Hazratbal is the notified area situated about 10 km from city center of Srinagar. The early settlements in the area occurred on the banks of Dal Lake and majority of population of area are Hangis (fishermen). The area became famous after the construction of Hazratbal Shrine where hundreds of thousands of people visit every year because many relics related to the Islamic prophet Muhammad are believed to be there. The word Hazrat in Urdu gives indication of respect and bal in Kasmiri means place. Thus the word Hazratbal means the place which is highly respected among the people. Due to the presence of Dal Lake and its house boats in vicinity, the area became the famous tourist spot in the city. The economy of the people living here greatly depends on tourism. Also the grave of Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah is situated in the area. The postal code of the area is 190006.
|Founded by||Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah|
|Named for||Holy Relics|
|• Type||Democratic Government|
|• Body||Government of Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Official||Kashmiri, Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The areas which come under the constituency of Hazratbal are as under:
There are two big institutions in the area which provide education facilities to the students of Jammu and Kashmir.
Due to this reason it is considered as higher education centre in Kashmir Valley. Students from different parts of the state study Art, Humanities, Science, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Engineering in these institutions.
Events in the year 1963 in the Republic of India.1964 East Pakistan riots
The 1964 East Pakistan Riots refer to the massacre and ethnic cleansing of Bengali Hindus from East Pakistan in the wake of an alleged theft of what was believed to be the Prophet's hair from the Hazratbal shrine in Jammu and Kashmir in India. The salient feature of the pogroms was its urban nature and selective targeting of Bengali Hindu owned industries and merchant establishments in the capital city of Dhaka. This resulted in unending waves of Bengali Hindu refugees in neighbouring West Bengal. The refugee rehabilitation became a national problem in India, and hundreds of refugees were resettled in Dandakaranya region of Odisha & Madhya Pradesh (now in Chhattisgarh).Bijbehara Massacre
The Bijbehara Massacre refers to an incident that took place between protesters and the 74th Battalion Border Security Force (BSF) in the Indian state Jammu & Kashmir on 22 October 1993. The BSF was accused of arbitrarily firing on a crowd and killing 51 civilians in Bijbehara after protests erupted over the siege of the mosque in Hazratbal. India's official version of events, that its army acted in self-defence when fired upon by militants, was rejected by Human Rights Watch citing the 1993 U.S. Department of State country report on human rights in India which said, "Despite government claims that the security forces were ambushed by militants, only one BSF sub inspector was injured." Confusion surrounds the incident as the Indian Army was accused of the firing while it was actually the 74th Battalion of the Border security Force that was involved.
The number of reported dead and wounded vary by source. Amnesty International reported that at least 51 people died and 200 were wounded on that day, which included incidents in Srinagar and Bijbehara. The UN Refugee Agency reported 35 dead and about 76 wounded, citing news reports in The Times. The Times of India reported 37 dead.The Indian government conducted two official enquiries and the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) conducted a third. In March 1994 the government indicted the Border Security Force (BSF) for firing into the crowd "without provocation" and charged 13 BSF officers with murder. A nonpublic General Security Force Court trial conducted in 1996 led to their acquittal.When the NHRC sought to examine the transcripts of the trials in order to satisfy itself that the BSF had made a genuine attempt to secure convictions, the Vajpayee government refused. The NHRC then moved the Supreme Court for a review. In September 2000, the NHRC dismissed the case.On 10 September 2007 the Jammu and Kashmir High Court ordered the state government to pay restitution to the victims' families.Char Chinar
Char Chinar, also sometimes called Char Chinari, Ropa Lank, or Rupa Lank, is an island in Dal Lake, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. Dal Lake includes 3 islands, 2 of which are marked with beautiful Chinar trees. The island located on the Bod Dal is known as Roph Lank (Silver Island), is marked with the presence of majestic Chinar trees at the four corners, thus known as Char-Chinari (Four Chinars). The second Chinar Island, known as Sone Lank (Gold Island), is located on the Lokut Dal, and over looks the holy shrine of Hazratbal.Dal Lake
Dal is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The urban lake, which is the second largest in the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the " Lake of Flowers" , "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel". The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.The shore line of the lake, about 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches −11 °C (12 °F), freezing the lake.The lake covers an area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi) and is part of a natural wetland which covers 21.1 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), including its floating gardens. The floating gardens, known as "Rad" in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August. The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nigeen (although Nigeen is also considered as an independent lake). Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively.At present, the Dal and its Mughal gardens, Shalimar Bagh and the Nishat Bagh on its periphery are undergoing intensive restoration measures to fully address the serious eutrophication problems experienced by the lake. Massive investments of approximately US$275 million (₹ 11 billion) are being made by the Government of India to restore the lake to its original splendour.Doru Shahabad
Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.Farooq Khan
