Hat-trick

A hat-trick or hat trick is the achievement of a positive feat three times in a game, or another achievement based on the number three.[1][2]

Origin

The term first appeared in 1858 in cricket, to describe H. H. Stephenson's taking three wickets with three consecutive deliveries. Fans held a collection for Stephenson, and presented him with a hat bought with the proceeds.[3] The term was used in print for the first time in 1865.[4] The term was eventually adopted by many other sports including hockey, soccer, water polo, and team handball.

Association football

A hat-trick occurs in association football when a player scores three goals (not necessarily consecutive) in a single game, whereas scoring two goals constitutes a brace.[5][6] In common with other official record-keeping rules, penalty-kick goals are counted but goals in a penalty shootout are excluded from the tally.[7] The extra time in a knockout cup match may also be calculated towards a player's potential hat-trick. The fastest recorded time to score a hat-trick is 70 seconds, a record set by Alex Torr in a Sunday league game in 2013.[8] The previous record of 90 seconds was held by Tommy Ross playing for Ross County against Nairn County on 28 November 1964.[9]

The first hat-trick in an international game was by Scottish player John McDougall, against England on 2 March 1878.[11] American player Bert Patenaude scored the first hat-trick in the FIFA World Cup, against Paraguay in the inaugural event in 1930. Two hat-tricks have been scored in a World Cup final, by Geoff Hurst for England in the 1966 final during extra time against West Germany,[12] and Carli Lloyd for the USA against Japan in the 2015 Women's World Cup final. Lloyd's was the fastest hat-trick scored in a World Cup final at 13 minutes from first to last goal, and at 16 minutes the fastest from kickoff in any World Cup match for either sex. However, the fastest World Cup hat-trick for either men or women, as measured by time between goals, belongs to Fabienne Humm of Switzerland, who scored in the 47th, 49th and 52nd minutes against Ecuador in the 2015 group stage.

Football has also extended the term to include the phrase perfect hat-trick, achieved when a player scores one right-footed goal, one left-footed goal and one headed goal within one match.[13][14] In Germany and Austria, the term (lupenreiner) Hattrick ("flawless hat-trick") refers to when a player scores three goals in a row in one half without the half-time break or a goal scored by another player interrupting the performance.

Traditionally, a player who scores a hat-trick is allowed to keep the match ball as a memento.[15]

Baseball

In the past, the term was occasionally used to describe when a player struck out three times in a baseball game, and the term golden sombrero was more commonly used when a player struck out four times in a game.

In recent years, hat trick has been more often used to describe when a player hits three home runs in a game.

For example, on 29 August 2015, Toronto Blue Jays fans celebrated Edwin Encarnación's third home run of the game by throwing hats onto the field, similar to the tradition in ice hockey.[16] The phenomenon continued during the 2016 season, and on 17 June 2016, a number of Blue Jays fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards threw hats on to the field after Toronto Blue Jays player Michael Saunders hit his third home run of the night, and again on 28 August at Rogers Centre, when Blue Jays player Josh Donaldson hitting his third home run of the game in the eighth inning against the Minnesota Twins.

Cricket

A hat-trick occurs in cricket when a bowler dismisses three batsmen with consecutive deliveries. The deliveries may be interrupted by an over bowled by another bowler from the other end of the pitch or the other team's innings, but must be three consecutive deliveries by the individual bowler in the same match. Only wickets attributed to the bowler count towards a hat-trick; run outs do not count.

Hat-tricks are rare, and as such are treasured by bowlers. In Test cricket history there have been just 43 hat-tricks, the first achieved by Fred Spofforth for Australia against England in 1879. In 1912, Australian Jimmy Matthews achieved the feat twice in one game against South Africa. The only other players to achieve two hat-tricks are Australia's Hugh Trumble, against England in 1902 and 1904, Pakistan's Wasim Akram, in separate games against Sri Lanka in 1999, and England's Stuart Broad.

In One Day International cricket there have been 36 hat-tricks, the first by Jalal-ud-Din for Pakistan against Australia in 1982, and the most recent by Trent Boult.

Lasith Malinga is the only bowler to take three hat-tricks in any form of international cricket with his three in ODI. Three players have taken at least two ODI hat-tricks in their careers: Wasim Akram and Saqlain Mushtaq of Pakistan and Chaminda Vaas of Sri Lanka. (Akram therefore has four international hat-tricks in total).

Taking two wickets in two consecutive deliveries is occasionally known as a brace, or (more commonly, especially until the next delivery has been made) being on a hat-trick.

The feat of taking four wickets in four balls has occurred only once in international one-day cricket, in the 2007 World Cup, when Sri Lanka's Lasith Malinga managed the feat against South Africa by dismissing Shaun Pollock, Andrew Hall, Jacques Kallis and Makhaya Ntini, though it has occurred on other occasions in first-class cricket. Kevan James of Hampshire took four wickets in four balls and scored a century in the same county game against India in 1996. The Cricinfo report on the game claimed that this was unique in cricket.[17][18]

Nuwan Zoysa of Sri Lanka is the only bowler to achieve a hat-trick off his first three balls in a Test, dismissing Murray Goodwin, Neil Johnson and Trevor Gripper of Zimbabwe.[19] In 2006 Irfan Pathan of India achieved a hat-trick in the first over of the test match, off the last three balls, when dismissing Salman Butt, Younis Khan and Mohammad Yousuf of Pakistan. Chaminda Vaas is the only one to achieve a hat-trick of the very first deliveries in one day internationals, against Bangladesh in the tenth match of 2003 ICC World Cup at City Oval, Pietermaritzburg. He got Hannan Sarkar, Mohammad Ashraful and Ehsanul Haque out in the first three balls and took his fourth wicket in the fifth ball of the same over, just missing the double-hat-trick.

Albert Trott and Joginder Rao are the only two bowlers credited with two hat-tricks in the same innings in first-class cricket. One of Trott's two hat-tricks, for Middlesex against Somerset at Lords in 1907, was a four in four.

