Hawaii's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district encompasses all rural and most suburban areas of Oahu/Honolulu County, as well as the entire state outside of Oahu. Besides Honolulu, the district includes the counties of Kauai, Maui, Kalawao and Hawaii ("the Big Island"). The district spans 331 miles. The most populous community entirely within the district is Hilo. Major segments of the economy include tourism, ranching and agriculture, especially pineapple and sugarcane cultivation.
|Hawaii's 2nd congressional district|
Hawaii's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013
(all but the green-shaded portion of Oahu)
When Hawaii and Alaska were admitted to the Union in 1959, both new states were granted one at-large Representative to Congress pending the next United States Census. In the reapportionment following the 1960 U.S. Census, Hawaii was entitled to a second U.S. Representative. Instead of creating two congressional districts, the state continued to elect its U.S. Representatives at-large. Two representatives were first elected in 1962 and Hawaii was first represented by two U.S. Representatives on January 2, 1963 upon the convening of the 88th Congress.
The 2nd Congressional District was created in 1971 when Hawaii began electing its representatives from districts instead of electing an at-large U.S. Representative statewide.
Historically, the 2nd Congressional District has been the more Democratic of the state's two districts, with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+19.
|2000||President||Al Gore 56% – George W. Bush 36%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 56% – George W. Bush 44%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 73% – John McCain 25%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 71% – Mitt Romney 27%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 61% – Donald Trump 30%|
Under the U.S. Constitution, a candidate for this district only has to be a resident of Hawaii, but does not have to live in the district itself. The first non-resident to be elected to this U.S. House seat was Ed Case, a Honolulu attorney, though Case was born and raised on the Big Island of Hawaii. The home state office of the Second Congressional District is at the Prince Kuhio Federal Building near Honolulu Harbor.
|Democratic||January 3, 1971 —
January 3, 1977
|Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1970.|
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 1977 —
May 15, 1990
|Elected in 1976.|
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
|Vacant||May 15, 1990 —
September 22, 1990
|Democratic||September 22, 1990 —
September 28, 2002
|Elected to finish Akaka's term.|
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected posthumously in 2002.
|Vacant||September 28, 2002 —|
November 30, 2002
|Democratic||November 30, 2002 —
January 3, 2003
|107th||Elected to finish Mink's term in the 107th Congress.|
|Vacant||January 3, 2003 —|
January 4, 2003
|Democratic||January 4, 2003 —
January 3, 2007
|Elected to finish Mink's term in the 108th Congress.|
Re-elected in 2004.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 2007 —
January 3, 2013
|Elected in 2006.|
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 2013 —
|Elected in 2012.|
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
|Democratic win (new seat)|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||79,856||57.08%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||86,916||62.58%|
|Republican||Carla W. Coray||51,984||37.42%|
|Independents for Godly Government||Bill Penaroza||3,461||2.22%|
|People's Party||Dexter Cate||2,408||1.54%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||118,272||85.73%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||3,988||2.89%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||141,477||89.90%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||132,072||89.23%|
|Nonpartisan||Gregory B. Mills||9,080||6.14%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||6,856||4.63%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||112,377||82.18%|
|Republican||A.D. (Al) Shipley||20,000||14.63%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||4,364||3.19%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||123,830||76.05%|
|Republican||Maria M. Hustace||35,371||21.73%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||144,802||88.94%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||18,006||11.06%|
|Democratic||Duane A. Black||1,242||0.90%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||791||0.57%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||118,155||66.27%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||5,508||3.09%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||131,454||72.65%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||9,431||5.21%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||124,431||70.14%|
|Republican||Robert H. (Lopaka) Garner||42,891||24.18%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||109,178||60.33%|
|Republican||Tom Pico Jr.||55,729||30.80%|
|Libertarian||James M. Keefe||4,769||2.64%|
|Natural Law||Amanda (Mandy) Toulon||3,564||1.97%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||144,254||69.40%|
|Republican||Carol J. Douglass||50,423||24.25%|
|Libertarian||Noreen Leilehua Chun||13,194||6.35%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||112,856||61.59%|
|Libertarian||Lawrence G.K. Duquesne||4,468||2.44%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||100,671||56.16%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||4,719||2.63%|
|Natural Law||Nick Bedworth||2,200||1.23%|
|No party||34 others||2,754||5.96%%|
|Democratic||Ed Case (Incumbent)||33,002||43.24%|
|No party||39 others||5,435||7.12%%|
|Democratic||Ed Case (Incumbent)||133,317||62.77%|
|Democratic||Mazie Hirono (Incumbent)||165,748||76.06%|
|Republican||Roger B. Evans||44,425||20.39%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||3,699||1.70%|
|Democratic||Mazie Hirono (Incumbent)||132,290||72.19%|
|Republican||John W. Willoughby||46,404||25.32%|
|Nonpartisan||Andrew V. Von Sonn||1,310||0.72%|
|Democratic||Tulsi Gabbard (Incumbent)||142,010||78.7%|
|Democratic||Tulsi Gabbard (Incumbent)||170,848||76.23%|
|Republican||Angela Aulani Kaaihue||39,668||17.70%|
