Haworth

Haworth (/ˈhæwɜːrθ/) is a village in City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England,[2][3] in the Pennines 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Keighley, 10 miles (16 km) west of Bradford and 10 miles (16 km) east of Colne in Lancashire. The surrounding areas include Oakworth and Oxenhope. Nearby villages include Cross Roads, Stanbury and Lumbfoot.

Haworth is a tourist destination known for its association with the Brontë sisters and the preserved heritage Keighley and Worth Valley Railway.

Haworth
Haworth Main Street - panoramio

Main Street
Haworth is located in West Yorkshire
Haworth
Haworth
Location within West Yorkshire
Population6,379 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE030372
• London180 mi (290 km) SSE
Civil parish
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKEIGHLEY
Postcode districtBD22
Dialling code01535
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament

History

Haworth is first mentioned as a settlement in 1209.[4] The name may refer to a "hedged enclosure" or "hawthorn enclosure".[5] The name was recorded as "Howorth" on a 1771 map.

Governance

Haworth is part of the civil parish of Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury,[6] which in turn is part of the Bradford Metropolitan District Council, one of the five metropolitan boroughs of West Yorkshire.[7]

Between 1938 and 1974 Haworth was part of the Municipal Borough of Keighley and before that it had been a civil parish and urban district in its own right.

Geography

Haworth is in the Worth Valley amid the Pennines.[8] It is 212 miles (341 km) north of London, 43 miles (69 km) west of York and 9 miles (14 km) west of Bradford.

Economy

Tourism accounts for much of the local economy, with the major attractions being the heritage railway and Brontë Parsonage Museum.[9] In Haworth there are tea rooms, souvenir and antiquarian bookshops, restaurants, pubs and hotels including the Black Bull, where Branwell Brontë's decline into alcoholism and opium addiction allegedly began.[10][11] Haworth is a base for exploring Brontë Country, while still being close to the major cities of Bradford and Leeds.

On 22 November 2002 Haworth was granted Fairtrade Village status.[12] On 21 October 2005, Haworth Fairtrade officially signed an agreement to twin with Machu Picchu in Peru.[13]

Culture

Main Street, Haworth, West Yorkshire
Haworth village centre

Haworth's traditional events were an annual service at Haworth Spa and the rush bearing. Spa Sunday died out in the early 20th century and the rush bearing ceremony has not been held for many years. A modern event organised by the Haworth Traders' Association is "Scroggling the Holly" which takes place in November.[14] Bands and Morris men lead a procession of children in Victorian costume following the Holly Queen up the cobblestones to a crowning ceremony on the church steps. She unlocks the church gates to invite the spirit of Christmas into Haworth. Father Christmas arrives bringing glad tidings.[15]

The first Haworth Arts Festival took place in 2000 and was repeated in 2001, but ceased. It was revived in 2005 as a festival combining performing and visual arts and street performance.[16] The festival has community involvement and uses local professional and semi-professional musicians, artists and performers and a larger name to headline each year. It has provided a stage for John Cooper Clarke and John Shuttleworth. The festival has expanded across the Worth Valley outside Haworth and is held on the first weekend in September.

Haworth Band is one of the oldest secular musical organisations in the Keighley area.[17] History records indicate that there was a brass band at Ponden, close by in 1854 with a body of excellent performers. It was founded by John Heaton who lived at Ponden. The band played at a celebration in Haworth at the conclusion of the Crimean War. "Over the years the world of brass band music went from strength to strength, during which time the Haworth Band went with it."[18]

Every year the village hosts a 1940s weekend where locals and visitors don wartime attire for a host of nostalgic events.[19]

From 1971 to 1988, 25 and 27 Main Street housed the Haworth Pottery where Anne Shaw produced hand-thrown domestic stoneware derived from the arts & crafts tradition. She exhibited widely in the UK and USA in public and private exhibitions and received an arts association award for her ceramic sculptures. Her husband, Robert Shaw, depicted life (and prominent residents) in the village in the 1970s and 80s, in two collections of satires, The Wrath Valley Anthology, 1981, and Grindley's Bairns,1988, praised by The Times Literary Supplement.