Some hat-tricks are particularly extraordinary. On 2 December 1988, Merv Hughes, playing for Australia, dismissed Curtly Ambrose with the last ball of his penultimate over and Patrick Patterson with the first ball of his next over, wrapping up the West Indies first innings. When Hughes returned to bowl in the West Indies second innings, he trapped Gordon Greenidge lbw with his first ball, completing a hat-trick over two different innings and becoming the only player in Test cricket history to achieve the three wickets of a hat-trick in three different overs.

In 2019 in 2018–19 Bangladesh Premier League, Al Islam of Dhaka Dynamites become the first-bowler to take a hat-trick in his BPL Twenty20 debut. He did so against Rangpur Riders by picking up the wickets of Mohammad Mithun, Mashrafe Mortaza and Farhad Reza.[20][21][22][23][24][25]

In 1844, underarm bowler William Clark, playing for "England" against Kent, achieved a hat-trick spread over two innings, dismissing Kent batsman John Fagge twice within the hat-trick. Fagge batted at number 11 in the first innings and at number 3 in the second. This event is believed to be unique in first-class cricket.[26]

For Gloucestershire against Yorkshire in 1922, CWL Parker had a hat-trick that was so nearly five wickets in five balls: he actually struck the stumps with five successive deliveries, but the second was a no-ball.

The most involved hat-trick was perhaps when Melbourne club cricketer Stephen Hickman, playing for Power House in March 2002, achieved a hat-trick spread over three overs, two days, two innings, involving the same batsman twice, and observed by the same non-striker, with the hat-trick ball being bowled from the opposite end to the first two. In the Mercantile Cricket Association C Grade semi-final at Fawkner Park, South Yarra, Gunbower United Cricket Club were 8 for 109 when Hickman came on to bowl his off spin. He took a wicket with the last ball of his third over and then bowled number 11 batsman Richard Higgins with the first ball of his next over to complete the Gunbower innings, leaving Chris Taylor the not out batsman. Power House scored 361, putting the game out of reach of Gunbower. In the second innings opener Taylor was joined by Higgins at the fall of the fourth wicket as Hickman returned to the attack. With his first ball, observed by an incredulous Taylor at the non-striker's end, he clean bowled Higgins, leaving Higgins with a pair of golden ducks.[27]

Five wickets in five balls was achieved by Scott Babot of Wainuiomata Cricket Club playing in the Senior 3 competition in New Zealand in 2008; it happened across two innings and separated by seven days, as the match took place on consecutive Saturdays.[28]

Another Five wickets in five balls was taken by Hanuman Choudhary when playing for the Cricket Association of Memphis team (CAM) against Wolfpacks in the Arkansas Tennessee Cricket League on 23 October 2016, in the semifinal of India Association of Memphis tournament in Memphis Premier League 3. His five consecutive dismissals helped close the innings from 142–5 to 142 all out.[29] During Brazil's national T20 in 2017, the spectators witnessed a triple hat trick when Carioca Cricket Club's off spinner, Rafi ur Rahman claimed 5 wickets on 5 consecutive balls. The feat came against Brasilia Federal District when the unorthodox off spinner claimed a leg before, two players clean bowled and two caught. The moment was declared "Best of the year" in the 2017 national awards by the club.[30]

A 'perfect over' of 6 wickets taken with 6 consecutive balls was achieved by Australian Aled Carey on 21 January 2017 while bowling for his club Golden Point against East Ballarat. This very rare feat consisted of 2 catches, an LBW and 3 bowled.[31]

There are very few cases of a fielder or wicket keeper taking a hat-trick of dismissals off consecutive deliveries in first-class cricket, and none in international cricket. The first such instance is the only known hat-trick of stumpings by a wicket keeper: WH Brain for Gloucestershire against Somerset in 1893, all off the bowling of CL Townend. There has never been a first-class wicket-keeping hat-trick that mixes catches and stumpings, but four other wicket-keepers have taken a hat-trick of catches: KR Meherhomji for Railways vs Freelooters at Secunderabad (the only instance outside England) in 1931, GO Dawkes for Derbyshire vs Worcestershire at Kidderminster in 1958, RC Russell for Gloucestershire against Surrey at The Oval in 1986, and T Frost for Warwickshire against Surrey at Edgbaston in 2003. (In Russell and Frost's cases, no bowler took a hat-trick since their catches were taken off different bowlers in successive overs: Meherhomji's and Dawkes's feats were hat-tricks for the bowlers as well, L Ramji and HL Jackson.) There are only two recorded cases of a hat-trick of catches being recorded by a non-wicket-keeper, both of which were also hat-tricks for the bowler as well: GJ Thompson, for Northants against Warwickshire at Edgbaston in 2014 (all off SG Smith), and Marcus Trescothick for Somerset against Notts in 2018 at Trent Bridge (all off Craig Overton). Interestingly, Trescothick - though more famous as a batsman and only an occasional bowler - has also taken a hat-trick as a bowler, in 1995 against the Young Australians.

In Australia, four wickets in four balls is sometimes referred to as a double hat-trick on the basis that there are two ways of compiling the three-in-three sequence (i.e. wickets 1,2 and 3 or wickets 2,3 and 4).[32][33] This terminology is not used in any other sport or in cricket internationally.

