The Hawaii Republican Party is the state affiliate of the Republican Party of the United States. Based in Honolulu, the party is a central organization established for the promotion of the party platform as it is drafted in convention every other year. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through four major county organizations for Hawaiʻi, Kauaʻi, Maui, and the City and County of Honolulu.
Republican Party of Hawaii
|Chairperson||Shirlene D. Ostrov|
|Senate Minority Leader||Kurt Fevella|
|House Minority Leader||Gene Ward|
|Founded||November 1, 1902|
|Merger of||Home Rule Party of Hawaii|
Reform Party (Hawaii)
|Political position||Center to Center-right|
|National affiliation||Republican Party|
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As a whole, Hawaiʻi Republicans advocate for limited government, lower taxes, decentralized control of public schools, and improving the state's business climate. Republicans have been supportive of big business plans and commitments to assist companies in the state in competing against large businesses in other states. They also usually support interstate and international commerce. For example, former Lieutenant Governor Duke Aiona has been a strong proponent of keeping the National Football League's Pro Bowl in Hawaii, and former Governor Linda Lingle proposed tax reduction incentives to businesses to encourage creation of work opportunities, such as hotel renovations.
In the Reform Party, a pre-statehood group that after annexation was largely sympathetic toward the Republican Party, Lorrin Thurston was a strong supporter of the formation of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. In the 21st century, Governor Lingle proposed a Clean Energy Initiative to promote clean and renewable energy resources, with the goal of making the state 70% energy self-sustainable by 2030. The initiative plans to use solar, wind, ocean, geothermal, and biomass as energy resources with a phased reduction in the use of fossil fuels.
Despite the influence of the early missionaries and despite recent national trends, the Republican party in Hawaiʻi steadily lost its Christian overtone over time. After annexation, Christians proselytized to new, incoming immigrants contracted to work on Hawaii's growing sugar industry. This was, in large part, brought on by Farrington v. Tokushige (1927), a Supreme Court case brought by approximately 100 Japanese, Korean, and Chinese language schools, a number of which were also Buddhist religious schools, against Republican Governor Wallace R. Farrington and the Republican government for passing laws limiting the material taught in private schools, including Buddhist philosophy. The court found the laws unconstitutional and in violation of parents' Fifth Amendment right to choose the education of their children. Duke Aiona, a Republican, presented a proclamation to the president of the Junior Young Buddhist Association in 2004 and attended the 2010 lantern festival.
Recently, the Party has been hesitant to associate itself with religion in general, with members citing the negative effects of the party's association with the Hawaii branch of the Christian Coalition formed by Pat Robertson in 1988. The Coalition swelled Republican membership by 50%, but also gave rise to infighting; by 1993 the party had lost more legislative seats than it started with.
|Shirlene Ostrov||State Chairman|
|Jeffrey Coakley||West Hawaii|
|Lani Eugenio||East Hawaii|
Both of Hawaii's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Democrats since 1976. Hiram Fong was the last Republican to represent Hawaii in the U.S. Senate and, as of 2019, is the only Republican to ever represent the state in the Senate. First elected in 1959, Fong opted to retire instead of seeking a fourth term. Former Governor William F. Quinn ran as the Republican nominee in 1976 and was subsequently defeated by Democratic challenger Spark Matsunaga.
Both of Hawaii's congressional districts have been held by Democrats since 2010. The last Republican to represent Hawaii in the House of Representatives was Charles Djou. First elected in the 2010 special election, Djou was subsequently defeated in his bid for a full term in the 2010 regular elections by Democratic challenger Colleen Hanabusa. Pat Saiki was the last Republican to be elected to a full term in Hawaii. First elected in 1986, Saiki opted not to run for re-election in 1990, instead unsuccessfully running for U.S. Senate.
Hawaii has not elected any GOP candidates to statewide office since 2006, when Linda Lingle was re-elected as governor. In 2010, term limits prevented Lingle from seeking re-election to a third term. Lieutenant Governor Duke Aiona ran as the Republican nominee in the 2010 election and was subsequently defeated by Democratic challenger Neil Abercrombie.
The 2006 Hawaii gubernatorial election was held on November 7, 2006. Incumbent Linda Lingle was the first Republican elected governor of Hawaii since 1962. Although 2006 was a strong election year for Democrats, Lingle won re-election by a landslide owing to an economic rebound in the state that occurred during her tenure after tremulous decade for the state economy during the '90s and early 2000s. As of 2019, this is the most recent election in which a Republican was elected Governor of Hawaii, or won any statewide race for that matter.2008 Hawaii Republican caucuses
The Hawaii Republican caucuses, 2008 were held between January 25 and February 5, 2008. The caucuses chose delegates to Hawaii's Republican State Convention in May 2008, which overwhelmingly lent its support to presidential candidate John McCain.Aaron Ling Johanson
Aaron Ling Johanson (born January 30, 1980) is an American politician who has served as a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives since 2010, representing Aiea, Moanalua, Foster Village and Fort Shafter in Honolulu County on the island of Oahu.
