|Population||15,906 (2011 Census. Hayes and Coney Hall Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The name Hayes is recorded from 1177 as hoese from the Anglo-Saxon meaning "a settlement in open land overgrown with shrubs and rough bushes". It formed an ancient, and later civil, parish of Kent of around 1,282 acres (5.19 km2). The village stood at the junction of Hayes Lane, leading north to Bromley (one mile distant), and what is now known as Pickhurst Lane, leading west to West Wickham. The centre of the old village is now called Hayes Street. The village school was here, as is the parish church of St Mary the Virgin. Parts of the church date back to the thirteenth century; however it was subject to heavy restorations by George Gilbert Scott and John Oldrid Scott in the nineteenth century. The public house, also on Hayes Lane, is called "The George" (first recorded 1759) . Hayes Street Farm, still shown on modern maps, is to the north of the village centre.
Both William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708–1778), and William Pitt the Younger (1759–1806) lived at Hayes Place. The house was demolished in 1933 and the site redeveloped, but its occupants are remembered in such road names as Chatham and Pittsmead Avenues. Prior to being demolished, Hayes Place was owned by the Hambro family (of Hambros Bank fame) and a couple of roads bear the family names.
Although the parish church of Hayes can trace its history back over 800 years, and local villains joined Jack Cade in his rebellion of 1450, the story of Hayes became significant a little over a century ago, when Hayes became a popular place in which to live because bankers, stockbrokers and those who were "something in the City" bought property in the area.
Between 1801, when the population was just 382, and 1921, it had almost tripled to 1010.
Throughout the 20th century, the Hayes village area continued to grow and thrive. Further commercial development occurred on Station Approach because the increased traffic through the railway terminus created an incentive for growth. In the old village area ('Old Hayes'), the former village school was converted to a second, smaller village hall when the local primary school opened in 1937; it lies along George Lane, which was further expanded at around the same time to facilitate further suburban housing developments.
To cope with the increase in commuter traffic, the station was rebuilt in 1935, and Station Approach became the main shopping area, including a Post Office, petrol station, two mini-supermarkets and numerous small shops. It also contains a public house called The New Inn.
Much of the area to the west and north-west of the original village has been taken over by suburbia. West Wickham and Bromley are completely joined with Hayes; and Coney Hall estate, beyond the Orpington - Croydon road is also part of the pattern. To the east and south, however, the open space of Hayes Common precludes building of any kind.
Grandfields Nursery in West Common Road was hit by a V-2 rocket in the late afternoon of 9 February 1945, killing four people, including three members of the Grandfield family. Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic Church was later built on the site.
The old village area along Hayes Street, also known as 'Old Hayes', today contains some small shops, though the local post office closed in 2004 (the nearest is now in the main shopping area near the station). The timbered cottage on the eastern side of Hayes Street was originally the village bakery, then it became a newsagents called "The Walnut Tree", until 2006, when it changed to residential use. The former village school remains a second village hall; the local primary school in George Lane has expanded in size in recent years, and now has three class groups in each year. It is extremely popular, and many of its pupils go on to Hayes School in West Common Road.
The shopping area in Old Hayes functions as a second hub for commercial businesses, running along Hayes street opposite the church building. It consists of the public house, "The George", a mini-market, several hairdressers, a cycle shop, two coffee shops and a fish and chip shop. Next to the church is the village public library, occupying the old rectory building (since replaced by the new rectory), and is surrounded by the library gardens, a small area of parkland containing tennis courts.
Hayes Street Farm continues to play an important role in the village setting. Several public pathways and popular walking routes run through the farmland, and regular car boot sales are hosted on the farm fields.
There is a group called Hayes Village Association (HVA) which meet regularly to inform people about local issues. They regularly liaise with Bromley Council on planning matters and they give a voice to residents and businesses on a variety of issues. HVA produce a quarterly magazine with local interest articles and events, as well as details of businesses in the locality.
There are numerous playing fields and sports grounds around the periphery of Hayes: such as the Metropolitan Police Sports Ground at the Warren. It is also home, since 1927, to the world-famous Blackheath Harriers Athletics Club (now Blackheath and Bromley Harriers Athletic Club) at their clubhouse The Sydney Wooderson Centre.
Hayes is served by several Transport for London bus routes.
Major Attwood Alfred Torrens (13 February 1874 – 8 December 1916) was an English cricketer and army officer.
Attwood Torrens was educated at Harrow School before going to work at the stock exchange. He had played only school and club cricket when he was selected to tour New Zealand in 1906-07 with an MCC team of amateur cricketers.
A lower-order batsman and medium-paced bowler, he made his first-class debut in the tour match against Wellington on Christmas Day 1906. His form was modest until late in the tour, when in the two-day match against a Wairarapa XV he took 11 wickets. In the next first-class match, against Hawke's Bay, he made the top score of the match with 87 and took 3 for 44 and 2 for 28. He was selected to play in the two matches against New Zealand that followed immediately, but was not successful.After the tour Torrens continued to play club cricket in England, including two first-class matches for MCC and one for the Free Foresters. He never played county cricket.