Darts

A hat-trick in darts is a score of three consecutive bullseyes, also known as the "Alan Evans Shot", after Alan Evans scored three bulleyes during a match on numerous occasions.[34]

Hockey

Ovechkin hat-trick (February 7, 2010)
Hats on the Verizon Center ice after Alex Ovechkin's hat trick, 7 February 2010

In field hockey and ice hockey, a hat trick occurs when a player scores three goals in a single game. A hat trick in ice hockey, as it is known in its current form, culminates with fans throwing hats onto the ice from the stands. The tradition is said to have begun among fans in the National Hockey League around the 1950s.[35] There are several conflicting legends of how the "hat trick" was popularised in professional hockey. Most stories involve hats being awarded to any of the local players who scored three goals in a game. According to the NHL, in the 1940s, a Toronto haberdasher used to give free hats to players with the Toronto Maple Leafs when they scored three goals in a game.[36]

Montreal hatter Henri Henri makes a similar claim, that between 1950 and 1970 they would reward any NHL player who scored three or more goals in a game at the Montreal Forum with a free hat.[37]

Finally, in the 1950s, the Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters of the Ontario Hockey Association, who were then a farm team of the NHL's New York Rangers, were sponsored by Guelph-based Biltmore Hats, a leading manufacturer of hats with North American dominance. The sponsor would award any Madhatters player who scored three goals in a game with a new fedora.[38]

In a slightly different account, the expression originates not with any member of a team, but with a particular player. According to legend, Chicago Blackhawks forward Alex Kaleta entered the shop of Toronto businessman Sammy Taft to purchase a new hat, but did not have enough money. Taft arranged a deal with Kaleta stipulating that if Kaleta scored three goals as he played the Toronto Maple Leafs that night, Taft would give him a free hat. That night, on 26 January 1946, Kaleta scored four goals against the Maple Leafs and Taft made good on his offer.[39] This is the story accepted as the origin of the phrase in hockey by the Hockey Hall of Fame.[40]

While charming fables, all these explanations of the introduction of the term "hat trick" in hockey are too late to be true. On 8 December 1933, the Winnipeg Free Press describes a hockey game in which "Romeo Rivers, rugged wingman" for the Monarchs scored three goals in the same game, describing how "Romeo completed his ‘hat trick’" when he scored his third goal of the night after taking a pass from a teammate who had drawn the goalie out of position.

The 16 January 1939 Lethbridge Herald (p.10) describes a hockey game in which the Lethbridge Maple Leafs defeated the Calgary Stampeders and Jimmie McIndoe of the Leafs "turned the hat trick, when he converted three straight consecutive passes" from a teammate.

By 1944, the term "hat trick" was so well established in hockey that the Winnipeg Free Press (29 November 1944, p. 14) reports that "hockey's traditional ‘hat-trick’ – the feat of scoring three goals in a single game – will receive official recognition from the Amateur Hockey Association" of the US by awarding a small silver derby hat to players to mark the accomplishment. Thus, by 1944 the term "hat trick" was common enough to be termed "traditional." Given how frequently the words "hat trick" were used in sports reporting on cricket and association football in the early 20th century, the term was probably routinely used in hockey by the early 1930s.

Wayne Gretzky holds the NHL record for the most hat tricks in a career with 50. Harry Hyland scored the league's first hat trick, in the league's very first game on 19 December 1917, in which Hyland's Montreal Wanderers defeated the Toronto Arenas 10–9.[41]

Variations

A natural hat trick occurs when a player scores three consecutive goals, uninterrupted by any other player scoring for either team.[42]

The NHL record for the fastest natural hat trick is 21 seconds, set by Bill Mosienko in 1952 for the Chicago Blackhawks.[43]

A Gordie Howe hat trick is a tongue-in-cheek play on the feat. It is achieved by scoring a goal, getting an assist, and getting into a fight, all in the same game. Namesake Gordie Howe himself only recorded two in his NHL career, as opposed to league leader Rick Tocchet, who accrued 18 Gordie Howe hat tricks.[44]

In December 1995, Florida Panthers captain Scott Mellanby scored a rat trick, the term coined by teammate John Vanbiesbrouck. Prior to the game, Mellanby killed a rat in the Panthers' locker room with his hockey stick, and proceeded to score a pair of goals later that night.[45] When Mellanby scored a hat trick in a later game, some Florida fans threw plastic rats on the ice, a tradition that continued for all Panthers' goals throughout the 1996 playoffs. Due to the resulting game delays caused by the necessary clean-up of the plastic rats, the league eventually banned the activity and modified Rule 63 to impose a minor penalty against the home team for a violation.[46] The more traditional practice of fans throwing hats on the ice following genuine hat tricks remains exempt from this penalty.

Lacrosse

A hat-trick in lacrosse is when a player scores three goals in one game.

Marbles

In marbles, a hat-trick occurs when a player hits all marbles in a single turn.

Motor racing

In motor racing, three successive race wins, winning the same event three times in a row, or securing pole position, fastest lap and race victory in one event may all be referred to as a hat-trick.

Poker

Eliminating three players from a table with one hand in live poker play is sometimes referred to as a hat-trick and is incredibly rare. It is a much more frequent occurrence in online poker games, given the faster and greater number of hands played in online tournaments and the continuing presence of multiple "all-in" players during the early stages of tournament play as players look to build large chip stacks quickly and early.

Checking and raising an opponent three times,[47] as well as winning the European Poker Tour (EPT), World Series of Poker (WSOP), and World Poker Tour (WPT) in the same year,[48] are also called hat tricks in poker.

Rugby football

In both codes of rugby football (rugby union and rugby league) a hat-trick is when a player scores three or more tries in a game. In rugby union, a related concept is that of a "full house" (scoring a try, conversion, penalty goal, and drop goal) in a single game. When a player scored two tries, this is often referred to as a brace. As with association football, it is common to award the match ball to a player who scores a hat-trick.

Ken Irvine and Frank Burge both scored 16 hat-tricks in Australian first grade rugby league.[49]

Shaun Johnson scored a hat-trick in under 6 minutes against the Canberra Raiders in 2013, and in the 2017 Rugby League World Cup, Valentine Holmes scored a double hat-trick (6 tries) against Fiji.

Scrabble

In Scrabble, a hat-trick occurs when a player plays three consecutive bingos.

Handball/Water polo

In handball or water polo, if a player scores three times in a game, a hat trick is made.