As of April 2018, there are two living former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from the district. The most recent representative to die was Daniel Akaka (served 1977–1990), who died on April 6, 2018. The most recently serving representative to die was Patsy Mink (served 1971–1977, 1990–2002), who died in office on September 28, 2002.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Ed Case||2002–2007||September 27, 1952|
|Mazie Hirono||2007–2013||November 3, 1947|
The 1990 United States House of Representatives elections was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1990 which occurred in the middle of President George H. W. Bush's term. As in most midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the Democratic Party, slightly increasing the Democratic majority in the chamber. It was a rare instance, however, in which both major parties lost votes to third parties such as the Libertarian Party as well as independent candidates.2002–2003 Hawaii's 2nd congressional district special elections
There were two United States House of Representatives special elections in Hawaii's 2nd congressional district within 35 days of each other to select the successor to Democrat Patsy Mink who had died from pneumonia. The elections, held November 30, 2002 and January 4, 2003, were officially nonpartisan and each held as general elections without primaries to pick a successor for the remainder of her term in the 107th Congress and for the next term in the 108th Congress, to which Mink was posthumously re-elected. Both elections were won by Democrat Ed Case.2003 United States House of Representatives special elections
In 2003, two special elections to fill vacancies in the House of Representatives were held. They were for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district (on January 4) and Texas's 19th congressional district (June 3). None of these congressional seats changed party hands2003 United States elections
The 2003 United States elections, most of which were held on Tuesday, November 4, were off-year elections in which no members of the Congress were standing for election. However, there were three gubernatorial races, state legislative elections in four states, numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races in several major cities, and a variety of local offices on the ballot.
The most high-profile race during this year was the California gubernatorial recall election: California voters replaced incumbent Governor Gray Davis with actor Arnold Schwarzenegger.2006 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii
The 2006 congressional elections in Hawaii were held on November 4, 2006 to determine who was to represent the state of Hawaii in the United States House of Representatives for the 111th Congress. Hawaii has two seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms.2008 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii
The 2008 congressional elections in Hawaii were held on November 4, 2008 to determine who was to represent the state of Hawaii in the United States House of Representatives for the 111th Congress from January 3, 2009, until their terms of office expire on January 3, 2011. Incumbent Neil Abercrombie (D) was reelected in Hawaii's 1st congressional district. Incumbent Mazie Hirono (D) was reelected in Hawaii's 2nd congressional district.
Hawaii has two seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms. The election coincided with the 2008 U.S. presidential election.2010 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii
The 2010 congressional elections in Hawaii was held on November 4, 2010 to determine who was to represent the state of Hawaii in the United States House of Representatives for the 112th Congress from January 2011, until their terms of office expire in January 2013.
Hawaii has two seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms. The election coincided with the 2010 gubernatorial election.2020 United States presidential election in Hawaii
The 2020 United States presidential election in Hawaii is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Hawaii voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Hawaii has 4 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of September 2019, Donald Trump, Joe Walsh, Bill Weld, and Mark Sanford are the declared Republican candidates for 2020. Tulsi Gabbard, the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, is running. A number of other Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Beto O’Rourke and former Vice President Joe Biden are the major declared candidates.Bob Hogue
Robert Charles Hogue (born September 7, 1953) is an American athletic conference commissioner, author and columnist, sportscaster, and a former Republican member of the Hawaii State Senate representing the 24th district (Kailua-Kaneohe) for six years (2000–2006). He was the Republican nominee for U.S. Congress in Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, to replace Ed Case, but lost in the 2006 general election to former Lieutenant Governor Mazie Hirono. Hogue is currently the commissioner of the Pacific West Conference, a position he has held since 2007.Bob McDermott
Bob McDermott (born August 5, 1963) is an American politician and a Republican member of the Hawaii House of Representatives since January 16, 2013 representing District 40. McDermott previously served three terms in the Hawaii House
of Representatives from 1997 until 2003, but left to run to represent Hawaii's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.Brian Evans (singer)
Brian K. Evans (born May 3, 1970) is an American actor, writer, and big band singer known mostly as a crooner. He was the 2018 Republican nominee for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district.Evans' singing career began in the late 1980s and later included extended performances in Vancouver, Las Vegas, and Hawaii. After a role in a television commercial, he was hired in other acting roles in the 1990s. Evans ran for the U.S. Senate in 2004 and 2014 from Hawaii as a Democrat, before running as a Republican for the U.S. House in 2018.Ed Case
Edward Espenett Case (born September 27, 1952) is an American Democratic politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 1st congressional district, which covers the urban core of Honolulu. He represented the 2nd district, which covers the rest of the state, from 2002 to 2007.