He was commissioned in the Royal Artillery in 1915 and left for the front in May 1916. He was killed by a shell fragment at Pozières on 8 December 1916 while running across open ground in an attempt to move his men to safety. He is buried in the Pozières British Cemetery.Beckenham
Beckenham is a post town and district of London in the London Borough of Bromley, England. It borders Beckenham Place Park and Bellingham in the London Borough of Lewisham (to the north) and is centred 8.4 miles (13.5 km) south east of Charing Cross. Historically part of Kent, Beckenham was, until the coming of the railway in 1857, a small village, with most of its land being rural and private parkland. John Cator and his family began the building of villas which led to a rapid increase in population, between 1850 and 1900, from 2,000 to 26,000. Housing and population growth has continued at a lesser pace since 1900.
The town has areas of commerce and industry, principally around the curved network of streets featuring its high street and is served in transport by three main railway stations — nine within the post town — plus towards its western periphery two Tramlink stations. In common with the rest of Bromley, the largest borough of London by area, Beckenham has several pockets of recreational land which are a mixture of sports grounds, fishing ponds and parks.Beckenham (UK Parliament constituency)
Beckenham () is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Bob Stewart of the Conservative Party.Christopher Greener
Christopher Paul Greener (21 November 1943 – 11 February 2015) was a British actor and basketball player who went on to represent Great Britain.
Greener was born in New Brighton, Wallasey, Cheshire. He was at one point the tallest man in the United Kingdom and at the time of his death was the 4th tallest British-born man (after Giant Bradley, Neil Fingleton and Paul Sturgess) at 7 ft 6 1⁄4 in (229 cm) in height. His weight ranged from 20-30 stone (127-190 kg) during his adulthood. Greener, from a very young age, had a tumour at the base of his pituitary gland, which controls the release of human growth hormone. The tumour caused Greener's pituitary to grow to several times the size of that of an average person, and he would not have stopped growing had the tumour not been surgically removed when he was in his late 20s. Amazingly, his condition, pituitary gigantism, was not diagnosed until 1970, when Greener was 27 years old, already at his maximum height and the record-holder as the tallest man in Britain. He held the record for 40 years.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Greener was an international basketball player for the Great Britain team, and was often at the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre.Greener worked as an actor, often serving in various comedy roles focused on his great height. He played the circus giant in David Lynch's The Elephant Man. He appeared in several documentaries chronicling the lives of the very tall, including the World's Tallest People television special on The Learning Channel in the United States and Superhuman: Giants on the UK's ITV.
On 14 February 2011 he appeared on an episode of The Gadget Show on Five in the UK to test out phones by dropping them. He died, aged 71, in Hayes, Bromley.Connex South Eastern
Connex South Eastern was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Connex that operated the South Eastern franchise from October 1996 until November 2003.Hayes
Hayes may refer to:
Hayes (surname), including a list of people with the name
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th president of the United States
Hayes High School, several North American educational institutionsHayes School
Hayes School is a mixed secondary school with academy status located in the village of Hayes within the London Borough of Bromley. The school is well renowned throughout the surrounding area for its sporting achievements, most notably in basketball, and has produced some of the highest GCSE and A Level results in the borough, and is therefore heavily over-subscribed.
The school has approximately 1650 students, of whom 450 are in the sixth form.Joe Quigley
Joseph Richard Quigley (born 12 October 1996) is an English-born Irish professional footballer who plays as a forward for Havant & Waterlooville on loan from Bromley. He was previously at Bournemouth, and has played in the English Football League on loan at Gillingham and Newport County.Keston
Keston is a village in Greater London, England, located within the London Borough of Bromley and beyond London urban sprawl. It is part suburban, part rural in nature and lies on the edge of Hayes Common, to the northwest of the Greater London / Kent border. It includes the small hamlet of Nash to the southwest.List of people from the London Borough of Bromley
Among those who were born in the London Borough of Bromley, or have dwelt within the borders of the modern borough are (alphabetical order):
David Bowie (1947–2016), musician, moved to Bromley with his family in 1953
Malcolm Campbell (1885–1948), Grand Prix racing driver, born in Chislehurst
Nicholas Cleobury (born 1950), conductor
Stephen Cleobury (born 1948), organist and conductor
Richmal Crompton (1890–1969), author, the Just William stories for children; lived at The Glebe in Oakley Road, Bromley Common
Charles Darwin (1809–1882), naturalist, known for his theory of evolution, lived in Downe, Bromley
Eugénie de Montijo (1826–1920), the last Empress of France, lived in exile with her husband Napoleon III at Camden Place in Chislehurst from 1870 until 1885
Jack Dee (born 1961), stand-up comedian
Nigel Farage (born 1964), politician, campaigner and broadcaster, born in Downe
Florence Farr (1860–1917), actress and composer, born in Bickley
Langley Kirkwood (born 1973), actor and athlete
Pete Sears (born 1948), musician, producer, composer, environmental and human rights activist, Hayes, Bromley.