See also

References

  1. ^ hat trick dictionary.cambridge.org
  2. ^ hat trick ldoceonline.com
  3. ^ Extended Oxford English Dictionary 1999 Edition : "It came into use after HH Stephenson took three wickets in three balls for the all-England eleven against the twenty-two of Hallam at the Hyde Park ground, Sheffield in 1858. A collection was held for Stephenson (as was customary for outstanding feats by professionals) and he was presented with a cap or hat bought with the proceeds."
  4. ^ A report of a match between Grays and Romford in closed access "The Chelmsford Chronicle". 23 June 1865. OCLC 866859233. OCLC 17645885, 702688846, 42349342. Mr Biddell...with his second ball bowled the Romford leviathan Mr Beauchamp and afterwards effected the hat-trick by getting three wickets in the over.
  5. ^ Soccer Definitions & Slang Terms soccer-training-info.com
  6. ^ "Brace" means two of a kind or a pair of something Harper Collins
  7. ^ Kicks from the penalty mark (aka penalty shootout) are not part of the match. IFAB (July 2009). "Laws of the Game 2009/2010" (PDF). Zürich: FIFA. p. 130. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
  8. ^ Steve White (3 May 2013). "Sunday league footballer scores hat-trick in record-breaking 70 seconds". mirror. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Fastest time to score a hat-trick, Football". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  10. ^ "The Joy of Six: classiest hat-tricks". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  11. ^ Scotland – International Matches 1872–1880 Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  12. ^ "ON THIS DAY 30 July – 1966: Football glory for England". BBC. 30 July 1966. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  13. ^ Michel Platini: Uefa chief has his critics but is used to success, Ben Smith, 9 December 2012
  14. ^ Alberto Bueno scored four La Liga goals in ..16 .. minutes , BBC News, 28 February 2015
  15. ^ Turner, Georgina (28 January 2004). "The knowledge: Who gets the match ball?". the Guardian. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Hat trick! Edwin Encarnación hits three homers, drives in nine in Jays win". Yahoo! Sports. 29 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Hampshire v Indians, Match Report". CricInfo. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
  18. ^ "Hampshire v Indians at Southampton, 29 June-1 July 1996". CricInfo. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
  19. ^ "Cricket: Zoysa performs opening hat-trick". London: The Independent. 27 November 1999. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  20. ^ "9th Match, Bangladesh Premier League at Dhaka, Jan 11 2019". ESPNCricinfo. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Aliss in wonderland after debut hat-trick". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  22. ^ "Aliss Islam's hat-trick helps Dhaka barely defend 183". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  23. ^ Mohammad Isam. "Aliss Islam saves the BPL on T20 debut". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Dubious Aliss sneak Dhaka past Rangpur". Daily Sun (Bangladesh). Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  25. ^ Atif Azam. "Rookie spinner Aliss Islam revels in record hat-trick". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  26. ^ "Stirling's gold, and the not-so-roaring forties". CricInfo. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  27. ^ Warwick Franks, Australian Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 2002, Hardie Grant Books, p. 50.
  28. ^ "Cricket Wellington – Babot: Triple Hat-trick". cricketwellington.co.nz. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  29. ^ "CricHQ – Making cricket even better". crichq.com. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  30. ^ Belen, Nelson (30 November 2017). "Carioca Cricket Club Hosts 2017 Awards Night with New President: Sponsored". The Rio Times. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  31. ^ "Six of best for Ausstralian club bowler Aled Carey". The New Zealand Herald. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  32. ^ "Proteas escape after Malinga double hat-trick". ABC News. 29 March 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  33. ^ "DOUBLE 'HAT TRICK' TO SCHOOLBOY". Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld. : 1909 - 1954). 28 February 1953. p. 5. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  34. ^ Edwards, Dave (6 January 2011). "Darts: Sporting giants face-off". Wales Online. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  35. ^ "Guelph's tricky claim". 'Guelph Mercury'. 21 March 2009. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2009.
  36. ^ "Miscellaneous Trivia". NHL.
  37. ^ "About Henri Henri". Henri Henri. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  38. ^ "The Hat Trick Returns to Its Hockey Birthplace". GuelphStorm.com. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  39. ^ "Toronto Invents: The Hat Trick". Torontoist. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  40. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Hockey Hall of Fame Resource Centre.
  41. ^ Boswell, Randy (16 April 2017). "Solving the mystery of the NHL's 1st game". CBC News. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  42. ^ Adam Kimmelman, Jonah Bruce (15 November 2010). "Hat tricks coming at a fairly frequent pace". NHL Insider. NHL. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  43. ^ "Ryan's natural hat trick not enough as Ducks fall to Kings". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  44. ^ John McGourty (25 January 2010). "Going inside the "Gordie Howe Hat Trick"". Inside NHL. NHL. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  45. ^ Montville, Leigh (10 June 1996). "Rat Pack". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  46. ^ "OFFICIAL NHL RULES – Rule 63, Delaying the Game". Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  47. ^ "Fast 2014-09-16: Poker's hat trick". Poker1.com | Mike Caro. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  48. ^ "Top 5 UK Poker Pros: Their Stories & Career Earnings". www.pokersites.co.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  49. ^ "Rugby League Tables / Scoring Records". afltables.com. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
Football Champ

Football Champ is an arcade-style football (soccer) video game. The game was produced by Team Dogyan developers in Japan, and originally released in the arcades by Taito Corporation in 1990.

Euro Football Champ and Hat Trick Hero, released in 1992, are versions of this game with minor variations.

Subsequent arcade releases of this game include Hat Trick Hero '93 (Japan) and Hat Trick Hero '95 (Japan, also released as Taito Power Goal).

Gordie Howe hat trick

In ice hockey, a Gordie Howe hat trick is a variation on the hat-trick, wherein a player scores a goal, records an assist and gets in a fight all in one game. It is named after Hall of Famer Gordie Howe, who is known as "Mr. Hockey", because he is considered the most well rounded hockey player of all time. Howe could both set up and score goals, but also do everything well from killing penalties, back checking, and even fighting, when necessary.

Hat Trick (Jackie McLean album)

Jackie McLean meets Junko Onishi Hat Trick is an album by American jazz alto saxophonist Jackie McLean, released in May 1996 on somethin`else (Toshiba EMI).

Hat Trick (Once Upon a Time)

"Hat Trick" is the 17th episode of the American fairy tale/drama television series Once Upon a Time, which aired in the United States on ABC on March 25, 2012.

The series takes place in the fictional seaside town of Storybrooke, Maine, in which the residents are actually characters from various fairy tales that were transported to the "real world" town by a powerful curse. This episode centers on Jefferson (Sebastian Stan) and his fairytale counterpart, the Mad Hatter.

