Hazebrouck (Dutch: Hazebroek) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Hazebrouck in Flanders was a small market town before it became an important railway junction in the 1860s. West Flemish was the usual popular language used in the town until 1880. At that time French was taught at school by mandate of the French government in an effort to "Frenchify" the people of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and to extinguish their Flemish roots. The development of the railways linked Hazebrouck to Lille to Calais and Dunkirk.
Coat of arms
Location of Hazebrouck
|Intercommunality||Communauté de communes de Flandre Intérieure|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Bernard Debaecker|
|26.2 km2 (10.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||17–66 m (56–217 ft) |
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Hazebrouck's town hall was built in the 19th century and the oldest monument of the town is St Eloi's church. During the two world wars Hazebrouck was an important military target. Many British soldiers are buried in the cemeteries around the town. In the town museum, which was originally a chapel and friary of the Augustines, visitors can see the Hazebrouck's giants: Roland, Tijse-Tajse, Toria and Babe-Tajse; a collection of Flemish and French paintings and a traditional Flemish kitchen.
|The arms of Hazebrouck are blazoned :|
Argent, a lion sable langued gules, holding an inescutcheon Or charged with a 'coney courant bendwise proper.
An attack by the German army was proposed in October 1917 by the Army Group Commander Field Marshal Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria as a large-scale attack either carried by itself or as an attack to relieve pressure on the German Front. Rupprecht's Army Group held the German Front in Flanders and Picardy; his command covered the Belgian coast to Ypres and on to Armentières.
The operation was given the codename of "George" and plans were submitted for an offensive attack between Ypres and Bethune. The breakthrough would be made in the British Front just south of the Belgian-French border in the Lys river area with the intention to get past the Allied Front there and advance to Hazebrouck. This would divide and cut the British Second Army near the Lys river away from the British Army in Artois. The British-held rail centre of Hazebrouck would be captured and the British troops in Belgian Flanders could sent westwards and stuck on the Belgian coast. The operation would, however, only be possible to start from April.
|2017||Emmanuel Macron||En Marche!||56.19|
Hazebrouck is twinned with the market town of Faversham in Kent, United Kingdom.
The town has a railway station, with frequent daily services to Lille and Paris, some via the LGV Nord. There is also a small international airport, concentrating on business flights, at Merville-Calonne just 12 kilometre / 8 miles away. The town is connected to the national Autoroute network, which links Hazebrouck with Dunkirk and Lille and, less directly, Arras, Paris, Calais and Brussels.
Adélaïde Leroux (born 30 December 1982) is a French actress, best known for her role in the 2006 film, Flanders. She also played prominent roles in a number of other films, including Martin Provost's Séraphine (2008), Ursula Meier's Home (2008), and Andrew Kötting's Ivul (2009), and has appeared in numerous short films and stage roles.Alex Dupont
Alex Dupont (born 30 June 1954) is a French football manager and former playerAmélie Coquet
Amélie Coquet (born 31 December 1984 in Hazebrouck) is a retired French football player who spent the majority of her career at FCF Juvisy of the Division 1 Féminine. Coquet played as a midfielder winning the league in 2005–06 and has seventeen appearances as a French international between 2003 and 2010.Battle of the Lys (1918)
The Battle of the Lys (Portuguese: Batalha de La Lys), also known as the Fourth Battle of Ypres, was fought from 7 April to 29 April 1918 and was part of the German Spring Offensive in Flanders during World War I. It was originally planned by General Erich Ludendorff as Operation George but was reduced to Operation Georgette, with the objective of capturing Ypres, forcing the British forces back to the Channel ports and out of the war. In planning, execution and effects, Georgette was similar to (although smaller than) Operation Michael, earlier in the Spring Offensive.Cédric Vasseur
Cédric Vasseur (born August 18, 1970) is a French former professional road racing cyclist, and current general manager of UCI Professional Continental team Cofidis. As a rider, Vasseur competed between 1993 and 2007 for the Novemail–Histor, Crédit Agricole, U.S. Postal Service, Cofidis and Quick-Step–Innergetic squads. Vasseur was considered an all-rounder who could do well in a variety of races. He raced in all of the spring classics such as Tour of Flanders and Paris–Roubaix, and won a stage of the Dauphiné Libéré stage race.Eecke
Eecke (from Flemish; Eke in modern Dutch spelling) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
It is 7 km (4.3 mi) northeast of Hazebrouck.François Delecour
François Delecour (born 30 August 1962) is a French rally driver.Henri Hazebrouck
Henri Alphonse Hazebrouck (21 July 1877 – 1 December 1948) was a French rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics. He was part of the French boat Cercle de l'Aviron Roubaix, which won the gold medal in the coxed fours.Jean-Marc Nobilo
Jean Marc Nobilo (born 27 July 1960) is a French football coach who most recently was in charge of Stade Lavallois.Justin Pierre Marie Macquart
Pierre-Justin-Marie Macquart (8 April 1776 – 25 November 1855) was a French entomologist specialising in the study of Diptera. He worked on world species as well as European and described many new species.Lynde
Lynde is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
It is 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Hazebrouck.Marcel Di Domenico
Marcel Di Domenico (born 17 June 1955) was a Luxembourgish footballer who played as a striker.Mustafa Merry
Mustafa Merry, also spelled Mustapha Merry (born 21 April 1958) is a Moroccan former professional footballer who played as a striker.
Born in Casablanca, Morocco, Merry spent his most of his professional career in France and was also part of the Moroccan squad at the 1986. He also competed for Morocco at the 1984 Summer Olympics.Nord's 15th constituency
The 15th constituency of the Nord is a French legislative constituency in the Nord département.Pierre Mankowski
Pierre Mankowski (born 5 November 1951) is a French former football striker who later became a coach. He is currently the coach of the French national under-20 team. He is of Polish descentSC Hazebrouck
Sporting Club Hazebrouckois is a French football club based in Hazebrouck, Nord-Pas-de-Calais. It was founded in 1907. The club currently plays in the Championnat de France Amateurs 2, the fifth tier of the French football league system.TER Hauts-de-France
TER Hauts-de-France is the regional rail network serving the region of Hauts-de-France, northern France. It is operated by the French national railway company SNCF. It was formed in 2017 from the previous TER networks TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais and TER Picardie, after the respective regions were merged.