Case, a Blue Dog Democrat, first came to prominence in Hawaii as majority leader of the Hawaii State Legislature and in his 2002 campaign for governor of Hawaii.
First elected to the House of Representatives in 2002 in a special election to fill the seat of Patsy Mink, who died of pneumonia, Case represented Hawaii's 2nd congressional district until 2006, when he unsuccessfully challenged Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate.
In 2010 Case was one of two Democratic candidates in the special election for Hawaii's 1st congressional district. With the Democratic vote split, Republican Councilman Charles Djou's 39% of the vote earned him the seat. Case ran again in the Democratic primary for the November general election, but suspended his campaign in May. Colleen Hanabusa, Case's fellow Democrat in the special election, went on to win the primary and the general election against Djou. Case again ran for the Senate in 2012 after Daniel Akaka announced his retirement, but lost to Mazie Hirono.In July 2013 Case announced that he was joining Outrigger Enterprises Group and that his political career was "likely" over. In June 2018, Case reversed his decision and announced he would run again in Hawaii's 1st congressional district. Case won the crowded Democratic primary election in August 2018, and went on to win the general election. He took office in January 2019.Kai Kahele
Kaiali‘i Kahele (born March 28, 1974) is an American politician and son of Gil Kahele. He is a member of the Hawaii Senate from the 1st district, serving since 2016. Kahele has sponsored 203 bills. He is a member of the Democratic Party.He is currently running for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district in 2020 against incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative and 2020 presidential candidate Tulsi Gabbard.Mazie Hirono
Mazie Keiko Hirono (; Japanese name: 広野 慶子, Hirono Keiko; born November 3, 1947) is a Japanese-born American politician serving since 2013 as the junior United States Senator from Hawaii. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Hirono served as a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1981 to 1995 and as Hawaii's ninth lieutenant governor from 1994 to 2002, under Ben Cayetano. The Democratic nominee for governor of Hawaii in 2002, Hirono was defeated by Republican Linda Lingle. From 2007 to 2013, she served as a member of the United States House of Representatives for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district.
Hirono is the first elected female senator from Hawaii, the first Asian-American woman elected to the Senate, the first U.S. senator born in Japan, and the nation's first Buddhist senator. She considers herself a non-practicing Buddhist and is often cited with Hank Johnson as the first Buddhist to serve in the United States Congress. She is the third woman to be elected to Congress from Hawaii (after Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki). In 2012, Hirono was the Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retirement of Daniel Akaka. Hirono won the election, defeating Lingle in landslide, 63% to 37%. She was sworn in on January 3, 2013, by Vice President Joe Biden. Hirono was the only person of Asian ancestry serving in the U.S. Senate from 2013 until 2017, when senators Tammy Duckworth and Kamala Harris were sworn in, representing Illinois and California, respectively. Although Brian Schatz joined the Senate a week before Hirono, following the death of Daniel Inouye, making him Hawaii's senior senator, her six years in the House of Representatives makes her the dean, or longest-serving member overall, of Hawaii's congressional delegation.Prince Kuhio Federal Building
The Prince Kūhiō Federal Building, formally the Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Federal Building and United States Courthouse, is the official seat of the United States federal government and its local branches of various agencies and departments in the state of Hawaiʻi. Its address is 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Honolulu, Hawaii 96850.The building was completed in 1977 with a total of 929,857 square feet (86,386.5 m2) of working space.