It was co-written by David H. Goodman and Vladimir Cvetko, while Ralph Hemecker directed the episode.

Hat Trick Productions

Hat Trick Productions is a British independent production company that produces television programmes, mainly specialising in comedy.

Kuldeep Yadav

Kuldeep Yadav (born 14 December 1994) is an Indian cricketer who plays for India and for Uttar Pradesh in domestic cricket and for Kolkata Knight Riders in the IPL. He started out as a fast bowler at academy level, but his coach advised him to become a rare "left-arm chinaman" bowler considering his build, which was ill-suited for fast bowling. He played for India Under-19 cricket team in the 2014 ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup where he took a hat-trick against Scotland which brought him into the limelight.

He is only the second Indian other than Bhuvneshwar Kumar and the third spinner other than Imran Tahir and Ajantha Mendis to take 5-wicket hauls in all three formats.

Lasith Malinga

Separamadu Lasith Malinga, (Sinhala: සෙපරමාදු ලසිත් මාලිංග; born 28 August 1983) is a professional Sri Lankan cricketer and current T20I captain for Sri Lanka. He bowls right-arm fast-medium, is commonly used as a specialist death bowler, and is well known for his distinctive round-arm action, sometimes referred to as a sling action, which leads to his nicknames, "Slinga Malinga" and "Malinga the Slinga". Considered as one of the greatest limited-overs bowlers of all time, Malinga's unorthodox action and dipping slower ball yorkers are credited with much of his success.He is best known for his ability to take consecutive wickets, with in-swinging yorkers: he is the only bowler in the world to have two World Cup hat-tricks, the only bowler to have taken three hat-tricks in ODIs and the only player to have taken four wickets in four consecutive balls in any form of international cricket. On 22 April 2011, he announced his retirement from Test cricket. He has been named as the official event ambassador for the World Twenty20 Championships by ICC.He is the highest wicket taker in all Twenty20 International cricket after Pakistan's Shahid Afridi and highest wicket taker for Sri Lanka in Twenty20 Internationals as well. Malinga was the captain of the Sri Lankan cricket team that won the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and was part of the team that made the final of 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and 2012 ICC World Twenty20. He was the captain of Twenty20 International side for Sri Lanka, until 7 March 2016, where Malinga stepped down from captaincy due to his continuous injuries.

List of A-League hat-tricks

The A-League is the top and only professional soccer league in Australia. Since its inaugural season, 2005–06, more than forty players have scored hat-tricks in A-League matches, by scoring three goals in one game. In addition, five players have scored more than three goals in a match. The first hat-trick was scored by Ante Milicic for Newcastle Jets in a win over New Zealand Knights. In the 2007 A-League Grand Final, Archie Thompson scored five goals in Melbourne Victory's win over Adelaide United.On one occasion, two hat-tricks have been scored in a single match, when Marcos Flores and Sergio van Dijk both scored three goals for Adelaide United against North Queensland Fury. Shane Smeltz and Bobô are the only players to have scored hat-tricks in consecutive matches. Henrique is currently the only player to have scored a hat-trick after coming on as a substitute. Besart Berisha holds the record for the fastest ever A-League hat-trick, scoring three goals in six minutes for Brisbane Roar against Adelaide United.Berisha has scored the most hat-tricks, with five. Following him are Smeltz with four, Jamie Maclaren with three and Van Dijk, Nathan Burns, Thompson, and Andy Keogh with two hat-tricks each.

List of All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship hat-tricks

This is a list of players who have scored a hat-trick (i.e. three or more goals in a single game) in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship.

Key† 1921 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final

List of FIFA World Cup hat-tricks

This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during FIFA World Cups; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football World Cup match (not including FIFA World Cup qualification matches). Scoring a hat-trick in a World Cup is a relatively rare event: only 52 hat-tricks have been scored in over 800 matches in the 21 editions of the World Cup tournament. As FIFA is the governing body of football, official hat-tricks are only noted when FIFA recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.

The first hat-trick was scored by Bert Patenaude of the United States, playing against Paraguay in 1930; the most recent was by Harry Kane of England, playing against Panama on 24 June 2018.

The only World Cup not to have at least one hat-trick scored was the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. The record number of hat-tricks in a single World Cup tournament is eight, during the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland.

List of Major League Soccer hat-tricks

The first hat-trick, a player scoring three goals in a game, in Major League Soccer, was scored by Steve Rammel of D.C. United in their 5–2 win at the Columbus Crew on May 15, 1996.The league's fastest hat-trick was scored in under five minutes by Harut Karapetyan of the LA Galaxy on June 4, 1998, in an 8–1 win at the Dallas Burn. Clint Mathis scored the most goals in a game, five, on August 26, 2000 in a 6–4 MetroStars win over the Burn.Roy Lassiter scored hat-tricks for the Tampa Bay Mutiny and D.C. United. Dante Washington scored hat-tricks for the Burn and the Crew. Mamadou Diallo scored three hat-tricks for the Mutiny and another for the MetroStars, twice scoring four goals in a game.

Eight rookie players have scored hat-tricks, the first being Brian Maisonneuve on September 7, 1996 for the Crew in a 5–1 home win over the Kansas City Wiz, and the most recent being Cyle Larin for Orlando City SC against New York City FC in 2015.

List of One Day International cricket hat-tricks

A hat-trick in cricket is when a bowler takes three wickets on consecutive deliveries, dismissing three different batsmen. It is a relatively rare event in One Day International (ODI) cricket with only 46 occurrences in 4066 matches since the first , between Australia and England on 5 January 1971. The first ODI hat-trick was taken by Jalal-ud-Din of Pakistan, playing against Australia in Hyderabad, Sindh in September 1982 and the first world cup hat trick was taken by Chetan Sharma of India against New Zealand.

