Hedmark

Hedmark [²heːdmɑrk] (listen) is a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag to the north, Oppland to the west and Akershus to the south. The county administration is in Hamar.

Hedmark makes up the northeastern part of Østlandet, the southeastern part of the country. It has a long border with Sweden, Dalarna County and Värmland County. The largest lakes are Femunden and Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. Parts of Glomma, Norway's longest river, flow through Hedmark. Geographically, Hedmark is traditionally divided into: Hedemarken, east of Mjøsa, Østerdalen, north of Elverum, and Glåmdalen, south of Elverum. Hedmark and Oppland are the only Norwegian counties with no coastline. Hedmark also hosted some events of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games.

Hamar, Kongsvinger, Elverum and Tynset are cities in the county. Hedmark is one of the less urbanized areas in Norway; about half of the inhabitants live on rural land. The population is mainly concentrated in the rich agricultural district adjoining Mjøsa to the southeast. The county's extensive forests supply much of Norway's timber; at one time, logs were floated down Glomma to the coast but are now transported by truck and train.

The Hedmark municipality of Engerdal has the distinction of marking the current southernmost border in Norway of Sápmi, the traditional region of the Sami people.

The county is divided into three traditional districts. These are Hedmarken, Østerdalen and Solør (with Odalen and Vinger).

Hedmark was originally a part of the large Akershus amt, but in 1757 Oplandenes amt was separated from it. Some years later, in 1781, this was divided into Kristians amt (now Oppland) and Hedemarkens amt. Until 1919, the county was called Hedemarkens amt.

Hedmark fylke
Atnsjøen and Rondane in June 2009
Atnsjøen and Rondane in June 2009
Flag of Hedmark fylke

Flag
Coat of arms of Hedmark fylke

Coat of arms
Hedmark within Norway
Hedmark within Norway
CountryNorway
CountyHedmark
RegionØstlandet
County IDNO-04
Administrative centreHamar
Government
 • GovernorSigbjørn Johnsen
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (1997-2009–present)
 • County mayorArnfinn Nergård
  Senterpartiet
  (2007–present)
Area
 • Total27,397 km2 (10,578 sq mi)
 • Land26,084 km2 (10,071 sq mi)
Area rank#4 in Norway, 8.57% of Norway's land area
Population
 (2018)
 • Total196,966
 • Rank11 (3.72% of country)
 • Density7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase 4.05 %
Demonym(s)Hedmarking
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Income (per capita)132,200 NOK
GDP (per capita)204,205 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank11 (2.52% of country)
Websitewww.hedmark.org
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951173,167—    
1961177,324+2.4%
1971179,204+1.1%
1981187,223+4.5%
1991187,314+0.0%
2001187,999+0.4%
2011191,622+1.9%
2021?204,065+6.5%
2031?216,105+5.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]

Etymology

The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, which means moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)[4]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times (1987). It shows three barkespader (adzes used to remove bark from timber logs).

Politics

Every four years the inhabitants of Hedmark elect 33 representatives to Hedmark Fylkesting, the Hedmark County Assembly. After the elections of September 2007 the majority of the seats of the assembly were held by a three-party coalition consisting of the Labour Party (14 seats), the Centre Party (5 seats) and the Socialist Left Party (2 seats). Eight parties are represented in the assembly, the remaining 5 being the Progress Party (4 seats), the Conservative Party (4), the Liberal Party (2), the Christian Democratic Party (1) and the Pensioners Party (1). The assembly is headed by the county mayor (Norwegian: Fylkesordfører). As of the 2007 elections the county mayor is Arnfinn Nergård. He represents the Centre Party. In 2003 a parliamentary system was established, which means that the county assembly elects a political administration or council to hold executive power. This county council reflects the majority of the county assembly and includes the three parties holding the majority of the assembly seats, i.e., the Labour Party, the Center Party and the Socialist Left Party. The council is led by Siv Tørudbakken, a member of the Labour Party.

Municipalities

Hedmarkskommuner
Municipalities of Hedmark
Rank Name Inhabitants Area km²
1 Ringsaker kommune Ringsaker 34,151 1,125
2 Hamar kommune Hamar 30,930 339
3 Elverum kommune Elverum 21,123 1,221
4 Stange kommune Stange 20,646 642
5 Kongsvinger kommune Kongsvinger 17,934 965
6 Sør-Odal kommune Sør-Odal 7,884 487
7 Løten kommune Løten 7,615 363
8 Åsnes kommune Åsnes 7,279 1,015
9 Trysil kommune Trysil 6,567 2,957
10 Eidskog kommune Eidskog 6,142 604
11 Tynset kommune Tynset 5,605 1,831
12 Nord-Odal kommune Nord-Odal 5,097 476
13 Grue kommune Grue 4,740 787
14 Åmot kommune Åmot 4,480 1,306
15 Våler kommune Våler 3,680 685
16 Stor-Elvdal kommune Stor-Elvdal 2,490 2,144
17 Alvdal kommune Alvdal 2,424 927
18 Os Hedmark kommune Os 1,936 1,013
19 Rendalen kommune Rendalen 1,827 3,073
20 Folldal kommune Folldal 1,569 1,266
21 Tolga kommune Tolga 1,553 1,101
22 Engderdal kommune Engerdal 1,294 1,921
Total Hedmark fylke Hedmark 196,966 27,388
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Hedmark by country of origin in 2017
[5]
Nationality Population (2017)
 Poland 2,204
 Sweden 1,421
 Somalia 1,125
 Lithuania 1,119
 Eritrea 948
 Germany 746
 Iraq 721
 Thailand 694
 Afghanistan 620
 Syria 608
 Denmark 605
 Vietnam 572
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 539
 Iran 503
 Netherlands 418
 Russia 418
 Kosovo 416
 Philippines 369