Hanif Kureishi (born 1954), playwright, born in Bromley
Pixie Lott (born 1991), singer
Bob Monkhouse (1928–2003), entertainer, born in Beckenham
Charles Langbridge Morgan (1894–1958), playwright, born at a house in Rodway Road in Bromley
Napoleon III (1808–1873), the last Emperor of France, lived and died in exile at Camden Place in Chislehurst
William Pitt the Elder, Earl of Chatham (1708–1778), statesman, lived and died at Hayes Place, a former house in Hayes
William Pitt the Younger (1759–1806), statesman and Prime Minister, born in his father's house in Hayes
Dorothy Richardson (1873–1957), novelist, lived and died in Beckenham
Matt Terry (born 1993), singer, winner of the thirteenth season of The X Factor
H. G. Wells (1866–1946), author, The War of the Worlds, born in Atlas House, 47 High Street, Bromley
William Hyde Wollaston (1766–1828), chemist, discovered the elements rhodium and palladium; lived and died in ChislehurstList of stations in London fare zone 5
Fare zone 5 is an outer zone of Transport for London's zonal fare system used for calculating the price of tickets for travel on the London Underground, London Overground, Docklands Light Railway and, since 2007, on National Rail services. The zone was created in May 1983 and in January 1991 part of it was split off to create Travelcard Zone 6. It extends from approximately 9.75 to 12.75 miles from Piccadilly Circus.Margaret Harris
Margaret Frances Harris (28 May 1904 – 10 May 2000) was an English theatre and opera costume and scenic designer.Norman Park
Norman Park can refer to:
Norman Park, Georgia, United States - a city in Colquitt County
Norman Park, Queensland, Australia - a suburb of Brisbane
Norman Park, Bromley, - a recreation ground near Hayes, BromleyParks and open spaces in the London Borough of Bromley
The London Borough of Bromley in Greater London, England has over one hundred parks and open spaces within its boundaries: some large, like Crystal Palace Park, and some small, such as recreation grounds. Some of the open spaces form part of the South East London Green Chain. As a borough in Outer London it also contains some open countryside in the form of country parks.
The main open spaces under control of the borough are:
In addition there are many other open spaces privately controlled; among them are:
North of the borough: Cator Park and a large number of sports grounds in New Beckenham; Sundridge Park including its golf course; Camden Park, Scadbury Park and Elmstead Wood near Chislehurst;
East of the borough: Ruxley Wood, Paul's Cray Hill Park, Hockenden Wood and Bourne Wood, all in the Green Belt area;
West of the borough: a large open space around Bethlem Royal Hospital, including farmland and Crouch Oak Wood.
Saltbox Hill, Site of Special Scientific Importance in Biggin Hill owned and managed by the London Wildlife TrustSophie Harris
Audrey Sophia "Sophie" Harris (2 July 1900 – 10 March 1966) was an English award winning theatre and opera costume and scenic designer.St Mary the Virgin, Bromley
St Mary the Virgin is a Gothic church in South London, built in the 12th century but with notable alterations in the mid-Victorian period to the designs of Sir George Gilbert Scott and his son John Oldrid Scott. It is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin.Vicary Gibbs
Sir Vicary Gibbs (27 October 1751 – 8 February 1820) was an English judge and politician. He was known for his caustic wit, which won for him the sobriquet of "Vinegar Gibbs".William Pitt the Younger
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. He became the youngest UK Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but served as Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer for most of his time as Prime Minister. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, called William Pitt the Elder or simply "Chatham", who had previously served as Prime Minister.
The younger Pitt's prime ministerial tenure, which came during the reign of George III, was dominated by major events in Europe, including the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. Pitt, although often referred to as a Tory, or "new Tory", called himself an "independent Whig" and was generally opposed to the development of a strict partisan political system. He led Britain in the great wars against France and Napoleon. Pitt was an outstanding administrator who worked for efficiency and reform, bringing in a new generation of outstanding administrators. He increased taxes to pay for the great war against France and cracked down on radicalism. To engage the threat of Irish support for France, he engineered the Acts of Union 1800 and tried (but failed) to get Catholic emancipation as part of the Union. He created the "new Toryism", which revived the Tory Party and enabled it to stay in power for the next quarter-century.
The historian Asa Briggs argues that his personality did not endear itself to the British mind, for Pitt was too solitary and too colourless, and too often exuded superiority. His greatness came in the war with France. Pitt reacted to become what Lord Minto called "the Atlas of our reeling globe". His integrity and industry and his role as defender of the threatened nation allowed him to inspire and access all the national reserves of strength. William Wilberforce said that, "For personal purity, disinterestedness and love of this country, I have never known his equal." Historian Charles Petrie concludes that he was one of the greatest prime ministers "if on no other ground than that he enabled the country to pass from the old order to the new without any violent upheaval ... He understood the new Britain." For this he is ranked highly amongst British Prime Ministers.
|Parks and open spaces|
|Places of worship|
|Rail stations and |