Community facilities

On 13 January 2009, it was announced that a permanent library will be established in the village, replacing the mobile service which visits the village once a week. Haworth last had its own library in 1978.[20]

Landmarks

Entrance to Haworth Station
Haworth railway station

Haworth railway station is part of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway, an authentic preserved steam railway.

The 43 miles (69 km) long Brontë Way leads past Lower Laithe Reservoir, Stanbury to the Brontë waterfalls, the Brontë Bridge and the Brontë Stone Chair in which (it is said) the sisters took turns to sit and write their first stories. It then leads out of the valley and up on the moors to Ponden Hall (reputedly Thrushcross Grange in Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights) and Top Withens, a desolate ruin which was reputedly the setting for the farmstead Wuthering Heights. Top Withens can also be reached by a shorter walking route departing from the nearby village of Stanbury.

Transport

Haworth is served by Keighley Bus Company rural bus service which provides links to the main local town of Keighley and the local villages of Oxenhope, Stanbury, Oakworth and Denholme. There is also a service to Hebden Bridge. Evening and Sunday services are partly paid for by Metro. Central North Street Car Park Haworth, formerly Changegate Car Park, has been subject of a Channel 4 television documentary "The Yorkshire Clamper", regarding their tactics.[21][22]

Education

Haworth Primary School on Rawdon Road is the only school in the village and takes children from age 3 to 11.[23] Children from 12 to 18 attend secondary schools outside the village at Oakbank school in Keighley and Parkside School in Cullingworth.[24]

Religious sites

St Michael and All Angels' Church is situated on Church Street, next to the parsonage. It is part of the Church of England Deanery of Craven.[25]

Baptists in the area met in a barn at the bottom of Brow Road in 1785. They subsequently moved to Hall Green Baptist Church at the junction of Bridgehouse Lane and Sun Street.[26]

Sport

Haworth Cricket Club was established in 1887 as Haworth Wesleyan Cricket Club and were members of the English Cricket Board.[27] They had a permanent ground north west of the village centre, but the club was closed down in 2015.[28] Haworth West End Cricket Club was formed in 1900 as the Haworth West Lane Baptist Cricket Club.[29]

On 6 July 2014, Stage 2 of the 2014 Tour de France from York to Sheffield, passed through the village.[30]

Notable people

The Brontë sisters were born in Thornton near Bradford, but wrote most of their novels while living at Haworth Parsonage when their father was the parson at the Church of St. Michael and All Angels. In the 19th century, the village and surrounding settlements were largely industrialised, which put it at odds with the popular portrayal in Wuthering Heights, which only bore resemblance to the upper moorland that Emily Brontë was accustomed to.[31] The Parsonage is now a museum owned and maintained by the Brontë Society.

Filmography

Haworth and Haworth railway station have been used as settings for numerous period films and TV series, including The Railway Children (starring Jenny Agutter), Yanks (starring Richard Gere and Vanessa Redgrave), and Alan Parker's film version of Pink Floyd's The Wall (starring Bob Geldof). It also featured in "Wild Child" (starring Emma Roberts), and "The Souk" (a high class vintage shop) was depicted as a charity shop. In 2016 the BBC drama To Walk Invisible was shot in and around Haworth and included a full-scale replica of the Brontë Parsonage, Old School Rooms and Haworth Church at the time of the Brontës on nearby Penistone Hill.