References

  1. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  2. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  3. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010 Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 60°50′00″N 11°40′00″E / 60.83333°N 11.66667°E

Digeren

Digeren is a lake in the municipalities of Kongsvinger and Eidskog in Hedmark county, Norway.

Falningsjøen

Falningsjøen is a lake in the municipality of Tynset in Hedmark county, Norway. It is the largest source of the Ya River.

Femund

Femunden is Norway's third largest lake and the second largest natural lake in Norway. It is located in Hedmark and Trøndelag counties in Norway, just 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west of the border with Sweden. The lake lies primarily in the municipality of Engerdal (in Hedmark) and also smaller parts are located in the municipalities of Os (Hedmark) and Røros (Trøndelag). Femundsmarka National Park borders the northeastern part of the lake.

The 203.52-square-kilometre (78.58 sq mi) lake holds about 6 cubic kilometres (1.4 cu mi) of water and reaches a maximum depth of 130 metres (430 ft). The surface of the lake sits about 662 metres (2,172 ft) above sea level.

Flensjøen

Flensjøen is a lake on the border of Hedmark and Trøndelag counties in Norway. The 3.41-square-kilometre (1.32 sq mi) lake lies in the municipalities of Røros (in Trøndelag county) and Os (in Hedmark county). The lake lies about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of the town of Røros, about half-way between the lakes Korssjøen and Femunden, and about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Håsjøen.

Gardsjøen (Grue)

Gardsjøen is a lake in the municipality of Grue in Hedmark county, Norway.

Harrsjøen

Harrsjøen is a lake in the municipality of Rendalen in Hedmark county, Norway.

Hukusjøen

Hukusjøen is a lake in the municipalities of Grue and Åsnes in Hedmark county, Norway.

Mangen

Mangen is a lake in the municipalities of Eidskog in Hedmark county and Aurskog-Høland in Akershus county, Norway.

Marsjøen

Marsjøen is a lake in the municipality of Folldal in Hedmark county, Norway.

Nedre Roasten

Nedre Roasten is a lake in Femundsmarka National Park on the border of Hedmark and Trøndelag counties in Norway. The 2.29-square-kilometre (0.88 sq mi) lake sits on the border of the municipalities of Engerdal in Hedmark county and Røros in Trøndelag county. Nedre Roasten is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of the town of Røros and just under 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the border with Sweden. The lake lies about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the lake Femunden and about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of the lake Rogen which sits along the Swedish border.

Oppland

Oppland [²ɔplɑn] (listen) is a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark. The county administration is in Lillehammer. Oppland is, together with Hedmark, one of the only two landlocked counties of Norway.

Innlandet is one of several names proposed for a future administrative region consisting of Hedmark and Oppland. The two counties are slated to be re-merged after having been split in 1781 (then called Hedemarkens amt and Kristians amt, respectively). Historically, the region was commonly known as "Opplandene".

Osensjøen

Osensjøen or Ossjøen is a lake in the municipalities of Åmot and Trysil in Hedmark County, Norway. The lake has its outlet through Søre Osa to the Renaelva river and then to the Glomma.

Rokosjøen

Rokosjøen is a lake in the municipalities of Løten and Elverum in Hedmark county, Norway.

Rokoberget church ruins (Rokoberget kirkeruin) stand on a ridge south of Rokosjøen. Rokoberget church was dedicated to Saint Michael and mentioned in a papal letter from 1254. It is believed that the church was not used after the Protestant Reformation. The ruin was excavated in 1906-1907. The ruin is fenced with an information board outside the fence.

Siksjøen

Siksjøen is a lake in the municipality of Os in Hedmark county, Norway.

Skjervangen

Skjervangen is a lake in the municipality of Eidskog in Hedmark county, Norway.

Storsjø (Nord-Odal)

Storsjø (or Storsjøen) is a lake in the municipalities of Sør-Odal and Nord-Odal in Hedmark county, Norway. The lake is a popular tourist destination for German tourists who camp.

Storsjøen (Rendalen)

Storsjøen (or Storsjø) is the ninth-deepest lake in Norway at 309 metres (1,014 feet) in depth. It lies in Rendalen and Åmot municipalities which are in Hedmark county, Norway. The lake is 35 kilometres (22 miles) long, but only 1.7 kilometres (1.1 miles) wide at its broadest point. The lake lies 251 metres (823 feet) above sea level, has an area of 51 square kilometres (20 square miles) and a volume of 7.07 cubic kilometres (1.70 cubic miles).

Vermunden

Vermunden is a lake in the municipality of Åsnes in Hedmark county, Norway.

Vurrusjøen

Vurrusjøen is a lake in the municipality of Engerdal in Hedmark county, Norway.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.