, it centers on Major Cornelius ("Con") Melody, a braggart, social climber, and victim of the American class system in 1828 Massachusetts.
The play has been produced on Broadway four times. The original production, directed by Harold Clurman, opened on October 2, 1958, at the Helen Hayes Theatre, where it ran for 284 performances. The cast included Helen Hayes, Eric Portman, Betty Field, and Kim Stanley. Both the play and Stanley earned Tony Award nominations.
The first revival, directed by Jack Sydow, played in repertory with The Imaginary Invalid and Tonight at 8.30 at the ANTA Playhouse in 1967.
Ten years later, the second revival, directed by José Quintero, opened on December 28, 1977, again at the Helen Hayes Theatre, where it ran for 141 performances. The cast included Geraldine Fitzgerald, Milo O'Shea, Kathryn Walker, and Jason Robards, who was Tony-nominated for Best Actor in Play.
After 32 previews, the third revival, directed by Doug Hughes, opened on December 8, 2005, at Studio 54, where it ran for 50 performances. Gabriel Byrne and Emily Bergl headed the cast.
In 1988, Timothy Dalton and Vanessa Redgrave starred in a production that played at the Young Vic and Haymarket Theatres in London.Another Language
Another Language is a 1933 American Pre-Code romantic drama film starring Robert Montgomery and Helen Hayes.Dulwich and West Norwood (UK Parliament constituency)
Dulwich and West Norwood is a constituency in South London created in 1997 and represented in the House of Commons by Helen Hayes of the Labour Party since her election in 2015.Estelle Getty
Estelle Getty (née Scher; also known as Estelle Gettleman; July 25, 1923 – July 22, 2008) was an American actress and comedian, who appeared in film, television, and theatre. She was best known for her iconic role as Sophia Petrillo on The Golden Girls from 1985 to 1992, which won her an Emmy and a Golden Globe, on The Golden Palace from 1992 to 1993, and on Empty Nest from 1993 to 1995. In her later years, after retiring from acting, she battled Lewy body dementia.Fulton Theatre
The Fulton Theatre was a Broadway theatre located at 210 West 46th Street in New York that was opened in 1911. It was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre in 1955. The theatre was demolished in 1982. Since the former Little Theatre became the current Helen Hayes Theatre, the Fulton Theatre is now sometimes referred to as the First Helen Hayes Theatre.Happy Birthday (play)
Happy Birthday is a play written by Anita Loos. It opened on Broadway at the Broadhurst Theatre on October 31, 1946 and closed on March 13, 1948, after 564 performances. It starred Helen Hayes, for whom it was written. The story involves Addie, a mousy librarian who becomes enamoured of a handsome bank clerk, and her attempts to win him over. It was directed by Joshua Logan and featured a song written for the show, I Haven't Got a Worry in the World, with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and James Livingston.
(Rodgers and Hammerstein also served as producers.)
It was filmed as a television special for Producers' Showcase with Betty Field as Addie and aired on the NBC network on June 2, 1956.Helen Hayes won the Tony Award, Best Actress in a Play and Lucinda Ballard won the Tony Award, Best Costume Design.Hayes Theater
Hayes Theater (initially known as the Little Theatre and Helen Hayes Theatre) is a Broadway theatre located at 240 West 44th Street in Midtown Manhattan. With 597 seats, it is the smallest theatre on Broadway. It was an ABC Television studio from 1957 to 1963. Later the syndicated talk show The Merv Griffin Show, before it moved to Los Angeles in 1972, was taped at the theatre.Helen Hayes (politician)
Helen Elizabeth Hayes (born 8 August 1974) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Dulwich and West Norwood since the May 2015 general election. Prior to being elected as an MP, Hayes was a Councillor for the College ward of Southwark Council in 2010 and 2014.Helen Hayes Award
The Helen Hayes Awards are theater awards recognizing excellence in professional theater in the Washington, D.C. area since 1983. The awards are named in tribute of Helen Hayes, known as the "First Lady of American Theatre." They are presented by TheatreWashington (formerly known as the Helen Hayes Awards organization), sponsored by TodayTix, a ticketing company, and supported in part by the DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities, The Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation, The Max and Victoria Dreyfus Foundation, The Share Fund, Prince Charitable Trust, and Craig Pascal and Victor Shargai.Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital is a 155-bed physical rehabilitation hospital in West Haverstraw, New York, owned and operated by the New York State Department of Heath. Established by Dr. Newton Schaffer in 1900 as a physical rehabilitation hospital for children, it is considered to be one of the first freestanding state-operated physical rehabilitation hospitals in the United States. The hospital was renamed in 1974 after celebrated stage and screen actress Helen Hayes MacArthur, who served on the hospital's Board of Visitors for 49 years until her death in 1993. The hospital is a member of the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System.