The only bowler to have taken three career hat-tricks is Lasith Malinga of Sri Lanka, while three other bowlers (Wasim Akram, Saqlain Mushtaq and Chaminda Vaas) have taken two hat-tricks. Hat-tricks are dominated by fast bowlers with Pakistan's Saqlain Mushtaq, Bangladesh's Abdur Razzak and Taijul Islam, Zimbabwe's Prosper Utseya, South Africa's JP Duminy and Imran Tahir , Sri Lanka's Wanidu Hasaranga and India's Kuldeep Yadav, the only eight spinners to have taken an ODI hat-trick. Vaas of Sri Lanka became the only bowler to claim a hat-trick in the first three balls of any form of international cricket when he took the first three wickets off the opening three balls of their match against Bangladesh during the 2003 World Cup. Lasith Malinga is also the only player to claim 4 consecutive wickets in 4 balls, a feat he achieved against South Africa. Four players have taken a hat-trick on their ODI debut: Taijul Islam from Bangladesh in a match against Zimbabwe, Kagiso Rabada from South Africa against Bangladesh, Wanidu Hasaranga from Sri Lanka against Zimbabwe and Shehan Madushanka from Sri Lanka against Bangladesh. India's Chetan Sharma was the first cricketer to take a hat-trick in a World Cup match. Eight hat-tricks have occurred in World Cup matches.

Pakistanis Wasim Akram and Mohammad Sami have both achieved hat-tricks in ODI and Test cricket. Brett Lee, Thisara Perera and Lasith Malinga are the only cricketers to have taken a hat-trick in ODI and Twenty20 International cricket.

List of Premier League hat-tricks

Since the inception of the English football league competition, the Premier League, in 1992, more than 100 players have scored three goals (a hat-trick) or more in a single match. The first player to achieve the feat was Frenchman Eric Cantona, who scored three times for Leeds United in a 5–0 victory over Tottenham Hotspur. Twenty players have scored more than three goals in a match; of these, five players, Andy Cole, Alan Shearer, Jermain Defoe, Dimitar Berbatov and Sergio Agüero have scored five. Sadio Mané holds the record for the quickest Premier League hat-trick, netting three times for Southampton against Aston Villa in 2 minutes 56 seconds, breaking Robbie Fowler's record, while in 1999, Manchester United player Ole Gunnar Solskjær scored four goals in twelve minutes as a substitute against Nottingham Forest, "the fastest scorer of a four-goal haul on record in England".The fixture between Arsenal and Southampton at Highbury in 2003 saw both Jermaine Pennant and Robert Pires score a hat-trick for the home team. In 2007, Blackburn's Roque Santa Cruz and Wigan's Marcus Bent both scored hat-tricks in a match that Wigan won 5–3. Only five players – Les Ferdinand, Ian Wright, Didier Drogba, Wayne Rooney and Harry Kane – have scored hat-tricks in two consecutive league games. Rooney's hat-trick on 10 September 2011 and Matt Le Tissier's hat-trick on 19 August 1995 were scored through set pieces, which consists of penalty kicks and direct free kicks. Everton's Duncan Ferguson and Salomón Rondón of West Bromwich Albion are the only Premier League players to have scored a hat-trick of headers.Shearer and Sergio Agüero have scored three or more goals eleven times in the Premier League, more than any other player. Robbie Fowler has scored nine; Thierry Henry and Michael Owen have scored eight hat-tricks each. Five players have each scored hat-tricks for three different clubs: Yakubu (Blackburn Rovers, Everton and Portsmouth); Nicolas Anelka (Arsenal, Chelsea and Manchester City); Kevin Campbell (Arsenal, Everton and Nottingham Forest); Les Ferdinand (Newcastle United, Queens Park Rangers and Tottenham Hotspur) and Teddy Sheringham (Manchester United, Portsmouth and Tottenham Hotspur).

Four players have scored hat-tricks and still ended up on the losing side: Matt Le Tissier (twice), Dion Dublin, Roque Santa Cruz and Dwight Yorke.The Dubious Goals Committee has sometimes decided after a match that players have not scored hat-tricks because one of the goals was incorrectly credited to them. Southampton player Egil Østenstad was thought to have scored a hat-trick against Manchester United in 1996, but the committee ruled that one of the goals be credited as an own goal to United's Phil Neville. Anelka's first goal for Manchester City in September 2002 was later credited as an own goal to Everton's Tomasz Radzinski. Javier Hernández was denied a hat-trick against Aston Villa in November 2011 after the committee ruled his second goal was actually an own goal by Ron Vlaar.

List of Six Nations Championship hat-tricks

A hat-trick in rugby union, the scoring of three tries or three drop goals in a single match, has been achieved 55 times in the history of the Six Nations Championship. The annual competition, established in 1882, was originally known as the Home Nations Championship and contested between England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It was expanded to the Five Nations when France joined in 1910, and then to the Six Nations with the addition of Italy in 2000.The first player to achieve the feat was Charles Wade, who was an Australian student at Oxford University when he was called up as a travelling reserve for England's match against Wales. When Philip Newton got lost on his way to the match, Wade was instated in his place. He scored three tries in England's 2–0 victory, which was the first match of the championship. At that time, a try by itself was not worth any points but allowed the team to try and kick a goal. George Lindsay scored five tries in Scotland's 4–0 win over Wales in 1887, the most tries scored by a single player in a Championship match.Besides Lindsay, six players have scored more than three tries in a Championship match; of these Ian Smith is the only player to achieve the feat twice. He scored four tries in successive matches during the 1925 Five Nations Championship. Wales' Jehoida Hodges normally played as a forward, but after an injury to winger Tom Pearson during a match against England, Hodges was moved to the wing. Despite playing out of position, he scored a hat-trick in a 21–5 victory for Wales. As of 2017, the only forwards to score a Championship hat-trick while actually playing in the forwards are Michel Crauste; he scored three tries for France in their 13–0 victory over England in 1962 and CJ Stander; he scored three tries for Ireland in a 63–10 win over Italy in 2017.Four players have scored a hat-trick of drop goals: Pierre Albaladejo, Jean-Patrick Lescarboura, Diego Dominguez and Neil Jenkins. No Italian has scored a hat-trick of tries in the competition, with Dominguez's hat-trick of drop goals the only one by an Italian player. English players have scored the most hat-tricks with 17, while France, Ireland and Scotland have conceded the most, with 11 each. Three players have scored a hat-trick and been on the losing side; Robert Montgomery in Ireland's 0–1 loss to Wales in 1887, Howard Marshall in England's 11–12 defeat to Wales in 1893, and Émile Ntamack in France's 33–34 loss to Wales in 1999. Lescarboura's hat-trick against England in 1985 and Jenkins' against Scotland in 2001, are the only times the feat has been achieved with the match ending in a draw. The most recent hat-trick was achieved by Jonny May against France on 10 February 2019.