He was originally elected as a Republican in 2010. He was re-elected as such in 2012 and 2014, serving as House Minority Whip from 2011 to 2013 and as House Minority Leader from 2013 to December 29, 2014, when he changed his party affiliation and joined the Democratic Party. He was re-elected as a Democrat in 2016, defeating his Republican opponent with 70% of the vote.Big Five (Hawaii)
The Big Five (Hawaiian: Nā Hui Nui ʻElima) was the name given to a group of what started as sugarcane processing corporations that wielded considerable political power in the Territory of Hawaii during the early 20th century and leaned heavily towards the Hawaii Republican Party. The Big Five were Castle & Cooke, Alexander & Baldwin, C. Brewer & Co., American Factors (now Amfac), and Theo H. Davies & Co. The extent of the power that the Big Five had was considered by some as equivalent to an oligarchy. Attorney General of Hawaii Edmund Pearson Dole, referring to the Big Five, said in 1903, "There is a government in this Territory which is centralized to an extent unknown in the United States, and probably almost as centralized as it was in France under Louis XIV."David S. Chang
David Sung Yeul Chang, ChFC® (born January 4, 1980) is a Korean-American political figure, military combat veteran, entrepreneur and CEO, keynote speaker and editor of The Art of Thinking Smart, based in Honolulu, Hawaii. He is the chairman and CEO of Chang Holding Company Incorporated, a military intelligence officer in the Hawaii Army National Guard, and is the Past Chairman of the Hawaii Republican Party and the Republican National Committee. Chang was elected chair in November 2011 for the 2011-2013 term and re-elected for another two-year term in May 2013, but resigned in March 2014, before the end of his term. He is a Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC®).Democratic Party of Hawaii
The Democratic Party of Hawaii is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Hawaii.
The party is a centralized organization established to promote the party platform as drafted in convention biennially. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through county organizations for Hawaii County, Kauaʻi County, Maui County and the City and County of Honolulu. The Hawaii Democratic Party maintained political control of the state government in Hawaii for over forty years, from 1962 to 2002.Governor of Hawaii
The Governor of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Ke Kiaʻaina o Hawaiʻi) is the chief executive of the state of Hawaii and its various agencies and departments, as provided in the Hawaii State Constitution Article V, Sections 1 through 6. It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state. The governor is responsible for enforcing laws passed by the Hawaii State Legislature and upholding rulings of the Hawaii State Judiciary. The role includes being commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Hawaii and having the power to use those forces to execute laws, suppress insurrection and violence and repel invasion. The Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii becomes acting governor upon the officeholder's absence from the state or if the person is unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office. Historically, the Governor of Hawaii has been from either the Democratic Party of Hawaii or Hawaii Republican Party.
The current Governor of Hawaii is Democrat David Ige, who assumed the position on December 1, 2014. Hawaii was the first U.S. state to have an Asian American chief executive; George Ariyoshi served three terms between 1974 and 1986. The state currently has had three Asian American, one Native Hawaiian, as well as four white people holding the governorship.Green Party of Hawaii
The Green Party of Hawai'i (GPH) is the green party organization in the state of Hawaii, and an affiliate organization of the Green Party of the United States.
The party's focus includes environmental issues, community-based economics, personal responsibility, diversity, social justice, and non-violence.Hawaii Democratic Revolution of 1954
The Hawaii Democratic Revolution of 1954 was a nonviolent revolution that took place in the Hawaiian Archipelago consisting of general strikes, protests, and other acts of civil disobedience. The Revolution culminated in the territorial elections of 1954 where the long reign of the Hawaii Republican Party in the legislature came to an abrupt end, as they were voted out of the office to be replaced by members of the Democratic Party of Hawaii. The strikes by the Isles' labor workers demanded similar pay and benefits to their Mainland counterparts. The strikes also crippled the power of the sugarcane plantations and the Big Five Oligopoly over their workers.Henry Alexander Baldwin
Henry Alexander Baldwin or Harry Alexander Baldwin (January 12, 1871 – October 8, 1946) was a sugarcane plantation manager, and politician who served as Congressional Delegate to the United States House of Representatives representing the Territory of Hawaii. He was one of the earliest leaders of the Hawaii Republican Party.House of Kawānanakoa
The House of Kawānanakoa, or the Kawānanakoa Dynasty, are descendants to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi.John Carroll (Hawaii politician)
John Stanley Carroll (born December 18, 1929) is an American politician from the state of Hawaii. He served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1970 to 1978 and in the Hawaii State Senate from 1978 to 1980. He is a retired lawyer, having been educated at Saint Mary's University, the University of Hawaii at Hilo and the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He served in the United States Army during the Korean War and later transferred to the United States Air Force. He graduated the Air Command and Staff College and the Air War College, became a staff judge advocate for the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard, and retired from the Air Force as a colonel. After military service, he worked as a pilot for Hawaiian Airlines. From 1981 to 1982, he chaired the Hawaii Republican Party.Carroll ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Hawaii in 2002 and 2010, for the United States House of Representatives in 2002, and for the United States Senate in 2000 and 2012. In August 2016, Carroll won the Republican nomination for United States Senate for 2016. In the 2016 Primary Election, Carroll received 26,749 votes for a share of 61.7% of the votes cast by Republican voters. In the 2016 General Election, Carroll received 92,653 voters for a share of 21.2% of the votes cast. He lost in the general election to incumbent Democrat Brian Schatz.
