The Hatakaze class of guided missile destroyers is a third generation class of vessels in service with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). They were the first of the JMSDF's ships to have gas-turbine propulsion.
The core weapon suite is similar to that of the preceding Tachikaze class, but various improvements were made in many areas. Most notable are those that allow the Hatakaze class to function as a group flagship. Normally this duty resides with a larger type of ship, but in case of their absence due to repairs, accident, or battle damage, the Hatakaze design allows for it to function as a command ship.
Hatakaze destroyers operate the OYQ-4-1 type tactical control system. Its weapon systems include the Standard missile surface-to-air missile, anti-submarine rockets, the RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile, two Mark 15 20 mm CIWS gun mounts, two torpedo mounts in a triple tube configuration and two 5 inch/54 caliber Mark 42 rapid-fire guns.
Hatakaze (DDG-171) docked in Pearl Harbor, 1988
|Builders:||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Operators:||Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force|
|Preceded by:||Tachikaze class|
|Succeeded by:||Kongō class|
|Type:||Guided missile destroyer|
|Length:||150 m (492 ft 2 in)|
|Beam:||16.4 m (53 ft 10 in)|
|Draft:||4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)|
|Speed:||30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h)|
Hatakaze was also the name of a pre–World War II destroyer of the Kamikaze class. Commissioned on 1 August 1924, Hatakaze was finally sunk by aerial attack on 15 January 1945.
The name Shimakaze was also shared by an Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer of 3048 tons, built at Maizuru Shipyards in Japan. She was completed in May 1943, being extremely large and fast, with a very heavy torpedo armament. Shimakaze was sunk by U.S. Navy carrier-based aircraft in the Philippines area on 11 November 1944, along with three other destroyers in the Ormoc Bay area, while escorting troop transports to the vicinity.
|Building no.||Pennant no.||Name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Home port|
|2311||DDG-171||Hatakaze||20 May 1983||9 November 1984||27 March 1986||Yokosuka|
|2312||DDG-172||Shimakaze||13 January 1985||30 January 1987||23 March 1988||Maizuru|
The Mark 42 5"/54 caliber gun (127mm) is a naval gun (naval artillery) mount used by the United States Navy and other countries. It consisted of the Mark 18 gun and Mark 42 gun mount. United States naval gun terminology indicates the gun fires a projectile 5 inches (127.0 mm) in diameter, and the barrel is 54 calibers long (barrel length is 5" × 54 = 270" or 6.9 meters.) In the 1950s a gun with more range and a faster rate of fire than the 5"/38 caliber gun used in World War II was needed, therefore, the gun was created concurrently with the 3"/70 Mark 26 gun for different usages. The 5"/54 Mk 42 is an automatic, dual-purpose (air / surface target) gun mount. It is usually controlled remotely from the Mk 68 Gun Fire Control System, or locally from the mount at the One Man Control (OMC) station.The self-loading gun mount weighs about 60.4 long tons (61.4 t) including two drums under the mount holding 40 rounds of semi-fixed case type ammunition. The gun fires 31.75 kg (70.0 lb) projectiles at a velocity of 2,650 ft/s (807.7 m/s). Maximum rate of fire is 40 rounds per minute. Magazine capacity is 599 rounds per mount. The Mark 42 mount originally was equipped for two on-mount gunners, one surface and one antiaircraft, but the antiaircraft gunner position was scrapped later on when the increasing speed of naval aircraft made manual aiming of antiaircraft weapons impractical. The Mark 45 lightweight (22.1 long tons (22.5 t)) gun mount began replacing the Mk 42 mount in 1971 for easier maintenance and improved reliability in new naval construction for the United States Navy.Guided missile destroyer
A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.
In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.Japanese destroyer Hatakaze
Three Japanese destroyers have been named Hatakaze (the Japanese word for "flag wind"):
Japanese destroyer Hatakaze (1924), a Kamikaze-class destroyer (1922) of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II
JDS Hatakaze (DD-182), an Asakaze-class destroyer of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, launched in 1954 and deleted in 1969, formerly USS Macomb (DD-458).
JS Hatakaze (DDG-171), lead ship of the Hatakaze classList of fictional ships
This list of fictional ships lists artificial vehicles supported by water, which are either the subject of, or an important element of, a notable work of fiction.List of naval ship classes in service
The list of naval ship classes in service includes all combatant surface classes in service currently with navies or armed forces and auxiliaries in the world. Ships are grouped by type, and listed alphabetically within.
For other vessels, see also:
List of submarine classes in service
List of auxiliary ship classes in serviceList of ship launches in 1984
The list of ship launches in 1984 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 1984.List of ship launches in 1987
The list of ship launches in 1987 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 1987.Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (三菱重工業株式会社, Mitsubishi Jūkōgyō Kabushiki-kaisha, informally MHI) is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. MHI is one of the core companies of the Mitsubishi Group.
MHI's products include aerospace components, air conditioners, aircraft, automotive components, forklift trucks, hydraulic equipment, machine tools, missiles, power generation equipment, printing machines, ships and space launch vehicles. Through its defense-related activities, it is the world's 23rd-largest defense contractor measured by 2011 defense revenues and the largest based in Japan.On November 28, 2018, the company was ordered by the South Korea Supreme Court to pay compensation for forced labor which the company oversaw during the Japanese occupation of Korea.Rolls-Royce Marine Spey
The Rolls-Royce Marine Spey is a marine gas turbine based on the Rolls-Royce Spey and TF41 aircraft turbofan engines. The Marine Spey currently powers seven ship classes including the Royal Navy's Type 23 frigates and provides a power output of 19.5 MW (about 26,150HP). The Marine Spey incorporates technology from the Tay and RB211.USS Reuben James (FFG-57)
USS Reuben James (FFG-57), an Oliver Hazard Perry-class guided missile frigate, was the third ship of the U.S. Navy named for Reuben James, a boatswain's mate who distinguished himself fighting the Barbary pirates. Her crew totaled 201 enlisted, 18 chief petty officers, and 26 officers.
Combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
|Helicopter Destroyer (DDH)|
|Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)|
|All Purpose Destroyer (DDA)|
|Anti Submarine Destroyer (DDK)|
|Destroyer Escort (DE)|
|Frigate Multi-Purpose / Mine(FFM)|
|Patrol Frigate (PF)|
|Ocean Minehunters/Minesweepers (MHS)|
|Coastal Minehunters/Minesweepers (MHC)|