List of Test cricket hat-tricks

In the sport of cricket, a hat-trick is an occasion where a bowler takes three wickets in consecutive deliveries. As of 31 July 2017, this feat has only been achieved 43 times in more than two thousand Test matches, the form of the sport in which national representative teams compete in matches of up to five days' duration. The first Test hat-trick was recorded on 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match to take place, by the Australian pace bowler Fred Spofforth, nicknamed "The Demon Bowler", who dismissed three English batsmen with consecutive deliveries at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The most recent bowler to achieve the feat was English spin bowler Moeen Ali against South Africa on 31 July 2017.

A player has taken two hat-tricks in the same Test match only once. Playing for Australia against South Africa in the first match of the 1912 Triangular Tournament at Old Trafford, Manchester, England, leg spinner Jimmy Matthews took a hat-trick in South Africa's first and second innings, both taken on 28 May 1912. He completed both hat-tricks by dismissing South Africa's Tommy Ward. Only three other cricketers have taken more than one Test hat-trick: Australian off spinner Hugh Trumble (two years apart, between the same teams at the same ground), Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram (just over a week apart, in consecutive matches between the same teams) and English fast bowler Stuart Broad. Three players have taken a hat-trick on their Test debut: English medium pace bowler Maurice Allom in 1930, New Zealand off-spinner Peter Petherick in 1976, and Australian pace bowler Damien Fleming in 1994. Geoff Griffin took the fewest total Test wickets of any player who recorded a hat-trick, taking only eight wickets in his entire Test career. During the match in which he took his hat-trick, Griffin was repeatedly called for throwing by the umpires and never bowled again in a Test match. Australian Peter Siddle is the only bowler to take a hat-trick on his birthday, and Bangladeshi off spinner Sohag Gazi is the only player to score a century and take a hat-trick in the same Test match.Australian Merv Hughes is the only bowler to take a hat-trick where the wickets fell over three overs. He took a wicket (Curtly Ambrose) with the final ball of an over. With the first ball of his next over he took the final wicket of the West Indies innings (Patrick Patterson). He then removed the opener Gordon Greenidge with the first ball of the West Indies second innings. Even more unusually, Hughes's two first-innings wickets were not consecutive, since Tim May had bowled an over himself in between Hughes's two deliveries, and took the wicket of Gus Logie.

Two other hat-tricks have taken place over two innings rather than one, both taken by West Indians against Australia - Courtney Walsh and Jermaine Lawson. Walsh's was unusual since, like Hughes's (which was in the very next Test in the series), other wickets fell between the beginning and end of the hat-trick. After dismissing Dodemaide to finish off Australia's first innings, Walsh did not open the bowling in the Australian second innings, and in fact did not bowl until Australia had already lost two wickets and were 65 for 2: then with his first two deliveries he dismissed Wood and Veletta. Lawson, meanwhile, removed tail-enders Lee and MacGill in successive deliveries to end Australia's first innings, then took the wicket of Langer with the first delivery of Australia's second innings.

In the five-match series between a Rest of the World XI and England in 1970, a hat-trick was taken by South African Eddie Barlow in the fourth match, at Headingley (the last three of four wickets in five balls). These matches were considered to be Tests at the time, but that status was later removed.

List of UEFA Champions League hat-tricks

Since the inception of the UEFA Champions League in 1992, 90 players from 35 countries have scored three goals (a hat-trick) or more in a single match on a total of 123 occasions for 45 different clubs in 15 different leagues. The first player to achieve the feat was Juul Ellerman, who scored three times for PSV Eindhoven in a 6–0 victory over FK Vilnius on 16 September 1992.

Twelve players have scored four or more goals in a match; of these, only Lionel Messi has achieved this more than once. Only Messi (8 March 2012) and Luiz Adriano (21 October 2014) have scored five. The other ten players to score four goals are Marco van Basten, Simone Inzaghi, Dado Pršo, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Andriy Shevchenko, Bafétimbi Gomis, Mario Gómez, Robert Lewandowski, Zlatan Ibrahimović and Cristiano Ronaldo.

Messi and Ronaldo have scored three or more goals eight times in the Champions League, more than any other player, followed by Filippo Inzaghi, Gómez and Luiz Adriano, who have done it on three occasions, while Andy Cole, Michael Owen, Samuel Eto'o, Marco Simone, van Nistelrooy, Roy Makaay, Roberto Soldado, Didier Drogba, Adriano, Shevchenko, Lewandowski, Sergio Agüero, Karim Benzema and Neymar have scored two hat-tricks. Only Ronaldo (four times) and Messi (twice) have scored three or more goals on more than a single occasion in the knock-out round. Eleven of the players have each scored hat-tricks for two or more different clubs: Inzaghi (Juventus and Milan), Owen (Liverpool and Manchester United), Eto'o (Barcelona and Inter Milan), Simone (Milan and Monaco), Van Nistelrooy (PSV Eindhoven and Manchester United), Makaay (Deportivo and Bayern Munich), Shevchenko (Dynamo Kyiv and Milan), Drogba (Marseille and Chelsea), Lewandowski (Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich), Neymar (Barcelona and Paris Saint-Germain) and Ronaldo (Real Madrid and Juventus).Seven players have scored a hat-trick on their debut in the Champions League: Marco van Basten (Milan; he is the only player to score four goals on his debut), Faustino Asprilla (Newcastle United), Yakubu (Maccabi Haifa), Wayne Rooney (Manchester United), Vincenzo Iaquinta (Udinese), Grafite (Wolfsburg) and Yacine Brahimi (Porto).Five players have scored hat-tricks in two consecutive seasons: Adriano (for Inter Milan in 2004–05 and 2005–06), Gómez (for Bayern Munich in 2010–11 and 2011–12), Soldado (for Valencia in 2011–12 and 2012–13), Cristiano Ronaldo (for Real Madrid in 2012–13 and 2013–14, and in 2015–16 and 2016–17), and Messi (for Barcelona in 2013–14 and 2014–15).