In 2017, facing potential disbarment over two 2015 complaints of professional misconduct, Carroll agreed to give up his law license.Following the 2018 Hawaii false missile alert message sent by the State of Hawaii's Emergency Management Agency to hundreds of thousands of Hawaii residents via their phones on 13 January 2018, Carroll dubbed the incumbent Democratic governor David Ige "Doomsday David" and called on him to resign.He sought the Republican nomination for Governor of Hawaii in 2018.As of mid-March 2018, John Carroll was leading GOP rival Andria Tupola in the Honolulu Star-Advertiser's statewide poll of likely 2018 Republican voters by a double-digit margin of 12 percentage points. The poll showing 40% of potential Republican voters supporting Carroll as opposed to 28% supporting Tupola. Carroll was defeated by Tupola by a 20% margin in the August 11 primary.Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
The Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Hope kiaʻāina o Hawaiʻi) is the assistant chief executive of the U.S. state of Hawaii and its various agencies and departments, as provided in the Article V, Sections 2 though 6 of the Constitution of Hawaii. Elected by popular suffrage of residents of the state on the same ticket as the Governor of Hawaii, the officeholder is concurrently the Secretary of State of Hawaii.
The officeholder becomes Governor of Hawaii in an acting capacity upon an absence of the person occupying the office from the state or if the person becomes disabled from duty. Historically, Hawaii Lieutenant Governors were members of either the Hawaii Democratic Party or Hawaii Republican Party. Three have gone on to become Governor of Hawaii: George Ariyoshi, Ben Cayetano and John D. Waihee III.Lincoln Loy McCandless
Lincoln "Link" Loy McCandless (September 18, 1859 – October 5, 1940) was a United States cattle rancher, industrialist and politician for the Territory of Hawaii. McCandless served in the United States Congress as a territorial delegate. A former member of the Hawaii Republican Party, McCandless was one of the earliest leaders of the Hawaii Democratic Party.Linda Lingle
Linda Lingle (née Cutter; June 4, 1953) is an American politician, who was the sixth governor of Hawaii from 2002 until 2010. She was the first Republican governor of Hawaii since 1962. Lingle was also the first female governor of Hawaii and its first Jewish governor. Prior to serving as governor, Lingle served as Maui County mayor, council member, and chair of the Hawaii Republican Party.
During the 2004 Republican National Convention in New York City, Lingle served as chair of the convention during the absence of permanent chair Dennis Hastert from the convention floor. In 2012, she was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate, vying unsuccessfully for an open seat vacated by retiring U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka.In January 2015, Lingle was appointed as a senior adviser to Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner, and left the position in July 2016. She also served on the Governors’ Council of the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C. Lingle moved back to Hawaii in the second quarter of 2017 and became a member of Hawaii Pacific University's board of trustees in June 2017.List of state parties of the Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party, also commonly called the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery activists in 1854, it dominated politics nationally for most of the period from 1860 to 1932. There have been 19 Republican presidents, the first being Abraham Lincoln, serving from 1861 to 1865, and the most recent being Donald Trump.
This is a list of the official state and territorial party organizations of the Republican Party.Neal Blaisdell
Neal Shaw Blaisdell (November 6, 1902 – November 5, 1975) served as Mayor of Honolulu from 1955 to 1969 as a member of the Hawaii Republican Party. As chief executive of City and County of Honolulu, Hawaii, Blaisdell oversaw one of the largest construction booms in city and county history, working closely with Governor John A. Burns.Pat Saiki
Patricia Hatsue Saiki (née Fukuda; born May 28, 1930) is an American politician and former school teacher from Hilo in the state of Hawai'i. She served as a Republican in Congress from 1987 to 1991 and then as Administrator of the Small Business Administration under President of the United States George H. W. Bush.Reform Party (Hawaii)
The Reform Party, also referred to as "the Missionary Party", or the "Down-Town Party", was a political party in the Kingdom of Hawaii. It was founded by descendants of Protestant missionaries that came to Hawaii from New England. The Reform/Missionary Party merged with native Hawaiian members of the Home Rule Party led by Prince Kuhio in 1902 to form the Hawaii Republican Party. The fused Republican Party would lead the so-called Haole-Hawaiian Alliance with uninterrupted Legislative majorities until Democrats took control of the Legislature in 1954.
Political parties of Hawaii