Harvard Law Review
is a Harvard Law Review law review published by an independent student group at Harvard Law School.
According to the
, the Journal Citation Reports Harvard Law Review's 2015 impact factor of 4.979 placed the journal first out of 143 journals in the category "Law". It is published monthly from November through June, with the November issue dedicated to covering  the previous year's term of the Supreme Court of the United States. The journal also publishes the online-only Harvard Law Review Forum, a rolling journal of scholarly responses to the main journal's content.
The Harvard Law Review Association, in conjunction with the
, the Columbia Law Review , and the University of Pennsylvania Law Review , publishes the Yale Law Journal , a widely followed authority for Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation legal citation formats in the United States.
Harvard Law Review published its first issue on April 15, 1887, making it one of the oldest operating student-edited law reviews in the United States. The establishment of the journal was largely due to the support of  Louis Brandeis, then a recent Harvard Law School alumnus and Boston attorney who would later go on to become a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
From the 1880s to the 1970s, editors were selected on the basis of their grades; the president of the
Review was the student with the highest academic rank. The first female editor of the journal was Priscilla Holmes (1953-1955, Volumes 67-68); the first woman to serve as the journal's president was  Susan Estrich (1977), who later was active in Democratic Party politics and became the youngest woman to receive tenure at Harvard Law School; its first non-white ethnic minority president was Raj Marphatia (1988, Volume 101), who is now a partner at the Boston law firm of Ropes & Gray;   its first African-American president was the 44th  President of the United States Barack Obama (1991);  its first openly gay president was Mitchell Reich (2011);  its first Latino president was Andrew M. Crespo.  The first female African-American president, ImeIme Umana, was elected in 2017. 
Gannett House, a white building constructed in the
Greek Revival style that was popular in New England during the mid-to-late 19th century, has been home to the Harvard Law Review since the 1920s. Before moving into Gannett House, the journal resided in the Law School's Austin Hall.
Since the change of criteria in the 1970s, grades are no longer the primary basis of selection for editors. Membership in the
Harvard Law Review is offered to select Harvard law students based on first-year grades and performance in a writing competition held at the end of the first year except for twelve slots that are offered on a discretionary basis.   The writing competition includes two components: an edit of an unpublished article and an analysis of a recent United States Supreme Court or  Court of Appeals case. The writing competition submissions are graded blindly to assure anonymity.   Fourteen editors (two from each  1L section) are selected based on a combination of their first-year grades and their competition scores. Twenty editors are selected based solely on their competition scores. The remaining twelve editors are selected on a discretionary basis. According to the law review's webpage, "Some of these discretionary slots may be used to implement the Review's affirmative action policy." The president of the  Harvard Law Review is elected by the other editors. 
It has been a long tradition, apparently since the first issue, that the works of students published in the Harvard Law Review are called "notes," and they are unsigned as part of a policy reflecting "the fact that many members of the
Review besides the author make a contribution to each published piece."
Prominent alumni of the
Harvard Law Review include:
United States President Supreme Court Justices Other jurists
David J. Barron, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, served as articles editor 
Michael Boudin, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, served as president of volume 77  : 182 n.141
Henry Friendly, late judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, served as president 
Merrick Garland, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, served as articles editor 
Harris Hartz, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, served as case and developments editor 
Ketanji Brown Jackson, judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, supervising editor of volume 109. 
Gregory G. Katsas, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, executive editor of volume 102.
William Kayatta, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit 
Pierre Leval, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, served as notes editor 
Debra Ann Livingston, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit 
James Kenneth Logan, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
Kevin C. Newsom, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, articles editor of volume 110.