Two players have achieved hat-tricks in back-to-back games. Cristiano Ronaldo did it for Real Madrid against Bayern Munich on 18 April 2017 and Atlético Madrid on 2 May 2017, the shortest gap at just 14 days, and Luiz Adriano did it for Shakhtar Donetsk against BATE Borisov on 21 October and 5 November 2014, a gap of 15 days. The longest spell between two hat-tricks was achieved by Owen, who scored his first hat-trick on 22 October 2002 for Liverpool and his second over seven years later on 8 December 2009 for Manchester United.

Cristiano Ronaldo is the only player to score more than two hat-tricks in the same season, having scored three goals for Real Madrid on 15 September 2015, four on 8 December 2015, and another three on 12 April 2016. Two other players have scored hat-tricks in the same season: Messi scored two for Barcelona in two separate seasons, the first on 1 November 2011 and the second on 7 March 2012, repeating the feat with hat-tricks on 13 September 2016 and 19 October 2016, and Gómez scored a hat-trick for Bayern Munich on 2 November 2011 and another four goals on 13 March 2012.Bafétimbi Gomis holds the record for the quickest Champions League hat-trick, netting three times for French team Olympique Lyonnais against Croatian team Dinamo Zagreb in 7 minutes on 7 December 2011. The record was previously held for 16 years by Mike Newell, who scored a perfect hat-trick for English team Blackburn Rovers against Norwegian team Rosenborg on 6 December 1995 in 9 minutes.The youngest scorer of a Champions League hat-trick was Raúl, who scored a hat-trick for Real Madrid against Ferencváros, aged 18 years and 113 days, on 18 October 1995. Wayne Rooney is the youngest debut scorer of a Champions League hat-trick, aged 18 years and 340 days, when he scored for Manchester United against Fenerbahçe on 28 September 2004. The oldest scorer of a hat-trick in the UEFA Champions League is Cristiano Ronaldo, who was 34 years and 35 days old when he scored for Juventus three times against Atlético Madrid on 12 March 2019.The 2016–17 season holds the record for the most hat-tricks in a season, with nine.

List of women's international cricket hat-tricks

A hat-trick in cricket is when a bowler takes three wickets from consecutive deliveries. It is a relatively rare feat, and has occurred eighteen times in the history of women's international cricket. The first hat-trick was taken in a Test match between Australia and England in February 1958, by Australia's Betty Wilson. The most recent bowler to achieve the feat was England's Anya Shrubsole, against South Africa during a Women's Twenty20 International (WT20I) in November 2018.Two further hat-tricks have been taken in women's Tests; by Pakistan's Shaiza Khan in 2004, and Australia's Rene Farrell in 2011. Farrell's hat-trick is one of five in women's international cricket that did not involve a fielder, as two of the batsmen were dismissed leg before wicket (lbw), and one was bowled. Sana Mir's WT20I hat-trick in 2015 similarly contained two lbws and one bowled, while Julie Harris' women's One Day International (WODI) hat-trick during the 1993 Women's Cricket World Cup and Rumana Ahmed (WODI) hat-trick in 2016 ware both made up of three consecutive lbws and Dane van Niekerk (WODI) hat-trick in 2013 had two bowled and one lbw. The first hat-trick in women's One Day Internationals was made just six days prior to Harris', by Carole Hodges, during the same competition. Those remain the only hat-tricks to have been taken in women's World Cups, though Ekta Bisht took a hat-trick for India during the 2012 Women's World Twenty20, the equivalent competition for women's Twenty20 International cricket. This was equalled by Anya Shrubsole against South Africa in the 2018 edition.

No player has taken multiple hat-tricks in international women's cricket, and similarly no venue has hosted more than one hat-trick. English bowlers have taken more hat-tricks than any other nations (4) whilst three bowlers from Australia, New Zealand and Pakistan have achieved the feat. Nine hat-tricks have been taken in both ODIs and T20I matches which have happened since the most recent instance in women's Tests.

Mohammad Sami

Mohammad Sami (Urdu: محمد سمیع‎; born 24 February 1981) is a Pakistani cricketer who plays all formats of the game as fast bowler. Considered to be one of the fastest bowlers in Pakistan after Shoaib Akhtar and Waqar Younis, Sami is the only bowler in cricket to notch hat-tricks in all three formats of the game. Sami is known for his quick yorkers, traditional swing and good pace.

Thisara Perera

Narangoda Liyanaarachchilage Thisara Chirantha Perera (Sinhala: තිසර පෙරේරා; born 3 April 1989), popularly as Thisara Perera, is a professional Sri Lankan cricketer and a former limited overs captain for Sri Lanka, who currently represents

Sri Lanka in limited over formats. Domestically he plays for Colts Cricket Club, Rising Pune Supergiants, Wayamba Wolves, and have recently joined Gloucestershire squad to play NatWest T20 Blast. Primarily a bowling all-rounder, he is an aggressive left-handed batsman who can hit big sixes in death overs and is a useful right-arm medium-fast bowler.

On 26 July 2013 against South Africa, Perera hit Robin Peterson for 35 runs in one over. (6,Wd, 6,6,6,4,6), which is recorded as the second most expensive over in ODI History.

Perera was a part of the Sri Lankan team that won the 2014 ICC World Twenty20. On 12 February 2016, Perera joined Brett Lee to take hat-tricks in both ODI & T20I. In Australia he is known by his nickname "panda", which was bestowed upon him by George Bailey during his stint at BBL with the Brisbane Heat, although he prefers "TP".

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