Farooq Khan was a former member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and now 32nd Administrator of the Indian Union Territory of Lakshadweep. Farooq was also in-charge of BJP Minority Morcha and BJP's affairs in farthest North-Eastern state of Nagaland.Farooq Khan was earlier Jammu and Kashmir BJP spokesperson. He joined BJP before 2014 Indian general election during a BJP political rally at Hiranagar in Kathua in March 2014.Farooq Khan is a former IPS and Inspector General of Police in Jammu and Kashmir and led to the clearing of the Hazratbal Shrine in March 1996 in which 18 militants were killed. He was suspended for two years in 2003 for his alleged role in Pathribal fake encounter. He was reinstated after a CBI probe absolved him of the charges and found six army officers to be guilty. Khan has been also the mind behind creation of Task Force wing of JKP. Farooq was the head of the Sher-e-Kashmir Police Academy, Udhampur. It was under Khan that Raghunath Temple, Jammu was freed from militants in 2003. He has been also awarded with the President's medals for gallantry, bravery and distinguished service.Foreshore Road
Foreshore Road is one of the prestigious roads in the city of Srinagar. The notability of the road lies in the fact that the entire road lies on the banks of Dal Lake. The road starts from Hazratbal, Srinagar ends in Nishat. Major tourist spots including many Mughal Gardens like Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh, Chashma Shahi, Pari Mahal, botanical garden are situated on the road. The economy of the people living here greatly depends on tourism. The road is also connected to the boulevard road. While driving across the road it provides glances of beauty of Dal Lake and in hot summers people rest on roadside and feel the cool breeze of Dal Lake and enjoy the charming sunset from the horizon. From 13 April every year, government officials open the Mughal Gardens for visitors around the world. Due to this fact outnumbered tourists can be seen on the way to visit these places. The boulevard foreshore road also hosts largest number of hotels for tourists in Srinagar and is thus strictly maintained by Government of Jammu and Kashmir regularly.Government Degree College, Bandipora
Government Degree College Bandipora (Urdu;گورنمنٹ ڈگری کالج بانڈی پُورہ) also known as HKM (Hassan Khoyihami Memorial College), GDC Bandipora, is University Grants Commission autonomous co-educational degree college affiliated with the University of Kashmir situated in Bandipora in the Indian administrated state of Jammu and Kashmir.The college is affiliated with University of Kashmir, Hazratbal Srinagar and is recognised by University Grants Commission of India under articles 2(f) and 12(b) of UGC Act, 1956.Hazratbal Shrine
The Hazratbal Shrine (lit. "Majestic Place") is a Muslim shrine in Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It contains a relic, the Moi-e-Muqqadas, believed by many Muslims of Kashmir to be Muhammad's hair. The name of the shrine comes from the Farsi word Hazrat, meaning "respected", and the Kashmiri word bal, meaning "place". Thus it means the place which is given high regards and is respected among the people.
The shrine is situated on the Northern bank of the Dal Lake, Srinagar, and is considered to be Kashmir's holiest Muslim shrine.Khwaja Shams-ud-Din
Khwaja Shams-ud-Din (1922 – 19 April 1999) was the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir for a brief period of time from 12 October 1963 to 29 February 1964. It was during his administration, on 26 December 1963, that the Prophet's Relic was stolen from the Hazratbal Shrine. Weeks after that incident, he was replaced by Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq.Lal Bazar
Lal Bazar is a notified area in the municipal committee of Srinagar in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It comes under the Zadibal Constituency. Lal Bazar is a posh locality in the upper downtown area of Srinagar. The pincode of Lal Bazar is 190011 and 190023. Lal Bazar is considered one of the posh and oldest residential place in Srinagar. There are many hotels, restaurants & schools in this locality.List of mosques in India
This is a list of mosques in India. India has more than 300,000 active mosques, a number which is far in excess in comparison to not only any nation state in the Islamic world, but any country on the planet. Population wise, India has the third largest Muslim population.
Situated at the center of the Kashmir valley, Srinagar is the second most populous district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, after Jammu District and is home to the summer capital (Srinagar) of Jammu and Kashmir (The capital moves to Jammu city in the winter). The largest city is Srinagar.
As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22), after Jammu.Theft of the Holy Relic from the Hazratbal Shrine
On 27 December 1963 a holy relic, which was believed by many to be a strand from the beard of Prophet Muhammad, was stolen from India, Jammu and Kashmir's Hazratbal Shrine, leading to protests and mass agitation. The relic was recovered on 4 January 1964, but no information about the thieves was disclosed.University Convocation Complex
University of Kashmir's University Convocation Complex (UCC) is one of the largest auditorium facilities not only in the State of Jammu & Kashmir India but in the whole of North India. It is located within the University of Kashmir's Hazratbal Campus adjacent to the Dal Lake, Srinagar and in the vicinity of the Hazratbal Shrine.
The Complex is spread over an area of 25,000 sq ft and accessible from both gates of the University Campus; Sir Syed Gate and Maulana Rumi Gate. It has a seating capacity of 2500 persons.
The Complex was constructed by University Construction Division with assistance from Kadiri Consultants, Mumbai and Construction Engineers, Srinagar.
The first director to head the Directorate of Convocation Complex was Dr. S Mufeed Ahmed of The Business School, University of Kashmir. Mr. Altaf Ahmad Bhat, Joint Registrar Budget and Creation at the University is currently Director of the Complex.University of Kashmir
The University of Kashmir is a university located on the western side of Dal Lake in the city of Srinagar, which lies in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
It has been awarded Grade "A+" with CGPA 3.31 by the NAAC on 20/05/2019. It has also been credited with rank "47" by National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) and Rank "150" by QS BRICS 2018.Uri, Jammu and Kashmir
Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.Zukura
Zukura is the notified area and town in Srinagar district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The town is the integral part of Hazratbal constituency. The area is located about 12 km from commercial center of the Kashmir Valley. The area provides at least two major road links which connects municipal committee of Ganderbal with Srinagar.
|Districts and divisions|
Municipalities of Jammu and Kashmir