Nina Pillard, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit 
James L. Oakes, late judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit 
Learned Hand, late judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, served as an editor but later resigned. Richard Posner, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, served as president of volume 75 : 184 Cabinet secretaries
Dean Acheson, Secretary of State 
Michael Chertoff, Secretary of Homeland Security and former judge on United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit 
William Coleman, Jr., Secretary of Transportation, attorney, and first African-American Supreme Court clerk Brown v. Board of Education 
Mike Pompeo, current US Secretary of State Elliot Richardson, Attorney General, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Commerce, served as president (1947)  Other U.S. government officials
Paul Clement, former U.S. Solicitor General, served as Supreme Court editor 
Archibald Cox, late U.S. Solicitor General 
Christopher Cox, former chairman of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission 
Ted Cruz, U.S. Senator from Texas 
Viet Dinh, former Assistant Attorney General, served as Bluebook editor 
Charles Evans Hughes Jr., former U.S. Solicitor General 
Michael Froman, U.S. Trade Representative 
Julius Genachowski, former chairman of the Federal Communications Commission 
Ian Gershengorn, former acting U.S. Solicitor General 
Danielle Gray, former Cabinet Secretary 
Erwin N. Griswold, a dean of the Harvard Law School and Solicitor General under presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon 
Alger Hiss, former U.S. State Department Official and alleged spy 
Ron Klain, former chief of staff to vice presidents Al Gore and Joe Biden 
Michael Leiter, former Director of the U.S. National Counterterrorism Center, president of volume 113  
Mark S. Martins, Brigadier General in the United States Army Judge Advocate General's Corps, Chief Prosecutor of Military Commissions 
Bernard Nussbaum, former White House Counsel, served as notes editor 
F. Whitten Peters, former Secretary of the Air Force, served as president 
Edith Ramirez, chairwoman of the Federal Trade Commission 
Rod Rosenstein, U.S. Deputy Attorney General
Jamie Raskin, U.S. Representative from Maryland
Robert A. Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio  Barry B. White, former United States Ambassador to Norway  Other government officials Academics
Stephen Barnett, legal scholar at University of California, Berkeley School of Law who opposed the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970 
Alexander Bickel, late professor at Yale Law School
Derek Bok, former president of Harvard University 
Kingman Brewster, former president of Yale University, served as treasurer 
Amy Chua, professor at Yale Law School, served as executive editor 
Stephen J. Friedman, president of Pace University 
John H. Garvey, president of The Catholic University of America 
Annette Gordon-Reed, professor at Harvard Law School and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for History 
Charles Hamilton Houston, former Dean of Howard University Law School and NAACP Litigation Director 
Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld, professor at Yale Law School
Harold Koh, former Dean of Yale Law School 
David Leebron, president of Rice University, served as president 
Lance Liebman, former Dean of Columbia Law School, served as president 
William C. Powers, former president of University of Texas, served as managing editor 
John Sexton, former president of New York University 
James Vorenberg, former Dean of Harvard Law School, served as president  Michael K. Young, president of Texas A&M University  Other attorneys Writers and journalists Other alumni See also References
"Journals Ranked by Impact: Law". 2011 . Journal Citation Reports Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2012.
Friedman, Lawrence M. (2005). A History of American Law (3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 481. ISBN 0684869888.
Greenfield, Jill (2011). ". "She Rose Above Obstacles With Ease" Priscilla Holmes '55: 1924-2010" Harvard Law Bulletin.
Griswold, Erwin N (1987). "The Harvard Law Review — Glimpses of Its History as Seen by an Aficionado". Harvard Law Review: Centennial Album I . Retrieved . 2012-05-02
"Women and Law Review: An Historical Overview" . Retrieved . 2013-07-18
"Raj Marphatia: Biography". Ropes & Gray . Retrieved . 2012-05-02
^ a b c d
Butterfield, Fox (February 6, 1990). "First Black Elected to Head Harvard's Law Review". The New York Times . Retrieved . 8 September 2017
^ a b
Kantor, Jodi (January 28, 2007). "In Law School, Obama Found Political Voice". New York Times . Retrieved . 2008-01-04
McKay, Caroline. "Harvard Law Review Elects First Openly Gay President". The Harvard Crimson . Retrieved . 13 April 2011
^ a b c
"Harvard Law Review Membership Selection Policies". Harvard Law Review . Retrieved . July 9, 2014
^ a b
Obama, Barack. "Review President Explains Affirmative Action Policy (letter)". The Harvard Law Record . Retrieved . August 3, 2012
"Prospective Transfer Students Applying for Membership". Harvard Law Review . Retrieved . July 9, 2014
Seo, Jane (February 7, 2012). "Tochilin '06 elected president of Harvard Law Review". The Harvard Crimson.
"About the Harvard Law Review". harvardlawreview.org . Retrieved . 2018-04-23
^ Ben Smith & Jeffrey Ressner,
Obama Kept Law Review Balanced, CBSNews.com, June 23, 2008
^ a b c d e Akhil Reed Amar,
Heller, HLR, and Holistic Legal Reasoning, Harvard Law Review 122:145, (2008)
^ William M. Wiecek,
The Birth of the Modern Constitution: The United States Supreme Court, 1941-1953 at 84 (2006)
^ Elena Kagan,
, Harvard Law Review 99 (1985)
^ Harvard Law School,
Senate confirms David Barron for U.S. Court of Appeals
^ Michael Boudin,
Judge Henry Friendly and the Mirror of Constitutional Law Archived 2009-02-25 at the Wayback Machine., New York University Law Review 82:975, 977 (2007)
^ Nik DeCosta-Klipa,
"Merrick Garland would give Harvard Law the majority on the Supreme Court", Boston.com, Mar. 16, 2017
^ Congressional Record,
District Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson profile, USDC District of Columbia.