Twinning

References

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Haworth Built-up area (1119884265)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Haworth - Bradford | Welcome to Yorkshire". www.yorkshire.com. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Discover Haworth and Brontë Country". www.visitbradford.com. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Haworth Village – Visiting Haworth – England". Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  5. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 227. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  6. ^ "City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council – Parish and town councils". Archived from the original on 18 December 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  7. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire (1 ed.). Catrine: Stenlake. p. 100. ISBN 9781840337532.
  8. ^ "Haworth Conservation Area Assessment" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. April 2003. p. 5. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  9. ^ Winn, Christopher (2010). I never knew that about Yorkshire. London: Ebury. pp. 121–123. ISBN 978-0-09-193313-5.
  10. ^ Dewhirst, Ian (18 April 2013). "The Black Bull in Haworth just after the Brontes". Keighley News. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  11. ^ Jordison, Sam (10 June 2009). "The Brontës are alive and unwell in Haworth". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Fair traders win award". Telegraph & Argus. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Andes show boosts International link". Telegraph & Argus. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2007.
  14. ^ "Scroggling the Holly". bronte-country.com. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  15. ^ Knights, David (6 December 2013). "Haworth's 'scroggling the holly' is biggest for many years". Keighley News. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Haworth Arts Festival". Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  17. ^ "The Haworth Band – History". Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  18. ^ Internet Bandsman's Everything Within, "Archived Histories of Brass Bands", Haworth Band. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  19. ^ Haworth 1940s Weekend 2016, unknown 2016 date. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  20. ^ Evans, Fiona (13 January 2009). "Library hope for literary village". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  21. ^ Wollaston, Sam (4 September 2009). "Last night's TV: The Yorkshire Clamper". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  22. ^ "Clamping firm "worst in UK"". BBC News. 26 November 2003. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Ofsted – Haworth primary school". Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  24. ^ "Haworth Village Local Information – Secondary schools". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  25. ^ "St Michael & All Angels, Haworth". Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  26. ^ "Hall Green Baptist Church – History". Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  27. ^ "Haworth Cricket Club". Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  28. ^ Nutting, Asher (24 July 2017). "Haworth West End: No cricket club but a thriving ground". Cricket Yorkshire. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  29. ^ "Haworth West End Cricket Club – History". Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  30. ^ "Tour de France Stage 1". Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  31. ^ Fraser, Rebecca (1993). "The Brontës". In Marsh, Kate (ed.). Writers and Their Homes. Hamish Hamilton. p. 41. ISBN 0-241-12769-6.

External links

Adrian Hardy Haworth

Adrian Hardy Haworth (19 April 1767, Hull – 24 August 1833, Chelsea) was an English entomologist, botanist and carcinologist.

Billings Mustangs

The Billings Mustangs are a minor league baseball team based in Billings, Montana. The Mustangs are the Pioneer League Rookie affiliate of the Major League Cincinnati Reds. The team has been a part of the Pioneer League since 1948 with a five-year gap between 1964 and 1968, and has been affiliated with the Reds since 1974 (after an affiliation with the Kansas City Royals). Along with the Elizabethton Twins, the Mustangs affiliation with the Reds is the longest-running among all rookie-level teams. The team was officially established on November 4, 1947.

The Mustangs play at Dehler Park, named after Jon Dehler, a Billings businessman who bought the naming right to the field in 2007. Prior to the 2008 season the Mustangs played at Cobb Field (named after Bob Cobb who was responsible for bringing professional baseball to the city of Billings). Cobb Field was demolished in September 2007 to make way for the new park.

The Mustangs won three consecutive Pioneer League titles from 1992 and 1994, then won another in 1997. In 2003, Billings swept the Provo Angels in the Championship Series, winning two games to none. Provo had tied the league record for wins that year with 54. Billings, the last team to qualify for the postseason, won Game 1 at Provo 8-5 in 11 innings, then, Billings won 3-0 on a no-hitter by James Paduch to win the Championship in front of a sold-out Cobb Field in Billings. The game was a classic pitchers duel between two of the top pitchers in the league (Provo's being 2003 Pioneer League Pitcher of the Year Abel Moreno). In 2006, Chris Valaika set a Pioneer League record with a 32-game hitting streak during the Mustangs 51-win campaign.

Many Major League stars have begun their pro careers in Billings. These include George Brett, Reggie Sanders, Paul O'Neill, Trevor Hoffman, Keith Lockhart, Danny Tartabull, Ben Broussard, Scott Sullivan, Aaron Boone, Adam Dunn, Austin Kearns, and B. J. Ryan.

After years of award-winning work in the front office, Assistant General Manager Gary Roller was promoted to General Manager for the 2005 season. Roller took over for long time GM and Mustangs Hall-of-Famer Bob Wilson. Matt Bender, who formerly handled the duties of Official Scorer, took over the vacated Assistant General Manager position.

Dehler Park (and before at Cobb Field) is renowned in the Pioneer League for the "Beer Batter" tradition. Every game the Mustangs Beer Boosters designate one player as the "Beer Batter." If that player gets a hit, attendees can buy four beers for $10. Many eager buyers stand at the stairs anticipating a hit and the oncoming rush of people.