The modern hospital provides rehabilitation on an inpatient and outpatient basis for individuals of all ages with a wide array of disabilities and conditions, including spinal cord injury, stroke, traumatic brain injury, cardiac and pulmonary disorders, amputations, joint replacements, osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, ALS, cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders. The hospital also provides pediatric rehabilitation for children with physical and cognitive disabilities and developmental delays.
Helen Hayes Hospital is also home to The Center for Rehabilitation Technology, a center for advanced adaptive technology solutions, and the Smart Apartment, a working replica of a home outfitted with adaptive technology solutions for home life.Marquis Theatre
The Marquis Theatre is a Broadway theatre located at 210 W. 46th Street in midtown-Manhattan. Situated on the third floor of the Marriott Marquis Hotel, the 1611-seat venue was designed by developer/architect John C. Portman, Jr. Because construction of the hotel involved the demolition of five theaters – the original Helen Hayes, the Morosco, the Bijou, and remnants of the Astor and the Gaiety – New York City officials permitted Portman to construct the new property only if he agreed to include a theater within the structure. It presently is one of nine operated by the Nederlander Organization.The Marquis opened July 9, 1986, with a series of concerts by Shirley Bassey.
In the 2006 production of The Drowsy Chaperone, the Man In Chair remarks that the show within the show originally played the Morosco theatre, "but they tore it down and put up a hotel," which earned an enormous laugh from theatre buffs in the audience. The line was added specifically for the Broadway run and is not used in regional productions.Night Flight (1933 film)
Night Flight (also known as Dark to Dawn) is a 1933 American pre-Code aviation drama film produced by David O. Selznick and distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and directed by Clarence Brown. The film stars John Barrymore, Lionel Barrymore, Clark Gable, Helen Hayes, Robert Montgomery and Myrna Loy.It is based on the 1931 novel of the same name which won the Prix Femina the same year, by French writer and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Based on Saint-Exupéry's personal experiences while flying on South American mail routes, Night Flight recreates a 24-hour period of the operations of a fictional airline based on Aéropostale, Trans-Andean European Air Mail.In 1942, Night Flight was withdrawn from circulation as a result of a dispute between MGM and Saint Exupéry. Its public re-release had to wait until 2011, when legal obstacles were overcome.Second Stage Theater
Second Stage Theater is a theater company founded in 1979 and located in Manhattan, New York City. It produces both new plays and revivals of contemporary American plays by new playwrights and established writers. The company has two off-Broadway theaters, their main stage, the Tony Kiser Theater at 305 West 43rd Street on the corner of Eighth Avenue near the Theater District, and the McGinn/Cazale Theater at 2162 Broadway at 76th Street on the Upper West Side. In April 2015, the company bought the Helen Hayes Theater, a Broadway theater.The Sin of Madelon Claudet
The Sin of Madelon Claudet is a 1931 American pre-Code drama film directed by Edgar Selwyn and starring Helen Hayes. The screenplay by Charles MacArthur and Ben Hecht was adapted from the play The Lullaby by Edward Knoblock. It tells the story of a wrongly imprisoned woman who turns to theft and prostitution in order to support her son.The Son-Daughter
The Son-Daughter is a 1932 American pre-Code drama film directed by Clarence Brown and written by John F. Goodrich, Claudine West and Leon Gordon. The film stars Helen Hayes, Ramon Novarro, Lewis Stone, Warner Oland and Ralph Morgan. The film was released on December 23, 1932, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.What Every Woman Knows (1934 film)
What Every Woman Knows is a 1934 American romantic comedy film directed by Gregory La Cava and starring Helen Hayes, Brian Aherne and Madge Evans. The film was produced and distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and is based on the play What Every Woman Knows (1908) by J. M. Barrie. It was filmed by Paramount back in the silent era in 1921 and stars Lois Wilson. An even earlier British silent version was filmed in 1917. Hayes was familiar with the material as she had starred in a 1926 Broadway revival opposite Kenneth MacKenna.
Awards for Helen Hayes
listed by duration and year of completion
Triple Crown of Acting winners