^ Richard A. Serrano, et al.,
"Roberts Was Ready at Every Turn", L.A. Times, July 25, 2005
^ a b c United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit,
Circuit Judges' Biographical Information
Cornelia Pillard | NCJW
James Chace, Dean Acheson, in Edward S. Mihalkanin, American Statesman 2 (2004)
^ Jennifer O'Shea,
Ten Things You Didn't Know About Michael Chertoff, U.S. News and World Report, Aug. 27, 2007
^ Harvard Law School,
William T. Coleman Shares Stories From His 60-Year Legal Career, Apr. 14, 2007
^ Neil A. Lewis,
Elliot Richardson Dies at 79; Stood Up to Nixon and Resigned in Saturday Night Massacre, New York Times, Jan. 1, 2000
^ Office of the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice,
Solicitor General Paul D. Clement Archived 2009-01-04 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Ken Gormley,
Archibald Cox: Conscience of a Nation 29-30 (1999)
^ Securities and Exchange Commission,
SEC Biography: Chairman Christopher Cox
Harvard Law Bulletin
^ Bancroft Associates PLLC,
Viet D. Dinh Archived 2009-02-23 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Office of the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice,
Solicitor General Charles Evans Hughes, Jr.
United States Trade Representative: Michael Froman
^ Stephen Labaton,
Obama to Select Genachowski to Lead F.C.C., The Caucus, N.Y. Times, Jan. 13, 2009
Harvard Law Today
^ The White House.
White House Author: Danielle Gray Archived 2016-01-04 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Your Witness, Mr. Murphy", Time Magazine, July 4, 1949
NCTC Director Bio
^ News Makers,
, Harvard University Gazette, February 19, 1999
Finn, Peter (June 23, 2011). "Pentagon names new Guantanamo prosecutor". The Washington Post.
Bernard W. Nussbaum
^ Williams & Connolly.
F. Whitten Peters, Partner
^ Edward Wyatt,
"White House Elevates a Commissioner to Chairwoman of the F.T.C.", N.Y. Times, Feb. 28, 2013
^ Harvard Law School,
Letter to the editor: the review and the White House, in review
Ambassador Barry B. White Archived 2014-12-29 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Skadden, Arps,
Preeta D. Bansal Archived 2009-01-02 at the Wayback Machine.
^ The Trilateral Commission,
Allan E. Gotlieb
^ Daniel Gross,
Eliot Spitzer: How New York's attorney general became the most powerful man on Wall Street, Slate, Oct. 21, 2004
Fraser, Graham (2003-12-18). "The best PM Canada never had". The Toronto Star. p. A10.
^ Grimes, William.
"Stephen Barnett, a Leading Legal Scholar, Dies at 73", , October 21, 2009. Accessed October 22, 2009. The New York Times
^ Mark H. Odonoghae,
It's Official: Derek Bok, Harvard Crimson, Jan. 11, 1971
^ Eric Pace,
Kingman Brewster Jr., 69, Ex-Yale President and U.S. Envoy, Dies, New York Times, Nov. 9, 1988
"Faculty". Yale Law School . Retrieved . 18 November 2014
President Friedman - Pace University
^ Harvard Law School.
Annette Gordon-Reed ’84 to join the Harvard faculty
^ Cornell Law School,
Biography of Charles Hamilton Houston
^ Yale Law School,
Faculty - Harold Hongju Koh
^ Terry Shepard,
Meet David Lebron President-Elect of Rice University Archived 2004-08-23 at the Wayback Machine., Sallyport, Winter 2004
^ Columbia Law School,
^ Office of the President, University of Texas,
Biography: William Powers Jr.
^ Nina J. Easton & Kevin Cullen,
To Many, He Is A Quiet Conservative, Boston Globe, July 21, 2005
^ Harvard Law School,
Professor James Vorenberg, Ninth Dean of HLS
^ Texas A&M,
Michael K. Young Named Sole Finalist For President Of Texas A&M
^ Barnes, Bart (June 1, 2016). "Bennet Boskey, Washington lawyer, dies at 99,"
. Washington Post
^ Harvard Law School,
Joseph H. Flom '48 (1923 – 2011)
John B. Quinn | Quinn Emanuel
^ George Washington University,
Philip Graham (1915-1963)
^ Library of Congress,
Previous Librarians of Congress - Archibald MacLeish
World Affairs, Speakers - Cliff Sloan, Publisher, Slate Magazine
CNN Programs - Anchors/Reporters - Jeffrey Toobin
David Bonderman, Founder Partner - TPG Capital Archived 2016-03-23 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Columbia College Today,
"Alumni News: A Passion for Civil Liberties"
Jeff Kindler | Pfizer
Official Info: Rob Manfred
^ Ventures Africa,
The Man Who Bought Gatwick Airport
^ New York law School,
Nadine Strossen External links
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