The Billings Mustangs changed their logo for the 2006 season. The 2007 season was their last at Cobb Field and the Mustangs begin the 2008 season at Dehler Park. On September 11, 2014, the Mustangs defeated the Orem Owlz for their first Pioneer League Championship since the 2003 season. After the 2014 season The team introduced its new ownership group at a December 5 in a press conference at Dehler Park.

Brontë Parsonage Museum

The Brontë Parsonage Museum is a writer's house museum maintained by the Brontë Society in honour of the Brontë sisters – Charlotte, Emily and Anne. The museum is in the former Brontë family home, the parsonage in Haworth, West Yorkshire, England, where the sisters spent most of their lives and wrote their famous novels.

The Brontë Society, one of the oldest literary societies in the English speaking world, is a registered charity. Its members support the preservation of the museum and library collections.

The parsonage is listed Grade I on the National Heritage List for England.

Brontë family

The Brontës () were a nineteenth-century literary family, born in the village of Thornton and later associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. The sisters, Charlotte (1816–1855), Emily (1818–1848), and Anne (1820–1849), are well known as poets and novelists. Like many contemporary female writers, they originally published their poems and novels under male pseudonyms: Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. Their stories immediately attracted attention for their passion and originality. Charlotte's Jane Eyre was the first to know success, while Emily's Wuthering Heights, Anne's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and other works were later to be accepted as masterpieces of literature.

The three sisters and their brother, Branwell (1817–1848), were very close and during childhood developed their imaginations first through oral storytelling and play set in an intricate imaginary world, and then through the collaborative writing of increasingly complex stories set therein.

The deaths of first their mother, and then of their two older sisters marked them profoundly and influenced their writing, as did the relative isolation in which they were raised.

The Brontë birthplace in Thornton is a place of pilgrimage and their later home, the parsonage at Haworth in Yorkshire, now the Brontë Parsonage Museum, welcomes hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.

Carl Haworth

Carl Haworth (born July 9, 1989) is a Canadian soccer player who plays for Ottawa Fury FC in the USL Championship.

Charles Haworth

Charles Edwin Haworth (August 25, 1906 – August 4, 1986) was an American long-distance runner. He competed in the men's 5000 metres at the 1928 Summer Olympics.

Cross Roads, West Yorkshire

Cross Roads with Lees or Cross Roads cum Lees is a village in the Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury civil parish within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, West Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies less than 1 mile from Haworth, approximately 2.5 miles from Keighley and approximately 9 miles from Bradford.

Elizabeth Gillies

Elizabeth Egan Gillies (born July 26, 1993) is an American actress and singer. Her first television appearance was in The Black Donnellys (2007). From 2010 to 2013, she played Jade West in the Nickelodeon series Victorious. She had a main role in the FX comedy series Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2015–2016). Since 2017, Gillies has starred as Fallon Carrington in The CW's series Dynasty, a reboot of the 1980s series of the same name.Gillies made her Broadway debut at age 15 in the musical 13, playing the character of Lucy. She has also appeared in feature films, including the horror film Animal (2014) and the comedy film Vacation (2015).

Friedel–Crafts reaction

The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring. Friedel–Crafts reactions are of two main types: alkylation reactions and acylation reactions. Both proceed by electrophilic aromatic substitution.

Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury

Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury is a civil parish covering the far western hinterland of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 6,566, increasing to 6,994 at the 2011 Census. As its name suggests, it covers Haworth, Cross Roads and Stanbury, with a large moorland area to the west of Stanbury. In total, the civil parish covers 1,737 hectares (4,290 acres).

Haworth, New Jersey

Haworth ( HAH-worth) is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,382, reflecting a decline of 8 (-0.2%) from the 3,390 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6 (+0.2%) from the 3,384 counted in the 1990 Census.Haworth was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 24, 1904, from portions of both Dumont borough and Harrington Township. The borough was named for the historic village of Haworth, England.In September 2012, Business Insider named Haworth the third-best suburb in America.