It houses the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii. the United States Attorney for the District of Hawaii, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Honolulu Division), the offices of Hawaii's U.S. Senators, the offices of Hawaii's U.S. Representatives for Hawaii's 1st congressional district and Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, and branch offices of the United States Secret Service, Department of Homeland Security, United States Department of Justice, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Internal Revenue Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, among other entities.The building was named after Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole, heir to the throne of the overthrown Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, who served as Republican territorial delegate to the United States Congress from 1903 through 1922.
It was built on part of the former US Army Fort Armstrong, which was named for Samuel C. Armstrong (1839–1893), son of Hawaiian missionaries.
Across Ala Moana Boulevard is the Aloha Tower at the Honolulu harbor. Other parts of Fort Armstrong became a container terminal for military supplies.The Prince Kūhiō Building was constructed to replace the aging Federal Court, Customs House and Post Office building fronting ʻIolani Palace and adjacent to Aliʻiōlani Hale which had been built in 1922 and expanded in 1931. After being mostly vacant, the old building was renovated and put up for sale. The old building was given back to the state of Hawaiʻi and was renamed the King David Kalākaua Building in December 2003.Construction of the Prince Kūhiō Federal Building was not without controversy. The General Services Administration wanted a simple tall office tower, while local architects argued for a building more appropriate to Hawaii.
Statutes provided that all buildings between the shoreline and the foot of Punchbowl Crater could not be taller than the Hawaiʻi State Capitol. The federal government, not legally limited by local statutes, defied the statutes and constructed the building as the tallest structure in the path of the capitol building's view of the shoreline. The complex includes ten stories of offices (including a penthouse level), connected by an enclosed bridge to a six-story courthouse building (including basement).The Prince Kūhiō Federal Building was designed by Joseph G.F. Farrell's firm Architects Hawaii. Other government buildings designed by the firm include the capitol building of Palau, which opened in 2006.
The building was selected for $121 million of renovations as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The plan is to make the building more efficient by upgrading its mechanical, electrical, fire-safety, and plumbing systems.
It had already been cited as an efficient building by the Energy Star program.
Traces of asbestos were discovered during the first phase.
The second phase of construction was approved in March 2011.Special elections to the 108th United States Congress
There were two special elections to the United States House of Representatives during 2003.
On January 4, 2003, Ed Case (D) was re-elected to Hawaii's 2nd congressional district. His predecessor, Patsy Mink (D) had died September 28, 2002 and was posthumously re-elected in November. Case was elected in a November 30, 2002 special election to finish the term that ended January 3, 2003. Case was then re-elected on January 4, 2003 to the new term.
On June 3, 2003, Randy Neugebauer (R) was elected to Texas's 19th congressional district. His predecessor, Larry Combest (R) had resigned May 31, 2003 after deaths in his family.Stop Arming Terrorists Act
The Stop Arming Terrorists Act is a proposed Act of Congress that was originally sponsored by United States Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district Tulsi Gabbard and United States Senator for Kentucky Rand Paul in early 2017 to prohibit the use of United States Government funds to provide assistance to Al Qaeda, Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and to countries supporting those organizations, and for other purposes.
As November 2017, 14 other lawmakers out of 435 United States House of Representatives have co-sponsored Gabbard’s House bill. Paul’s Senate version of the bill, on the other hand, has zero cosponsors.Tulsi Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard (; born April 12, 1981) is an American politician and military veteran serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, she became the first Samoan American and the first practicing Hindu member of Congress upon her election.
Gabbard served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 2002 to 2004. She was the youngest woman to be elected to a state legislature when she was elected at age 21. Gabbard served in a field medical unit of the Hawaii Army National Guard in a combat zone in Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and was deployed to Kuwait from 2008 to 2009.
Gabbard was a vice chair of the Democratic National Committee from 2013 to 2016, when she resigned to endorse Senator Bernie Sanders for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination.
Gabbard is a candidate for the Democratic nomination for president of the United States in 2020. Her domestic policy platform is economically and socially progressive and has been described as "similar to Bernie Sanders … in many respects". She supports abortion rights and Medicare for All. She voted and lobbied against LGBT rights in Hawaii prior to her first tour of duty, but since 2011 Gabbard has repeatedly apologized for her earlier positions and now supports LGBT rights. Gabbard opposes military interventionism, but has called herself a "hawk" on terrorism. Her decision to meet Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and expressions of skepticism about his use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Civil War attracted controversy.Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign
The 2020 presidential campaign of Tulsi Gabbard, the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, began on January 11, 2019. If Gabbard were to win, she would become the first female, Hindu, and Samoan president in American history, and would be the youngest person to ever hold the office (at the age of 39).