Haworth Press

Haworth Press was a publisher of scholarly, academic and trade books, and approximately 200 peer-reviewed academic journals. It was founded in 1978 by the publishing industry executives Bill Cohen and Patrick Mclaughlin. The name was taken from the township of Haworth in England, the home of the Brontë sisters. Many of the Haworth publications cover very specialized material, ranging from mental health, psychology, psychiatry, addiction studies, social work, interdisciplinary social sciences, library & information science, LGBT studies, agriculture, pharmaceutical science, health care, medicine, and other fields.

Their first publication was Library Security Newsletter. Their early publications were all in the fields of library and information science and in social work. As of 2006, they expected to publish over 230 periodicals and over 100 books.In 2003, the Press developed a publishing program in popular culture, under the direction of Marshall Fishwick of Virginia Tech.In 2005, Haworth Press began using Pain Exhibit art on the cover of their Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy. Art from the Pain Exhibit, which is an educational and visual arts exhibit, has been used on the cover of JPPCP from 2005 to 2009.In 2007, Haworth began the archiving of its journal content on the Portico service That same year, Haworth Press was acquired by the Taylor & Francis Group and became part of Routledge and Informa Healthcare. Bill Cohen, the publisher of Haworth Press, said the merge was motivated by the need for improved computer interface, for "digital permanency", and for increased access to consortial deals.

Keighley and Worth Valley Railway

The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is a 5-mile-long (8 km) heritage railway line in the Worth Valley, West Yorkshire, England, which runs from Keighley to Oxenhope. It connects to the national rail network at Keighley railway station.

Nigel Haworth

Nigel Anthony Fell Haworth (born 1951) is a New Zealand economics academic and politician. He was elected President of the New Zealand Labour Party in February 2015, succeeding Moira Coatsworth.

Nigel McGuinness

Steven Haworth (born 23 January 1976), better known by his ring name Nigel McGuinness, is an English professional wrestling commentator and former professional wrestler. He is currently signed to WWE as a colour commentator for 205 Live, NXT, NXT UK and Main Event. As a wrestler, he is perhaps best known for his tenure with Ring of Honor (ROH) in the United States and Pro Wrestling Noah in Japan. He held the ROH Pure Championship for a record 350 days and is a former ROH World Champion, holding the title for 545 days.

From October 2009 to June 2011, Haworth wrestled for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling under the ring name Desmond Wolfe. This was his last run as an in-ring performer. He returned to ROH in August 2011 as a colour commentator, and retired from in-ring performing on 17 December 2011. He left ROH in December 2016 and signed with WWE soon after, working as a commentator.

Norman Haworth

Sir Walter Norman Haworth FRS (19 March 1883 – 19 March 1950) was a British chemist best known for his groundbreaking work on ascorbic acid (vitamin C) while working at the University of Birmingham. He received the 1937 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his investigations on carbohydrates and vitamin C". The prize was shared with Swiss chemist Paul Karrer for his work on other vitamins.Haworth worked out the correct structure of a number of sugars, and is known among organic chemists for his development of the Haworth projection that translates three-dimensional sugar structures into convenient two-dimensional graphical form.

Richard Haworth Ltd

Richard Haworth and Co. was established by Richard Haworth in 1854 as a cotton spinning and manufacturing firm in Cannon Street, Manchester, and Tatton Mill in Salford. Today the company is part of the Ruia Group which comprises a number of companies that import, supply and distribute textiles and hosiery to retailers and hospitality organisations. Richard Haworth Ltd. supplies a range of linens to the hospitality sector.

Ted Haworth

Ted Haworth (September 26, 1917 – February 18, 1993) was an American production designer and art director. He won an Academy Award and was nominated five more times in the category Best Art Direction. He is the father of production designer Sean Haworth and pop artist Jann Haworth.

Western Michigan University

Western Michigan University (WMU) is a public research university in Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States. The university was established in 1903 by Dwight B. Waldo. Its enrollment, as of the Fall 2016 semester, was 23,252.WMU's aviation program is ranked as one of the top 5 aviation programs offered in the United States. WMU is the site of the annual International Congress on Medieval Studies. The university's athletic teams compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and are known as the Western Michigan Broncos. They compete in the Mid-American Conference for most sports. WMU is ranked 1,059th in the 2018 US News & World Report global universities ranking.

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